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Lucifer. Saidst thou not
II Thou ne'er Ladst bent to him who made thee? \ Cain. Yes —
But Abel's earnest prayer has wrought upon me j
The offering is more his than mine — and Adah
Lucifer. Why dost thou hesitate?
Bora on the same day, of the same womb; and
Cain. I will.1
Adah. My brother, I have come for thee;
It is our hour of rest and joy—and we | Hire less without thee. Thou hast Iabour'd not This mom; but I have done thy task: the fruits Are ripe, and glowing as the light which ripens: Com away.
Cm. Seest thou not?
Adah. I sec an angel;
We have seen many: will he share our hour
Coin. But he is not like
The angels we have seen.
Adah. Are there, then, others?
But he is welcome, as they were: they dcign'd
Cain (la Lucifer'). Wilt thou?
i«ei/er. I ask
Thee to be mine.
Cm*. I must away with him.
Adah. And leave us?
Adah. And me?
Cain. Beloved Adah:
Adah. Let me go with thee.
Lucifer. No, she must not.
Adah. Who Art thou that steppest between heart and heart?
Cain. He is a god.
Adah. How know'st thou?
Cain. He speaks like
Adah. So did the serpent, and it lied. [that Lucifer. Thou errest, Adah :— was not the tree W knowledge? Adah. Ay—to our eternal sorrow.
Lucifer. And yet that grief is knowledge — so he lied not:
And if he did betray you, 'twas with truth; And truth in its own essence cannot be tosood.
Adah. But all we know of it has gather'd tril on ill: expulsion from our home, And dread, and toil, and sweat, and heaviness; remorse of that which was—and hope of that ^hich cometh not. Cain ! walk not with this spirit. *■ with what we have borne, and love me—I Love thee.
Ludfcr. More than thy mother, and thy sire?
1 [The Brit interview of Lucifer with Cain is full of tub"My—1mm.] * [It is impossible not to be struck with the resemblance mam' of these passages and others in Manfred.] [Mr. Jeffrey's eulogium on this, perhaps the most Shak
Adah. I do. Is that a sin, too?
Lucifer. No, not yet:
It one day will be in your children.
Must not my daughter love her brother Enoch?
Lucifer. Not as thou lovest Cain.
Adah. Oh, my God 1
Shall they not love and bring forth things that love
Lucifer. The sin I speak of is not of my making,
Adah. What Is the sin which is not Sin in itself? Can circumstance make sin Or virtue ? —if it doth, we arc the slaves Of [higher
Lucifer. Higher things than ye are slaves: and Than them or ye would be so, did they not Prefer an independency of torture To the smooth agonies of adulation, In hymns and harpings, and self-seeking prayers, To that which Is omnipotent, because It is omnipotent, and not from love, But terror and self-hope.
Adah. Omnipotence Must be all goodness.
Lucifer. Was it so in Eden?
Adah. Fiend ! tempt me not with beauty; thou art fairer Than was the serpent, and as false.
Lucifer. As true.
Ask Eve, your mother: bears she not the knowledge Of good and evil?
Adah. Oh, my mother! thou
Hast pluck'd a fruit more fatal to thine offspring
Cain. What dreads my Adah? This is no ill spirit
spearian speech in Lord Byron's tragedies, seems cold enough. He says, Adah, the wife* of Cain, enters, and shrinks from ttie daring and blasphemous speech which is passing between him and the Spirit. Her account of the fascinaliou which ho exercises over her is magnificent.""!
The cherubs and the seraphs; he looks not
Cain. But there are spirits loftier still —
Lucifer. And still loftier than the archangels.
Adah. Ay — but not blessed.
Lucifer. If the blessedness
Consists in slavery—no.
Adah. I have heard it said,
The seraphs love most—cherubim know most— And this should be a cherub — since he loves not
Lucifer. And if the higher knowledge quenches love,
What must he be you cannot love when known?'
Adah. Oh, Cain! choose love.
Cain. For thee, my Adah, I choose not—it was Bom with me—but I love nought else.
Adah. Our parents?
Cain. Did they love us when they snatch'd from the tree
That which hath driven us all from Paradise?
Adah. We were not born then—and if we had been, Should we not love them and our children, Cain?
Cain. My little Enoch! and his lisping sister! Could I but deem them happy, I would half
Forget but it can never be forgotten
Through thrice a thousand generations! never
Hath not fulflll'd its promise: — if they sinn'd,
Adah. I am not wretched, Cain, and if thou
Cain. Be thou happy, then, alone—
I will have nought to do with happiness,
Adah. Alone 1 could not,
Nor would be happy: but with those around us.
Which, .is I know it not, I dread not, though
Lucifer. And thou couldst not
Alone, thou say'st, be happy?
Adah. Alone! Oh, my God!
Who could be happy and alone, or good?
Lucifer. Yet thy God is alone; and is he happy? Lonely, and good?
Adah. He is not so; he hath
The angels and the mortals to make happy.
Lucifer. Ask of your sire, the exile fresh from
Or of his first-born son: ask your own heart;
Adah. Alas! no! and you —
Are you of heaven?
Lucifer. If I am not, inquire
The cause of this all-spreading happiness
Adah. It is a beautiful star; I love it for
Lucifer. And why not adore?
Adah. Our father
Adores the Invisible only.
Lucifer. But the symbols
Of the Invisible are the loveliest
Adah. Our father
Saith that he has beheld the God himself
Lucifer. Hast thou seen bin; J
Adah. Yes — in his works.
Lucifer. But in his being?
Adah. Ho —
Save in my father, who is God's own image;
which it will do Lord B. no credit to name, — the r "Faublas."J
* [In the drawing of Cain himself, there Is mud
Lucifer. Alas! those tears!
Couldst thou bat know what oceans will be shed
Adak. By me?
Adah. What all?
| Lmcifer. The million millions —
The myriad myriads — the all-peopled earth —
Adak. O Cain!
This spirit curseth us.
Cain. Let him say on;
Him will I follow.
Lmcifer. To a place
Whence he shall come back to thee in an hour;
Lucifer. Did not your Maker make
Out of old worlds this new one in few days?
Cain. Lead on.
Adah. Will he,
In with, return within an hour?
Lucifer. He shall.
1th us acts are exempt from time, and we
Adah. Will he return?
Lucifer. Ay, woman! he alone
Of mortals from that place (the first and last
To make that silent and expectant world
Lucifer. Throughout all space. Where should I
Ailah. So they were when the fair serpent Spoke with our mother first
Lucifer. Cain I thou hast heard.
If thou dost long for knowledge, I can satiate
It teems, however, as if. In the effort to pive ta Lobfer that "spiritual politeness " which the poet professes to hare in view, he has reduced him rather below the «and«M of diabolic dignity, which was necessary to his dramatic interest. He has scarcely " given the devil his due." we thought Lord Byron knew 1.,-tter. Milton's Satan, with fcfs faded majesty, and blasted but n»>i obliterated glory, holds » suspended between terror and amuirinrnt, with something t&tan of his spirit Or] essence and lost estate; but Lord Byrne, has Introduced him to us as elegant, pensive, and irjlirui. with an air of sadness and suffering that ranks him wafc Use oppressed, and bespeaks our pity. — Brit. Or it.}
Which shall deprive thee of a single good
[Exeunt Lucifer and Cash. Adah (follows, exclaiming). Cain I my brother 1 Cain 1'
The Abyss of Space. *
Cain. I tread on air, and sink not; yet I fear To sink.
Lucifer. Have faith in me, and thou shalt be Borne on the air, of which I am the prince.
Cain. Can I do so without Impiety?
Lucifer. Believe — and sink not! doubt — and perish 1 thus Would run the edict of the other God, Who names me demon to his angels ; they Echo the sound to miserable things, Which, knowing nought beyond their shallow senses, Worship the word which strikes their ear, and deem Evil or good what is proclalm'd to them In their abasement I will have none such: Worship or worship not thou shalt behold The worlds beyond thy little world, nor be Amerced for doubts beyond thy little life, With torture of my dooming. There will come An hour, when, toss'd upon some water-drops,3 A man shall say to a man, " Believe in me, And walk the waters;" and the man shall walk The billows and be safe. J will not say, Believe in me, as a conditional creed To save thee ; but fly with me o'er the gulf Of space an equal flight and I will show What thou dar'st not deny,—the history Of past and present, and of future worlds.
Cain. Oh, god, or demon, or whate'er thou art, Is yon our earth?
Lucifer. Dost thou not recognise
The dust which form'd your father?
Cain. Can it be?
Yon small blue circle, swinging in far ether,
Lucifer. Point me out the site
Cain. How should I? As we move Like sunbeams onward, it grows small and smaller, And as it waxes little, and then less. Gathers a halo round it like the light Which shone the roundest of the stars, when I Beheld them from the skirts of Paradise:
Methinks they both, as we recede from them,
Lucifer. And If there should be
Worlds greater than thine own, inhabited
Cain. I should be proud of thought
Which knew such things.
Lucifer. But if that high thought were Link'd to a servile mass of matter, and, Knowing such things, aspiring to such things, And science still beyond them, were chain'd down To the most gross and petty paltry wants, AU foul and fulsome, and the very best Of thine enjoyments a sweet degradation, A most enervating and filthy cheat To lure thee on to the renewal of Fresh souls and bodies, all foredoom'd to be As frail, and few so happy1
Cain. Spirit! I
Know nought of death, save as a dreadful thing
Lucifer. Thou canst not
AU die—there is what must survive.
Cain. The Other
Spake not of this unto my father, when
Lucifer. I am angelic: wouldst thou be as I am?
Cain. I know not what thou art: I see thy power, And see thou show'st me things beyond my power, Beyond all power of my born faculties, Although inferior still to my desires And my conceptions.
Lucifer. What are they which dwell
So humbly in their pride, as to sojourn
Cain. And what art thou who dwellest
1 [It if nothing leu than absurd to suppose, that Lucifer cannot well be expected to talk like an orthodox divine, and that the conversation of the first Rebel and the first Murderer was not likelv to bo very unexceptionable; or to plead the authority of Milton, or the authors of the old mysteries, for such offensive colloquies. The fact is, that here the whole argument—and a very elaborate and specious argument it is — is directed against the goodness or the power of the Deity; and there is no answer so much as attempted to the offensive doctrines that are so strenuously inculcated. The Devil and his pupil have the field entirely to themselves, and are encountered with nothing but feeble obtestations and un. reasoning horrors. Nor is this argumentative blasphemy a mere incidental deformity that arises in the course of an action directed to the common sympathies of our nature. It forms, on the contrary, the great staple of the piece, and oc. cuples, we should think, not less than two thirds of it; so that it is really difficult to believe that it was written for any other
So haughtily in spirit, and canst range
Lucifer. I seem that which I am;
And therefore do I ask of thee, if thou
Cain. Thou hast said, I must be
Immortal in despite of me. I knew Dot
Lucifer. Thou didst before I came upon thee.
Lucifer. By suffering.
Cain. And must torture be immortal!
Lucifer. We and thy sons will try. But now, behold 1 Is It not glorious?
Cain. Oh, thou beautiful
And unimaginable ether! and
Lucifer. Art thou not nearer? look back to thine earth!
Cain. Where is it? I see nothing save a mass Of most innumerable lights.
Lucifer. Look there!
Cain. I cannot see it
Lucifer. Yet it sparkles still
Cain. That!—yonder I
Cain. And wilt thou tell me so!
Why, I have seen the fire-flies and fire-worms
Lucifer. Thou hast seen both worms and worids. Each bright and sparkling—what dost think of them?
purpose than to Inculcate these doctrines ; or, at least, to discuss the question upon which they bear. Now, w« fan certainly have no objection to Lord Byron writing ail esssy on the origin of evil, and sifting the whole of that vast and perplexing subject, with the force and the freedom that wou.il be expected and allowed in a fair philosophical discusf on; but we do not think it fair thus to argue it partially and amore, in the name of Lucifer and Cain, without the responsibility or the liability to answer, that would attach to s philosophical disputant; and in a form which both doubles the danger, if the sentiments are pernicious, and almcst precludes his opponents from the possibility of a reply. — — Jeffrey. — " What does Jeffrey mean by tlaborf' Why I they were written as fast as I could put pen to psptr, in the midst of evolutions, and revolutions, and persef i.^-',t * and proscriptions of all who Interested me in Italy."—Byn* Lctterl.]
On That they are beautiful In their own sphere, And that the night, which makes both beautiful, The little shining tire-fly in its flight, And the immortal star In its great course, Must both be guided.
Lucifer. But by whom or what?
Grin. Show me.
Lucifer. Dar'st thou behold?
Cain. How know I what
I dare behold? As yet, thou hast shown nought
Lucifer. On, then, with me.
Kouldst thou behold things mortal or immortal?
Cain. Why, what are things?
Lucifer. Both partly: but what loth
Sit next thy heart?
Coin. The things I see.
Lucifer. But what
Suit nearest it!
Cain. The things I have not seen,
Xor ever shall—the mysteries of death. [died,
Lucifer. What, if I show to thee things which have As I have shown thee much which cannot die »
Cain. Do so.
Lucifer. Away, then! on our mighty wings. Cain. Oh! how we cleave the blue 1 The stars fade from us!
The earth! where is my earth? Let me look on it, For I nas made of it.
Lucifer. "T is now beyond thee,
Less, in the universe, than thou in it;
Cain. Where dost thou lead me?
Lucifer. To what was before thee!
The phantasm of the world; of which thy world h but the wreck.
Cain. What! is it not then new?
Lucifer. No more than life is; and that was ere thou
Or / nere, or the things which seem to us
Greater than either: many things will have
Ho end; and some, which would pretend to have
Had no beginning, have had one as mean
Aj thou; and mightier things have been extinct
To make way for much meaner than we can
Surmise; for moments only and the space
Have been and must be all unchangeable.
But changes make not death, except to clay;
But thou art clay, — and canst but comprehend
That which was clay, and such thou shalt behold.
Cain. Clay, spirit! what thou wilt, I can survey.
Lucifer. Away, then!
Cain. But the lights fade from me fast
And some till now grew larger as we approach'd,
Lucifer. And such they are.
Cui». And Edens in them?
Lucifer. It may be.
[It li not very easy to perceive what natural or rational W'jra the Devil proposes to himself in carrying hit disciple QjNttp the aoysi of space, to show him that repository of vtoch we remember hearing something in our Infant days, vbere the old moons are hung up to dry." To prove that 'we is a |ife beyond the grave, was surely no part of his Mttuwti when ne was engaged in fostering the indignation of «e who repined at the necessity of dying. And, though it Vmu lecra, that entire Hades is. in Lord Byron's picture, a P*e of suffering, yet, when Lucifer himself had premised
Cain. And men?
Lucifer. Yea, or things higher.
Cain. Ay? and serpents too?
Lucifer. Wouldst thou have men without them? must no reptiles Breathe save the erect ones?
Cain. How the lights recede!
Where fly we?
Lucifer. To the world of phantoms, which Are beings past, and shadows still to come.
Cain. But it grows dark and dark — the stars are gone!
Lucifer. And yet thou seest
Cain. *T is a fearful light:
No sun, no moon, no lights Innumerable.
Lucifer. But distinct.
Thou seekest to behold death, and dead things?
Cain. I seek it not; but as I know there are
Lucifer. Behold 1
Cain. 'T is darkness.
Lucifer. And so it shall be ever j but we will Unfold its gates!
Cain. Enormous vapours roll
Cuin. Can I return?
Lucifer. Return! be sure: how else should death be peopled? Its present realm is thin to what it will be, Through thee and thine.
Cain. The clouds still open wide
And wider, and make widening circles round us.
Lucifer. Advance I
Cain. And thou!
Lucifer. Fear not—without me thou
Couldst not have gone beyond thy world. On 1 on!
[ They disappear through the clouds.
SCENE IL Hades. > Enter Lucifer and Cain Cain. How silent and how vast are these dim worlds!
that these sufferings were the lot of those spirits who had sided with him against Jehovah, is it likely that a more accurate knowledge of them would increase Cain's eagerness for the alliance, or that he would not rather have inquired whether a better fortune did not await the adherents of the triumphant side? At all events, the spectacle of many ruined worlds was more likely to awe a mortal into submission, than to rouse him to hopeless resistance; and, even if it made him a hater of God, had no natural tendency to render him furious against a brother who was to be his fellow-suH'erer—lUuaa,]