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things with the commissioners: all which rear-admiral Blagge can justify, -and I counted it a duty to be certissied to your highness by,
Your highnesses most humble servant,
Jamaica Harbour, July-2$, 1655. Richard Fortescue.
I Shall conclude all with a most thanksul acknowledgement of the mercies of God to me, in several eminent deliverances both from .the sword and sickness, so that I may truly say, I never saw more remarkable providences as to my personal preservation, nor met with more lets, impediments, and cross providences, in the management of the public concerns in all my lise.
LAWS LAWS MILITARY FOR THE ISLAND OF JAMAICA,
PUBLISHED BT JUS EXCELLENCY
SIR THOMAS MODYFORD.
ARTICLES and military laws set forth by his excellency far Thomas Modusord, knight and baronet, governor-general of his majesty's island, of Jamaica, and vice-admiral to his royal highness the duke of York, by advice of his majesty s council here established, for the better ordering an$ .governing his majesty's forces belonging to his said ijland, &c.
TO tbe intent that the harms of our neighbours might make us wary, and in a posture ready to prevent or resist the attempts of our enemies in~these times of so great danger, his excellency hath thought ife necessary, by the advice of the council, to ordain that this colony be in the most warlike and secure posture possible, and that these laws military hereafter ensuing be observed and put in execution by all ofsicers, soldiers, and inhabitants, of this island:
Imprimis.—That the courts of justice, and proceeding at the common laws, be from and aster the next sitting adjourned without day, and not to be reassumed without new and express orders from his excellency; and that, in lieu thereof, courts martial shall be held within
*" the precincts of every regiment, and a general court martial where his excellency shall appoint, for punishing of all blasphemers of God's holy name, swearers, cursers, drunkards, and other enormous oifenders, according to the direction of the said court, and also for putting the laws ensuing in execution.
Second.-—That all men within this Island, under the age of sixty years and above twelve, shall, within six days after publication hereof, present themselves to be insisted either in horse or foot in the company where they reside, under the penalty of sive pounds, or such corporal punishment as at a court-martial shall be thought sit; and all masters tvithin this island shall present, in the time aforesaid, their servants of
aliove twelve and under sixty years old, to be Inlist rel in she soot com. panies where they reside, under the penalty of sive pounds, or corporal punilhment As the court-martial shall think reasonable. The age of the said persons to be adjudged by the inspection os the commander in chiei os that precinct.
Third.—The said persons, named in the next articles, are not to be received among the horse without they also present a good horse, saddle, and piitols, lit for service, but shall be all compelled to carry muskets or suzecs, while to be had, and when not, then to prepare lances; and with them to appear, when commanded, upon pain, for their respective neglects, to be punished at the discretion of the court-martial.
Fourth.—That all commissioned ofsicers and commanders shall duly exercise their respective companies, as often as they shall be theieunto
, commanded by their superiors, upon pain of being punished at the discretion of a general court martial; and the other ofsicers and soldier*, if.they do not appear in complete arms, with ammunition and all things needful, to be punished at the discretion of their own regimental court-martial, or at the general court-martial if the case require.
Fifth.—Whosoever shall neglect to attend such guards 6s horse or foot as shall be thought sit to be appointed, or Withdraw from the same before he be relieved Ot otherwise commanded, shall be punished witlj death.
Sixth.—What sentry or perdue shall be found asleep or drunk, or forsake his post before drawn off, shall die without mercy.
Seventh.—No person shall depart from his colours without licence, upolj pain of death.
Eighth —Whosoever absents himself when there is occasion of service, as. to set the watch or the like, shall be punished at discretion, V. L, wooden horse or the like.
Kinth.—Whosoever makes known the watch-word without order, or alteiii the fame, lhall die lor 11.
Tenth.—All such as practise or enterta'n any ln'elligence with the enemy, directly or indirectly, shall die without mercy.
Eleventh.—Is the commander-in-chief of any fort, pass, or place, appointed to be desended, yield the same without the utmost necessity, he shall be punished with death; but if the soldiers under his command forced him to it, every tenth man shall die.
Twelfth.—Whosoever shall presume to violate a sase-guard shall die without mercy.
Thirteenth.—'Whosoever shall come from the enemy without trumpet or drum, after the custom of war, or without a pass from his excellency, shall be hanged up as a spy.
Fourteenth.—Whosoever shall use any word tending to the death of any commander-in-chief shall be punilhed; with death.
'fifteenth.—Whosoever shall presume to quarrel with or give unseemly language to his superior officer shall be punished at discretion, and whosoever shall be so heady as to strike, shall die for it.
Sixteenth.—Whosoever shall resist, draw, or lift, or ofser to draw or lift, any weapon against his officer, correcting him orderly for his oisence, shall die for it.
Seventeenth.—Whosoever resists the pr )vost-marshal or any other officer in the execution of his office, or shall break, prison, shall die for it.
Eighteenth.—Whosoever shall utter any spditiousor mutinous discourse, or shall make any mutinous assemblies, or be present at them, shall die for it.
Nineteenth.—Whosoever heareth such words, or of any such meeting, and doth not forthwith acquaint his commander with the fame, shall be heavily punished at a court-martial.
Twentieth.—*-No man shall take his own satissaction for any injury, upon pain of being punished at discretion; but, upon complaint made to
the the eourt-martiaf, shall have such reparation as /hall be thought fitting and just.
Twenty-first,—Whosoever shall wilsully kill another shall die for it.
Twenty-second.—Every man shall appear with his arms duly sixed and decently kept, upon pam of death centvre, and whosoever shall embezzle them, or willingly make them unserviceable, or throw away his ammunition, shall die for it.
Twenty-third.—Upon a march none shall extort victuals or other necellarics from any planter, upon pretence of any want whatsoever, upon pain of death.
Twenty-fourth.—None shall straggle from his troop or companv, or march out of his rank, or plunder, or lire any houle, upon pam of death.
Twenty-fifth.—Upon encamping, none shall presume to go a milefrora the camp, upon pain of death.
Twenty-sixth.—No man shall draw his sword, or sire again after the watch is set, without lawsul cause, upon pain of death.
Twenty-seventh.—No man shall sail to repair to his colours, upon an alarm given, upon the pain of .death.
Twenty-eighth.—No man shall abandon his colours, or fly away in time of battle, on pain of death; and k lhall be lawful for any man to kill him who turns his back.
Twenty-ninth.—No man shall kill an enemy who yields and throws down his arms, upon pain of arbitrary punishment.
Thirtieth.—No man shall save an enemy while he ha» offensive arms in his hands, upon pain of losing his prisoner.
Thirty-first,—In case of victory, no man shall pillage the enemy before a %n given for licence so to do, upon pain of death.
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