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Est enim ad vindicanda furta nimis atrox, nec tamen ad refrænanda sufficiens ; quippe neque furtum simplex tam ingens facinus est, ut capite debeat plecti; neque ulla pæna est tanta, ut ab latrociniis cohibeat eos; qui nullam aliam artem quærendi victus habent. Truly the law is too severe in punishing thefts, and at the same time unequal to curb them; for a simple theft is not so heinous a crime, that it should merit a capital punishment; nor is any punishment so great, that it can prevent those from committing robberies, who have no other means of seeking subsistence.
Esto perpetua. Be (or live) perpetual.
Estouviers. Estovers. Wood cut from a farm by the tenant for the uses thereof, and for other necessaries.
Est quidem alia præstatio quæ nominatur heriettum ; ubi tenens, liber vel servus, in morte sua dominum suum, de quo tenuerit, respicit de meliori averio suo, vel de secundo meliori, secundum diversam locorum consuetudinem. Magis fit de gratia quam de jure. There is indeed another performing, which is called heriot; where the tenant, whether free-man or vassal, upon his death considers his lord, of whom he holds the soil, 'entitled to the best beast or next best chattel, according to the custom of different places. It is done more out of favour than of right.
Est senatori necessarium nosse rempublicam ; idque late patet: genus hoc omne scientiæ, diligentiæ, memoriæ est : sine quo paratus esse senator nullo pacto potest. It is incumbent on a senator to be acquainted with the laws of the republic; and that lies open to a wide extent: in this knowledge every kind of science, diligence and memory is centered; without which a senator can by no means be capable of supporting his functions.
Et dona claud' sunt semp' suspiciosa. And private gifts are always suspicious.
Et fuit dit, que le contraire avait estre fait devant ces heurs. And it was said, that the contrary had been done in former times.
Et gist touts temps deins l'an et jour. And it lies always within a year and a day.
Et hoc paratus est verificare. And this he is prepared to verify.
Etiam judicium tunc primarius, nisi illud faceremus, rescripti illius forensis, qui libertatis personalis omnimodæ vindex legitimus est fere solus, usum omnimodum palam pronuntiavit (sui semper similis) nobis perpetuo in posterum denegandum. Quod ut odiosissimum juris prodigium, scientoribus hic universis censitum. At that time an extraordinary opinion of that lawyer, who should be considered the chief protector of all personal liberty publicly expressed (always like him) that if we were remanded on the king's rescript, our application to be brought up to court would be
ever after denied to us. Which judgment was recorded by all enlightened men as an abominable abuse of justice.
Etiamsi ad illa personæ consueverint et debuerint per electionem aut quemvis alium modum assumi. Although those personal benefices should by custom be assumed by election or some other way.
Et ideo. And therefore.
Et ideo dicuntur liberi. And therefore they are called free.
And not. Et omnes comites et barones una voce responderunt, quod nolunt leges Angliæ mutare, quce hucusque usitatæ sunt et approbatæ. And all the earls and barons with one voice replied, that they would not change the laws of England which heretofore have been used and approved.
Et predicť quærens in propria persona sua venit et dicit quod ipse placitum suum pred versus pred' defenden' ulterius prosequi non vult sed abinde omnino se retraxit. And the said plaintiff, in his proper person, comes and says that he will not prosecute his suit further against the said defendant, but from thence altogether hath withdrawn himself. Et quod non habet principium, non habet
finem. And what hath not a beginning, hath not an end.
Et sequitur. And it follows.
Et sequitur aliquando pæna capitalis, aliquando perpetuum exilium, cum omnium bonorum ademptione. And sometimes a capital punishment follows, sometimes perpetual exile, with the confiscation of all his goods.
Et sic de similibus. And so of similar cases.
Et si super totum, &c. And if upon the whole, &c.
Et stet nomen universitatis. And the name of the corporation may stand.
Eundo. In going.
Eundo, morando et redeundo. In going, delaying and returning.
Eundo, redeundo et morando. In going, returning and delaying.
Eum qui nocentem infamat, non est æquum et bonum ob eam rem condemnari ; delicta enim nocentium nota esse oportet et expedit. It is not just or proper to condemn him who decries a bad man; for it is useful and beneficial that the misdeeds of bad men should be exposed.
Ex abundanti cautela. From unnecessary (or abundant) caution.
Ex arbitrio judicis. At the will of the judge.
. The royal dignity excepted.
Exceptio ejusdem rei, cujus petitur dissolutio. An exception of the same thing which is sought to be dissolved.
Excommunicato capiendo. Taking an exconmunicated person.
Ex contractu vel ex delicto. From a contract, or from a fault.
Excubias et explorationes quas wactas vocant, Constant watches and searches, which they call night watches.
Ex debito justitiæ. From a debt of justice.
Ex donationibus, servitia militaria vel magnæ serjantiæ non continentibus, oritur nobis quoddam nomen generale, quod est socagium. From donations not containing knight's services, or grand serjeanties, a certain general name arises to us,
. Exeant seniores duodecim thani, et præfectus cum eis, et jurent super sanctuarium quod eis in manus datur, quod nolint ullam innocentem accusare, nec aliquem noxium celare. That twelve of the oldest freeholders, accompanied by the sheriff, go and swear upon the holy testament, which is placed in their hands, that they will not accuse the innocent nor screen the guilty.
Execrabile illud statutum. That abominable statute.
Executio est fructus, finis et effectus legis. Execution is the benefit, end, and effect of the law.
Ex facto oritur jus. The law arises from the fact.
which is socage.