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ELOQUENCE OF MOTION.
16. Every one has read of the "action, action, Action" of Demosthenes,* and what a variety of emotions and passions Roscius f could express by mere gestures; let it not ba supposed, however,'that such perfections of art belonged to the ancients only.
17. Some years ago, among a thousand others, we had (he pleasure of listening to one of the splendid speeches of the. eloquent William C. Preston.J Beside us was a man, as deaf as a post, in breathless attention, catching apparently every word that fell from the orator's lips.
. 18. Now the tears of delight would roll down his cheeks; and now, in an ungovernable ecstasy, he would shout out applause which might have been mistaken for the noise of a small thunder-storm.
19. At length Mr. Preston launched out one of those passages of massive declamation, which those who have heard
"him know him to have been so capable of uttering. In magnificent splendor, it was what Byron § has described the mountain storms of Jura|| to be. Its effect upon the multitude was like a whirlwind.
20. Our deaf friend could contain himself no longer; but screaming into our ear, as if he would blow it open with, a tempest, he cried out, — " Who's that speaking?"
21. "Wilham C. Preston!" replied we, as loud as our lungs would let us.
* De-mos'the-nes. See note, page 57.
t Ros'ci-us (Quin'tus) was a celebrated Roman actor, and friend of Cicero. They often used to try which of them could express a thought with the greatest effect, — the latter by his eloquence, or the former by his gestures. Koscius died in 62 b. c-, aged about 67 years.
X William C. Preston was a distinguished orator, and member of Congress from South Carolina.
§ By'ron, (George Gordon,) an English peer, and a poet of elevated genius, but of dissolute habits, Whs born in London, January 22,1788. He died at Missolonghi, in Greece, April 19,1824.
|| Ju'ra, a chain of mountains about 180 miles in length. They are connected with the lofty Alps of Berne, and stretch toward the north in several long ridges between France and Switzerland.
22. "Who?" inquired he, still louder than before.
23. "William C. Preston of South Carolina!" replied we, almost splitting our throat in the effort.
24. "Well, well," returned he, "I can't hear a word he or you are saying; but, oh! don't he do the motions splendidly?'
Questions.—What is the subject of this lesson? Will you it-late the first anecdote? Who was Joshua, here alluded to? Relate the second. Who was Nuah H**ster? Relate the third. Who was Demosthenes? Roscitts? William C. Preston1. Byron? What is said of Jura ? — What general rules are applicable in reading these anecdotes > Why?
I-HAVE AND O-HAD-I.
1. There are two little songsters, well known in the land;
Their names are I-Have and O-Had-I; i-Have will come tamely and perch on your hand, But O-Had-I will mock you most sadly.
2. I-Have, at first sight, is less fair to the eye,
But his work is by far more enduring
5. Full many a golden egg this bird will lay, And sing you, "Be cheery! be cheery!" 0 merrily then will the day glide away,
And sweet shall your sleep be when weary.
4. But let an O-Had-I once take your eye.
And a longing to catch him once seize you, —
5. He 'll keep you all day running up and down hill,
Now racing, now panting and creeping;
6. Then every wise man, who attends to ray song,
Will count his I-Iiave a choice treasure,
Questions. — What is the subject of this lesson? What instruction does it contain ? — Which kind of poetry is it? What is the general character of the language I See Rule 3, page 114.
1 Lute, a stringed instrument of music. 1. Mag'ic, mysterious. 1. Rouse, to excite to action. 2. Re-mem'brance. the recalling of an idea.
1- Waft, to float lightly through air. 2. Con-tem-pla'tion, meditation, study.
1- Con-trol', power, authority. 3. Charm'£d, delighted, enchanted.
Errors. — Wdft for wdft; seound for sound; o'pun for o'pen (o'pn); yit'for yet; chim'ed for charmVd.
VILLAGE BELLS. —Mitchell.
1. The lute may melt to love, to war
* Explanation. A bird in the hand is worth two in the busk.
2. They w.ike remembrance in the heart
Of all that once was dear;
And yet we love to hear; -
3. Their sounds which charmed youth's happy day
For me, I ne'er forget;
I hear their music yet;
Questions. — 1. What Is said of the lute, the trumpet, and the organ? 1. Can they charm and soothe like village bells? 2. What is here said of village belli? 8. Of what do they always remind the writer? — Give the elementary sounds in the word
LESSON XVI. I H
X. In-vent'or, one who finds out or contrives something new.
2. Com-mod'i-ty, an article of traffic.
3. Oc-cu-pa'tion, employment .
3. Un-pre-tend'ing, modest, humble.
7. Peos's-cu-ting,pursuing to completion.
10. De-mon'stra-ted,proved beyond doubt.
11. Vac-cin-a'tion, inoculation with the
11. Op-Pro'bri-CM,contemptuous reproach. 13. Knight'hood, the dignity of a knight.
Errors. — Fol'l«r-ed for followed; ofc-fcer-pa'tion for oc-cu-pa'tion; des'tln-ed for des'tm-ed; at-temps' for at-temp(s'; nat'ral for nat'u-ral; oVjix for ob'jects.
KICHARD ARKWRIGHT. — Youth's Companion.
1. Richard Arbwright, the famous inventor of the spinning-frame, was born at Preston, England, in 1732. He .was the youngest of a family of thirteen children. His school instruction, if he ever received any at all, was very limited; for his parents were quite poor.
2. He was brought up by a barber ; and he followed that occupation in an humble way, among the working people, until he was nearly thirty years of age. He then gave up shaving, and began dealing in hair for the wig-makers, collecting this commodity by traveling up and down the country.
3. A more humble occupation, or a more unpretendinglooking person than he was in those days, it is difficult to imagine; and yet he was destined, by his skill and ingenuity, greatly to increase and entirely change the cotton trade of his country.
4. Before his time, all the cotton thread was spun By the wheel and spindle, the spinner drawing out only a single thread at a time; and, although there were fifty thousand spindles at work in Lancashire * alone, yet the weavers were often thrown out of employ, for the want of thread.
5. Of course, the supply of cotton goods was scanty and expensive; and many attempts had been made to contrive some more effective method of spinning, but without success.
6. In 1767, Arkwright became acquainted with a person named Kay, from whom he is supposed to have obtained some information in reference to the machine which he afterwards constructed.
7. Though he met with great opposition in prosecuting the invention, yet he was not a man to be deterred when he had once determined on a matter; and so he persevered until he accomplished his object.
8. The patience, perseverance, and industry of Arkwright were as fully commendable as his ingenuity; though he was much afflicted with asthma, yet he took scarcely any recreation, but devoted himself entirely to his one pursuit.
9. How true it is that every man, who introduces a new system, whether in industry or science, has to pass through
* Lanc'a-shire (lank'a-shir) is one of the most important counties of England. It Is celebrated for its cotton manufactories and commerce ; and it has a population Oi over two millions.