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III. Atonics.

1. P-i-pe; 2. T-en-t ; 3. C-a-ke; 4. F-i-fe;

Simple Elements.

5. C-ea-se;
6. H-e;
7. Th-in ;
8. Pu-sh.

Compound. 9. Ch-ur-ch.


Initial Syllables. The following syllables should be practised in the same modes as the elements in the preceding exercises. Both or all of the component sounds, should, in each case, receive distinct attention.

Bl, cl, A, gl, pl, spl;
Br, cr, fr, gr, pr, spr, tr, str, shr ;
Sm, sn, sp,


Final Syllables. id, If, lk, Im, lp, Ise, ls, (Iz,) lt, lve; m’d, nd, nce, ns, (nz,) nk, (ngk,) nt ; rb, rd, rk, rm, rn, rse, rs, (rz,) rt, rve ; rb'd, rk'd, rm'd, rn'd, rsd, rv'd; sm, (zm.) s'n, (zn,) sp, st ; ks, ct, k’d, (kt,) f'd, (ft.) p'd (pt ;) d'n, k'n, p'n, v'n ; ble, (61,) fle, (A,)gle, (gl,) ple, (pl.) dle, (d1,) tle, (tl,) rl ; Ist, nst, rst, dst, rdst, rmdst, rndst ; bl’d, pl'd, rld; ngs, ngst, ng'd; bles, (blz,) cles, (clz,) fles, (flz,) gles, (glz ;) sms, (zmz,) s'ns, (znz,) sps, sts; stles, (slz,) stens, (snz.)

WORDS, to be practised in the same style as the preceding exercises on syllables, - each component element kept perfectly clear and distinct.



I. Tonic Elements. Simple Sounds. One error, often made in the following class of words, is to pronounce them nearly as if written oall, &c. Sometimes, we hear the coarse error of dividing the sound of a, in such words, into two parts thus 0-ŭll, fo-ŭll, &c. To a cultivated ear, this sound is peculiarly displeasing, as associated with low and slovenly habit.

1. A, as in A-11. All

Law Awful Water ball ward

lawful daughter call

draw dawning slaughter.

2. A, as in A-rm. The two current errors in this class of sounds, are, 1st, - as in the local usage of New England, - flattening it down to to a, in an ; 2d, as in the custom of the Middle States, making it as broad as a in all. The former style causes the pronunciation of “ fărm," "părt,”

" “ făther : the latter, that of “ fawrm,” "pawrt," fawther." Harm Bar

Mart Balm Daunt farm


calm haunt charm far

part palm launch.



3. A, as in A-n. Common errors : 1, a flattened down to e, in end, nearly; thus, “ Dence," pess, the local usage of the Middle States ; - 2d, a made as broad as a, in arm; thus, “Dânce," (as if darnce,) “påss," — the customary fault of New England. Add Band Mass Last Slant Dance had hand

pass mast chant lance mad land

grass past grant glance

4. E, as in E-ve. There is seldom any error made in the enunciation of


such words as the following, except the slight one arising from not distinguishing between the longer sound of ee before a

subtonic," as in feel, and the shorter, before an atonic," as in feet.

The explosive force of the organic action, in executing an“ atonic," compresses the preceding vowel : the gentle and gradual sliding of the ee into a " subtonic," allows it a longer duration. Theme Feel Heed Week Feet Deep

heel need meek meet keep keen peel feed speak street sleep.

5. 00, as in Oo-ze; 00, as in L-00-k. The sound of this element, needs attention to the same distinction as in the case of ee. Before a “tonic" element, it is prolonged,

- before an

atonic,” it is shortened. The difference is exemplified, for the former, in tool, — for the latter, in took. Cool Boom Moon Hook Hoop Boot fool loom

nook loop hoot pool


stoop root. Exceptions. Good, wood, stood, which have the oo short, though before a “subtonic.”




6. E, as in E-rr. The just, not overdone, distinction between urn and

earn, is the object to be kept in view, in practising on the following words. This class of sounds is so liable to mispronunciation, that it needs close and repeated attention. See remarks on the “ tonic" element, e in err, - in the discussion of the elementary sounds. Err Serve * Earth

Mercy Merciful erst earl gird

terminate herb stern pearl girl servant perfectly

* Firm



7. E, as in E-nd. The common error in the following class of words, is that of allowing the vowel to approach the sound of a in ale; thus" taillfor těll. Elk Hence Let Bell Den Bed elm fence

* The same element with e in err, though differently spelled.

get dell men fed else pence yet fell


led Ready steady measure pleasure general genuine.

8. I, as in I-n. The common error of careless articulation, in this element, makes it approach the a of ale ; thus, "sainn," for săn. An opposite error, in foreign style, or in bad taste gives seenn,for sin ;

ceetee,” for city, &c.

Bit fin him did

fill sip hit tin grim hid

hill tip


9. A, as in Ai-r. Sometimes carelessly enunciated as a in an, prolonged; thus,“ åer,” for air ; — sometimes too fastidiously flattened, and reduced to a in ale ; thus“ aerfor air. Bare Fare Hair Stare Barely Aware

lair glare careful ensnare dare

pair share rarely repair




10. U, as in U-p. The error in enunciating this element, is that of forming the sound in a coarse guttural style, which makes it approach the sound of o in on. This fault is prevalent in the usage of the Middle States. Up

Bud Gum Dun But Done cup cud hum


cut sup mud dumb





11. O, as in O-r. Three errors are extensively prevalent in the mode of enunciating this element:- ist, a local error of New England, which gives a double sound for a single one,

in an,

commencing with o in old, and ending with u in up, or a

thus nõŭr,” or nõăr," for nor : 2d, a local error of the Middle States, which makes the sound too broad, and resembling the a in arm ; thus “ nâr,” for nor: 3d, a long and drawling sound, which has a coarse and slovenly character; thus cawrd, for cord. Born Cork

Sort Form cord corn fork

short storm lord horn stork


Orb *


12. O, as in O-n. A prevalent local error of Massachusetts, in the following class of sounds, exists in the words, loss, lost, soft, &c. which are pronounced nearly with o, as in old ; thus "loass,loast," soaft,&c. and sometimes with a double, instead of a single sound; thus “lõăst,&c., for lost. The local error of usage, in the state of Connecticut, verges to the opposite extreme, in such words, and gives, for o, a sound too nearly like that of a in an ; thus“ lăss," &c., for loss. On Mob

Rod Lop Loss odd rob


toss off sob fog sod


Bog dog

god †


13. A, as in A-le. The common error in the enunciation of this element, is that of making its "vanish" too conspicuous; thus “ aeel" for ale. An opposite error is not uncommon, – that of omitting the delicate “vanishing” sound entirely, which makes the style of enunciation coarse and negligent. Ace Day

Hail Lade Make Came age

lay fail fade sake fame ache nay wail

made take lame

14. I, as in I-ce. The two errors to be avoided in enunciating this ele

* The r of these words is soft, but never silent, as in the style of faulty usage.

+ Commonly mispronounced "gaud," "goad," "gõūd,or gad.”


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