Page images
[blocks in formation]

ancient fountains, and several others are in different , d'armes, or open square. In the church of St. John parts of the town; but, except Delcour's statue of ;

the Evangelist are several modern pictures, and a the Virgin (which adorns the fountain of that number of images of the Virgin, dressed in the name), in the Great Square, there is no beauty to most gaudy and ludicrous manner. be perceived in them. The Place de la Comédie The Church of St. Jacques, is deservedly conaffords a striking coup d'æil. In front is the sidered as the wonder of Liége, indeed few buildhandsome façade of the new theatre. On the ings combine grandeur and elegance in grcator right are the Church of St. Martin and the Abbey perfection. This masterpiece of architecture, preof St. Lawrence, and a handsome row of houses on

senting specimens of all styles from 1100 to tho an eminence; and on the left the spire of St. Paul Renaissance, has a gateway planned by Lambert and the ancient Church of St. Croix.

Lombard. The organ and choir will interest every Cathedral.--The Church of St. Paul is now the visitor. It was built in 1014. The church offers Cathedral; and by the architectural grandeur of much fine sculpture in wood, and an admirable its exterior, and the exquisite arrangements of its nave. The gradual rise to the sanctuary is very interior ornaments, well deserves the distinction. imposing. The fret-work and trellis-work of The style is invariably that of the pointed arch of chiselled stone is fantastically beautiful, especially the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, with about the ceiling, and presents a resemblance to massive columns below, and light pilasters the Ste. Chapelle at Paris. above. The choir, the most ancient part, St. Martin.--This church, founded in 96?, which is closed by two elegant brass doors, destroyed in 1302, and rebuilt in 1542, is noted as is very beautiful; and the great altar is enriched the first church in which the festival of the Holy by six solid silver candlesticks of great Sacrament was celebrated. The fine church of tho size. The painted windows and roof also deserve Carmelites, formely a Châtcau, should be seen; attention. The palpit by Geefs, is a remarkable the front, the most remarkable in Liége, has two item in the list of attractions. The principal pic- lions in stone, sculptured by the celebrated Deltures in this church are the altar-piece, the As- court. The other churches deserving of notice are sumption, by Caravaggio; a Descent from the St. Jean, St. Denis, St. Croix, St. Bartholomow, Cross, by some attributed to Rubens, but more St. Veronica, &c. probably by one of his pupils; a St. Jerome, by The University contains a library of seventy-five Lairesse; and the Plague at Milan, with two other thousand volumes, and several good collections. pictures by Bertholet; besides others by Venius, The botanical garden contains a great number of Carlier, &c. There is also a fine sculptured figure rare plants; the system by which the collection is of our Saviour, by Delcour. The ancient Cathedral classified is that of Jussien. Church of St. Lambert, founded in 712, and The Promenade de la Sauve Nière is an agreeable destroyed during this period of revolutionary and picturesque walk. frenzy, was a vast and massive building, at once Citadel.-The traveller should ascend to the sumthe ornament and pride of the city, of which hardly mit in order to enjoy the magnificent panorama o a vestige now remains. The dignitaries of the the town and suburbs presented to him. Outside chapter were the Prince-bishop, the Grand Provost the city still remains St. William's convent, in and Archdeacon of the City, the Great Dean, head which is the tomb of Sir John Mandeville, the of the chapter. The canons, who were named traveller. trefonciers, and were all nobles or licentiates in The other public buildings deserving mention theology or law, enjoyed the right of nominating are the Place-aux-Cheveaux, crected in 1821, the the bishop, who was a suffragan of the archbishopric barracks, the hospital, the cannon-foundry, estabof Cologne. St. Materne was the first bishop of lished by Napoleon at an expense of nearly half St. Lambert, and the Prince of Méan, late arch- million sterling, and the University founded in 1817 bishop of Malines, the ninetieth and last. The site by the late King of the Netherlands. The lecture, of thịs building not forms & handsome place / room is a hangsome square stone bụilding, with ,

portico supported by eight Ionic columns. Thore ment of Mr. Cockerill, at Seraing, a suburb of are about five hundred students educated, at a very Liége, before-mentioned (see Route 9), which conmoderate expense, by seventeen professors, who stantly employs many thousand men. It may be are also obliged to give gratuitous evening lectures, reached by omnibus, steamer, or rail. to the working classes, on arithmetic, elementary

Among the celebrated men to whom Liége has algebra, practical geometry, architecture, linear. drawing, mechanics, and chemistry applied to the

given birth, are Gaspard Lairéne, surnamed the arts and manufactures. Liége is the seat of a

Dutch Raphael, author of a treatise on painting ; superior court, whose jurisdiction extends over the

the ingenious Renchin, who constructed the great provinces of Liége, Namur, Limburg, and Luxem

machine at Marly, near Versailles ; the jurisconsul burg, and, in addition to the University, it pos


and Grétry, whose Richard Cour de Lion

alone suffices to secure him immortal fame. The sesses a Societé de Libre Emulation, a free competition school, founded in 1779 by Bishop Velbruch,

Place Grétry is ornamented with a bust, by Geefs, a school of arts and trade, a singing school, a

of that eminent composer, born, 1741, and who died museum of natural history and philosophy, a

at Montmorency in 1813. botanic garden, a society for the cultivation of Liége to Spa.—This is one of the most interestFrench literature, the last, it may naturally be ing sections of the Belgian railways, where conconcluded, a highly beneficial institution, as the siderable difficulties to all appearance have been lower classes of the inhabitants speak the Walloon

overcome. Quitting Guillemins Station, the or provincial dialect, which is alike unintelligible most remarkable structure is shortly arrived at; it to the Fleming, Dutchman, and Frenchman. The

is the beautiful Bridge of Val-Benoit, a masterviews from the old citadel on Mount St. Walburg, piece of architecture. There are five eliptical the maison de Piéte overlooking the river, and, arches, surmounted by a parapet composed of iron above all the fine panorama of the town and sur- balustrades and square pillars, dividing the rows of rounding country from the Cherbreux mountain

rails. The railroad passes on one side, and inferior should not be left unobserved.

conveyances on the other, over à pavemert. A considerable trade in coal, which abounds in There is also a road for foot passengers. The the neighbourhood, extending its veins even under

beautiful cast-iron balustrade is lighted by elegant the bed of the Meuse, is carried on, and the various candelabra. After passing the Meuse, a splendid objects of exportation consists in the productions panorama is presented to the eye of the delighted of the soil and numerous manufactories, viz., iron, traveller. On the left is Liége, “the turbulent marble, lime, brimstone, alum, tobacco, grain, colza, city." Nothing can be prettier than the valley hops, endive, game, nails, pottery, glass, paper, of the Meuse--and few scenes are more pleasing soap, perfumery, leather, steel, hardware, jewellery,

than the landscape which skirts the two banks of hats, arms of all kinds, cotton, worsted, cloth,

the river. Passing through an interesting country, kerseymere, gauzes, optical, mathematical, and

and leaving the junction for Marche on the right, surgical instruments, damask table-linen, articles

we arrive at in horn, thimbles, straw-hats, machinery, files, Davy's safety-lamps, barometers, crystal, copperas.

Chénée Station. A manufacturing place, There are also in the town, a manufactory of Fire- situated at the junction of the Qurthe with the arms and a Cannon-foundry, before referred to, Vesdre. The railway passes the beautiful vale of and an extensive establishment for the production

the Vesdre Limbourg. The scenery along is interof printed calicoes after a new process recently spersed with orchards, villas, gardens, and rich adopted, and a chlorine bleaching-field, in which pasturage, at times varied by large manufactories, the operation of bleaching is completed in a few principally of cloth, all along to hours. Cast-iron printing presses, and all kinds of Chaudfontaine Station (Warm Fountain). steam-engines are manufactured in the greatest Inne: Hotel des Bains. perfection at Liége, particularly at the establish- Population, 1888,

A beautiful village 5 miles distant from Liége, De Bellecour; Des Etrangers. on the Cologne Railway, delightfully situated Cafés Restaurant are very numerous: De Paris in the valley de la Vesdre, much frequented De la Redoute ; Rocher de Cancale. by travellers on account of its picturesque pro- There are numbers of lodging-housem. menades and warm mineral springs, as also from Population, 6,700. its proximity to Spa and Verviers. The season English Service.--At the Vauxhall. for taking the baths commences on the 1st of May, Physician.-Dr. Cutler, author of "Notes on and travellers going to the Rhine, or returning Spa." from Germany, find it most refreshing to take a Exchange Office.-Mr. Suffell (at Hotel de Flandre.) few hours' rest at this charming place, and in so Spa is a town in the arrondissement of Verviers, doing they obviate the expenses incidental to the situated on the little river Wahay, in a valley removal of luggage to and from the stations of surrounded by heights. It dates from the year larger towns. Some distance further on, a high 1327, when its founder, an ironmaster, who purbill on the left is passed, forming an amphitheatre. chased from the prince-bishop of Liége a quantity On certain parts it is destitute of a covering of of woodland (in which the Pouhan spring was earth, thus exposing to view layers of green-tinted discovered), caused the ground to be cleared, and marble, having a fine effect. Between this and reared the first habitations. It afterwards became the station at Pepinster, a country, wild and celebrated throughout Europe for its mineral beautiful by turns, is traversed.

waters, attracting crowds of strangers, particularly Le Trooz Station. Where gun barrels are from England, as well as America; and has more bored. Then

than once been honoured with the presence of Nessonvaux Station, near the Château de several crowned heads, in the pursuit of health. Masures, a modern seat.

The town comprises upwards of 500 houses; the Pepinster Station.-Railway to Spa; distance

greater part, tastefully and elegantly furnished, 7 miles. Seven trains daily in summer (see

assume the name of hotels, and offer every accomBRADSHAW's Continental Guide).

modation to those taking up a temporary abode in The line to Spa proceeds along the valley of the

the place. The principal street is terminated by Hoegne, studded with country houses belonging

an irregularly-shaped place or square, in the to the manufacturers of Verviers. Beyond is

centre of which stands a fountain, and near it a Theux Station, among noted quarries of black

large public saloon, built in 1820, in remembranco marble.

of Peter I., the Emperor of Russia, who derived SPA Station.-Hotels :

great benefit from its waters, during å residence Hotel d'Orange.-First rate hotel patronised by

of six weeks, in 1717. The productions of the the first families. The proprietor, Mr. Muller, neighbourhood are not equal to the consumptior speaks English, and is particularly attentive.

of the town during the period of the influx of D'York, good, and very respectable.

strangers; and fruit, vegetables, fish, and poultry Hotel de Flandre, an old-established good house.

are consequently brought from Liége. Tho Grand Hotel des Bains, Place Royale, well ordinary water is excellent, and more pare than situated, entirely refurnished--combines elegance might have been expected in a spot abounding in and comfort with moderate prices.

mineral springs. The principal industry of the Hotel des Pays Bas, a quiet well-conducted inhabitants is the fabrication of an infinite variety house, and reasonable prices.

of articles, known as Spa Ware; these articles, Grand Hotel Britannique, kept by Mr. F. Leyh, the best of which are made of the bird's-eye maple, a very good hotel, well situated; moderate charges. and are previously stained grey by immersion in

Hotel de l'Europe, opposite the Cascade ; kept by the mineral water of the place, are often elaboMr. Henrard Richard. A very good house. rately páinted, ånd are then really works of art;,

Hotel du Portugal, well situated, facing one of the flower painting is- exquis The great the finest promenades. Kept by L. Gernay, improvement which has taken place of løte years

[ocr errors]

in this peculiar industry, is mainly owing to the corked bottles and pitchers, and for this reason is foundation of a drawing academy in 1843, which sent in considerable quantities to foreign countries, has produced many very clever artists.

The Geronstére is the principal spring after the Mineral Springs.--Of these there are no less | Pothon, and that of which the greatest use is made. than seven, without counting a variety that lose It lies about three-quarters of a league from Spa, themselves in the mountain. The names of the

half way to the mountain, forming a semicircle most important are—the Pouhon, the Geronstére, round the town to the south. It comes from a the Sauvenière, the Groesbeck, the two fountains solitary grove, near the dwelling-house of the of the Tonnelet, and the Barisart.

keepers, in which is a pretty large saloon, whither The Pouhon is the most celebrated and best fre- the water-drinkers resort in bad weather. Fine quented, and the only one from which Spa water groups of trees, and alleys with agreeable footpaths is taken for the purpose of being sent to foreign winding through charming meadows, lend their countries. It rises from the ground in the centre

influence to the vicinity, and those frequenting of the town, and is supposed to have its source in

this well, to indulge in the pleasures of the prothe mountain of argillaceous slate, the base of menade. The mouth of the spring is contained in which is veined with oxide of iron. At some

à round basin, covered over with a cupola, and distance to the west the slate appears slightly mixed

connected with the saloon by a gallery. Fewer of with silex and alum, and is easily decomposed by those bubbles that burst on reaching the surface the atmosphere and rain. The Pouhon is enclosed of the water are seen here than at the Pouhon; in a regular building, decorated with columns; and but the most striking difference between the two those drinking the waters find refuge from the wells is perhaps to be found in the disagreeable inclemency of the weather in a saloon of the monu- smell emitted by the water of the Geronstére. mont, already mentioned, erected to the memory Its taste is decidedly ferruginous, but less acidulous of Peter the Great. The spring is equal to the than the Pouhon, and its temperature 49 Fahrendaily consumption; it even loses much of its water, heit, or 7.55 Réaum. Specific gravity, .0008. of which no use is made, and appears more or less Picnic parties and fêtes perpetually enliven the abundant, and possesses its medicinal qualities in beautiful grounds of the Geronstére during the & greater or less degree, according to the season of season. the year. Notwithstanding the great number of The Sauvenière is situated half a league from those who drink it, the consumption of the inhabi- Spa, in the direction of the Geronstére, and on the tants, who make a habitual use of it, from 800 to route to Malmedy. The spring, which flows from 1,000 pitchers sent daily to foreign countries, the a rock, is covered from a cupola, and connected by diminution in the basin is scarcely perceptible. a gallery with an adjoining saloon. On emptying The water is perfectly limpid, but it deposits an

the basin it is found to fill itself in twenty minutes ochrey or metallic earth, which is daily removed Sometimes the water is divested of smell, and at (rom the mouth of the fountain, and gaseous other times it possesses, though in a slighter bubbles constantly rise from the bottom of the degree, more than that of the Geronstére. Its spring, bursting with a dull sound on the surface temperature is 49.5 Fahrenheit or 7.77 Réaum. of the water, the temperature of which is 50 degrees Specific gravity, 1.00075. Fahrenheit, or 8 degrees Réaum, and its specific The Groesbeck is in the neighbourhood of the gravity 1.00098. It has a ferruginous, acidulous Sauvenière, and like it is covered over.

From an taste, without smell, unless after the longest rains. inscription we learn that the Baron of Groesbeck, The Pouhon spring is impregnated with iron and who recovered his health there in 1651, erected carbonic acid in a greater degree than any other this building through gratitude. The temperature Spring known.

To the former quality it is in- of the water is 49.5 degrees Fahrenheit or 7.77 debted for its medicinal qualities; while from the degrees Réaum. Specific gravity, 1.00073. The superabundance of the carbonic acid it is capable position of these springs is very picturesque, and of being preserved durins entire years in well- the grounds attached to them are much admired:

« PreviousContinue »