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7. On all occasions, avoid speaking of yourself if it is possible. Nothing that we can say of ourselves will varnish our defects,or add luster to our virtues; but, on the contrary, it will often make the former more visible, and the latter more obscure.
8. Be frank, open, and ingenuous in your behavior, and always look people in the face when you speak to them. Never receive nor retail scandal. In scandal, as in robbery, the receiver is as bad as the thief.
9. Mimicry is a common and favorite amusement of low minds; but it is, and should be, despised by all well-disposed persons. We should neither practice it ourselves, nor praise it in others.
10. Let your expenses be less than your income. A wise man employs his money as he does his time; he never spends a shilling of the one, nor a minute of the other, but in something that is either useful or rationally pleasing. The fool buys what he does not want, but does not pay for what he needs.
11. Form no friendships hastily. Study a character well before you put confidence in the person. Every person is entitled to civility, but very few to confidence. The Spanish proverb says, " Tell me with whom' you live, and I will tell you who you are." The English say, " A man is known by the company he keeps."
12. A well-bred person is polite to every one, but particularly to strangers. In promiscuous company, every person who is admitted is supposed to be on a footing of equality with the rest, and consequently justly claims every mark of civility.
13. Be very attentive to neatness. The hands, nails, and teeth should be kept clean. A dirty mouth is not only disagreeable as it occasions an offensive breath, but almost infallibly causes a decay and loss of teeth.
14. Be not a sloven in dress, nor a fop. Let your dress be neat, and as fashionable as your circumstances and convenience will admit. It is said that a man who is negligent at twenty years of age, will be a sloven at forty, and intolerable at fifty.
15. It is necessary sometimes to be in haste, but always wrong to be in a hurry. A man in a hurry perplexes himself. lie wants to do every thing at once, and finally doe* nothing at all.
16. Frequent and loud laughter is the characteristic of folly and ill manners; it is the manner in which silly people express their joy at silly things.
'17. Humming a tune to yourself, drumming with your fingers, making a noise with the feet, whistling, and all similar habits, are breaches of good manners, and indications of contempt for the persons present.
18. Above all, adhere to sound morals and religion, with immoTable firmness. Whatever effect outward show and accomplishments may have in recommending a man to others, the good only are happy in themselves.
Questions. —1. What advice is given in this paragraph? 2. What, ahout relating a story? 3. What is here recommended? 4. What should you not do? 4. Why? 5. Why should you not whisper in company? 6. What advice is given in this paragraph? 7. What should you avoid? 7. Why? 8. What should be your behavior? 8. What is paid of scandal? 9. Of mimicry? 10. Of your expenses? 11. What is said of friendship and confidence? 11. What proverbs are here given? 12. What is said of a well-bred person? 13. Of neatness? 14. Of dress? 15. Of being in haste? 16. Of loud laughter? 17. What habits are breaches of good manners? 18. What Bhould you adhere to above all?
Articulate the consonant combinations in 6reak, fresh, herald, ttill, swi/T, eweptj hearts.
SHERIDAN'S RIDE. —Read.*
1. Up from the South at break of day, Bringing from Winchcsterf fresh dismay,
*Rcad, (Thomas Buchanan,) an American painter and pcet, was born in Chester County, Fenn., March 12, 1822.
t Win:ches-ter, a town in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, from which Major-Gen. Sheridan of the Union Army hurriedly rode twenty miles, met his retreating forces, turned them back upon the Confederate forces under Gen, Early, and converted an apparent disaster into a splendid vlotory, at Cedar Creek, Oct. 10,1864.
The affrighted air with a shudder bore,
2. And wider still those billows of war
As he thought of the stake in that fiery fray,
3. But there is a road from Winchester town,
And there, through the flash of the morning light,
A steed as black as the steeds of night
Was seen to pass, as with eagle flight,
A.s if he knew the terrible need:
He stretched away with his utmost speed;
Hills rose and fell; but his heart was gay,
With Sheridan fifteen miles away.
i. Still sprung from those swift hoofs, thundering South,
6. Under his spurning feet, the road
And the landscape sped away behind
Like an ocean flying before the wind;
And the steed, like a barque fed with furnace ire,
Swept on, with his wild eye full of fire.
But lo! he is nearing his heart's desire:
He is snuffing the smoke of the roaring fray,
With Sheridan only five miles away.
6. The first that the General saw were the groups Of stragglers, and then the retreating troops:
What was done? what to do? a glance told him both;
Then, striking his spurs, with a terrible oath,
He dashed down the line, 'mid a storm of huzzas;
And the wave of retreat checked its course there, because
The sight of the master compelled it to pause.
With foam and with dust the black charger was gray:
By the flash of his eye, and the red nostril's play,
He seemed to the whole great army to say,
"I have brought you Sheridan, all the way
From Winchester, down to save the day I"
7. Hurrah! hurrah for Sheridan!
And, when their statues are placed on high,
"Here is the steed'that saved the day, By carrying Sheridan into the fight,
From Winchester, twenty miles away!"
Questions.— Who is Head7 Who is Sheridan7 Whereis Winchester, and what occurred about twenty miles from it at Cedar Creek, Oct. 1,9, 18G4? Describe this wonderful ride of Sheridan's in your own language, and also tlw*' battle so far as you are able.
LESSON XXXVI.? ,
21. Es-tab'lish-kent, ■ place of doing business.
25- Half-ea'gle, a fire-dollar gold-piece. 29. Ar'ti-cles, written conditions of a contract.
29. Co-part'ner-sihp, joint concern in business.
86. Dis-solv'-sd, discontinued, separated.
36. Mu'tu-al, given and received.
49. Af-fect*, influence in some way.
49. Op-er-a'tions, modes of conducting
Errors. — Lee'tle for lit'tle; mark'tt for mark'et; p'raps for per-Aaps'; pr-pos'ed for pro-pos'ed; gra deal for great deal; Aojmor'rer for to-mor'row.
I'LL GIVE OR Dialogue. — Arthur.
1. Jonathan. Why don't you enlarge your business, sir? You can sell five times what you do now.
2. Dutchman. I know that; but I have not money enougfi. Wait a while, then I will enlarge. •
3. Jon. Then you are laying by something?"
4. Dutch. Yes, a very little.
5. Jon. It is a pity to creep along in this slow way when so much money might be made in your business by the investment of more capital. Can't you borrow a few hundred dollars?
6. Dutch. I borrow? O no; nobody would lend me a few hundred dollars. I must go on and save up; by and by, I will enlarge.
7. Jon. But somebody else, with plenty of money, might go into the business, and fill the market; and then it would be of no use to enlarge.
8. Dutch. I am sorry; but I can't help it. I can't enlarge without money.
9. Jon. I have five hundred dollars.
10. Dutch. [Brightening up.] Five hundred dollars?
11. Jon. Yes; and I should like to invest it. .
12. Dutch. Much money! I could do a great business on five hundred, dollars.