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63 English miles, and the voyage is made from Hotels: Des Pays Bas; Duc de Brabant.
to 5 hours. Fifteen miles south, the light of Du A pretty village of 7,600 inhabitants, built kirk is seen, before the Ostend one shews itsel partly on the Senne, and on the canal Charleroi, Two jetties flank the Ostend harbour, which having no objects of particular interest, save the dry at low water, and form very nice promenade church of St. Mary, celebrated as possessing a The Passport and Custom House Offices al miracle-working image of the Virgin. It is of
quite close to the harbour, and open daily at 5 a.n wood, two feet high, and has acquired immense
in summer, so that tourists wishing to proceed 0 wealth by pious offerings, including gold plate their route need not be delayed. A Commissionai given by Charles V., Maximilian I., Pope Julius
will be always found at hand to attend to one II., &c. A side chapel contains 33 cannon balls,
passport and secure places, for whose services aimed, it is said, at the church, and caught by couple of francs will be demanded. the Virgin in her mantle, which she had spread
Travellers going direct from Ostend to Cologol over the town to protect it during a bombardment. The high altar deserves special notice, it being
can avoid the necessity of having their baggar one of the most beautiful in Belgium, made of searched here by declaring it for transit, and de marble, and sculptured, it would seem, by Italian
livering it over to the care of a railway official
who is to be found at the Custom House. On artists. Below is the tabernacle, and underneath St. Martin dividing his cloak. The Seven Sacra
arrival at Cologne it will be delivered up on the ments are represented on the bas reliefs, admirable production of the ticket. works of art, at the lower rows, and the entire Ostend.-Hotels : construction is surmounted by a pelican. The Hotel Fontaine, highly recommended, very con gorgeous font, of brass, cast at Tournay, by the veniently situated, near the sea and harbour. It artist Lefevre, in 1467, is worth seeing. It is has a splendid dining-room. placed in the octagon baptistry of the church, and Bath Hotel, an old-established first-class hotel. is covered with a spire, adorned by statues, and Recommended. groups representing the baptism of Christ, St. The Ship Hotel, a comfortable house, situated o Martin, &c.
the Quai. Moderate charges.
Ship Brokers, Messrs. R. St. Amour and Son.
English Church.--In Rue Longue. having over the high altar a painting, by De Crayer,
Omnibuses attend the arrival of each train.
The Harbour of Ostend is formed by a natural the canal Charleroi, passes Ruysbroeck and Forest
inlet of the sea, which has forced a passage between stations. After which, it leaves the suburb of
two sand-hills. The south-western bank, or beach, St. Gillis, crossing the gate of Hal on the left, the
is of a triangular shape, and possesses some degree boulevard, and arrives at the south station,
of elevation above high-water mark, and the surentering
rounding country, so that, at half tide, it is comBrussels-(Route 7).
pletely peninsulated; and on this bank the town is ROUTE 3.
built. This inlet has been improved at different
times. Ostend is a strongly fortified town, conLondon to Brussels, viâ Dover, Ostend, taining 17,340 inhabitants, and is placed between Bruges, Ghent, and Malines.
the sea and the harbour, being surrounded by water London to Dover-(Route 1).
on every side, and enclosed with ramparts. The Mail steamers leave Dover for Ostend at 9-40 a.m. land all round is low, and the waters have to be and 10-40 p.a.
The distance from port to port is controlled by sluices. It sustained a memorable
general custom o take a railway Cologne, for the h the least possive themselves of jies in Belgium, rest to the lover fect specimens of ler collection of the old Flemish ind in the whole ring in this botresents so many
general, and to ntrymen were to rium, they would
h its peculiumente,
het was or besch ue dogma the sur
t is com
town it liffcrent
conbetween I frater ..The e to be orable
At Hal, t falls in. L singhaun, ar
Loth St It has a vei having over the Martyrd
Quitting ] the canal Ch stations. Al St. Gillis, cro boulevard, a entering
siege of 3 years' duration, between 1601 and 1604. voyage in about 11 hours; also daily at 10 mrn. 50,000 of the besieged, and 70,000 of the Spaniards and 8 aft, by the mail packets to Dover, in 4 to 3 who besieged it, under General Spinola, fell during | hours. A direct rail (the West Flanders) is the siege, which was given up only by order of the opened to Thourout, Courtray, &c. “States General.” The town was reduced to one
Ostend to Bruges. - (Distance, 14 English heap of ruins. It was ceded in 1715 to the Emperor miles.) The railway, on leaving Ostend, proceeds of Germany. Louis XV. entered it in 1745, after a
through a country presenting no very remarkable siege of 18 days, which all but completed its
appearance, being rich in an agricultural point of destruction. In 1826, the gunpowder explosion view, but fiat and undiversified in its general apwhich occurred there committed great ravagé, and
pearance. inflicted much ruin on the place. Ostend possesses
Plasschendael Station. A commune with a a College of Navigation. The oyster parks are
population of 1,600, situated a little to the right of outside the Bruges Gate, and ought to be visited. The town, but shabby in appearance, contains,
the railway. It possesses no object of interest
save its ancient château Plasschendael. however, two good squares, or, as they are more
The Dunkirk and Ostend canals join here. properly called, places. The Maison de Ville forms the entire side of one of them. It was formerly BRUGES Station (Flemish, Brügge, 1.6. reckoned among the most magnificent structures Bridges, of which there are many).-Hotels : of the kind in Belgium, being ornamented with Hotel de Commerce, a first-rate old established two fine towers at each wing, and a dome in the house, enjoying an excellent reputation. centre; but this superb building was nearly ruined Hotel de Flandre, an old established house, by the bombardment of 1745. The body of the famous for its fine wines and good dinners. town-house still subsists, but of its dome and two Aigle Noir; Rosimont. beautiful towers there only remains the stump of The railway station at Bruges is on the Vrydags one of them, surmounted by a wooden cupola. The Markt, or Friday's Market. The West Flanders church has no claim to architectural merit, but Railway is now open to Courtray, making a direct the inside is richly ornamented. It has a lofty railway from Ostend and Bruges to Paris, via Lille, octangular steeple, with a very clumsy spire, Amiens, &c., It is 23 miles shorter than by Ghent. affording, however, an excellent sea-mark.
A railway runs to Blankenburg. The Fortifications of Ostend are more than two On leaving Ostend it is a very general custom miles in circumference. They were dismantled, for travellers going to Germany to take a railway but had not been essentially injured. They are ticket for the whole distance to Cologne, for the now undergoing repairs and additions which will
purpose of reaching the Rhine with the least possimake them very formidable. As the place is ble delay. In doing so, they deprive themselves of situated on an elevated beach, the ramparts tower the opportunity of visiting the cities in Belgium, above the flat country, which being lower than which possess more objects of interest to the lover high-water mark, can be speedily and extensively of the fine arts, more pure and perfect specimens of inundated. The only hostile approaches are along florid Gothic architecture, a richer collection of the high sand-bills to the north and south; the rare and beautiful paintings, by the old Flemish former is protected by a strong redoubt, built by masters, than can probably be found in the whole the late French government and called Fort Napo- of Germany. If, instead of hurrying in this botleon. It forms a favourite promenade.
haste through a country which presents so many Ostend is a favourite watering-place, and is much points of interest to travellers in general, and to frequented in the months of August and September. | Englishmen in particular, our countrymen were to There are very many bathing machines on the devote a part of their time to Belgium, they would beach; and near the sea, on the Digue, a bathing never regret becoming acquainted with its peculihouse has been established.
arities, its fine old cities, its glorious monuments Steamers for London twice a-week, every Tues- its arts and sciences, the people, and their instituday and Friday afternoon or night, performing the tions.
Bruges occupies a prominent place in the history gected by a great number of canals, and is, of Flanders, the traveller will find this town espe- | indeed, the central point at which all tho canals cially worthy of notice-not that it presents the of the province meet. aspect of a populous modern city, but because it The population of Bruges now exceeds 47,000, has preserved the peculiarities which distinguished and on fête days the fine old city wears a gay and its appearance during the middle ages, when it animated appearance. The beauty of the women was the emporium of European commerce, the re- of Bruges is of ancient repute, but the present aldence of merchant princes, occasionally that of generation scarcely justify the proverb, “ Formosis the reigning sovereign, and when its population | Bruga puellis." When they are seen enveloped in exceeded 200,000. The mailed warrior or the gloved the mantilla of Spanish origin, their brunnette artizan meet no more upon the fortifications, the complexions and dark eyes render them most commerce which animated its quays and canals picturesque and pleasing objects among tho many is dispersed over Europe, its merchants are no splendid and exquisite specimens of architecture longer opulent as princes, the city is no longer the with which their dwellings are adorned and emcapital of West Flanders. Yet, though these bellished. things have passed away, we cannot infer that it
“Fair city, worthy of her anciont famo! was in vain that Providence raised up this town
The season of hor splendour is gone by ; to such a remarkable point of grandeur and impor- Yet everywhere its monuments romain, tance in a remote age. The characteristic intre- Temples which rear their stately heads on high, pidity, activity, and proverbial turbulence of its Canals that intorsect the fertile plain, artizans, the inflexible will and sturdiness of its Wide squares and streets, with many a court
and hall. burghers, the associations of its merchants and traders, which led to that interchange of opinion,
"Spacious and undefaced, but anciont all,
When Imry road of tilts, in days of old, that communion and unity of sentiment so fatal
Of tournays, graced by chieftains of renowa, to despotism and feudal oppression, created and Fair dames, grave citizens, and warrior bold. fostered that honest love of individual liberty, that It fancy could portray some stately town, regard and attachment for corporative and com
Which of such pomp At theatre might be, munal privileges, for which the men of Ghent and
Fair Bruges, I shall then remember thoo."
SOUTHBY. Bruges struggled during several centuries.
Bruges contains very many objects of interest This deep attachment to local institutions has been merged into that of national patriotism, and
which will require a day at least to visit.
The Cathedral (St. Saveur). This beautiful if the traveller, in conversing with an intelligent inhabitant of Bruges, deplores its depopulated streets,
church was founded in the seventh century by St. he will be told that if Bruges is not the great and
Eloy, and was greatly indebted for its erection to
the liberality of Dagobert, the then King of France. important city it was formerly, it has still much to be
It was entirely consumed by fire in 1338, but was thankful for; its citizens, instead of being at continual variance with their sovereign, or the neigh- again erected, after a more magnificent scale, on bouring towns, are now members of an independent faithful defraying the cost.
the same spot, the charitable subscriptions of the
The spire is 470 feet kingdom, governed by a prince of their own choice,
It is built of brick, and in its external apwith one of the most liberal constitutions in the
pearance presents nothing remarkable or attractive, world-that Bruges is no longer isolated in its
but its interior is admirable. The paintings aro splendour and solitude, but that it forms a compo
worth notice because of their antiquity, and reprenent part of the nation, and confident in the re
senting contributions to the history of Flemish art. sources of the country for the gradual develop- Immediately under the grand entrance are several ment of all branches of industry, it anticipates a
works by J Van Oost, the Baptism of Christ, return of comparative prosperity.
Christ on the Cross, and Jesus leaving his Mother BRUGES is situate in a spacious and beautiful to Ascend Calvary, being the principal. A small plain, about 6 miles from the sea. It to later- / picture, with shutters, bango at the south side of