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: THEN (pake Jesus to the multitude, and to his 2 disciples, Saying, The scribes and Pharisees sit 3 in Moses' (a) feat. All therefore whatsoever they bid

you observe, that observe (b) and do; but do not 4 ye after their works : for they say, and do not. For

they bind heavy burdens, and grievous to be borne,
and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves

will not move them with one of their fingers (c). 5 But all their works they do, for to be seen of men:

they make broad their (d) phylacteries, and enlarge 6 the borders of their garments, And love the up

per:noft rooms at feasts, and the chief feats in the 1 fynagogues, And greetings in the markets, and to

. called Rabbi: for one is your Master (f), even 9 Christ, and all ye are brethren. And call no man (a) They profess to teach and expound the law of Mofes. (b) Whatsoever they bid you observe, agreeably to the law of Moses, that observe and do. But imitate them not in their practice; which is all for shew, and not from a truc principle of religion.

(c) They keep the people in flavish subjection, and will not give the least assistance to lighten the weight of their burdens. See on the contrary the gracious invitation of Christ. Chap. xi. 28.

(d) Phyla&teries were scrolls of parchment, whereon were written certain precepts of the law, which they bound upon their foreheads and arms, and used fuperstitiously as charms, to keep off evil spirits. The Jews were commanded to border their garments with fringes, and the Pharisees for pride and oftentation wore these very broad, which made their clothes longer than others. Mark xii. 38.

(e) Rabbi fignifies Maller. John i. 38.

(f) Our Saviour doth not hereby forbid the use of such titles of respect as properly belong to superior rank, or natural relation : but he forbids on the one hand to usurp an undue authority over the conscience, or, on the other, to'yield an implicit obedience in matters of religion to the unauthorised dictates of men,

your

your father upon the earth. for one is your Father, Io which is in heaven. Neither be ye called masters : 11 for one is your master, even Christ. But he that is 12 greatest among you shall be your (s) servant. And

whosoever shall exalt himself, shall be abafed ; and

he that shall humble himself, shall be exalted. 13 But wo unto you fcribes and Pharisees, hypo

crites; for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men (b): for ye neither go in yourselves,

neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in. 14 Wo unto you fcribes and Pharisees, hypocrites;

for ye devour widow's houfes, and for a pretence

make long prayers: therefore ye fall receive the 15 greater damnation. Wo unto you scribes and Pha

risees, hypocrites; for ye compass fea and land to make one (i) profelyte, and when he is made, ye

make him two-fold more the child of hell than 16 yourselves. Wo unto you, ye blind guides (k),

which say, Whosoever fall swear by the temple,

it is nothing but whosoever shall 'fwear by the 17 gold of the temple, he is a debtor (1). Ye fools,

and blind : for whether is greater, the gold, or the 18 temple that fanctifieth the gold? And whofoever

shall swear by the altar, it is nothing : but whoso

ever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is 19 guilty (m). Yé fools, and blind : for whether is

greater, the gift, or the altar that fanctifieth the gift? 20 Whofo therefore shall fwear by the altar, sweareth 21 by it, and by all things thereon. And whoso shall

(g) See Chap. xx. 27. Note.

(n) By your perverse interpretation of the Prophets you endeas vour to justify your own obstinacy, and hinder the generality of the people from becoming Christians. Luke xi. 52.

(i) A Proselyte is a Convert, one that comes over from another religion, or sect.

(Á) See Chap. v. 34;
(l) He is bound to keep his oath.
(m) He is guilty if he breaks his oath.

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por noft rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in Synarogues, And greetings in the markets, and be cded of men Rabbi, Rabbi (C). But be not le Ther profefs to reach and expound the law of Moses. Whatío-ver they bid you observe, agreeably to the law

tha: obíctve and do. But imitate them not in their

The keep the people in lavish subjection, and will not g 1001, a.' dhe leaf afhance to lighten the weight of their burdens. See the TIL precepts of the law, which they bound upon their forc 15. The Pews were commanded to border their garments witz

1.920 :Prarfers for pride and oftentation wore these very 6 mode ter clothes longer than others. Mark xii. 38. 'Rios Maler. John i. 38.

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swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that 22 dwelleth therein. And he that shall swear by hea

ven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him 23 that sitteth thereon. Wo unto you scribes and Pha

risees, hypocrites; for ye pay tithe of mint and anise, and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith (n):

these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the 24 other undone. Ye blind guides, which strain at a 25 ) gnat, and swallow a camel. Wo unto you,

tcribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter,

but within they are full of extortion and excess. 26 Thcu blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is

within the cup and platter (), that the outside of 27 them may be clean also. Wo unto you scribes

and Pharisees, hypocrites ; for ye are like unto whited fepulchres (7), which indeed appear beautiful

outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, 28 and cf all uncleanness. Even fo ye also outward

ly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are 29 full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

Wo unto you fcribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ; because ye build

the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the fepul30 chres of the righteous, And say, If we had been

(n) Jufice, Mercy, and Fidelity. These are the great duties of life, which you ought to have been principally and particularly careful about, though without neglecting the smallest articles of duty required by the law of God.

(o) Ye are superstitiously exact in small things, but negligent in those of the greaiest importance.

(p) The cleansing of the heart is of infinitely greater importance. Afier all your washing, your hands will still be unclean in a moral fense, if you be covetous and unjust in your dealings ; and the true way to make them clean is, to employ them in works of charity and compassion.

(9) To touch even the outside of a grave was a defilement. See Num. xix. 16. It was therefore customary with the Jews to whiten the graves, as a mark to caution a person from approaching.

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