Page images
PDF
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

LONDON:

PUBLISHED AT THK

OFFICE, 22, TOOK'S COURT, CHANCERY LANE, E.C.
Br JOHN C. FRANCIS.

[ocr errors][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

TO SOLICITORS.—The Advertiser, unarticled, who has had considerable experience in the various branches of the profession as Managing Clerk, with the entire conduct and management of matters entrusted to him, is, owing to the death of his late etnpl-yer, with * horn he wa« engaged for nearly ten Years, desirous of obtaining a RK-EftGAOKMENT as »o<>n as possible. Very high references as to character and ability can be given.—Address E. L. Jr., 17, Edna-street, fiattersea, H. W.

THE TYPE - WRITING OFFICE, Fourth Floor, Lonsdale Chambers, 17, Chancery-lane.— M88. carefully Typed by experienced copyists at 15d. per 1,00a) words. Terms for Dramatic and other work on application, — bole Proprietor and Manager, Mrs. MARSHALL.

TYPE-WRITER.—AUTHORS' MSS., Plays, Reviews, Leotnref, Legal or other Articles, COPIED with accuracy atd despatch. Terms moderate. Duplicate Copies. — Address E. TIOAR.I7, Maitland Park road, HaYerstock-bUl, N.W. Established

LONDON LIBRARY,

ST. JAMES'S-SQUARE. 8.W.
Prttidtnt- Lord Tennyson.

Vict-PruidenU— Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P., The Very ReT. the Dean of Llandaff, sir E. H. Bunbury, Bart, Sir Henry Barkly, K.C.R

Trustees-Earl of Carnarron, Sir John Lubbock, Earl of Rosebery.

The Library contains 100,000 Volumes of Ancient and Modern Literature, in various Languages.

Subscription, U. a year without Entrance-fee, or 21. with Entrancefee of «i.; Life Membership. 982. Fifteen Volumes are allowed to Country, and Ten to Town Members. Keeding-Koom open from Ten to half-past Six. Catalogue Supplement i 1S7.V-S0), price M.; to Mem* hers, it. Fifth Edition of the Catalogue in the press. Prospectus on application. ROBERT HARRISON. Secretary and Librarian.

JUST PUBLISHED, a CATALOGUE of . TOPOGRAPHICAL and COUNTY BOOKS-Drawlngs and lngravlMi relating to Ureat Britain and Ireland.—Post free of J A MLS KIttELL A SON.•], Oxford-street, London, W.

ACCIDENTS AT HOME AND ABROAD,

RAILWAY ACCIDENTS, EMPLOYERS LIABILITY,
INSURED AGAINST EY THE

RAILWAY PASSENGERS' ASSUSANCE COMPANY,

ei, CORNHILL, LONDON.

INCOME £s*VO0

COMPENSATION PAID tor 118,000 AOC1DENTS *2,3Ki,ww
Moderate Premiums. Favourable Conditions.

Prompt ul Liberal Settlement of Claim,.
Cfcrlrmsm-HARVIE M. FARQUHAR, Esq.

West-end Office:—8, Grand Hotel Buildings, W.C.;
Head Office:—64, Cornhill, London, E.C.

WILLIAM J. V1AN, Secretary.

7'" 8. No. 79

Just published,

THE SIEGES of PONTEFRACT CASTLE, 16U-1H;8. With 18 Pull-Pace Plan, or Illustrations, including a copy of every known Prior, and tome original f hotugraphs. Demy 8vo. 43« pp. with 41 pagei of Indei. Price iM. polt free.

RICHARD HOLMES, Pontefract.

LISTS of INCUMBENTS and PATRONS of EVERY PARISH in the COUNTY of SOMERSET, from 1S09-1740. Edited by F. W. WEAVER. M.A.. Editor of the • Viaitations of the Counties of Somerset and Hereford.' Price to Subscribers, uue Guinea.

Address, Milton, Evercreech, Somerset.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

ESTABLISHED US1.

BECK

BIRKBECK BANK,

Southampton-huildiDgs. Chancery-lane. THREE per CENT. INTEREST allowed ou DEPOSITS, repayable on demand. TWO per CENT. INTEREST on CURRENT ACCOUNTS, calculated on the minimum monthly balances, when not drawn helow loo!. The Bank undertakes for its Customers, free of charge, the custody of Deeds. Writlugs, and other securities and Valuables; the colleotion of Bills of Eiohsnge, Dividends, and Coupons; and the Purchase and Sals of stocks, Shares, and Annuities. Letters of Credit and circular Notes Issued. The BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with full particulars, post free on application. FRANCIS KA VENSCKoFT, Manager.

HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT and PILLS.—Old Wounds, Sores, and Ulcers.—Daily experience eonflrme the fact which has triumphed over opposite n for more than forty years, vis., that no means are known equal to Holluway s remedies for curm< bad legs, sores, wounds, diseases of the skin, erysipelas, abscesses, burns, scalds, and, in truth, all cases where the skin is broken. To cure thtse Infirmities quickly is of primary importance, as the compulsory confinement Indoors weakens the general health. The ready means of cure are found in Holloway's Ointment and Pills, which heal the sores and expel their cause. In the very worst cases the Ointment has succeeded in effecting a perfect cure after every other means baa failed of giving any relief. Desperate cases best display its virtues

ALL THE YEAR ROUND.

Conducted by CHARLES DICKENS.

THE CURRENT MONTHLY PART

Contains a NEW SERIAL STORY, entitled

UNCLE BOB'S NIECE.

By LESLIE KEITH,
Author of ' The Chilcotes,' &e.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

THE EXTRA SUMMER HOLIDAY NUMBER/

CONTAINING

NUMEROUS STORIES BY POPULAR WRITERS.

SUBSCRIBERS can be supplied direct from the OFFICE, 26, WELLINGTON-STREET, STRAND.

Terms for a Year's Subscription:

WEEKLY NUMBERS, 10«. 6U; MONTHLY PARTS, 12s. 6d.

Post-office Orders should bs made payable to Hbnrt Walker, 26, Wellington-street, Strand.

[ocr errors]

RECORDS OF CELTIC OCCUPATION IN LOCAL
NAMES.
I am sorry to Bee that Mr. Addt (7th S. iii. 421)
is infected with the craze for discovering traces of
Celtic occupation in EDglish local names. Mr.
Addy comes to the astounding conclusion that
there existed, side by side with the English and
Danish villages, settlements inhabited exclusively
by Celts, who kept themselves entirely distinct from
the Teutonic invaders. This is as difficult to be-
lieve as Mr. Coote's conception that the Anglo-
Saxons were simply a foreign standing army living
entirely separate from the, of course, purely Celtic
population, who would have been, apparently, still
drawn up in line resting on their weapons had not
the Normans annihilated them at Hastings. Some
of Mr. Addt's evidence is derived from field-names.
Of late years a great deal of nonsense has been
written about what we can learn from the study of
field-names. This study is not without its value;
but I must protest against the notion that we are
to revise our early history by the light it yields.
Before we can derive any lessons from these names
they will have to be studied in accordance with,
and not in direct contravention to, the laws of
philology. This latter method is in great favour
with the ordinary local etymologist, who has
usually an intense passion for picturesque, far-

fetched, and impossible etymologies. His vagaries
are bad enough when restricted to "Anglo-Saxon"
etymologies, but when he embarks on the quest
for " Celtic " traces, he seems to divest himself of
the last rag of common sense. Forthwith every-
thing assumes a Celtic tinge, and traces of
Celtic occupation are found in every field. It is
a question whether these frantic endeavours to
prove that we English are not ourselves, but some-
body else, as Mr. Freeman puts it, arise from
a natural love of paradox, or from an indiscrimi-
nate attachment to the principle nullius addictus
jurare in verba magistri. The consideration that
not one in a hundred of these "Celtic" claims is
ever substantiated does not seem to discourage
their manufacture. The fact that the people who
dabble in these so-called "Celtic" etymologies
almost invariably choose Teutonic words to work
upon, disposes one to believe that there are no
Celtic elements in English local names. If there
be, it is singular that they should so successfully
elude the grasp of the army of "Celtic" etymo-
logists who so persistently dig for them.

Mr. Addt's offences are not so grave as those
of the average "Celtic" advocate. He wisely
lets Welsh alone. But it is, nevertheless, a phono-
logical offence to derive the surname Bright from
the A.-S. Bryt, a Briton. This A.-S. Bryt is a
very exceptional designation for a Welshman. He
is mostly a Wtalh; sometimes, to distinguish him
from the Wealas of Cornwall and Strathclyde, he
is a Bryt- Wealh. In one or two cases only is he
a Bryt. No argument can be founded upon the
Middle-English Brut, a Briton, for the use of this
form arose from the erroneous derivation of Bryt
from the Trojan Brutut, one of Geoffrey of Mon-
mouth's inventions. The phonological evidence is
even stronger than this. Any one studying Middle-
English must be struck with the permanence of the
Teutonic guttural spirant and its distinct notation.
Though it seems to have evaporated from the
modern pronunciation, it was a distinct sound,
not produced without an effort, in M.E. I believe
there is no instance on record of this guttural
spirant being forced into a word. It is in all
cases original. No phonologist will, therefore, be-
lieve that it was inserted in Bryt in the cases
cited by Mr. Addy, and every phonologist would
hold that Bright is identical with the adjective
bright. And phonology, as usual, is right. The
instance of Brighton from Brighthdmtton at once
explains the origin of the surname Bright and its
use in local names.* Bright is here a shortening
of the personal name Bright-helm=A.-S. Beorht-
helm. There are many A.-S. names beginning
with the stem Beorht = bright. It is well estab-

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »