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on the top of the grass-grown knoll, from whence, since the fourteenth century, owing to the altered under spreading Linden trees, à most delightful course of the stream, it has been removed from it view of the town of Alx is beheld. From thence about a mile and a half. the carriage road leads back to Aix across the Numerous excavations of Roman antiquitics Wildbach. Kaisersruhe, about 2 miles north- have been made on the site, supposed to be the ward of the town. Its vast and delightful gar- Novesium of the Romans. Here Drusus, who built dens, its nurseries, hothouses, and its beautiful the town, threw a bridge over the Rhine. Neuss perspectives, are very attracting. Bordering has sustained some remarkable sieges, which are upon the backgrounds of the gardens lies the mentioned in history. Among its edifices the old Scherberigberg (flinty hillocks with vast pebble-church of St. Quirinus, a fine Gothic building, stone beds. The Wolsfurth (wolves track) in erected in 1209, is well worthy examination, its the valley of the Wurm, at the foot of the dome having some early paintings in fresco by Scherberigberg. Here is the only discharge of Cornelius. all the drains of Aix-la-Chapelle. This place Near Neuss, is the ancient abbey of Eberach, consists of some few buildings, chiefly cloth the church of which, built in the thirteenth manufactories. Some good flower and kitchen century, was remarkable for its monuments. gardens are attached to them, and also a small On the decease of the Princes and Bishops of park, the property of the cloth manufacturer, Wurzburg, their hearts were deposited in it. Mr. Kuetgens. Gardens and park form a part Düsseldorf Station.-For description of town, of the Bois de Pauline, a name given to this see route 20. wood by Napoleon's sister. Roads conduct to it Crefeld Station. Population, 54,000. This is from different sides.
a flourishing town, with fine wide streets of nicely Dr. Diemer, who is well known by many of the
built houses, about 5 miles from the Rhine, beEnglish as the former Medical Director of Marien- tween Düsseldorf and Cleves. Here there are berg, on the Rhine, has been in practice since
considerable manufactures of velvet, silk, cotton, 1854 as Physician at Aix-la-Chapelle. Dr. D. wool, linen and other articles, besides dyeworks. speaks English fluently.
The produce of the looms amounts, annually, to Railway to Düsseldorf and Cologne, as below.
several million dollars. During the Seven Years' Persons going to Hanover or Berlin will find the
war, an important conflict took place hereabout. route via Aix-la-Chapelle and Rührort the nearest.
Uerdingen Station. Population, 2,800. Close
to the left bank of the Rhine, surrounded by pop[The walk from Aix-la-Chapelle to Liége is
lars. Near this place, at Eichelskamp, the French charming.-R. S. C.]
Revolution-army, under Lefebre, numbering about Aix-la-Chapelle to Düsseldorf and Rüh- 25,000, first crossed the Rhine in 1795, and turned rort, by railway,
the Austrian position. Geilenkinchen Station, the nearest for Jülich
Rührort Station. Population, 3,800. Situated or Juliers, à small town on the Roer, said to have at the confluence of the Ruhr (Roer), with the been founded by Julius Cæsar.
Rhine. It possesses many large ship-building Eraelenz Station. Population, 2,300. A small docks, and has an immense coal-trade with Hol
land, the coal being derived from the large beds of place on the Roer.
mineral on the banks of the Roer. This is the best Gladbach Station. Population, 6,000. On
harbour on the lower Rhine, and does a largo the Ners. It has a Benedictine Abbey, and con
carrying trade, besides those in corn, timber, and siderable manufactures of fine strong linen are wool. To Luftballon, a public pleasure garden carried on. This is the junction where the rail
about a mile distant, an agreeable walk may be way branches off to Rührort.
taken; and the ironworks at Sterkerade, near Neuss Station. Population, 8,200. This place Oberhausen are worth visiting At Rührort is used formerly to be quito close to the Rhine, but an Hydraulic Establishment, consisting of two
towers, each 120 feet high, one on each side of the extensive ironworks, and, crossing the Jude, we Rhine, at Homberg and Rührort, each of which enter a curved tunnel, piercing the rock of the contains an engine. These machines, combining Schenberg, and arrive at the forces of steam and water have a platform Escheweller Station-An industrious little with rails, and by means of which two large
town of 3,600 inhabitants, built on the Jude, and wagons, loaded with goods, can be raised and having silk, iron, and wire manufactories, and also lowered according to the difference of the height
an old picturesque castle close to the line. The of the water and the rails of the railway, which
old castle of Northberg is next passed; it is flanked terminate in the towers. The correspondence be- with four towers, and then we pass over the high tween the two banks, and the stations of Homberg | embankment which precedes the deep cutting and Rührort, is made by a large steamer, having passed through by the railroad previous to our rails on deck carrying twelve carriages, and in
arrival at this manner the passengers are conveyed in the Langerwehe. Beyond this, through the Vale railway carriages without changing their seats, of the Wehe, a viaduct of seven arches conveys tho from one bank to the other.
railway, which, after emerging from the cutting, Aix-la-Chapelle to Cologne.-The railway looks by the village and castle of Merode, and leaves Aix-la-Chapelle station by a splendid via- again pursuing its course through the village of duct, on two tiers of fifteen small and twenty | Dhorn, crossing the Rhine immediately after, by a large brick arches. The viaduct spans the narrow bridge of six arches, we enter the station. Quitting valley of the Wormbach, and is 892 feet long, and here, the railway passes through the villages of 70 feet high in the centre.
Dhorn and of Gwazauch on the left, and is there Close by the side of the line, to the left, is the carried over the Ruhr, by a bridge of six arches, Castle of Frankenburg. Charlemagne is reported after which we arrive at Düren, about 1 mile disto have founded a castle on this spot, in which he tant. dwelt, and there died his third Queen Fastrada. Düren Station. A manufacturing town, with a Tradition states that he never left her body, night population of 10,300; so called from the Roman or day, which was inclosed in a glass coffin, until Marcodurem, near which Charlemagne defeated the Turpin the Wise opened the coffin one day during Saxons. Its chief articles of manufacture are cloth the emperor's sleep, and released him from his thraldom, by taking from off the dead queen's It contains one church, that of St. Anne, and a finger her gold wedding ring, and throwing it into Protestant place of worship lately erected. From the moat of the castle.
here a pleasant excursion may be made up the Nirem.-This village is seen just previous to valley of the Ruhr to the beautiful village of Niedentering the cutting leading to the Nirem tunnel, heggen, 8 miles south of Düren, built on a hill, 327 yards long, and carrying the railway through on which are the ruins of a castle, where Engelbert the basin of hills which surround Aix. Passing Archbishop of Cologne, was imprisoned in tho through the beautiful wood of Reichswald, thirteenth century. The line passes a cutting betStolberg Station is reached.
ween the Meuse and Rhine, terminating a little Hotels: Hissels and Wetters.
way short of The town, a manufacturing one, with about Buir Station, from which it proceeds by a high 3,000 inhabitants, is built about 3 miles south of the embankment, over the lowlands of the valley of station, up a valley studded with mills, forges, &c., the Erft, crossing that river by three bridges before near a picturesque old castle. A short branch from reaching this to Alsdorf (Stat.) was opened 1872.
Horrem Station, which is near the fine old Leaving here, the railway traverses a country Castle of Fronz. Passing from the Erft into the rich with coal mines, and having houses, chimneys, Valley of the Rhine, through Königsdorf tunnel, andsteam engines on every side To the left and a mile long, carried through a hill of sand i36 right we see the little village of Pump, with its feet below the summit we arrive at Cologne, with
Its myriad towers and steeples, elevated far above under the Prussian laws. The genuine water when which rises the octagon of St. Gereon, with its rubbed on the hand does not smell of spirits, musk, detached forts and half-buried towers surrounded or any foreign substance. with trees. This brings us to Königsdorf; from F.C. Eisen, Domhof, No. 13, Foreign Book, Print, here we proceed to
and Map Seller; photographic views of the CatheMugernsdorf, crossing the road from Cologne dral of Cologne, &c. BRADSHAW'S Guides and to Jülich. Here a very fine view can be had of
Hand-Books on sale. COLOGNE (German, Köln; Dutch, Keulen). - ENGLISH CONSULATE,
in Mechtildis Hotels :
Strasse, 18. Hotel Disch, in Bridge Street (not the Restau- ENGLISH CHURCH, Tempelhaus, No. 8, Rheingasso rant of the same name), very highly recommended. Rev. F. Rabbetts, M.A. The Hotel Disch is most centrally situated, and is
COMMISSION OFFICE.-W. Tilmes & Co., 4, much frequented by English families and single Domkloster, opposite the Cathedral. gentlemen, who experience equal attention and
Cologne is a fortified town, situated on the left civility. The proprietors, Messrs. Disch and bank of the Rhine, with a population of 110,000, Capellan, have a large assortment of the best Rhine including its suburbs, Tête de Pont and Deutz, on and Moselle wines for wholesale.
the right bank. A bridge of boats, 400 feet, Hotel du Nord.-Excellent hotel, near the Cen- connect the town and suburbs. The new railway tral Station, the Cathedral, the Rhine, &c.
bridge across the Rhine is a very fine structnre. Hotel de Hollande, a first-rate establishment,
There is a way for foot passengers. facing the quay, commands a charming view of Droskies, or cabs, hired at the rate of 15 to 20 the Rhine. Moderate charges, civility, and at- silver-groschen per hour; 5 s.g. for a quarte tention.
hour's drive, with one or two persons; with three The Hotel de Belle Vue, at Deutz, on the opposite or four, 10 s.g. side of the Rhine, facing Cologne, of which it This remarkable town owes its origin to the commands a fine view. Reading Rooms, Baths, camp that Marcus Agrippa pitched on the skirts of Concerts.
the hill that stretches from the church of St. Mergen Grand Hotel Victoria, situated in the Haymarket, as far as the ground now occupied by the Street close to the Rhine--exceedingly good in every res- Obenmauren. That camp was afterwards perpect; capital table d'hôte.
fected by the removal of the Ubi, under Tiberius, Hotel du Dome, Dome Square, exactly opposite a native tribe, from the east bank of the Rhine, the Cathedral, two minutes' walk from the Central on which they had previously lived, to the right Station. A good second-class hotel.
bank, on the spot where Cologne now stands. Hotel Holgers, Friedrich's Hof, Wiener Hof, About a century after, this original city, called Kolnischer Hof.
Ubiorum, was enlarged by a Roman colony of Cafés, Restaurant; Reichard, Hampshr, Café
veterans, sent hither by Agrippina, the wife of Kobele, Royal, La Bourse, Gertruden Hof, Brewery Claudius and mother of Nero, who was born here Restaurant, Wanscheidtand Leuz.
in the camp of her father, Germanicus. It was EAU DE COLOGNE.— Travellers are frequently thence called after her, Colonia Agrippina, from importuned by officious persons offering to direct
which arises its modern appellation. Cologne is or accompany them to this or that vendor of the deeply interesting in its historical reminiscences, celebrated perfume, and as there are upwards of
as well as in the analysis of its chequered destiny, sixty manufacturers of this article, we have deemed traced on many a page of overflowing prosperity. it right to recommend, in full confidence, the Prostrate one season and flourishing in another, this establishment of Johann Maria Farina, at Julichs town passed through epochs different in their charPlatz, No. 4, representing the original distiller acter as they were disastrous or beneficial in their since 1709, who has several prize medals and is the consequences. At this distant and remote periud, puly maker entitled to carry on the primitive firm, when cycles of
turies have rolled over since