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duct, and it is yours. And it is interesting to notice how many of our worthiest and best citizens have risen to honor and usefulness by dint of their own persevering exertions.

6. Indeed, my friends, in the formation of character, personal exertion is the first, the second, and the third virtue.

. Nothing great or excellent can be acquired without it. A good name 'will not come without being sought. All the virtues of which it is composed are the result of untiring application and industry.

7. Nothing can be more fatal to the attainment of a good character, than a treacherous confidence in external advantages. These, if not seconded by your own endeavors, will "drop you midway; or perhaps you will not have started, when the diligent traveler will have won the race."

8. Thousands of young men have been ruined by relying for a good name on their honorable parentage, or inherited wealth, or the patronage of friends. Flattered by these distinctions, they have felt as if they might live without plan and without effort, — merely for their own gratification and indulgence. No mistake is more fatal. It always issues in producing an inefficient and useless character.

9. In the formation of a good character, it is of great importance that the early part of life be improved and guarded with the utmost diligence and carefulness. It has been justly remarked, that the most critical period of life is that which elapses from fourteen to twenty-one years of age. More is done, during this period, to mold and settle the character of the future man, than in all the other years of life.

10. If a young man passes this season with pure morals and a fair reputation, a good name is almost sure to crown his maturer years, and descend with him to the close of his days. On the other hand, if he indulges himself in vicious courses, and forms habits of inefficiency and slothfulness, he experiences a loss which no efforts can retrieve, and brings a stain upon his character which no tears can wash away.

11. "A fair reputation, it should be remembered, is a plant delicate in its nature, and by no means rapid in its growth It will not shoot up in a night, like the gourd that shaded the prophet's head; hut, like that same gourd, it may perish in a night." A character which it has cost many years to establish, is often destroyed in a single hour.

12. Life, my young friends, will inevitably take much of its shape and coloring from the plastic powers that are now operating. Every thing, almost, depends upon giving a proper direction to this outset of life. The course now taken is usually decisive. The principles now adopted, and the habits now formed, whether good or bad,' become a kind of second nature, fixed and permanent.

13. Guard, then, with peculiar vigilance, this forming, fixing season of your existence; and let the precious days and hours that are now passing by you, be diligently occupied in acquiring those habits of intelligence, of virtue, and enterprise, which are essential to the honor and success of future life.

Questions. 1. On what does a good name depend? 2. In what does it consist? 3. What do we look for in' a good name? 4-6. How is it obtained? 7, 8. What is fatal to its attainment? 9. What is important in the formation of a good character? 9,10. What age is the most critical period of life? 11. What is said of a fair reputation? 12. What, of the principles adopted in early life? 13. What, then, should be guarded with peculiar vigilance? Why ? — What is the character of the composition of this piece? With what pitch, movement, quality of voice, and inflection Bhould it ke read?

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Errors.'V Ant for vast; home's tid for home'stead; mead'ers for mead'owrs; pas tur for past'ur* (past'yur); yoi'ler for yel'low.


1. Few of us, whose lives are passed in republican simplicity, have any definite idea of the vast wealth and splendol

that surround many of the English nobles in their princely residences. An American, writing from England,* thus describes some of the places which he visited.

2. "The homestead of the Earl of Spencer, about sixty miles from London,f comprises ten thousand acres, tastefully laid out into parks, meadows, pastures, woods, and gardens. H's 'library contains fifty thousand volumes.

3. "Extensive and elegant stables, green-houses, and conservatories, a gamekeeper's house, a dairy-house, dog-kennels, a porter's lodge, and farm-houses without number, go to complete the establishment. Hundreds of sheep and cattle graze in the parks about the house.

4. "The home farm of the Duke of Richmond,J at Goodwood^ sixty miles from London, contains twenty-three thousand acres, or over twenty-five square miles. And this is in crowded England, which has a population of sixteen millions, and an area of only thirty-two millions of acres; giving, were the land equally divided, but two acres to each inhabitant.

5. "The residence of the Duke is a perfect palace. One extensive hall is covered with yellow silk and pictures in the richest and most costly tapestry. The dishes and plate upon the table are of porcelain, silver, and gold.

6. '' Twenty-five race-horses stand in the stable, each being assigned to the care of a special groom. There is a grotto near the house, which the ladies spent six years in adorning. An aviary is supplied with almost every kind of rare arid elegant birds. Large herds of cattle, sheep, and deer are spread over the immense lawns.

7. "The place of the Duke of Devonshire, || at Chats

* En'gland. See note, page 81. t Lon'don. See note, page 129.

t Rich'mond, a parliamentary and municipal borough of the county of York, in the northern part of England. The borough sends two members to the House ol Commons.

§ Good'wood, the fine seat of the Duke of Richmond, is situated south of the rivel Thames, in the county of Sussex. The Goodwood races are held annually in the park during the last week in July.

II Pcv'on-shire, a county in England, formiDg a part of the peninsula in the south vestcra part. The surface is diversified, but generally fertile.

worth,* is said to exceed in magnificence any other in the kingdom. The income of the Duke is one million of dollars a year; and he is said to spend it all. In the grounds about his. house are kept a hundred head of cattle and fourteen deer.

8. "The kitchen garden contains twelve acres, and is filled with almost every species of fruit and vegetable. A vast arboretum, connected with the establishment, is designed to contain a sample of every tree that grows.

9. There is, also, a glass conservatory, three hundred and eighty-seven feet in length, one hundred and twelve in breadth, sixty-seven in- height, covered by seventy-six thousand square feet of glass, and warmed by seven miles of pipes conveying hot water. One plant was obtained from India f by a special messenger; and it is valued at ten thousand dollars.

10. "One of the fountains near the house plays three hundred and seventy-six feet high, and is said to be the highest

'jet in the world. Chatsworth contains three thousand and five hundred acres; but the Duke owns ninety-six thousand acres in the county of Derbyshire.

11. "The whole interior of the palace is one vast scene of paintings, sculpture, mosaic-work, J and carved wainscoting. Here also are found all the elegancies and luxuries which almost boundless wealth and highly refined taste have been able to procure."

Questions. — 1. What is said of those who live in republican simplicity? 2, 3. describe the homestead of the Earl of Spencer. 4. The home farm of the Duke of Richmond. Where is Richmond? What is said of Goodwood? 5. Describe the residence of the Duke. 6. What is related in this paragraph? 7. Describe the place of the Duke of Devonshire. Where is Chatsworth? 8. Describe the Duke's kitchen-garden. 9. The conservatory. 10. One of the fountains. 11. The interior of the palace. Mosaic-work,

* Chats'worth, the name of the magnificent seat of the Duke of Devonshire, is situated in the county of Derbyshire, in the central part of England. The park in which It is located is ten miles in circumference.

t In'dia. See note, page 167.

$ Mo-sa'ic-work, little pieces of glass, marble, precious stones, &c. of various colors, cut square, and cemented on a ground-work of stucco, in such a manner as to imitate the colors and gradations of painting.


3. Bas'e*, viler, meaner.

3. Do-main', estate, dominion.

4. Po'tent, powerful, efficient.

4. En-chant'er, a sorcerer, a magician. B. Frail, perishable, easily injured.

5. Fick'le, changeable, capricious.

6. Me'te-or, a luminous, aeriform body.

6. Gild'ed, adorned, brightened.

7. De-spond'ino, yielding to discourage.

ment,' depressed in spirit.

7. Bank'rcpt, an insolvent debtor.

8. Wiz'ard, an enchanter, a charmer

9. Dis-tract'ed, disordered in mind. 10. Be-reet1, deprived of.

Errors. — Trav'ler for trav'ei-er; purthts for purchase | a-gin'/or a-gain' (a-gen''J j bro'/Un for bro'ten (brok'n); ach'in/or ach'ing.


1. The world for sale! Hang out the sign;

Call every traveler here to me:
Who 'll buy this brave estate of mine,

And set me from earth's bondage free?
'Tis going! — Yes; I mean to fling

The bawble from my soul away;
I 'll sell it, whatsoe'er it bring; —

The world at auction here to-day!

2. It is a glorious thing to see, —

Ah, it has cheated me so sore!
It is not what it seems to be; —

For sale! It shall be mine no more.
(Dome, turn it o'er, and view it well; —

I would not have you purchase dear;
'T is going, — going! — I must sell!

Who bids? Who 'll buy the Splendid Tear?

3. Here's wealth in glittering heaps of gold, —

Who bids ? — But let me tell you fair,
A baser lot was never sold ; —

Who 'll buy the heavy heaps of care?
And here, spread out in broad domain,

A goodly landscape alL may trace;
Hall, cottage, tree, field, hill, and plain; —

Who 'll buy himself a burial-place!

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