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LITTLE ACTS OF KINDNESS. —American Miscellant.
[In this practical exercise on the preceding table, pupils may first name the divisions of the alphabet to which the italicized letters in any word belong, and then tell whether each one is the proper representative of a pure elementary sound, or of a modified elementary sound, or is merely a substitute. If it is the its elementary sound may be given; if it is the second, the elementary sound which is modified may be given, and then its modified sound; but if it is the last, both the letter for which it is a substitute and the elementary sound of that letter may be given. They may also pronounce the combinations in Italics, next spell them by elements, and then spell as many of the entire words by elements as the teacher may think necessary.]
1. I Once'read a story something like the following. A little boy was carrying a Aeavy casket up a steep hill near a city. A rich merchant, who lived in the city, passing that way, Aappened to notice him togging along with his heavy owrdcn. He very Kndly stopped, and Aelped the boy to the top of the hill with his foad.
2. That boy never forgot this act of kindness. It was to him a rich treasure which he hid in his heart; and it made him happy every time he thought of it, 2?ot long after this", he became a clerk in that city. He was steady and inottstrious ;• and, in a few years, he was able to go into ousiness for himself.
3. But all this time, he never forgot that act of kindness. He wished very much to tell the gentleman how grate/wl he felt, and make some return just to express his gratitude. But the gentleman was still rich, .— much richer than himself; and be could, not think of any thing he could do for him. So he continued to hide in his heart the sweet remembrance of that kindness, and the gratitude which it excited.
4. A few years afterward, there was a great pressure for money among the business men; and the gentleman who did this act of kindness was in trouble. If he could not obtain a certain sura of money soon, he was afraid ho should be unable to carry on his business; but he did not know Wiere to get it, His friends were thtn in as great want of money as he was; besides, he did not like to acknowledge to every one how much he was in want of it.
5. As he sat in. his store one day with a aWncast Zook, thinking what he should do, the door opened; and a gentleman came in, and asked to see him alone. The gentleman inquired if he was not in want of money just at that time; "for," said he, "I have several thousand dollars which I can lend to you ttnt'il the money-market is easier; and I entreat you to accept the loan as a tuken of gratitude for a favor you conferred on me many years ago."'
6. The merchant did not know what to make of all this. The gentleman who brought him the money was a stranger to
• him; and he was sure he could never have done him any favor. There must he some mistake about it. The gentleman then asked him if he did not remember helping a boy, at a certain place, carry a heavy basket up a hill. The merchant did recolZect something about it.
7. "That boy was myself," said he; "and I have been wate/iing for an opportunity to express my gratitude to you
. ever stnee. It now gives me more pleasure than I can express to be able to serve you."
8. Now this act was a small one; but it was a kindness, — a heartfelt kindness,—just such a one as we all Zove to remember, and to repay, too, when we have an opportunity.
9. You, my young friends, can often perform like acts of kindness to gladden the hearts of those you meet. Will you not try to speak some kind word, or do some kind oJeed, eac/^ day of your life, until the habit is firmly fixed? This habit, like every other,' is acquired by practice; and it will be worth wore to you than it costs. Try it, and see if it is not so.
Questions. — How is this exercise required to be studied? What combination is marked in the word read in the first paragraph? Name the divisions of the alphabet to which the letters belong, l'ronounce the word. I'ronounce the combination. Give its elements. Are they pure or modified elementary sounds, or substitutes? Spell the combination by elements and pronounce it properly. Now spell the entire word by elements. What combinations are marked in the word something? To which divisions of the alphabet do th« Vetters belong? &C, What habit is this exercise designed to inculcate?
HI. Tabu Of Sob-vocal, Aspirate, And Vowel Ob VocAk Combinations. •
Note. — In this table, each sub-vocal and aspirate element is combined 'in words with all the vocal and modified vocal elements with which it is known to combine in the language. It is the reverse arrangement of the "Table of Vowel or Vocal Combinations," and should be studied and practiced in the same manner.
1. B, as in ebb.— Bate, bare, bar, frisk, bald, bat, be, bet, berth, bite, bit, bolt, boot, born, boss, bot, bu'gle, ru'bj, bush, bust, but, boil, bound. Substitute. — P, in cup'board.
2. D, as in odd. — Date, dare, dark, dance; dawn, dash, deep, den, derm, dive, din, dome, do, a-cforn', cfos'sil, dot, due, rude, nud'dmg, dust, durst, d/it, doubt.
3. F, as in if. — Fate, fare, far, fast, fall, fat, feet, fen, fern, fine, fin, foe, food, form, fosse, fox, fume, rufous, full, fun, furl, foil, foul. Substitutes. — Gh, as in cougA, l&ugh; ph, as in ^>Arase, ser'a.ph.
4. G, as in egg. — Gate, gore, garb, gasip, gall, gat, geese, get, girl, guide, gimn,go, goom, gorge, gone, got, gu'la,, rugose, sug ar, gun, gur'gle, goi'ter, gout.
5. H, as in he. —: Hate, hare, hark, hasn, hall, hat, he, hen, herd, hive, hit, hole, hoot, horse, Aos'tile, hot, hue, hus-sa.r', hut, hurt, hoist, house.
6. J, as in jet,—Jane, jar, jaw, jam, jeer, jet, jerk, jibe, jib, joke, tTbr'dan, jos'tle, jot, June, just, joint, jounce. Substitutes. —D, in sol'cfier; g, as in gem, gibe, gyp'sum.
7. K, as in ark. — iTale, haw, key, ken, kerf, kite, kit, rier'uke. Substitutes. — G, as in care, car, cast, cat, coke, coop, cord, cost, cot, cue, cowld, cull, cur, coin, count; ch, as in chord, cAera'ist, cAar'ac-ter; gh, in hough, lough; q, as in yue'ry, pij'uant, conquer.
8. L, as in ill. — Zaid, lair, lark, last, law, lad, lee, let, learn, line, lit, lone, lose, lord, loft, lot, lute, rule, huM, hiQ, lurk, low, loud.
9. M, as in him. — Mate, mare, mar, mast, mall, mat,'me, met, merge, mine, mix, tnote, move, mom, moth, mop, mute, rheum, must, murk, moist, mount.
10. N, as in run.—Napa, nari, nas'ty, grcaw, nap, need, net, nerve, nine, nit., note, noose, north, nos'tril, not, nude, prune, nut, nurse, noise, noun.
11. P, as- in up. — Pate, pare, par, past, pall, pat, pent, pet, perch, pine, pin, pole, pool, por'cu-pinc, post u re, pop, pule, pull, pun, purse, point, pout Substitute. — Gh, in hio'couyA.
12. R, as in burr. —Pate, rare, ark, raft, raw, rat, reel, rest, earn, ripe, ro'p, rope, roost, ror'qual, ross, rot, pure, rune, rut, purl, roil, rout.*
13. S, as in sin. — Sate, cor'sair, salve, ask, saw, sat, see, set, serve, site, sit, sole, soup, sor'did, soft, sot, sue, ruse, puss, sup, surd, soil, south. Substitutes. — G, as in ^ent, city, cym'bal; z, in waltz, Hartz.
14. T, as in it. — Tame, tare, tar, tas\, tall, tan, teem, ten, term, tine, tin, tone, to, torch, toss, top, tune, brute, put, tun, turn, toil, touso. Substitute. — Ed, as in asked", vexed", fixed", worked, lurkec?.
15. V, as in eve. — Fane, far'nish, fast, fault, van, veer, vex, verge, vine, fill, fote, ren'dez-wus, for'tex, nof'el, view, vulgar, foid, fouch. Substitutes. — F, in of; ph, in Ste'pAen.
16. W, as in woe. — Wave, wares, waft, wall, wax, we, wet, wert, wine, wit, wove, woo, wot, would, wound.. Substitute.— U, as in sua'sion, lan'guage, van'qwish.
17. X, a substitute for ks, as in fox. — Box, dex'troug, fix, hoax, A'jax, cox'comb, lax, mix, next, pax, rix, six, text, vext, wax.
18. X, a substitute for gz, as in ex-act'.—Ex-alt', exempt', ex-ert', ex-ist', ex-ult', ex-hale', ex-hort'.
19. T, as in yet. — Zate, yarn, yawl, yam, ye, yet, yerk,
* If any distinction is made in the utterance of r, it will be rough, or trilled* lefore a vowel or vocal, and smooth, or untrilled, after one.
yoke, Tork, yon, yule, your, yug. Substitute. — I, as in fus'tian, pann'ter, min'ion. Z7, is a substitute for yu, as in wse, man'w-al, — and sometimes for yoo, as in creat'wre, verd'ure, venture.
20. Z, as in buzz. — Gaza, czar, gauze, as'oth, zeal, zed, zer'da, size, zinc, zone, ooze, zoo'co, zw'mic, fuzz, zur'lite, benzoin', zownds. Substitutes. — G, as in suf-fice', sae'ri-fice; s, as in his, was, re-sume'; x, as in a:an'thic, jce'bec.
21. Z, like zh, as in az'ure.— Gla'zier, seiz'ure. Substitutes. — G, as in rou^re, ml-rage'; s, as in pleas'ure, fu'sion, vis'ion.
22. Ng, as in sing. — Sang, giriseng, ling, song, sung, Substitute. — N, in ara'ger, den gue, jira'gle, wraw'gle, hnn gle, cora'gress.
23. Gh, as in much.— CAain, chart, chat, chaff, chalk, chap, cheer, cheek, chert, chime, chin, choke, car-toucA', chop, butch'er, chuh, chum, choice, chouse.
24. Sh, as ia fish. — Shape, share, sharp, shaft, shawl, shall, she, shed, sherd, shine, shin, s/ioal, shoe, short, bosh, shot, sAowld, shut, shout. Substitutes. — C, as in Lu'cia, o'cean, mu-si'cian, as-so'ci-ate; ch, as in cAaise, cAa-grin; s, as in sure, sug'ar, man'sion, om-nis'cient; sc, as in con'science, coh'scious, pre'sci-ent; t, as in patience, na'rion, factious.
25. Th, as in thin. — Thane, Thayer, wrath'fu\, thaw, thank, theme, theft, <Aer'mal thigh, thin, thole, tooth, thorn, thong, me-thod'ie, thufle, tr«<A'ful, thumb, Thurs'd&j, mouth.
26. Th, as in thy. —'Lathe, there, fa'ther, that, the, then, thine, with, those, booth, poth'er, thus, thou.
27. Wh, as in when — Whale, where, wliarf, whack, wheel, when, whirl, white, whit, whop, whur.
Questions. — How are the sub-vocal and aspirate elements combined in table third 1 How should this table be studied and practiced? What combinations are given in the first example? Pronounce the words. Pronounce the combinations in Italics. Spell the words by elements. What combinations are given in the second example? Pronounce the words, &CL