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armv's agent. T replied, I humbly conceived myself was the mm, an$ he only my assistant; and again pressed to have the votes read, to justify my allegations but was denied, and urged for my further answer. I laid I was wasted with sickness, so that I was incapacitated to counsel myself, much less able to command or direct the army; and that I stayed above a month after those votes before I came away, to see if I mould recover so as to be able to discharge the duty of my place, but grew daily worte, till I was at last deprived of my senses, and knew not what 1 did or spoke; and in that condition, by the physician's advice, I was carried on shipboard, to try if the sea would (as it had done formerly) stop my flux; for if I staid at land I was a dead man, and it was but the trial of one experiment, whether the sish or worms must eat me. Besides, I added hi*, righnefles commission, which was indorsed thus: Not to be opened except in case of the death, disability, or absence, of one or both of the generals. the which words also running through the body of the commission, toimpower the commissioners to chuse a new general, which commission wat executed accordingly, and major-general Fortescue chose into my place a month or near thereabouts before I came away, and executed the same accordingly. I added, I had much more to say, but except I had time (which I again earnestly begged, but was denied) I could not at present add any more, however craved my weakness of memory might not be made my crime.

I was commanded forth; and presently Mr. Scobell sent to me for the ofsicers votes, which I desired them to give me a copy of, but he did not; but I had a copy before. I waited. At last the council rose. I met with colonel Sydenham, who told me that he was sorry tor me, and that the hand of God should be the cause of my suffering; for he said my sentence was severe. I spoke also to the lord president Lawrence, to know his command, not being in a capacity to attend it. He told me the clerk would acquaint me with their order, and that I must stay; which I did, and the serjeant at last came to me and acquainted me with the council's order, with a very civil apology for his acting. I moved that he would give me leave (being sasting and very weak) to go home, ©r at least to some cook's shop for some refreshment, and time to send for some necessiries to carry with me to the tower: all which, with much commission and respect, he granted; so that I returned home with his servant, assuring him that, if he would trust me, I would that night present my felt with the Cuuucati warrant to the lieutenant of the tower. ]fbr T was not able to go, much less fly, and that I was not conscious to myself of any guilt, and scorned to bring my innocency and former service so much into question as to blemish myself with a thought to escape or fly. When I came home, some friends came to visit me, who olfered their service to assist me in any thing they could. Whereupon I writ to the lord president Lawrence, and drew up a petition, which my wise and friends presented, both which follow:

My Lord,

AFTER your lord/hip was pleased to tell me, that the clerk of the council would acquaint me with your resolves, I found Mr. Serjeant Dendy to be the man that brought it, and a very sad .one, which affects me more than, I persuade myself, the news of death; being that my most dear reputation, purchased with the loss of my blood and limbs, and thirteen years saithsul and not unsuccesssul service, and all called into question by this blow. I perceive my plea of his highefles additional instructions for the choosing a commander-in-chief, in case of the death, disability, or absence, of either of those then in commission, is wholly waved, it pre-supposing all th« se; which must needs induce me to believe my coming away was not such a capital offence. Your lordship's piety, and considence of your savour herein, hath emboldened me to move your lordship to present the inclosed petition to his highness, if your l©rdship judge it meet, which is submitted to your lordship's pleasure by,

My lord, your most humble and alflicted servant,

Richard Venables.

To His Highness The Lord Protector Op England, Scotland,

And Ireland.


THAT, upon signification os your highnesses displeasure, in his commit$/unt to the tower, he humbly by petition made his address to your highness,

that f *«f £ eimfrxemenf Ut kit chamber might mt present be rnnh im1f~R?4„ iw re^wr€

of hit great weakness and many pr ejjing occasions; but that (as he humbly conceivesj not coming in season to your highness, he again humbly imploresh your highnesses favourable consideration of his ajflifled condition, and his great weakness yet coiitinuing, and since that time some further J ear of its increase arising, he is necessitated mo/i humbly to implore your highness, so far to commiserate his fad condition as to grant him so much enlargement as may affoid the benefit of air and physic for his recovery; and that he also may have opportunity to represent to your highness the series of his ma~ nugemcnt of that trull your highnels did commit to him; wherein if he be not able to evidence he hath been faithful, though Providence denied success, he shall (ivith much more quietness of heart) undergo any further mark of your highnesses displeasure, and your highnesses favour herein, Jliall engage your petitioner ever lo pray%

Richard Venables*

T Desired that I might be only confined to my chamber, in regard of my extreme weakness, that so I might use the help os physic for my recovery, and ofsered ten thousand pounds bond, and persons to be security with me, who would also be bound, body for body, that they would (if I recovered) bring me in to answer any charge that should be brought against me, whenever called to; but all was resused, so that I was that night, being the of September, 1655, carried to the tower, and delivered prisoner to the lieutenant of the tower, colonel Barkstead, since knighted oy his highness, and the warrant for my commitment, which followetht

Oliver, Protector.

WHEREAS general Richard Venables, herns general of the English forces fentinto America, hath without license deserted the army committi3. to his charge, contrary to his trust, these are, therefore, to will and require you to receive <tnd take into your custody in our tower of London the body of the said general Richard Venables, herewith lent unto you, and him to keep in safe cullodt/ until you shall receive order jrom us to the contrary, Jlereot you are not to fail, as you will answer the contrary, and this shall be your warrant in that behalf (liven at Whitehall, this twentieth of Sept, 1655.

To Johw Barkstead, efa. lieutenant of our to^er of London.

2 HAJ?

I Had not continued many days in the tower, but several friends came to visit me, some persuading me to submit myself to his highness; for if I came to a trial I should be sentenced; but I still desired a hearing. Some others told me, that some godly men were told that it would not be well taken if they went to visit me, for that the visits of godly men did make me stubborn, and kept me from submission; and thus it was sought to set godly men against me as my enemies, and to deprive me of the comfort of their company, counsel, and prayers. My friends were not idle, but moved for enlargement, for air, in order to physic and health; and at last the lady Melton (to whom general Lambert was ever respective) had this return from him, that flie must persuade me to submit, and I should be enlarged. She sent me word of it, and also of her answer, which was, that the next elay I must be cried about the streets, if they had any sault to charge me with, slie desired them to proceed against me, or to set me at liberty if innocent. Presently after the lord Fleetwood, lord deputy of Ireland, was pleased to honour me with his person; to whom, aster other discourse, I said that I looked upon myself as a prisoner for form only, and not for offence; it being sit that a private person should rather bear the blemish of any miscarriage than the public, and that I was content so to do; but desired him not to let me be too much a sufferer, for, before I would die like a dog, I would speak like a man. He desired me to give him an account of the state of those part?, for his own private satissaction, and that he would not impart them to any other; which I did. He promised me too his utmost friendship, which did much satisfy me that there was not any thing of concernment or moment charged against me; otherwise, I supposed, he would not have made me so large a promise.

About the 10th of October, 1655, Mr. Eaton, pastor of the church of Stockport, came to see me; and within a sew days brought me a message from my lord Fleetwood, which was, that he desired me to send him answers to six queries, for his own private satisfaction. I he several queries with my anlwers here follow:

My Lord,

Mr. EATON told me yon desired satisfaction to some particulars, he mentioned them, lo which 1 beseech you receive the answers;

& 1st. 1st.—Was there a contention betwixt geneial Penn andmeabout place?

Truly I know not that ever we strove, lave to give precedency each to other, though usually he had it at sea and I at land; only Mr. Window told me at Barbadoes, that general Penn having seen the commission and instructions at Portsmouth (which I did not) he excepted against my being named sirst; upon which (all being still unknown to me) he was named sirst in the instructions and I in the commission, which the erasures (a? Mr. Winllow bade me observe) caused me to believe.

2nd.—That I took too much state upon me at Barbadoes.

My lord, I consess that I remember not any thing of that nature, neither doth my heart accuse me of any act; but conceive the grounds of this report (and have heard it) arises from the governor of Barbadoes his marshal! going before him and me bareheaded to church; which I could not avoid, lodging at his house; and it hath been and yet is the practice of that island, that whither the governor goeth or rideth his marshall goeth with him and bareheaded; and I think twice my marfhall, without order from mc> went in that posture before us to church; but if any can prove that my marihall did ever ride or go with me at all, much less bareheaded, as the other's did, I consess the sault.

3d.—The sactions in the army were occasioned by bad conduct.

I answer, that before J went 1 contested my unsitness for such a command, and do believe that true; yet I can prove they sell out thus: that major-general Haynes expected the command in chief, and went out of 'England in the coniidenee that I would not come, and before we lest Barbadoes I had many strong presumptions that he hoped to gain the same.

4-th.—As for our long stay at Barbadoes.

I answer that a person of honour charged it as a sault upon me, that I left that place before our stores came, and indeed, my lord, all the ofsicers grudged at it; neither did we stay longer than to provide necessaries fo'r the fleet and army, which were exceedingly retarded by some of the inhabitants.

5th.—Landing too much to leeward.

My lord, myself and ofsicers did vote for the River Hine, except beaten off, and general Penn s instructions were that he should transport us from


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