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4. Here's Love, the dreamy, potent spell
That beauty flings around the heart;
• 'T is going ! — Love and I must part!
All over, the enchanter's reign;
5. And Friendship, — rarest gem of earth ! —
(Who e'er hath found the jewel his?)
Who bids for Friendship — as it is?
Once, twice, thrice! — 'T is very low!
But now the broken staff must go!
6. Fame! hold the brilliant meteor high;
How dazzling every gilded name!
How much for Fame? How much for Fame?
On high Olympus,* far renowned,
And be with a world's curses crowned! •
7. Sweet star of Hope! with ray to shine
In every sad, foreboding breast,
Who -bids for man's last friend and best?
This treasure should my soul sustain;
• O-lym'pus, a name given by the ancients to several mountains, the most celebrated of which was in Thessaly The early Greeks regarded it as the highest of all mountains, and as the central point of the earth's surface.
But Hope and I are now at strife,
8. And Song! — For sale my tuneless lute, —
Sweet solace, mine no more to hold;
I can not wake the notes of old!
Could chain a world in raptures high, —
Must on its last faint echoes die!
9. Ambition, fashion, show, and pride, —
I part from all for ever now!
Has taught my haughty heart to bow.
And still its aching throb to bear!
How heavy, once so free from care! "\
10. No more for me life's fitful dream ;—
Bright vision, vanishing away!
My sinking soul a surer stay.
I weep, yet humbly kiss the rod!
My Faith! my Bible! and my God!
Questions. — 1. What Is the world called In this stanza? 2. What Is said of It here? 2. What is it called? 3. What does it contain? 4. What is here offered for sale' 5. What, in this stanza? 6. What, in this? What is said of Olympus? 7. What is offered for sale in this stanza? 8. What, in this? 9. What, in this? 10. What does the writer here say? 10. What has he left, after Belling the world and all he enumerates? What general truth is taught in this lesson ? — What is the character of the composition of this piece? To which kind of poetry does it belong? Point out the examples of exclamation, and tell the inflection with which each one should oe read. See Rule 6, and Exception, page 85.
2. States'man, one skilled in government.
8. Kxs'cu-s D, delivered, freed from.
9. Spec'i-men, a sample.
11. Sa-oac'i-ty, quick discernment.
19. Con-ped'er-a-cy, a league, or alliance.
20. Mu-ta*tions, changes.
20. Ban'ish ED, condemned to exile.
25. Re-mon'btrance, an act against a
26. A-ward'ed, adjudged, gave.
Errors. — Op-per-cAu'ui-ty for op-por-tu'ni-ty; peuA'son for pw'son; um'ble for Aum'ble; wance for wana; an'ic-dote for an-ec'dote; re-niaAk for re-mark'; fflre1head for fore 'head (for'ed).
THE WISE MEN* OF GREECE. — Bulfixch.
1. As there were seven wonders of the world,f so there were said to be seven wii-e men of Greece.J The names of these seven have come down to us; but of only two of them do we learn from history any thing particularly wise or good.
2. The first is Solon.§ He was a statesman and philosopher of Athens.|| When he came into power, the country was governed by the laws of Draco,lf which were so severe as to punish all offenses with death. It was therefore said of the laws of Draco, that" they were written in blood."
3. Solon substituted milder punishments for all crimes except murder. In many other ways he improved the institutions of his country; and when his term of office expired, he traveled into foreign lands. In the course of his travels, he
* The names of the seven wise men of Greece were Periander, Pittacus, Thales, Solon, Bias, Chilo, and Cleobulus.
t The seven wonders of the world, as recorded by the ancients, were the Egyptian Pyramids, the Mausoleum erected by Artemisia, the Temple of Diana at Ephesus, the Walls and Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Colossus at Rhodes, the Statue of Jupiter Olympius, and the Pharos, or Watch-tower, of Alexandria.
X Greece, or Ancient Greece* was situated in the southern part of Europe, and comprised all of Modern Greece, and the most of Turkey in Europe.
§ So'lon was born 638 B.C., and died 558 B. C, at the age of eighty.
|| Ath'ens, the ancient capital of Attica, in Greece, was formerly the seat of learning and refinement. It was surrounded by walls having a circuit of about twenty miles, but is now reduced to comparatively a small town.
IT Dra'co, a ruler and legislator, who flourished at Athens about 621 B. C., celebrated for the extraordinary severity of his laws.
visited Sardis,* the capital of the kingdom of Lydia,f when: Croesus J was king.
4. Croesus was the richest monarch of his time, and was pleased with the opportunity of exhibiting his treasures to Solon; after which he asked the philosopher if he had ever known a person whose lot was more blessed than his. Solon said, "Yes," and named one of his humble neighbors at Athens, who possessed enough for his wants, and had no desire for more.
5. At this, Croesus expressed surprise; but Solon' added that human affairs are so liable to change, that it is not safe to pronounce any lot happy until it is terminated by death. Years afterward, the kingdom of Croesus was invaded by Cyrus.* Croesus was taken prisoner, and, according to the barbarous mode of warfare in those days, was condemned to be burned alive.
6. As he mounted the pile he thought of Solon, and uttered his name aloud. Cyrus heard him, and asked who that Solon was whom he called upon? Croesus then told him the story of his conversation with Solon; and Cyrus was so much affected at the thought of the sad reverse of fortune which the case presented, that he released Croesus, and made him his friend.
7. Another of the seven wise men of Greece was Thales. He was the earliest cultivator of the sciences of astronomy and geometry. An anecdote is told of him, that, being on one occasion intent on gazing at the heavens, he fell into a ditch.
* Saudis, in the time of Croesus, was one of the most splendid and luxurious cities of Asia Minor, or that part of Turkey in Asia lying between the Mediterranean, the /Bgean, and the Black Sea. After the subjugation of the kingdom of Lydia by Cyrus, t begun to decline, and is now in a state of ruins.
t Lyd'i-a, an ancient kingdom of Asia Minor, in the middle of the western part of the peninsula.
X Croe'sus. See note, page 96.
§ Oy'rus (the elder) was a celebrated conqueror, and the founder of the Persian empire. He overthrew the kingdom of Lydia, and took the city of Babylon, but was anally slain in battle, 529 b. c.
8. Hia cries brought an old woman to his assistance, who rescued him; and when she learned the cause of his accident, she remarked that " people better not have their heads among the stars when their feet are upon the earth."
9. Her remark is a specimen jof that homely kind of wisdom called "common sense," which is often the best wisdom, but not always; as in the case of Thales, who, if he had confined his views to the narrow circle of every-day life, would hardly have left a name to be honored by distant ages.
10. Thales was the earliest philosopher of Greece. He was born six hundred and forty years before the Christian era; and he was the author of that celebrated maxim, "Know thyself." He died five hundred and forty-eight years before Christ.
11. The greatest of all the wise men of Greece, though he was not reckoned among the seven, was Socrates. He was not distinguished as a learned man nor as a writer, but as a person of great sagacity and good sense, which he showed in his conversation with his countrymen, particularly with the young men, who flocked around him to listen to his remarks.
12. He was as modest as he was wise; and when the oracle of Delphi,* in answer to a question, pronounced Socrates to be the wisest of men, he, on being told of it, said, " he could not think wherein his wisdom consisted, if it were not in the fact that he knew how ignorant he was." This was meant to imply that many of the errors and follies of men arise from their over-conceit of their own abilities.
13. Socrates was said to have brought down Philosophy from heaven, and to have taught her to live among men. This is a figurative way of saying that he introduced correct
* Del'phi, the Beat of the most famous oracle of Ancient Greece, was situated in t PhoeU, on the southern side of Parnassus. This oracle, though always obscure and ambiguous, enjoyed the reputation of infallibility for a long time. No person who asked the god for counsel ventured to approach him without gifts; hence the splendid temple, erected here, possessed immense wealth.