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them and said, We know that this is our soil, and 21 and that he was born blind: By what means he now
feeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes,
we know not: he is of age, ask him, he shall speak 22 for himself. These words fpake his parents, because
they feared the Jews : for the Jews had agreed alrea
dy, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, 23 he should be put out of the synagogue. Therefore 24 faid his parents, He is of age, ask him. Then again
called they the man that was blind, and said unto him,
Give God the praise (i); we know that this man 25 is a sinner. He answered and said, Whether he be
a finner or no, I know not: one thing I know, that 26 whereas I was blind, now I fee. Then said they to
him again, What did he to thee? how opened he 27 thine eyes? He answered them, I have told you al
ready, and ye did not hear (k): wherefore would ye 28 hear it again ? will ye also be his disciples? Then
they reviled him, and said, Thou art his disciple ; 29 but we are Moses' disciples. We know that God
spake unto Moses : as for this fellow, we know not 30 from whence he is (?). The man answered and said
unto them, Why, herein is a marvellous thing, that ye
know not from whence he is, and yet he hath opened 31 mine eyes. Now we know tsat God heareth not fin
ners: but if any man be a worihipper of God, and 32 docth his will, liim he heareth. Since the world be
gan was it not heart, that any man opened the eyes 33 of one that was born blind. If this man were not 34 of God, he could do nothing. They anfwered and
(i) They pretended to deny the fact, and called upon the man to confess that it was a trick, the discovering of which ihey intimated would be giving glory to God, from whom no secrets are hid. The same phrase is used in the case of Achan; Fofir. vii. 19.
(k) Ye did not attend.
(1) We know not from whom he has his commillion and authority 10 do these things. 06
faid unto him, Thou wast altogether born in sin (m),
and dost thou teach us ? And they cast him out. 35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when
he had found him, he said unto him, Dost thou be36 lieve-on the Son of God? He answered and said,
Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him? 37 And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, 38 and it is he that talketh with thee. And he said, Lord,
I believe. And he worshipped him. 39 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this
world ; that they which see not might see; and that 40 they which fee, might be made blind (n). And some
of the Pharisees which were with him heard these 41 words, and said unto him, Are we blind also? Jesus
said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye fay, We fee; therefore your fin remaineth ().
с н А Р. Х.
I VERILY, verily.I say unto you, He that entereth
not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth tp some other way, the fame is a thief and a robber. 2 But he that entereth in by the door, is the shepherd 3 of the sheep. To him the porter openeth ; and the
(m) This is on the same principle, on which the disciples, put their question verse 2d, supposing most unreasonably that the infirinities of nature, or misfortunes of life, must be owing to the wickedness of the person.
(n) The effect of my coming into this world is very different according to men's dispositions: the humble and teachable receive benefit from
my instruction, whereas the self-conceited and oblinate do but strengthen themselves the more in their ignorance and perversenefs. See Matt. xiii. 14. Note.
(o) A natural invincible defect in your understanding would be a just excuse: but that is not your case ; for you affect to be wiser than others, and resist all manner of instruction. Your guilt therefore remains in full force upon your heads.
sheep (a) hear his voice: and he calleth his own 4 sheep by name, and leadeth them out. And when
he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them,
and the sheep (6) follow him : for they know his 5. voice. And a stranger will they not follow, but will
flee from him: for they know not the voice of stran6 gers. This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they
understood not what things they were which he fpake 7 unto them. Then said Jesus unto them again, Ve
rily verily, I say unto you (c), I am the door of the 8 sheep. All that ever came before me, are thieves and 9
robbers: but the sheep did not hear them. I am the
door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved (d), 10 and shall go in and out, and find pasture. The thief
cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to de
stroy: I am come that they might have life, and that II they might have it more abundantly. I am the good
shepherd : the goou shepherd giveth his life for the 12 sheep. But he that is an hireling, and not the shep
herd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf
coming, and leaveth the Theep, and fleeth and the 13 wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The
hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling (e), and careth
(a) This is meant of the sheepfolds which were hired ty such as brought sheep to fell for facrifice, and which the porter or keeper of the fold, would not open to any but the right owner of the sheep, when they were to be led out.
(6) The sheep in Judea, and throughout all the eastern part of the world, are more familiar and tractable than with us; and instead of being driven by the shepherd before him, are used to follow. . him when called, as our dogs do their master.
(c) Here our blessed Saviour begins a more general comparison. (d) He shall be kept safe, as sheep are kept by a careful shepherd.
le) This is a natural description of the carelessness of servants in defending their master's property; who, when any difficulty occurs, are too apt to forsake their charge, to provide for their own safety and advantage. The passage may be juftly urged againft careless pastors, who attend only to their own cafe and profit; but it ought not to be applied to such as do their duty to the flock, It cannot
14 not for the sheep. I am the good shepherd, and know 15 my sheep, and am known of mine. As the Father
knoweth me, even fo know I the Father : and I lay 16 down my life for the sheep. And other theep I have,
which are not of this fold: them also I must bring,
and they shall hear my voice; and there Thall be one 17 fold, and one shepherd (f). Therefore doth my Father
love me, because I lay down my life, that I might 18 take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it
down of myself: I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment
have I received of my Father. 19
There was a divifion therefore again among the Jews 26 for these sayings. And inany of them faid, He hath a 21 devil, and is mad, why hear ye him (8) ? Others
faid, These are not the words of him that hath a
of the blind ? 22
And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication (b), and it was winter. And Jesus walked in the 24 temple in Solomon's porch. Then came the Jews
round about him, and said unto him, How long doft
thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell 25 us plainly. Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye
believed not: the works that I do in my Father's 26 name, they bear witness of me.
believé not; because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they 28 follow me. And I give unto them eternal life, and
they shall (i) never perish, neither shall any pluck be an objection that they receive a reward for their labour; they having a right to it by appointment of the great shepherd of souls. Luke x. 7. 1 Cor. ix. 13, 14.
(1) By this is meant, that Christ would admit the Gentiles to equal privileges of his covenant with the Jews. (g) See Matt. xi. 18.
(h) This feast was kept in remembrance of the cleansing of the temple, and setting up of a new altar by Judas Maccabeus, after the profanation of Antiochus king of Syria. See 1 Mac. iv. 56. 2 Mac.
(1) Shall not perilh for ever. Chap. viii. 51.
29 them out of my hand. My Father which gave them
me, is greater than all : and none is able to pluck 30 them out of my Father's hand. I and my Father are 31 one (k). Then the Jews took up stones again to ftone 32 him. Jesus answered them, Many good works have
I fhewed you from my Father; for which of thofe 33 works do ye ftone me? The Jews answered him,
saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for
blasphemy, and because that thou, being a man, mak34 est thyself God. Jesus answered them, Is it not written 35 in your law (1), I said, Ye are gods. If he called them
gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the 36 Icripture cannot be broken : Say ye of him, whom
the Father hath fanétified, and sent into the world,
Thou blafphemeft; because I said, I am the Son of 37 God? If I do not the works of my Father, believe 38 me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, be
lieve the works: that ye may know and believe that 39 the Father is in me, and I in him. Therefore they
fought again to take him; but he escaped out of 40 their hand, And went away again beyond Jordan,
into the place where John at first baptized; and there 41 he abode. And many resorted unto him, and said,
John did no miracle : but all things that John spake 42 of this man were true. And
believed on him there.
(k) I and my Father are in this refpcét the same.
(2) If the fcripture, which cannot be broken, that is, cannot be contradicted, (Pj. lxxxii. 6.) calls judges and rulers of the people, Gods, and children of the most High, only because they act by commission from God; can ye charge him with blasphemy, to whom the Father hath given the divine Spirit without measure, Chap. iii. 34. and hath sent him into the world for the noblest of all purposes, even the redemption and salvation of men ? I am that person; and bave I not a right to call myself the Son of God, being indeed ia the highest fenle bis honourable, true, and only Sun? Chap.i. 27.