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The sky bent round
The awful dome of a most mighty temple,
5. So beautiful,
So bright, so glorious! Such a majesty
C. Soon away the mist-cloud rolled,
Wave after wave. They climbed the highest rocks,
7. Then I found myself
8.' A waste of rocks
Only to breathe it, and the busy echo
Questions. —1. What is said of the bright and dewy star? 2. What of the cloud? 3. What can you say of the sea? 4. What does the writer say of his thoughts? 6. What became of the cloud? 7. Where did the writer find himself? 8. What does he Bay of the scene below ? — Is this piece written in rhyme or blank-verse? What la the character of the composition? See Rule IV. page 117.
1. Gaov'Sl-rno, mean, degrading. I 4. Con'tu-be-ly, contempt, Insolence.
1. De-spite', in.deflance of. 5. Com-punc'tion, a feeling of guilt.
2. Sym'me-try, in harmony of proportion. 6. Pon'der-£d, thought upon. 2. In'grain-jd, wrought into. I 7. Strin'gent, binding forcibly.
Errors.—Ar'gfr for ar'gu?; in-stidr for iu-stead'; cul'ter for cult'ure (kult'yur); bose for boasts,
PROFANENESS.— E. II. Chapin.
- 1. Profaneni.ss is a low, groveling vice. He who indulges it is no gentleman. I care not what his stamp may be in society, — I care not what clothes he wears, or what culture he boasts, — despite all his refinement, the light and habitual taking of God's name in vain betrays a coarse nature and a brutal will.
2. Profaneness is an unmanly and silly vice. It certainly is not a grace in conversation; and it adds no strength to it.' There is no organic symmetry in the narrative which is ingrained with oaths; and the blasphemy which bolsters an opinion does not make it any more correct.
3. Nay, the use of profane oaths argues a limited range of ideas, and a consciousness of being on the wrong side; and, if we can find no other phrases through which to vent our choking passion, we had better repress that passion.
4. Profaneness is a mean vice. It indicates the grossest ingratitude. According to general estimation, he who repays kindness with contumely, he who abuses his friend and benefactor, is deemed pitiful and wretched. And yet, O profane one, whose name is it you handle so lightly? It is that of your best Benefactor!
5. You, whose blood would boil to hear the venerable names of your earthly parents hurled about in scoffs and jests, abuse without compunction and without thought the name of your Heavenly Father!
6. Profaneness is an awful vice! Once more, I ask, whose name is it you so lightly use? That holy name of God! Have you ever pondered its meaning? Have you ever thought what it is that you mingle thus with your passion and your wit? It is the name of Him whom the angels worship, whom the heaven of heavens can not contain!
7. *Profane boy! though habit be ever so stringent with you, when the word of mockery and of blasphemy is about to leap from your lips, think of these considerations, — think of God, and, instead of that wicked oath, cry out in reverent prayer, "Hallowed be thy name!"
Questions. — 1. What is said of one who indulges in profanity? 3. What does the use-of profane oaths argue? 4. What does profanity indicate? '4-6. Whose name is blasphemed by the profane? 7. What should the profane think of? — Point out the rhetorical pauses in this lesson, and tell whether they occur in accordance with the rule or the note. See pages 130 and 131.
1 En-count'Er-jd, met face to face.
1. Sem'in-a-ry, an institution of learning.
1. U-ni-vebs'i-ty, an assemblage of colleges.
2. Ldj'er-al, collegiate, extensive.
2. Guad'u-ates, those who have been educated at a college.
5. Em'i-grants, those quitting their own country for another.
7. Be-quest', something left by will.
7. Ben-e-fac'tion, a charitable gift.
7. Leg-a-tor', one who bequeaths an estate or legacy^
Pronounce the following words : — encountered, establishing, eventually, perpetuating, indissoluble, intelligence, munificent.
FOUNDING HARVARD COLLEGE. —J. S. Babey. 1. Scakcely had the settlers of Massachusetts emerged from the struggles which they encountered upon their arrivaj
in this country, before they took measures for establishing a seminary which should enlarge into a College, and eventually into a University, competing with the most famed institutions of the Old World.*
2. A large proportion of the clergy of New England,f and some of the laity, were men of a liberal education, and were graduates of the time-honored Universities of England.! The materials of greatness were already theirs; for they brought with them to these shores, in addition to their libraries, minds richly stored with the treasures of learning.
3. But, without the means of perpetuating this learning, it must die with its possessors. Its diffusion could be secured by instruction alone. Hence, no sooner were churches erected, than school-houses sprung up by their side. Learning and religion were thus united by indissoluble bonds; and intelligence and virtue were the consequent fruits.
4. Six years after the settlement of Boston, § and in the autumn of the last of those years, the General Court, || with a liberality which for ages will memorize its wisdom, voted the sum of four hundred pounds, equal to a year's tax of the whole Colony, toward the erection of a "public school or college." Two hundred pounds were to be paid the next year, and the balance when the work was finished.
5. The ensuing fall of 1636, twelve of the principal magistrates and ministers were chosen " to take orders for a college at Newtown"; and in the following spring, the name waschanged to Cambridge^ in honor of the seat of the Alma Mater** of so many of the emigrants.
* Old World, in a general sense, means the Eastern Hemisphere; but, in a more limited signification, it usually refers to the countries which belong to Europe, t New En'gland. See note, page 82. X En'gland. See note, page 81. j Bos'ton- See note, page 18. || Gen'er-al Court, the Legislature of Massachusetts. H Cam'bridge. See note, page 68.
** Al'ma Ma ter (fostering mother) signifies in a general sense the college where one receives his education. The University of Cambridge in England, here referred to, is sHtiated fifty-one miles north of London, on the river Cam, hence Cambridge. It is upposed by pome to have been founded in the seventh century, by Sigebert, king of
6. TBefore the close of this season, the budding seminary, yet in its infancy, received its first and most munificent bequest, the legacy of John Harvard, a clergyman of Charlestown, and a lover of learning, who died of consumption after a year's residence in the country.
7. One half of his whole property and his entire library constituted the amount of this bequest, — a sum greater than that appropriated by the Court . Although larger bequests have since been received, yet this benefaction was sp timely! and the sum so generous, that the name of the legator was at once conferred upon the College; and it still owns him as its principal and earliest founder.
Questions. —1. What did the settlers of Massachusetts do soon after their arrival? What is meant by the Old World? 2. What did the settlers bring with them? 3. What did they establish next after churches? 3. What were united by indissoluble bonds? - What is meant by the General Court? 4. What sum did it appropriate for the erection of a College? 5. Where was the College located? 5. What was the town afterward called? 5. Why? What is said of Cambridge J What is meant by Alma Mater? What is said of the University of Cambridge in England? 6. What clergyman made a munificent bequest to the College 1 7. Why was it called Harvard College?
1. Un-par'al-lel-jfd, unequaled.
1. E-lec-tric'i-ty, a subtle agent excited by friction.
1. Ex-per'i-ment, an operation for proving a principle.
3. Sen'trt-box, a shelter to stand in.
3. In'su-la-ted, standing on a non-conductor.
4. E-lEc'tRi-pr-jro, charged with electricity. 4. E-mis'sion, a sending out.
7. Ap-pa-ra'tus, things used in making
8. Fi'bers, slender threads.
9. In-ev'i-ta-bly, unavoidably.
12. The'o-ries, expositions of principles.
Errors. — Ex-per'i-mwnt/or ex-per'i-mfnt; inj'ry for in'y«-ry ; cross'ways for crossrvwe; ap-pa-ra'tus for ap-pa-ra'tus; eas'ly for ea'«-ly.
DR. FRANKLIN'S EXPERIMENT IN ELECTRICITY. 1. In the summer of 1752, Dr. Franklin* was enabled, by an experiment, to make a grand and unparalleled discovery
East Adglia; but the oldest authentic document relating to it is dated 1229. It has seventeen colleges, four of which are called halls, and a library of 170.000 volumes * Frank'lin. See note, pag^ US.