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Hall is a handsome Gothic building tion and activity imparted by the Nourishing state in and basin opposite are worthy of of its manufactories. Its population of 120,000 The portal of the collegiate church of persons is chiefly engaged in the manufacturing of faster and aldermen is a masterpiece of linen and cotton threads by machinery, and the ng, executed in 1530 by Paul Vander bleaching and printing of calicoes.

Gand is built The trade in linen is extensive. The

on twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and conis 6,300. The Lys, which passes Deynze, tains three hundred streets. Ghent, though 20 ince, in the department of the Pas de longer the great commercial city of former days, far from Bethune; after watering Aire,

when the Emperor Charles V. (its most distinund Armentières, it takes a north

guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je irection, a little below the latter town, mettrai tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e. my glove, the limit between France and Belgium,

mon gant), is still the Manchester of Belgium. In on and Wervick, which it passes, and

1,800 an enterprising Fleming, named Lieviere West Flanders, passes Courtray, then

Baucus, brought over from Manchester several t Flanders, near Olsene, crossing Deynze, English workmen and spinning jennies; manufacsa winding course of about 100 miles, it

tures quickly took root, and in a short time 30,00 he Scheldt at Ghent.

workmen were employed, sixty steam-engine: th Station is next met with. Popu- required to set in motion the machinery of the

Leaving here the railway passes various cotton mills, many of whose chimney's rne, and enters a very interesting place, appear like classic columns. -ht of which meanders the river Lys. The political history of Ghent is various and is Western is passed to the left; the

interesting. Notwithstanding the severe strictures ng to the village of Oudenarde is next

of the historian, Hallam, it calls up to the recol- the railway, after which it turns sud- lection many scenes which inspire us with every he left, and leaving the line leading to sentiment of sympathy and good-will towards the arrives at

descendants of many a name illustrated in cellr station (French, Gand; Flemish, turies past by deeds of patriotism and domestic glish, Gaunt, where John of Gaunt was virtue, which still do honour to the Flemish 'otels :

character. Its citizen-magistrates being conRoyal, Place d'armes, in the centre of demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his and nearest to the railway station, a

clemency, and to wear a rope round their neck hotel-highly recommended to English whenever they acted judicially, they turned into ; landlord, Mr. Marit.

an honour with this device, in which the city is de la Poste, Place d'Armes. This old characterised, along with others:ed first-rate hotel is conducted by Mr. A. “Nobilibus Bruxella virs, Antverpia nun mis, utte, and is highly recommended.

Gandavum laqueis, fornosis Brvga pueilis, le Vienne, nearest hotel to the churches Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinis stultis." ivon, St. Nichol, and St. Michael – recom- Ghent is one of the handsoniest towns on the for its moderate charges and excellent Continent; its streets and public squares are wide A. Roszmann, proprietor, a

and spacious; it has more the appearance of :

modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, go mte d'Egmont; D'Allemagne; Du Duc de in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little on; De Courtrai.

reflectors, placed outside the windows, and show. is a good Buffet at the station, which is ing all the passers in the street. Its objects oi he town. Cabs are always in attendance. attraction may be enumerated as follows: aveller will be most agreeably surprised The Beffroi. - Belfry tower, a building erected ing this rich and populous city, through in 1183.

Permission to erect a tower, or belfry: sevon gatos, situated at the confluence

as the earliest privilege that the citizens oli cheldt and the Lys, to observe the anima- tained from their feudal lords, and was, hepce, long

dation.

1

The Town Hall is a handsome Gothic building tion and activity imparted by the nourishing state the fountain and basin opposite are worthy of of its manufactories. Its population of 120,000 attention. The portal of the collegiate church of persons is chiefly engaged in the manufacturing of the burgomaster and aldermen is a masterpiece of linen and cotton threads by machinery, and the wood carving, executed in 1530 by Paul Vander bleaching and printing of calicoes. Gand is built Schelder. The trade in linen is extensive. The

on twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and conpopulation is 6,300. The Lys, which passes Deynze, tains three hundred streets. Ghent, though no rises in France, in the department of the Pas de longer the great commercial city of former days, Calais, not far from Bethune; after watering Aire,

when the Emperor Charles V. (its most distinEstaires, and Armentières, it takes a north

guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je easterly direction, a little below the latter town,

mettrai tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e. my glove, and forms the limit between France and Belgium,

mon gant), is still the Manchester of Belgium. In by Warneton and Wervick, which it passes, and

1,800 an enterprising Fleming, named Lieviere entering West Flanders, passes Courtray, then

Baucus, brought over from Manchester several enters East Flanders, near Olsene, crossing Deynze, English workmen and spinning jennies; manufacand taking a winding course of about 100 miles, it

tures quickly took root, and in a short time 30,100 falls into the Scheldt at Ghent.

workmen were employed, sixty steam-engine: Nazareth Station is next met with. Popu- required to set in motion the machinery of the lation 5,500. Leaving here the railway passes various cotton mills, many of whose chimneys Maria Leerne, and enters a very interesting place, appear like classic columns. to the right of which meanders the river Lys. The political history of Ghent is various and St. Dennis Western is passed to the left; the interesting. Notwithstanding the severe stricture: road leading to the village of Oudenarde is next of the historian, Hallam, it calls up to the recolcrossed by the railway, after which it turns sud- lection many scenes which inspire us with every donly to the left, and leaving the line leading to sentiment of sympathy and good-will towards the Brussels, arrives at

descendants of many a name illustrated in cen• GHENT Station (French, Gand; Flemish, turies past by deeds of patriotism and domestic Gend; English, Gaunt, where John of Gaunt was virtue, which still do honour to the Flemich bom.)-Hotels :

character. Its citizen-magistrates being conHotel Royal, Place d'Armes, in the centre of demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his the town, and nearest to the railway station, a clemency, and to wear a rope round their necks first-class hotel-highly recommended to English whenever they acted judicially, they turned into travellers; landlord, Mr. Marit.

an honour with this device, in which the city is Hotel de la Poste, Place d'Armes.--This old characterised, along with others :ostablished first-rate hotel is conducted by Mr. A.

"Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antverpia nunmis, Vande Putte, and is highly recommended.

Gandavum laqueis, fornosis Bruga pueilis, Hotel de Vienne, nearest hotel to the churches

Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinis stultis." of St. Bavon, St. Nichol, and St. Michael - recom- Ghent is one of the handsoniest towns on the mended for its moderate charges and excellent Continent; its streets and public squares are wide accommodation. A. Roszmann, proprietor, a and spacious; it has more the appearance of a German.

modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, go Du Comte d'Egmont; D'Allemagne; Du Duc de in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little Wellington; De Courtrai.

reflectors, placed outside the windows, and show. There is a good Buffet at the station, which is ing all the passers in the street. Its objects of within the town. Cabs are always in attendance. attraction may be enumerated as follows:

The traveller will be most agreeably surprised The Beffroi.- Belfry tower, a building erected on entering this rich and populous city, through in 1183. Permission to crect a tower, or belfry: one of its gevon gates, situated at the confluence was the earliest privilege that the citizens oli of the Scheldt and the Lys, to observe the anime. tained from their foudal lords, and was, hepce, long regarded by them as a monument of their power | above the foor of the body of the church by! and wealth. It originally served as a watch flight of steps: in front is the grand altar, enclose tower, from whencé an enemy could be descried, by three bronze doors of elaborate workmanshi and in which was a tocsin-bell that called the and surmounted by Corinthian columns of t citizens to arms, and to debate. The gilt dragon purest Carrara marble, with a statue of the sal on the top was carried off from Bruges by the in his ducal robes, and two colossal mart Gantoises, as a trophy of their conquest of that statues by Van Pouche, representing the apost town, under Philip Vlaenderlaudt. It has lately Peter and Paul. In front of the altar are four been re-gilt. Its history is rather a remarkable copper candlesticks, remarkable as having bee one, it having originally adorned a Greek church the property of Charles the First of England. at Constantinople, from whence it was carried off is surmised that they may have adorned th by the men of Bruges, who went to the first Chapel of Whitehall, or St. Paul's Church. It crusade as soldiers under Baldwin, Count of supposed that they were sent out of England an Flanders. It is now used as a prison, and had sold; on them are still seen the arms of England deposited in the lower part of it, not long since,

The stalls of the canons in the choir are said to the title deeds and records of Ghent. From its

be the finest specimens of carving in mahogany top a magnificent view can be had, and the en

known to exist in the world. Over these stalls trance to it lies through the shop of a watchmaker, who charges 2 francs for admission. The following

are eleven paintings in imitation of bas-relief, by reply was made by Charles V. to his cruel and

P. Van Rey schoot. Most of the numerous chapels

which line the Cathedral atrocious minister, Alva, who advised him to

are adorned with destroy the city, “Combien, il fallait de peaux paintings. The first contains the beheading of d'Espagne pour fair un gant de cette grandeur ?"

St. John the Baptist, by Crayer; the second, the -(How many skins of Spanish leather would it

Donation of St. Colette (a saint of Ghent, who take to make such a glove ?) Thus spoke the

died in 1447), of a piece of ground for a convent, king, pointing out the city from the top of the by Paelinck, a modern artist; the third, the BapBeffroi.

tism of our Saviour, by Crauwer; the fourth, a

dead Christ, by Abraham Janssens; the sixth, The Cathedral of Ghent is one of the handsomest Christ disputing with the Doctors, by Pourbus, Gothic buildings in Belgium. It was formerly a all the figures of which are portraits of different church dedicated to St. John, but took the name individuals holding official situations under of St. Bavon in 1540, when Charles V. removed Phillip II.; the seventh, a fine picture of the thither the collegiate chapter of the Abbey of that Martyrdom of St. Barbe, by Crayer; the tenth, saint, and 19 years afterwards it was raised to the a Christ between the Thieves, by Vander Menen,

gnity of a cathedral church. The present build- a pupil of Van Dyck. In the eleventh is the Agnus ing was commenced in the thirteenth, and finished Dei, one of the most celebrated pictures of the in the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Flemish school, painted by the brothers Van majestic effect which the structure is calculated to Eyck, the inventors of oil painting, in 1482; and, produce is much impaired by the want of an open though more than four hundred years have area around and in front. The tower is remark- elapsed since this picture was painted, the colours able for its elegance; it is 271 feet high, and the retain a vividness truly wonderful, the numerous ascent to the platform which terminates it is by figures are all finished with the most elaborate 446 steps; the view from the summit is of great care, and each countenance is endued with admirextent and beauty. The Cathedral itself is divided ably appropriate expression. The towers, which into three aisles by a double range of light and in the luminous horizon are supposed to represent elegant columns. On each side are disposed the New Jerusalem, are taken from those of Maestwelve chapels, which, as well as the choir, are in tricht, near which town the artists were born. excellent keeping with the rest of the building. Above this picture are three smaller ones by the The choir which has two side aisles, is raised same artists; the centre represents Christ on a

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le centre of the ce and lightness "le, partly floridis seen to advanh it is situated. ints the church, ave been carried lesign has never 1 chapel of this

the crucifixion, The tree of life ! by Van Dykc, the only work of this master which

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