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u for she hath wrought a good work upon me.

For ye

have the poor always with you, but me ye have 12 not always. For in that she hath poured this oint13 ment on my body, she did it for my burial (e). Verily

I say unto you, Wherefoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial

of her. 14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, 15 went unto the chief priests, And said unto them,

What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto

you ? and they covenanted with him for thirty 16 pieces of silver. And from that time he fought op

portunity to betray him. 17 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread,

the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him,

Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the 18 pallover (F)? And he said, Go into the city to such

a man, and say unto him (8),- The master faith, My

time is at hand, I will keep the paffover at thy 19 house with my disciples. And the disciples did as

Jesus had appointed them, and they made ready the 20 passover. Now when the even was come, he fat 21 down with the twelve. And as they did eat, he

said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall 22 betray me, And they were exceeding sorrowful,

and began every one of them to say unto him, 23 Lord, is it I? And he answered and said (h), He

that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the fame

(e) Why do you blame the woman ? surely, this expence is as well bestowed on me whilft I am alive, as in preparing niý dead body for burial; on which occasion you know it is the constant cus. tom to use costly spices and perfumes. John xix. 39, 40.

(f) It was customary for the inhabitants of Jerusalem to provide rooms for ftrangers to celebrate the paflover in.

(g) The form of the message seems to intimate that this person was himself a disciple.

(h) In private to St. John, John xiii. 26.

24 shall

24 shall betray me. The Son of man goeth (i) as it is

written of him: but wo unto that man by whom the

Son of man is betrayed: it had been good for that 25 man, if he had not been born. Then Judas,

which betrayed him, answered, and said, Mafter,

is it I? He said unto him (k), Thou hast said. 26 And as they were eating, Jefus took bread, and

blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, 27 and said, Take, eat (l); this is my body. And he

took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to 28 them, saying, Drink ye all of it: For this is my

blood of the new testament, which is shed for 29 many for the remiffion of fins. But I say unto you,

I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you


my 30 Father's (m) kingdom. And when they had fung an

(i) The Son of man is about to depart out of this world in the manner the Scriptures have foretold. (k) Yes; thou art the person whom I mean.

These words were {poken to Judas apart. He then said in the hearing of all, What thou doesl do quickly, John xiii. 27. intimating that he was prepared for the suffering, which he knew Judas was contriving to bring upon him. Observe on one hand, the divine foreknowledge of Christ in discovering the designs of the heart; and on the other hand the deceitfulness of fin, which drives men to their destruction, notwithstanding the plainest warning.

(1). This is my body and my blood is a figurative expression, and must be understood to mean the representation, or fign, of them, in the same sense as the lamb is called the Passover, Exod xii. 11. The bread could not be Christ's natural body, whilst he was alive ; for, it was his body that performed the action of breaking and give ing the bread: nor could the wine in the cup be his blood; for, that was still flowing in his veins. They who hold the doctrine of Transubstantiation must therefore confess, that no change was made in the substance of the bread or the wine when the words were pronounced by our Saviour. And how can we suppose the words to be more powerful from the mouth of a priest, than when spoken by our blessed Lord himself? See Mark xiv. 22. Note.

(m) When my Father shall have established the kingdom of the gospel by my resurrection ; after which I will eat and drink with you as I used to do. He accordingly did so, forty days, until his ascension, Luke xxii, 16, 18.


33 I will


hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. 31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offend

ed because of me this night: for it is written, I will

smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall 32 be scattered abroad. But after I am risen again,

before you into Galilee. Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offend

ed because of thee, yet will I never be offended. 34 Jesus faid unto him, Verily I say unto thee, that

this night before the cock crow (n), thou shalt deny me 35 thrice. Peter said unto him, Though I should die

with thee, yet will I not deny () thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.

Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and faith unto the disciples, Sit ye 37 ye here, while I go and pray yonder. And he took

with him Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, and 38 began to be sorrowful, and very heavy. Then faith

he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death : tarry ye here, and watch with

And he went a litt'e further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be

possible (D), let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, 40 Not as I will, but as thou wilt. And he cometh

unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and

faith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with 41 me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter not

into (9) temptation : the spirit indeed is willing, but 42 the flesh is weak. He went away again the second


39 me.

(n) See Mark xiy. Note.

(0) From this confidence of St. Peter, and what followed when he was put to the trial, let him that thinketh he standeth take heed left he fall, i Cor. x. 12.

() See Chap. xx. 22.

(q) Trust not to the goodness of your intention only; but be per petually on your guard, and pray for the divine assistance, left the hour of temptation prove too strong for your frailty and infirmity. Luke v. 11.

time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this

cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, 43 thy will be done. And he caine and found them 44 asleep again : for their eyes were heavy. And he

left them, and went away again, and prayed the 45 third time, saying the same words. Then cometh

Je to his disciples, and faith unto them (r), Sleep on now, and take your rest; behold the hour is at

hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the 46 hands of finners. Rise, let us be going : behold, he

is at hand that doth betray me. 47 And while ye yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the

twelve came, and with him a great multitude with

swords and staves from the chief priests and elders 48 of the people. Now he that betrayed him, gave

them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that 49

same is he, hold him fast. And forthwith he came

to Jesus, and said, Hail master; and (s) kissed him. 50 And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art

thou (t) come? Then came they and laid hands on 51 Jefus, and took him.

And behold, one of them which were with Jesus, · stretched out his hand,

and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high 52 priest's, and smote off his ear. Then said Jesus

unto him, put up again thy sword into his place :

for all they that take the sword, shall perish with 53 the sword (u). Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray


fr) It is now too late to exhort you any more to watch and pray, the time of trial and danger being actually at hand.

(s) It seems to have been the custom of the Jews for friends to kiss each other at their meeting. Our Saviour rebukers Simon a Pharisee, who was entertaining him at his house, for having negleEted that civility. Luke vii. 45.

(!) Our Saviour puts this question to Judas, not that he desired a reply; but to frike the traitor with the deeper conviction of his guilt.

(u) Resistance will but tend to your own destruction, If I were disposed to save my life, I could have all the powers of beaven to

to my Father, and he shall presently give me more 54 than twelve (w) legions of angels? But how then

shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be? 55 In that same hour faid Jesus to the multitudes, Are

ye come out as against a thief, with swords and staves

for to take me? I fat daily with you teaching in the 56 temple, and ye laid no hold on me. But all this

was done (*), that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook

him and fled. 57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus, led him

away to Caiaphas the high-priest, where the scribes 58 and the elders were assembled. But Peter followed

him afar off, unto the high-priest's palace, and went in, and fat with the servants, to see the end. Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the coun

cil, fought false witness against Jesus to put him to 60 death, But found none : yea, though many false

witnesses çame, yet found they none. At the last 61 came two false witnesses, And faid, This fellow

said, I am able to destroy the (y) temple of God, 62 and to build it in three days. And the high-priest

arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? 63 what is it which these witness against thee? But

Jesus held his peace. And the high-priest answered and said unto him, I (2) adjure thee by the living God that thou tell us, whether thou be the Christ the


Mark v. 9.

affift me; but I willingly fubmit to the appointment of God, and so ought you likewise.

Luke xxii. 51. (w) 'A legion was a large body of Roman soldiers, consisting of several thousand men,

(*) But all these things were foreseen by the providence of God, and have a visible tendency to prove the truth of ihe prophecies concerning the death of Christ. See Chap. i. 22.

(y) See Chap. xxvii. 40. Note (m).

(2) To adjure, is to question upon oath; and as our Saviour, when examined in this manner, thought fit to ansı his example most certainly justifieth his followers in taking an oath, when required by lawful authority


64 Son

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