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army's agent. I replied, I humbly conceived myself was the man, and he only iny assistant; and again preiled to have the votes read, to justitv my allegation", but was denied, and urged for my further answer. I laid I was walted with fickness, so that I was incapacitated to counsel myself, much less able to command or direct the army; and that I stayed above a month after those votes before I came away, to see if I thould recover so as to be able to discharge the duty of my place, but grew daily worte; till I was at last deprived of my senses, and knew not what I did or spoke; and in that condition, by the physician's advice, I was carried on thip. board, to try if the sea would (as it had done formerly) stop my flux; for if I Itaid at land I was a dead man, and it was but the trial of one exo periment, whether the fish or worms, muft eat me. Besides, I added his. highnelles commillion, which was indorsed thus: Not to be opened ercent in case of the death, disability, or absence, of one or both of the generals, the which words also running through the body of the commission, to im- . power the commissioners to chuse a new general, which commillion was executed accordingly, and major-general Fortescue chose into my place a month or near thereabouts before I came away, and executed the same accordingly. I added, I had much more to say, but except I had time (which I again earnestly begged, but was denied) I could not at present add any more, however craved my weaknels of memory might not be made my crime.

I was commanded forth; and presently Mr. Scobell sent to me for the officers votes, which I desired them to give me a copy of, but he did not; but I had a copy before. I waited. At last the council rose. - I met with colonel Sydenham, who told me that he was sorry for me, and that the hand of God thould be the cause of my suffering; for he said my sentence was severe. I spoke also to the lord president Lawrence, to know his command, not being in a capacity to attend it. He told me the clerk would acquaint me with their order, and that I must stay; which I did, and the ferjeant at last came to me and acquainted me with the council's order, with a very civil apology for his acting. I moved that he would give me leave (being faiting and very weak) to go home, or at leait to some cook's thop for some refreshment, and time to send for foine neceiliries to carry with me to the tower: all which, with much compassion and respect, he granted; so that I returned home with his fervant, ailuring him that, if he would trust me, I would that night prelent myleli with the council's warrant to the lieutenant of the tower,

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for I was not able to go, much less fly, and that I was not conscious to myself of any guilt, and scorned to bring my innocency and former service so much into question as to blemish myself with a thought to escape or fly. When I came home, some friends came to visit me, who offered their service to asfitt mé in any thing they could. Whereupon I writ to the lord president Lawrence, and drew up a petition, which my wife and friends presented, both which follow :

MY LORD,

AFTER your lordship was pleased to tell me, that the clerk of the council would acquaint me with your resolves, I found Mr. Serjeant Dendy to be the man that brought it, and a very sad one, which affects me . more than, I persuade myself, the news of death ; being that my most dear reputation, purchased with the loss of my blood and limbs, and thirteen years faithful and not unsuccessful service, and all called into question by this blow. I perceive my plea of his highesses additional inftructions for the choosing a commander-in-chief, in case of the death, disability, or absence, of either of those then in commission, is wholly waved, it pre-supposing all the se; which must needs induce me to believe my coming away was not such a capital offence. Your lordship’s piety, and confidence of your favour herein, hath emboldened me to move your lordship to present the inclofed petition to his highness, if your lordthip judge it meet, which is submitted to your lordship's pleafure by,

. My lord, your most humble and afficted servant,

RICHARD VENABLES.

TO HIS HIGHNESS THE LORD PROTECTOR OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND,

AND IRELAND. ..

SHEWETH,

THAT, upon signification of your highnelles displeasure, in his commite ment to the tower, he humbly by petition made his address to your highness,

that

that I confinement to his chamber might at present be only inftiged, in regard of his great weakness and many preling occasions ; but that as he humbly conceives) not coming in season to your highness, he again humbly imploreth your highnelles favourable consideration of his afflicted condition, and his great weakness yet continuing, and since that time some further fear of its increase arising, he is neceffitated most humbly to implore your highness, lo far to commiserate his sud condition as to grant him so much enlargement as may afford the benefit of air and physic for his recovery; and that he also may have opportunity to represent to your highness the series of his manugement of that trust your highnels did commit to him ; wherein if he be not able to evidence he hath been faithful, though Providence denied success, he fall (with much more quietness of heart) undergo any further mark of your highnesies displeasure, and your highnelles favour herein mall engage your petitioner ever to pray,

RICHARD VENABLES.

I desired that I might be only confined to my chamber, in regard of my extreme weakness, that so I might use the help of physic for my re. covery, and offered ten thousand pounds bond, and persons to be security with me, who would also be bound, body for body, that they would (ifs recovered) bring me in to answer any charge that should be brought against me, whenever called to; but all was refused, so that I was that night, being the of September, 1655, carried to the tower, and delivered prisoner to the lieutenant of the tower, colonel Barkstead, since knighted by his highness, and the warrant for my commitment, which followeth:

OLIVER, Protector. WHEREAS general Richard Venables, being general of the Englisle forces fent into America, hath without license deserted the army committed to his charge, contrary to his trust, these are, therefore, to will und regu you to receive and take into your cuflody in our tower of London the body of the said general Richard Venables, herewith jent unto you, and him to keep in safe custody until you Mall receive order from us to the contrary, Hereof you are not to fail, as you will answer the contrary, and this Mall be your warrant in that behalf. Given at Whitehall, this twentieth of Sept. 1655.

To John BARKSTEAD, efq. licutenant of our tou er of London."

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I HAD not continued many days in the tower, but several friends came to visit me, some persuading me to submit myself to his highness; for if I came to a trial I Mould be sentenced; but I still desired a hearing. Some others told me, that some godly men were told that it would not be well taken if they went to visit me, for that the visits of godly inen did make me stubborn, and kept me from submission; and thus it was sought to set godly men against ine as my enemies, and to deprive me of the comfort of their company, counsel, and prayers. My friends were not idle, but moved for enlargement, for air, in order to physic and health ; and at last the lady Melton (to whom general Lambert was ever respective) had this return from him, that the must persuade submit, and I should be enlarged. She sent me word of it, and also of her answer, which was, that the next day I must be cried about the streets, if they had any fault to charge me with, she desired them to proceed against me, or to set me at liberty if innocent. Presently after the lord Fleetwood, lord deputy of Ireland, was pleased to honour me with his person; to whom, after other discourse, I said that I looked upon myself as a prisoner for form only, and not for offence; it being fit that a private person should rather bear the blemish of any miscarriage than the public, and that I was content fo to do; but desired him not to let me be too much a sufferer, for, before I would die like a dog, I would speak like a man. He desired me to give him an account of the state of those parts, for his own private satisfaction, and that he would not impart them to any other; which I did. He promiled me too his utmost friendship, which did much satisfy me that there was not any thing of concernment or moment charged against me; otherwise, I supposed, he would not bave made me lo large a promise.

About the 10th of October, 1655, Mr. Eaton, pastor of the church of Stockport, came to see me; and within a few days brought n sage from my lord Fleetwood, which was, that he desired me to send him answers to fix queries, for his own private satisfaction. The several que. ries with my antwers here follow:

MY LORD,

Mr. EATON told me you desired fatisfation to fome particulars, he mentioned them, to which I beseech you receive the answers :

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ift.-Was there a contention betwixt general Penn and me about place!

Truly I know not that ever we stroye, fave to give precedency each to other, though usually he had it at sea and I at land; only Mr. Winslow told me at Barbadoes, that general Penn having seen the commisfion and instructions at Portsmouth (which I did not) he excepted against my being named first; upon which (all being still unkpown to me) he was named first in the instructions and I in the commission, which the erasures (as Mr. Winflow bade me observe) caused me to believe.

2nd.—That I took too much state upon me at Barbadoes. My lord, I confess that I remember not any thing of that nature, neither doth my heart accuse me of any act; but conceive the grounds of this report (and have heard it) arises from the governor of Barbadoes, his marshall going before him and me bareheaded to church; which I could not avoid, lodging at his house; and it hath been and yet is the practice of that island, that whither the governor goeth or rideih his marshall goeth with him and bareheaded; and I think twice my marshall, without order from me, went in that posture before us to church; but if any can prove that my marshall did ever ride or go with me at all, much less bare. headed, as the other's did, I confess the fault.

3d.--The factions in the army were occasioned by bad conduct. • I answer, that before I went 'I confetled my unfitness for such a command, and do believe that true; yet I can prove they tell out thus: that major-general Haynes expected the command in chief, and went out of England in thie confidence that I would not come, and before we left Barbadoes I had many strong presumptions that he hoped to gain the fame.

4th.-As for our long stay at Barbadoes.

I answer that a person of honour charged it as a fault upon me, that I left that place before our stores came, and indeed, my lord, all the officers grudged at it; neither did we stay longer than to provide necessaries for the fieet and army, which were exceedingly retarded by some of the inhabitants.

5th.-Landing too much to leeward.

My lord, myself and officers did vote for the River Hine, except beaten off, and general Penn's indtructions were that he should transport us from

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