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JUNE 1655,


Colonel Buller,
Colonel Duy y,
Colonel Carter,
Colonel Hoidipe.

Mujor-general. Fortescue,

Quarter-maller-general Rudyard,
Adjutant-general Birkinheud,
Lieutenant-colonet Barry,
Major Smith,


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THAT whosoever goes for England, to represent the condition of the army, and thall return again within a twelvemonth after his departure, shall be uncapable of receiving benefit by any plantation, being a proportion as a member of the army.

That we are willing, if the general pleases to take the trouble upon him of going into England, to represent the condition of the army and this island, to procure such relief and supplies as shall be needful for the carrying on the design. That he thall difpofe himself for the voyage as (von as he thould think convenient.

That some one officer of the army be desired to attend the general into England, and that the officer agreed upon be colonel Buller.

We whose names are underwritten, being field officers of the army, thouglı not present at the 'council of war betove mentioned, do freely consent to, and approve of, the votes and resolutions of the said council as they are before exprellcd.




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AS we do, with all thankfulness, acknowledge his highnelles care, in ord ring confidorable supplies and accommodations for the army, thougla is pleated God, ihrough his providence, to retard them-lo for the future it is humbly desired and hoped, that his highness will be pleased, from ti'ne to time, to or ler, upon the terms formerly agreed on, accommoja. tions for cloathing of officers and soldiers, and all manner of working tools and instruments, better than those now received; for the woud ga nerally so hard, and tools edges so bad, that they are scarce service. able ; as allo bread, oatmeal, brandy, &c. Arms, animunition, planh, and medicines, &e.

That several from Scotland, or elsewhere, may be sent to asliit in planting; $r which the officers, out of their pay, will make such allowance as bis highness thall think fit, and assign them such proportions of land as his highness thall direct, at the expiration of their respective terms; by this means we shall be able to make provisions for such as are already here, and such as shall be sent hither by his highness for further Service, and they will be in readiness for such other employments as his highness thall command.


That the allotment and distribution of land to the respective regiments of the army, already approved of by his highnesses commissioners, may b ratified by his highnelles fanction. The allotment made to the Ste C istopher's regiment, which is to be reduced, excepted.

That such encouragement as luis highness thall think fit, may be given and granted, to such as fhall desire to come from England or any other I nglith colonies.

That in regard it may happen, as by experience it hath done, that the fupplies ordered and iniended by his highness may not feafonably arrive, bv riain of contrary winds; by reaton whereor, the army may be distread and induced to exigencics, his highincis will be pleased to enable

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the army to take up necessary provisions for our accommodation of such merchant thip or thips as thall come into the harbours of this island, and to draw bills of payment on such trcafury in England as his ! hall think fit, the fame not exceeding ten thousand pounds.

That for the better ordering and regulating this commonwealth, and encouragement of such as defire to live under a civil and settled governnient, lis highness will be pleased to send such constitutions and laws as his highness thall think fit, for the government of this place; or impower fuch in the place as his highness thall approve of, to make and constitute, from time to time, such wholefome and necefl'ary laws as shall be moit fit for the ordering and governing of things here; and to erect a court and courts of justice and equity, for deciding controversies between party and party,' and power granted to allow such officers as shall be employed such falary as fhall be judged needful.

That, in regard much inconvenience hath been found by the distinct and independant command of the army and fleet, his lighness would be pleased to order that both may be under one command; and that power may be given to erect courts of admiralty, and grant commissions to private men of war, to annoy the enemies of our nation.

That his highness would please to allow, that such merchant or merchants, as shall be willing to advance the service and plantations of this inund, may have all due encouragement; and such person or persons, as his highness thall please to authorize and appoint here, may be enabled to treat and contract with him or them accordingly.

· That, forasmuch as the officers have found, by fad experience, that the generality of the private soldiers of this army are men of low fpirits, apt to receive impreflions of fear, and bafely to desert their officers and service, his highness be humbly desired, for the more effectual carrying on the war in these parts, to order a considerable fupply of well disci plined, approved, and experienced, foldiers, such as have been accustomed to hardihip in Ireland or clsewhere, well accommodated with provisions, leather bottles, tenis, &c.




THESE preceding proposals were also given me from the army, to prefint to bis bighincís, in order to the better tetting of attais, and preventing for the future what had formerly been the prejudice of the army. Both there were delivered to me to present to his highness in England, but I mad. not any baste to go, intending to settle things fully there; but my fiux cncreating so exceedingly, that, about three wecks aiter, I fent to general Penn and captain Butler to let them know I now despaired of lie, defiring them to come, that we might break open his highneffes lait and clute commillion, which was thus indorfed-Not to be ojxnad but in care of the death, disability, or absence, of one or both of the generals-Thad, or about a fortnight before, left the command of the army to major genel Fortefrue, and was now confined to my bed. They delayed two days, though I fent several mellengers:-at last, I caused it to be opi'ncd be. fore the officers, and, according to its contents, nominated mjor-g ncral Fortescue, and resigned my command to him, figned his commun, and general Penn joined in it. Captain Butler came into my chambr, just as I had refigned my command, and spake to the oflicers to ackno've Icge the major-general as their commander in chief. Butl.r,, finding the lymptoms of death, he and Buller smiled upon each other (which [ outcrved with some trouble of mind), but he refused to jom with me to appoint a general in my place, according as the commillion required. The words of the commission ran thus:--- He do impower you (naning tie commillioners), or any two or one of yoll, the reli being dead or ablent, that, in case general l'onubes die, be disab.ed, o absent, then you, oi WTY twi or mwe of yll, as aforelil'l, no choose and point lome other pelan urom you judge moji fit to picceed in his place, to carry on the jer once there's &c. lice admiral Goodson was appointed, by the commitmon, in gmail I un's place, upon the fame grounds and occation. Wici:in 1:10 d i's. attor, iiell into a clinture; and now I cannot rilite any thing 10 :..y loin knowledg?; but Und, by circumítances as well as other relativil,

t. (011.1d in iis ritiration out one monit, ad iras thopin that conubidona Cunnid on vuard, the physicians adiiting li; ini, i


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that no means they could use did prove effectual to help me, and my flux having stopped at sea whilst we came between Hispaniola and Jan maica, they hoped it might stay again; however it was but an adventure, no hurt could follow to tryfor at land I could not live, and at sea perlaps I might recover; and, if not, it was not material whether worms or fish eat that poor and almost consumed remainder of me. Upon this, I was carried on board July, 1655, and there kept nine or ten days, expecting I would certainly die. At last we put to sea, where others that went pretty well on board died within a few days, and I the first night sept foundly, neither the jactitation of the sea nor the noise of the men disturbed me; so that within a week I recovered my lenses again. But, before I take leave of Jamaica, I cannot but with trouble of spirit remember the fad condition of the army, being infected with diseases, swept away by forty, fifty, fixty, yea fome weeks a hundred, by fevers and fluxes, caused by their want of food or unwholesome diet; necessity causing them rather to chuse unfound or unhealthful food than none at all; the feamen not delivering the bread and brandy, the chief preservations against fluxes in those parts, delaying our supplies, though daily urged by us, sometime, pretending one thing then another; though this was spoken of before, yet being now more neglected than ever, I cannot but fpeak of it again, and desire the reader to look back into captain Howe's and Mr. Daniel's letters, writ from hence, and upon the occasion of the army's necessities.—Mr. Daniel, being our cominissary, received the provisions from the seamen, and is therefore beít able to speak of their demeanours; and what he writ he complained of to me before their faces, justifying the baseness and rottenness of the biscuits, and their denying to weigh them, but requiring acquittances from him and captain Bamford for what quantity they pleased to name, or elle refusing to deliver any at all.

The officers and foldiers pressed to have their trunks on shore, but were not permitted to go on board for them, and some of them complained that the seamen had carried their neceffariçs back into England, when they returned with general Penn; wherefore major-general Fortescue writ to me several times, when I had occasion to go to the commissioners about business, they keeping on board and refuting to come to me to dispatch business ; fo that how weakfoever or unfit for business or travel I were, yet I must go to them (that were in health) or all inuft sink or Swim for any care they took. His letters follow:


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