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The Town Hall is a handsome Gothic building tion and activity imparted by the fourishing state the fountain and basin opposite are worthy of of its manufactories. Its population of 120,000 attention. The portal of the collegiate church of persons is chiefly engaged in the manufacturing of the burgomaster and aldermen is a masterpiece of linen and cotton threads by machinery, and the wood carving, executed in 1530 by Paul Vander bleaching and printing of calicoes. Gand is built Schelder. The trade in linen is extensive. The

on twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and conpopulation is 6,300. The Lys, which passes Deynze, tains three hundred streets. Ghent, though no rises in France, in the department of the Pas de longer the great commercial city of former days,

Calais, not far from Bethune; after watering Aire, wben the Emperor Charles V. (its most distin| Estaires, and Armentières, it takes a north

guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je | easterly direction, a little below the latter town,

mettrai tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e. my glove, and forms the limit between France and Belgium,

mon gant), is still the Manchester of Belgium. In · by Warneton and Wervick, which it passes, and 1,800 an enterprising Fleming, named Lieviere entering West Flanders, passes Courtray, then

Baucus, brought over from Manchester several enters East Flanders, near Olsene, crossing Deynze, English workmen and spinning jennies; manufacand taking a winding course of about 100 miles, it

tures quickly took root, and in a short time 30,100 falls into the Scheldt at Ghent.

workmen were employed, sixty steam-engine: Nazareth Station is next met with. Popu- required to set in motion the machinery of the lation 5,500. Leaving here the railway passes various cotton mills, many of whose chimneys Maria Leerne, and enters a very interesting place, appear like classic columns. to the right of which meanders the river Lys. The political history of Ghent is various and St. Dennis Western is passed to the left; the interesting. Notwithstanding the severe stricture: road leading to the village of Oudenarde is next of the historian, Hallam, it calls up to the recolcrossed by the railway, after which it turns sud- lection many scenes which inspire us with every donly to the left, and leaving the line leading to sentiment of sympathy and good-will towards the Brussels, arrives at

descendants of many a name illustrated in cen. GHENT Station (French, Gand; Flemish, turies past by deeds of patriotism and domestic Gend; English, Gaunt, where John of Gaunt was virtue, which still do honour to the Flemich born.)-Hotels :

character. Its citizen-magistrates being 001Hotel Royal, Place d'Armes, in the centre of demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his the town, and nearest to the railway station, a clemency, and to wear a rope round their neck I first-class hotel-highly recommended to English whenever they acted judicially, they turned into travellers ; landlord, Mr. Marit.

an honour with this device, in which the city is Hotel de la Poste, Place d'Armes.This old characterised, along with others: ostablished first-rate hotel is conducted by Mr. A.

“Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antverpia nummis, Vande Putte, and is highly recommended.

Gandavum laqueis, fornosis Brvga pueille, Hotel de Vienne, nearest hotel to the churches

Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinis stuitis." of St. Bavon, St. Nichol, and St. Michael - recom- Ghent is one of the handsoniest towns on the mended for its moderate charges and excellent Continent; its streets and public squares are wide accommodation. A. Roszmann, proprietor, a and spacious; it has more the appearance of a German.

modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, 84 Du Comte d'Egmont; D'Allemagne; Du Duc de in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little Wellington; De Courtrai.

reflectors, placed outside the windows, and showThere is a good Buffet at the station, which is ing all the passers in the street. Its objects oi within the town. Cabs are always in attendance. attraction may be enumerated as follows:

The traveller will be most agreeably surprised The Beffroi.- Belfry tower, a building erected on entering this rich and populous city, through in 1183. Permission to crect a tower, or belfry: one of its sevon gates, situated at the confluence was the carliest privilege that the citizens ob of the Scheldt and the Lys, to observe the anime- tained from their feudal lords, and was, hepce, long

regarded by them as a monument of their power above the floor of the body of the church by a and wealth. It originally served as à watch flight of steps: in front is the grand altar, enclosed tower, from whence an enemy could be descried, by three bronze doors of elaborate workmanship, and in which was a tocsin-bell that called the and surmounted by Corinthian columns of the citizens to arms, and to debate. The gilt dragon | purest Carrara míarble, with a statue of the saint on the top was carried off from Bruges by the in his ducal robes, and two colossal marble Gantoises, as a trophy of their conquest of that statues by Van Pouche, representing the apostle: town, under Philip Vlaenderlaudt. It has lately Peter and Paul. In front of the altar are four tall been re-gilt.

Its history is rather à remarkable copper candlesticks, remarkable as having been one, it having originally adorned a Greek church the property of Charles the First of England. 11 at Constantinople, from whence it was carried off is surmised that they may have adorned the by the men of Bruges, who went to the first Chapel of Whitehall, or St. Paul's Church. It is crusade as soldiers under Baldwin, Count of supposed that they were sent out of England and Flanders. It is now used as a prison, and had sold; on them are still seen the arms of England. deposited in the lower part of it, not long since,

The stalls of the canons in the choir are said to the title deeds and records of Ghent. From its

be the finest specimens of carving in mahogany top a magnificent view can be had, and the en

known to exist in the world. Over these stalls trance to it lies through the shop of a watchmaker,

are eleven paintings in imitation of bas-relief, by who charges 2 francs for admission. The following

P. Van Reyschoot. Most of the numerous chapels reply was made by Charles V. to his cruel and

which line the Cathedral are adorned with atrocious minister, Alva, who advised him to destroy the city, “Combien, il fallait de peaux

paintings. The first contains the beheading of d'Espagne pour fair un gant de cette grandeur?"

St. John the Baptist, by Crayer; the second, the -(How many skins of Spanish leather would it

Donation of St. Colette (a saint of Ghent, whe take to make such a glove ?) Thus spoke the

died in 1447), of a piece of ground for a convent king, pointing out the city from the top of the

by Paelinck, a modern artist; the third, the Bap Beffroi.

tism of our Saviour, by Crauwer; the fourth,

dead Christ, by Abraham Janssens; the sixth The Cathedral of Ghent is one of the handsomest Christ disputing with the Doctors, by Pourbus Gothic buildings in Belgium. It was formerly a all the figures of which are portraits of differen church dedicated to St. John, but took the name individuals holding official situations unde of St. Bavon in 1540, when Charles V. removed | Phillip II.; the seventh, a fine picture of tb thither the collegiate chapter of the Abbey of that Martyrdom of St. Barbe, by Crayer; the tenth saint, and 19 years afterwards it was raised to the a Christ between the Thieves, by Vander Mener dignity of a cathedral church. The present build- a pupil of Van Dyck. In the eleventh is the Agne ing was commenced in the thirteenth, and finished | Dei, one of the most celebrated pictures of th in the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Flemish school, painted by the brothers Va majestic effect which the structure is calculated to Eyck, the inventors of oil painting, in 1482; ang produce is much impaired by the want of an open though more than four hundred years hay area around and in front. The tower is remark- elapsed since this picture was painted, the colour able for its elegance; it is 271 feet high, and the retain a vividness truly wonderful, the numerou ascent to the platform which terminates it is by figures are all finished with the most elaborat 446 steps; the view from the summit is of great care, and each countenance is endued with admi extent and beauty. The Cathedral itself is divided ably appropriate expression. The towers, whic into three aisles by a double range of light and

in the luminous horizon are supposed to represe elegant columns. On each side, are disposed the New Jerusalem, are taken from those of Mae twelve chapels, which, as well as the choir, are in tricht, near which town the artists were boi excellent keeping with the rest of the building. Above this picture are three smaller ones by t The choir which has two side aisles, is raised same artists; the centre represents Christ on a

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regarded by them as a monument of their power above the floor of the body of the church by and wealth. It originally served as a watch flight of steps: in front is the grand altar, enclose tower, from whence an enemy could be descried, by three bronze doors of elaborate workmanshi and in which was a tocsin-bell that called the and surmounted by Corinthian columns of t citizens to arms, and to debate. The gilt dragon purest Carrara marble, with a statue of the sai on the top was carried off from Bruges by the in his ducal robes, and two colossal mart Gantoises, as a trophy of their conquest of that statues by Van Pouche, representing the aposti town, under Philip Vlaenderlaudt. It has lately Peter and Paul. In front of the altar are four te been re-gilt. Its history is rather à remarkable corper candlesticks, remarkable as having bee one, it having originally adorned a Greek church the property of Charles the First of England. at Constantinople, from whence it was carried off is surmised that they may have adorned th by the men of Bruges, who went to the first Chapel of Whitehall, or St. Paul's Church. It crusade as soldiers under Baldwin, Count of supposed that they were sent out of England an Flanders. It is now used as a prison, and had sold; on them are still seen the arms of England deposited in the lower part of it, not long since,

The stalls of the canons in the choir are said to the title deeds and records of Ghent. From its

be the finest specimens of carving in mahogany top a magnificent view can be had, and the en

known to exist in the world. Over these stalls trance to it lies through the shop of a watchmaker, who charges 2 francs for admission. The following

are eleven paintings in imitation of bas-relief, by

P. Van Rey schoot. Most of the numerous chapels reply was made by Charles V. to his cruel and

which line the Cathedral are atrocious minister, Alva, who advised him to

adorned with destroy the city, “Combien, il fallait de peaux

paintings. The first contains the beheading of d'Espagne pour fair un gant de cette grandeur?"

St. John the Baptist, by Crayer; the second, the -(How many skins of Spanish leather would it

Donation of St. Colette (a saint of Ghent, who take to make such a glove ?) Thus spoke the

died in 1447), of a piece of ground for a convent,

by Paelinck, a modern artist; the third, the Bapking, pointing out the city from the top of the Beffroi.

tism of our Saviour, by Crauwer; the fourth, &

dead Christ, by Abraham Janssens; the sixth, The Cathedral of Ghent is one of the handsomest Christ disputing with the Doctors, by Pourbus, Gothic buildings in Belgium. It was formerly a all the figures of which are portraits of different church dedicated to St. John, but took the name individuals holding official situations under of St. Bavon in 1540, when Charles V. removed | Phillip II.; the seventh, a fine picture of the thither the collegiate chapter of the Abbey of that Martyrdom of St. Barbe, by Crayer; the tenth, saint, and 19 years afterwards it was raised to the a Christ between the Thieves, by Vander Menen, dignity of a cathedral church. The present build- a pupil of Van Dyck. In the eleventh is the Agnus ing was commenced in the thirteenth, and finished Dei, one of the most celebrated pictures of the in the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Flemish school, painted by the brothers Van majestic effect which the structure is calculated to Eyck, the inventors of oil painting, in 1482; and, produce is much impaired by the want of an open though more than four hundred years have area around and in front. The tower is remark- elapsed since this picture was painted, the colours able for its elegance; it is 271 feet high, and the retain a vividness truly wonderful, the numerous ascent to the platform which terminates it is by figures are all finished with the most elaborate 446 steps; the view from the summit is of great care, and each countenance is endued with admirextent and beauty. The Cathedral itself is divided ably appropriate expression. The towers, which into three aisles by a double range of light and

in the luminous horizon are supposed to represent elegant columns.

On each side, are disposed the New Jerusalem, are taken from those of Maestwelve chapels, which, as well as the choir, are in tricht, near which town the artists were born. excellent keeping with the rest of the building. Above this picture are three smaller ones by the The choir which has two side aisles, is raised same artists; the centre represents Christ on a

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