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6. In the darksome depths of the fathomless mine,
My tireless arm doth play,
Or the dawn of the glorious day.
From the hidden cave below;
7. I blow the bellows; I forge the steel,
In all the shops of trade;
Where my arms of strength are made.
I carry, I spin, I weave;
On every Saturday eve.
8. I've no muscles to weary, no breast to decay,
No bones to be " laid on the shelf";
While I manage this world myself.
Be sure of your curb and rein!
As the tempest scorns a chain!
Questions. — 1. What is represented as speaking in this lesson? 1. What is said of its power in comparison with human might? . 2, 3. What is it represented as thinking, when looking on the various movements and labors of men, flee? What is said of the courier-dove? 4, 5. What has been seen and done since the application of the power of steam to machinery? 6, 7. What does it claim to be doing now? 8. What does it intend to do ? — What is the character of this lesson, and how should 1 . be read? See Bule 3, page 114.
1. O-ver-reach', deceive, cheat.
1. Per-spi-cu'i ty, clearness of expression.
2 Cir-cum-lo-cu'tion, indirect language.
3. Ex-pres'sion, mode of speech.
4. Mor'ti-ft-ing, subduing, humbling. 5. Coun'sel, advice.
5. Tea'po-ral, pertaining to this life.
7. Ar-hor'rence, extreme dread.
Stpas'sions, feelings of the mind.
9. In-scrip'tions, writings engraved on
Errors.—Hap'pims/orhap'pens (hap'ns); fa'tul/or fa'tol; i-dee'for i-de'a; de-fea: for de-feels'; com-infcnd' for coni-maud'; jmed/br jotn'#d; ex-a&'ness fur ex-ac/'ness.
[Before reading this lesson, the class may examine Rule 4, page 78, Rule 2, page 56, and Rule 7, page 89, and read the examples under each.]
PERSPICUITY IN WRITING. — White*
1. It sometimes happens that writers, in aiming at perspicuity, overreach themselves, by employing too many words, and perplex the mind by a multiplicity of illustrations.
2. This is a very fatal error. Circumlocution seldom conduces to plainness; and you may take it as a maxim that, when once an idea is clearly expressed, every additional stroke will only confuse the mind, and diminish the effect.
3. Books are never to be judged of merely by their subject, or the opinion they represent; but by the justness of their sentiments, the beauty of their manner, the force- of their expression or the strength of reasoning, and the weight of just and proper arguments, which appear in them.
* White, (Henry Kirke,) a youthful poet of distinguished ability, bora at Nottingham, England, in 1785. He manifested an extraordinary love for learning, and, even at the early age of fourteen, wrote some of the finest specimens of poetry. He died in 1806, being only twenty-one years of age.
t Watts, (Isaac,) an English divine eminently distinguished for his learning and piety. He wrote on theology, philosophy, and astronomy, but is best known for ills lyric poetry, — the Psalma and Hymns. lie was born at Southampton, in 1671; and he died in 1748.
GOOD ADVICE. — Smith. •
4 When you meet with neglect, let it rouse you to exertion, instead of mortifying your pride. Set about lessening those defects which expose you to neglect, and improve those excellencies which command attention and respect.
FOUR GOOD HABITS.
5. There were four good habits which a wise and good man earnestly recommended in.his counsel, and also by his own example, and which he considered essentially necessary for the management of temporal concerns. These are punctuality, accuracy, steadiness, and dispatch.
6. Without the first of these, time is wasted; without the second, mistakes the most hurtful to our own credit and interest, and that of others, may be committed; without the third, nothing can be well done; and without the fourth, opportunities of great advantage and of the highest importance are lost, which it is impossible to recall.
DUTIES OP PUPILS.
7. The duties of pupils consist in docility and obedience, respect for their teachers, zeal for study, and a thirst after the sciences, joined to-an abhorrence of vice and irregularity, together with a fervent and sincere desire of pleasing God, and referring all their actions to him.
8. The exactness and severity of our teachers may displease sometimes at an age when we are not capable of * judging of the obligations we owe them; but when years have ripened our understanding and judgment, we discern that their admonitions, reprimands, and a severe exactness
in restraining the passions of an imprudent and inconsiderate age, are the things which should make us more highly esteem and love them.
* Smith (Rev. Sidney) wag born at Woodford, in Essex, England; and for half a century he was a very popular writer upon politics and morals. He died Feb. 21, I845j aged 7(i .
KINDNESSES AND INJURIES.
9. The kindnesses which most men receive from others, are like traces drawn in the sand. The breath of every passion sweeps them away, and they are remembered no more. But injuries are too often like inscriptions on monuments of brass, or pillars of marble, which' endure, unimpaired, the revolutions of time.
• ONE GOOD DEED.
10. One pound of gold may be drawn into a wire that would extend round the globe. So one good deed may be felt through all time', and extend its consequences intoeternity. •
11. Though done in the first flush of youth, it may gild the last hours of a long life, and form the only bright spot in it. Let us not be chary of kind acts, but see to it that every day of our lives is made bright by them.
PEESENCE OF GOD.
12. In all companies and in all places, remember the presence of God. God is everywhere present.
13. He is with us in our daily actions, to preserve us; in our recreations, to restrain us; in our public .actions, to approve or condemn us; in our private actions, to observe us; in our sleep, to guard us; and in our watchings, to refresh us.
14. Every thing we see represents to us the presence, the excellency and power of God; and, if we walk with God in all his ways, as he walks with us in all our ways,, we shall find perpetual reasons to enable us to keep that sacked rule, * Rejoice in the Lord always."
THE BIBLE. — Locee.*
15. Let every young man who would acquire a true knowledge of the Christian religion study the Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament; therein are contained
* Locke (John). See note, page 36.
the words of eternal life. It has God for its author, salvation for its end, and truth, without any mixture of error, for its matter.
Questions. — 1. What is the fault of some writers? 2. What direction Is here Indirectly given for correcting it? Who was Mr. W1iite? 3. How are books to be judged of? Who was Watts? 4. What should you do when you meet with neglect? Who was Smith? 5. What four habits are here said to be necessary for the management of temporal concerns? 6. Why? 7,8. What are the duties of pupils? 9. What is said of kindnesses and injuries? 10, 11. How is the influence of one good deed illustrated? 1S-14. What should we always keep in mind? 15. How may every young man acquire a true knowledge of the Christian religion? 15. What furtln-r la said of the Bible? Wilq was Mr. Locke? — What rule is applicable in reading the seventh paragraph? Point out the example in the eighth*paragraph which illustrates one clause in rule 2, page 56. What rule is applicable in reading the thirteenth paragraph? &c.
LESSON XXV.J. 7
1. Grades, racks, classes. 3. Pa-rade', show, ostentation.
. 2. Per-pet'u-ate, to make enduring. 3. Im-ag-in-a'tion, the power of forming
2. La-con'ic, short, brief, sententious. new images or ideas in the mind. 2. Daz'zle, to overpower with splendor, 3. I.o'l'ic, correct reasoning.
2. El'o-quence, forcible language and ! 4. Scandal, defamatory speech, manner of speaking. j 4. Recb'less, careless, heedless.
Errors.—Jus'ly for jusz'Iy ; eVo-fawmce for el'o-ournce; pints for points; thrn for than; pri'vit/br pri vate; con's twut-ly for con'stant-ly.
SAYING TOO MUCH. —L. C. Judsox.
1. "Never say too much," was the advice of a dying mother to her son who still lives to profit by her counsels. This admonition may be justly applied to all grades of society, and be profitably heeded by many in each grade. Public speakers are very often prone to say too much
2. It is a fact worthy of notice and imitation, that 'Washington, Franklin, and others, whose memories we delight to perpetuate, were remarkably laconic in their speeches; keeping close to the question under consideration; aiming to inform rather than dazzle; more anxious to dispatch busiitess, than to outshine one another in the brilliancy of their eloquence.
3. The public speaker, who, without flourish or parade,