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below Antwerp, a young Dutch officer, Van Speyk, Church of St. Jacques; 3. Rubens' House; 4 blew himself and his ship up, when boarded by Church of St. Paul-Paintings and Calvary ; 5. the Belgians. A monument for this suicidal act Church of the Augustines-Pictures by Rubens, has been erected to his memory.
Vandyke, and Jordaens; 6. The Museum-Col. ANTWERP Station (In French, Anvers).- lection of Paintings; 7. Statue of Rubens, Place Hotels :
Verte; 8. The Citadel; 9. Zoological Gardens, Hotel St. Antoine has again reverted to its near the railway station; 10. Statues of Teniers, former proprietor, Mr. Schmidt Spaenhoven, and near the station of Budnognatus; the Belgian will no doubt resume its bigh position.
chief against Cæsar, in Boulevard Leopold; and Hotel de l' Europe, on the place Verte, close to King Leopold, near it. Teniers, Neefs, and the Cathedral; exceedingly good in every respect, Snyders, are other artists of the Antwerp school, and charges reasonable.
whose works may be looked for. Hotel de la Paix, Rue des Menuisiers, opened the 1st of May, 1869.
Tradition ascribes its origin to a giant, who inHotel du Grand Laboureur, Place de Meir, first
habited a fortress on the banks of the Scheldt, and class Hotel; clean and reasonable. Recommended. exacted a heavy tribute from all who wished to Stroobant's Hotel de Hollande, a second-class
cross the stream, under pain of losing their right
hand. hotel; moderate charges.
This continued until Brabon (who gave Hotel du Bien Etre, second-class hotel, near the
his name to Brabant) succeeded in destroying the Place de Meir.
monster, whose right hand he cut off, and threw Ship Broker, Mr. B. Kennedy, agent of the
it into the river, thence the residence of the giant į General Steam Navigation Company.
obtained the name of Handwerpen, from hand, It is 60 miles from the sea, 274 from Brussels, werpen, to throw. The memory of this fabulous 32 from Ghent, 150$ from Cologne, and 258from legend is preserved in the city arms, which conParis. The Post Office is in the Place Verte. A
tain two amputated hands, a triangular castle. It British Consul is resident. English Church, Rue is, however, historically certain that this town des Tanneurs. Flemish and French Theatres. was in existence as early as the fourth century. In On the Quay Van Dyck, on the opposite Bank of
630 a church dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul the river, is the station of the direct railway to was built by St. Amand, who first preached the Ghent. Omnibuses call at the hotels. The stand Gospel here. The town was afterwards ravaged for Vigilantes is by the Post Office and Place de by the Normans, and from 886 to 980 was in the Meir.
possession of the Moors, who were annihilated in “Astonished, I beheld the adjoining port,
the latter year by the inhabitants of Flanders. In Belgium's emporium, and the famed repute,
the 12th century the commercial privileges granted Ot riches maritime; a wondrous sight."
to Antwerp by the Dukes of Brabant, had attracted The commercial capital of Belgium is situated
so many strangers, that the town was insufficient on the banks of the Scheldt. It is celebrated for
to contain them, and in 1304 John II. enlarged its magnificent docks, constructed under the
it considerably. Its harbour was open to ships direction of Napoleon, which are capable of re- of all nations, and Antwerp became in the sixceiving 2,000 ships. At a former period of its
teenth century, the first commercial city in the history, Antwerp contained a population of 200,000 world. The Scheldt was navigable for the largest souls, and at this instant it still appears a bustling vessels, being 20 feet deep, at low water, and 40 thriving city, with only 124,000 persons, who find
feet at high water. At this period the population employment in the occupations afforded by its
of the city exceeded 200,000, among whom were maritime commerce, and its manufactories of black
300 painters and 124 goldsmiths; 500 vessels pilk, its sugar refineries, its manufacture, bleach- entered the harbour daily, and 2,500 was the ing, and embroidery of lace.
average number of those at anchor before the city, Objects of attraction to be seen in Antwerp :- The taxes received in the city annually amounted , The Cathedral and Quentin Matays' Well; 2. to 2,000,000 forins (£160,000); the sums circulated
since that reviving, t is now
expense 3 of which 1 Belgium Antwerp. ad several attentive bes claim
- splendid mmenced tury and It long by O vaulted beautiful to it is by n designs
in 1518. roportion the view 2 expanso rounding nd tower I, but was
In 1540 wer. On nave, the ; in the y Angels choir wc ble from with bis on. on of the ings, and
below Ants blew himse the Belgiai has been er
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It is 60 n 82 from Gh Paris. The British Coi des Tannel On the Qua the river, i Ghent. Or for Vigilan Meir.
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every year by the commerce of the town exceeded the mouth of the Scheldt was re-opened, since that 500,000,000 florins (£40,000,000). During the reign period, the commerce of Antwerp has been reviving, of the Emperor Charles V., a merchant of Antwerp, and, as the navigation of the Scheldt is now named Daens, having received the honour of his declared open, it is fast regaining, at the expense sovereign's company at dinner, closed the repast of Amsterdam, the commercial advantages of which by throwing into the flames the Emperor's acknow- it had been deprived. There is no town in Belgium ledgment for 2,000,000 forins, which he had lent which possesses so much attraction as Antwerp. him, saying that the loan was more than repaid It literally abounds in the riches of art, and several by the honour of the visit. It was on this occasion days, at least, should be devoted to an attentive that the Emperor made the remarkable reply, examination of its treasures. The churches claim which, coming from such a mouth, is a never-to- our first notice. be-forgotten tribute to the dignity of commerce, The Cathedral of Nôtre Dame is the most splendid "My friends! the nobles pillage me, the men of Gothic building in Europe. It was commenced letters instruct me, but the merchants enrich me." about the middle of the thirteenth century and From the time of the independence of the United occupied 84 years in building. It is 600 feet long by Provinces, the importance of Antwerp gradually 230 wide, and 270 high, and contains 230 vaulted declined; the Dutch, with their usual policy, arcades, supported by 125 columns. The beautiful having made themselves masters of the Scheldt,
Tower is 406 feet high, and the ascent to it is by blocked up the entrance of the harbour, and by
622 steps; it was commenced in 1422 from designs that means transferred to Amsterdam the greater by the architect Amelius, and finished in 1518. part of the commerce of Antwerp. In 1576, the The exquisite lightness and purity of proportion Spanish garrison having been left for a long time exhibited in this tower are unequalled ; the view without pay, rose in a revolt, burnt the town-house, from the summit extends over an immense expanso pillaged the city, putting to the sword more than of flat country, taking in above 120 surrounding 10,000 inhabitants. In 1582, the Duke de Alençon, steeples. It was intended to have a second tower having been unsuccessful in his attempt to gain of the same height, which was commenced, but was the band of Elizabeth of England, arrived in Ant- never built higher than the first gallery. In 1540 werp, where he was inaugurated Duke of Brabant, a chime of 84 bells was added to the tower. On in pursuance of the treaty made in 1580, at Plessis- entering the cathedral by the principal nave, the les-Tours. In 1583, the Duke contrived to in- eye is struck with the magnificent cupola; in the troduce a numerous body of French troops into ceiling is seen the Virgin surrounded by Angels the territory, with whose assistance he endeavoured with unfolded wings. Approaching the choir wo to establish himself as the absolute king of the perceive the grand altar, executed in marble from Low Countries, but, being defeated in his attempt the designs of Rubens, and ornamented with bis by the resolute resistance of every class of the immortal work representing the Assumption. inhabitants, he retired to Chateau-Thierry, where In this cathedral are also the Elevation of the he died of grief, in June, 1584. It was at Antwerp Cross, consisting of a centre with two wings, and that the celebrated truce, for twelve years, between the Descent from the Cross, to which have been apBelgium and the United Provinces was signed, on pended, as wings, the Visitation and the Purificathe 9th of April, 1609. In 1700, the Duke of tion of Mary. These pictures are in Rubens' best Marlborough took the town, and in 1746 it was style, the anatomical precision with which every successfully besieged by the French, but restored muscle is delineated by the Elevation is beyond to Austria in 1748, by the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. praise; in the Descent the right arm of our Saviour After the French revolution it was frequently deserves particular notice. It would be impossible taken and re-taken by the French and Austrians, to particularise in detail all the objects of interest but remained quietly in the possession of the in this splendid building, but we must mention the foriner frem 1794 until 1814, when it became part chapel of the Sacrament, the altar of which, exoof the new kingdom of the Netherlands. By cuted by Werbruggen, represents the Holy Ark, and treat, wide between France and Holland, in 1795, is ornamented by a splendid picture of the Disciples
at Emmaus, by Herreyres; the portraits of Luther, James; it is of great extent, and adorned with a Calvin, Erasmus, and the other now celebrated re- number of Ionic columns in marble, supporting the formers, contained in a picture representing our great entrance; the marble gallery and the grand Saviour disputing with the Doctors, by Franck, the altar, inlaid with white and black marble, and supelder. The tomb of Ambrose Capello, 7th bishop, ported by twisted columns, are perfect specimens of deserves particular praise, the pulpit, also by Wer- art. In this church is the tomb of Rubens; near it bruggen, the white marble figure sculptured by is a picture by himself, representing the infant Jesus Scheemakes, on the tomb of Van Delft; the mauso- sitting on his mother's knees, surrounded by a leum of the printer, Moretus, enriched by the pencil number of figures, all of which are portraits of the of Rubens, and an exquiste picture of the Marriage painter, his wives, and family; one of the females of Cana, by Martin de Vas. This cathedral formerly represents the original of the celebrated chapeau contained 32 altars, all of white marble, but one de Paille. The pulpit, chastely and elegantly only escaped the devastating fury of the revolu- sculptured by Willemsens, merits attention, as do tionary mob.
all the windows. The various chapels, 28 in numNear the foot of the tower, outside the cathedral, ber, are built with marble of different colours; in is the tomb of Quentin Matsys, with this inscrip- that dedicated to the Holy Sacrament, is a splendid tion: “Connubialis amor de mulcibre fecit picture of the Last Supper, by Otto Vennius, and apellem." This epitaph commemorates the fact
three admirable pieces of sculpture, viz., St. Peter, of Matsys having abandoned his original trade by Werbruggen; St. Paul, by Willemsens; and the of a blacksmith, in order to study painting and First Person of the Trinity, by Quellyn; and in render himself worthy of the hand of his beloved, that of St. Roch is a magnificent picture of the the daughter of Flors, a painter, who had resolved saint, by Seghers. The Last Judgment, by Van to have none but an artist for a son-in-law. After | Heemsen, is a singular picture, deserving attention indefatigable study for many months, Matsys
from the peculiarly vivid tint which the robes have began to hope that he should succeed in his new
retained, though more than 300 years have elapsed undertaking, but had not determined in what man
since it was painted. There are numerous other ner to inake his first attempt to win the professional
works of great merit, but it is sufficient to draw approbation of Flors, when being one day in the
the attention of the tourist to the above as tho artist's study, his attention was struck by a singular
principal. painting called the Fallen Angels, which Flors had just finished, after immense labour, and which he
The Church of St. Andrer was made a parochial considered as his masterpiece. Actuated by a sud
church in 1529, by Margaret of Austria, the sister den and irresistible impulse, Matsys seized a pencil
of Charles V. of Germany, on the occasion of her and painted an enormous bce crawling on the thigh signing with Louisa of Savoy, Duchess of Angou. of one of the Angels. Such an exploit would have
lême, the mother of Francis I. of France, the treaty ruined the young aspirant with most artists, but
of Cambay, which, negotiated and concluded by Flors had seen enough to appreciate the talent
the talents of two women, brought to a termination displayed in the execution, and not only forgave (though anfortunately but for a short time) the the singular manner of its development, but re
long pending wars between those powerful and warded the artist with his daughter's hand. The
rival princes. In this church are numerous marble
altars of great beauty, and several fine pictures, tho picture is still preserved in the Museum. Near this tomb is the famous well, the iron work of principal of which are the Martyrdom of St. Andrew, which was entirely made by Matsys with the by Otto Vennius, and the Guardian Angel, by hammer, and without the use of files, proving that Quellyn. It also contains a portrait of Mary Queen he was as eminent in his original trade as in his
ot Scots, and a marble mausoleum executed to her adopted profession. On Sundays and high festivals
memory at the expense of two English ladies. the masses of the great German composers are The parochial Church of St. Paul was built in admirably performed in the cathedral.
1246 by Henry III., Duke of Brabant, and contains The church next in importance is that of $t. numerous tine paintings, among which are the