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tal man did to prince or kingdom, yet was made to perish (without being charged with the least crime) poor and miserable, all but his chains b-ing taken from him, so that he who gave Spain another world, had neither inita cottage for himself nor wretched family. But should heaven ftill persecute me, and seem displeased with what I have done, as if the discovery of this world may be fatal to the old, and as a punithment bring my life in this miserable place to its fatal period; yet do you, O good angels! (you that succour the oppreiled and innocent,) bring this paper to my great mistress. She knows how much I have done, and will believe what I suffer for her glory and service, and will be so jult and pious as not to let the sons and brothers of him, that has brought to Spain fuch immense riches, and added to it vatt and unknown kingdoms and empires, want bread or subsist on alms. She, (if the lives) will consider cruelty and ingratitude will provoke heaven, and the wealth I have discovered will stir up all mankind to revenge and rapine, so that the nation may chance to suffer hereafter, for what envious, malicious, and ungrateful, people do now.
A NARRATIVE, BY GENERAL VENABLES,
EXPEDITION TO TIIE ISLAND OF JAMAICA,
AND THE CONQUEST THEREOF, UNDER THE PROTECTORSHIP OF OLIVER CROMWELL,
IT being the ufual course of such persons, whose pikes prove too short,
to make use of their pens to supply that defect, and by that means · endeavour to clear themselves from envy and reproach, their disasters might draw upon them, which is ordinarily measured to them with a large hand, I should have waved any thing in this nature, and wholly cait my reputation, in the managing of this western design, upon the opinion of those that have formerly been acquainted both with my person and former services; but there being so many thousands who never knew me, nor' them, I find myself neceffitated to publish to the world, a true narrative of the design, left otherwise, (if I be silent,) fome envious persons should take the liberty to cenfure me, as their own misguided fancies and humours, or the sanderous reports of envious tongues shall dictate to them.
The sad and never sufficiently to be lamented differences, which have fome few years past fallen out in these nations, and being so general, that almost every man was in action, or affcction, engaged in them, upon one part or other. Among others myself, (as conscience and judgment guided me,) adhered to the parliament, upon such grounds, reafons, and engagements, as were held forth by them, (though fruitless of my hopes in thcend,) which cause I promoted to my utmost ability against all discouragements, and, to enable me the better, I sold a tenement of about forty pounds a year, with the money to raisc arms, and to maintain a company of foot in tl at fervice, which I did, and served with the same in Lancashire, without any pay. My service in England I shall not mention, but leave to others to speak of both in Lancashire, Cheshire, Yorkthire, Saltop, and North Wales, in the ficge of Nantwick, fight at Leckbridge, Christleton,
and Montgomery, besides other services of less importance. The war in England Leing ended, I was engaged in the Irish service, and landed at Lublin, (it being besieged,) finit of any regiment, in such a time when they despaired of any relict, and the foldiers running away to the enemy by hundreds, so that they were almost come to a necessity to treat ot'a turren. der thereby, to savetomething, all otherwise being certainly lost. My arrival put a stop to this, and put lite into the soldiers, who otherwise out of mere despair of relief would have revolted. After the taking of Drogheda, (other officers refusing the employment, I was sent into Ulster with one thousand five hundred liorfe and footonly, there being in that province above so many regiments as I had hundreds, to oppose me ; where how the Lord prospered me, is publickly known. So that before I had received two thoufand pounds from the state, to carry on that service, the Lord had given into the parliament's hands whatever the Scots had in potloffion, and for surrender of which, the parliament did, by their commillioners, offer to the Scots one hundred and fifty thousand pounds; and as one of the commillioners, fir Robert King, told me, they had commission to give two hundred thousand pounds, if it would be accepted. In Carling Fort, Newry, Belfast, Lysnegarive, Antrim, Toom, and Carrickfergus, were above cighty pieces of ordnance, and near half of them brals; cighty barrels of powder, with match and ball proportionable; with about two hundred arms; for all which service, I never received further reward, than a letter of thanks for the same, from the council of state. After I had continucd in Ireland almost five years, and never seen home, (the Irith war being ended,) the right honourable the lord Broughill and mylilf were, at a general council of the officers, voted to attend his highness with some addrettes from the ariny, in order to the settling and planting of Ireland, which business being almost perfected, it was his higliness's. pleasure to acquaint me, that he intended some other employment for me. I desired to know it. After some time, the design was imparted to me, and the justice of it, which I defired to be cleared to me before I accepted of it, in which particular being satisfied by this dilemna, that either there was a peace with the Spaniards in the West-Indies or not? It peace, they had violated it, and to seek reparation was just. If we had no peace, then was there nothing acted against articles with Spain. After this, I detired his highness to grant me some requests before I could accept of this employment. His highness commanded me to draw them up in writing, and to deliver them to Mr. Secretary Thurloe, who ihould give me an answer to them, which üccordingly I did. These being granted, I
.. Proceedud proceeded to propound land in Ireland, for my arrcars duc for my service there, and some in listing of officers now acting ; when suddenly all the business was at a stand, and all further proceedings in it to be waved, so that I thought all had been ended, and betook me again to my own affairs. After some five months filence, I was suddenly again called upon to undertake the employment. I answered, I could not in conscience engagc, unless my proposals were granted, nor leave my children without any care of them, except I thould fall und r the apostle's censure-- He that provideth not for them of his family has denied the fuith, and is uoise ihan an infidel.
I desired to know the grounds and reasons of the design, that I might the better understand the state of those parts, I detired arms, ammunie tion, and all other neceflarics, by a particular under my hand, suitable to the design, and the distance of the place, supplies; not being to be had, and, therefore, must carry the more with us, left, when we come to work, we Thould be forced to itand still, through want of necellaries to carry on the service. I further inoved, that my friends thould not be made more formidable to me than my eneinies, by bounding and it cightening me with commissions and instructions which, at that distance, could serve but as fetters, contingencies not being possible to be foreseen, and I by them discouraged, and put into doubt, when I thould need the greatest encouragements, without fear to engage against all hazards, which, by instructions, might be double to what the enemy could make them. I had a fatistastory answer to all, but how performed shall be afterwards declared. Whilst these things were in transaction there were some discon. tents in the feet, and complaints were said to be againit the unfoundness of the provision; about which, I being spoken unto by the officers, that the care of the food belonged to me, I desired the person that informed me, to acquaint general Desbrow with it, which he did, and general Defbrow was so incensed against me, that he publickly fell out with me, and told me, I fought to hinder the design, and raised an untrue report: I replied I did not, and that I had only fent the informer privately to acquaint him with these things, in regard he had the care of the fleet, to see it well furnished with all things, and that I had the information from colonel Buller, ard had not spoke of it to any, save the commissioners, and therefore could not be guilty of any miscarriage to the prejudice of the defign being; I meddled not in any report, but willed Buller to inform him what he had told me, and therefore did wonder why he should thus publickly
rcpreliend me to no end, fave to make a breach betwixf the land and seamen. He answered, he had for twelve years feen transactions of affairs, and had an end, wherefore he - -- I replied, the end lie aimed at I knew not, but was certain his language would produce no good to the design but lurt. I afterwards cnquiring of a friend the reason. I was anfwered, no information against the victuallers of the navy would be heard with any other acceptance. I asked the reason of that. It was answered, though general Deíbrow was no victualler, yet it was believed, upon very strong presumptions, be had a share in the profit of the place, and therefore would receive no complaints against the victuallers of the navy, but with reproach and p flion against the informer; his own interest (though private and not generally known) engaging him in their behalf, it being his own concern, as well as theirs. After this, myself and officers made several proposals to the lords of the council, for the advantageous carrying on of the service, as we conceived, wherein we were so modest in matters of our own concernments, that never men did undertake so hard and desperate a work upon so mean and low conditions; to let the world know it was the promotion of the gospel and the service of our country we chiefly did propound to ourselves. But, after four months attendance and expence of our money, we had not any positive answer, whether the design would go onorno, and yet thedesign was vulgarly discoursed; whereby the enemy had timely warning to provide ; which we find they did with much circunfpection and prudence. After about five months time, I was commanded to be ready to go with so much haste, having wholly laid all conceit of the design aside, that I was so surprised with confusion in my thoughts, I had scarce time to know in what condition the state of things were before our men were drawn out. I desired we might only have such as freely offered themselves, which was promised us; yet the officers generally gave us the most abject of their companies, and, if any man offered himself, he was struck or otherwise punished; and one thing I cannot omit, that those men we had were taken up purposely to spare their old blades, and among those thus entertained were diverse papists, in particular fixteen, and four of them Irish, and one a priest, were put upon us out of the lower regiment; many more were found fince, though all 'we could discover were cashiered at Barbadoes; and though it was earnestly moved by me that we might have the men raised out of the Irish army, seasoned with hardship and danger, it was utterly rejected: besides,
the men thus given wanted five hundred of the number designed, and al'moft half their arms defective, and altogether unserviceable; which be