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At A Council Of War Het.d At St. Jago X>e La Vega, the 7tli
Colonel Carter, Lieutenant-colonel Marry,
Colonel JJoldij.e. Major Smith,
THAT whosoever goes for England, to represent the condition of the ^rmy, and /hall return again within a twelvemonth after his departure, lhall be uncapable of receiving beneiit by any plantation, being a proportion as a member of the army.
1 hat we are willing, if the general pleases to take the trouble upon him of going into England, to represent the* condition of the army and this island, to procure such relief and supplies as shall be needsul for the cirrying on the dehgn. That he mall diipose himself for the voyage as Coon as he ihould think convenient.
That some one officer of the army be desired to attend the general into England, and that the officer agreed upon be colonel Buller.
We whose names are underwritten, being sield officers of the army, though not present at the council of war betoie mentioned, do freely consent to, and approve of, the votes and resolutions of the laid couixcil, as. they are before expressed,
Philip Ward, Michael Bland,
Henry B\rtlett» William Jokbanv
Jamaica, July 18, 1*55. Several covurlniATiovs To Be Humbly Represented To i?r*
HKJHNESS THt LORD PROTECTOR AND COUNCII, W B£HALF OF THE ARMY IN AMERICA.
AS we do,' wish all thanksulness, acknowledge his highnesses care, Hi ord -nng considerable supplies and accommodations for the armv, ihuugh il pleated God, through his providence, to retard ihem—io for the suture il is humbly desired and hoped, that his'highness will be pleased, from ti ne to limp, to order, upon the terms formerly agreed on, accommodations for cloatliing of ofsicers and soldiers, and all manner of worki ng tools and instruments, better than those now received; for the woud g.nerally so hard, anrl tools cdtjes so bad, that they are scarce serviceable; as allo bread, oatmeal, brandy, &c. Arms, ammunition, plank, and medicines, 8Cc.
That several from Scotland, or elsewhere, may be sent to assist In planting; *)r which the ofsicers, out of their pay, will make such allowance as his highness fhall think lit, and assign them such proportions of land as his highness fhall direct, at the expiration of their respective terms: by this means we shall be able to make provisions for such as are already here, and such as shall be sent hither by his highness for surther service, and they will be in readiness for such, other employments as his liighness -shall command.
That the allotment and distribution ofland to the respective regiment* of the army, already approved of by his highnesses commissioners, may b ' ratisied by his highnellcs sanction. The allotment made to the bt« C .. istopher's regiment, which is lo be reduced, excepted.
That such encouragement as his highness shall think sit, may be given End granted, to such as lhall desire to come horn England or any other I nalish colonies.
'1 hat in regard it may tiappen, as by experience it hath done, that the supplie s ordeied and intended by his highness may not seasonably arrive, bv r' at-'n of contrary winds; by reason whereoi, the army may be disfaxiKd and induced to CM^cncie*, lu* higluidtt wili be pleased to enaole
luff the army to take up necessary provisions for our accommodation of such merchant ship or ships as shall come into the harbours of this island, and to draw bills of payment on such treasury in England as his highness (hall think tit, the same not exceeding ten thousand pounds.
That for the better ordering and regulating this commonwealth, and encouragement of such as desire to live under a civil and lettled government, his highness will be pleased to send such constitutions and laws a> his highness shall think lit, for the government of this place ; or impower such in the place as 1ns highness Ih ill approve of, to make and commute, from time to time, such wholesome and necessary laws as shall be mod (it for the ordering and governing os things here ; and to.erect a court and courts of justice and equity, for deciding controversies between party and palty, and power granted to allow such ofsicers as shall be employed such salary as shall be judged needsul.
That, in regard much inconvenience hath been found by the distinct and indep ndant command of the army and tleet, his highness would be pleased to order that both may be under one command; and that power may be given to erect courts of admiralty, and grant commissions to private men of war, to annoy the enemies of our nation.
That his highness would please to allow, that such merchant or merchants, as shall be willing to advance the service and plantations of thifc ishnd, mav have all due encouragement; and such person or persons, as his highness shall please to authorize and appoint here, may be enabled to treat and contract with him or them accordingly.
. That, forasmuch as the ofsicers have iound, by sad experience, that the generality of the private soldiers of this army are men of low spirits, apt to receive imprestion's of sear, and basely to desert their ofsicers and service, his highness be humbly desired, for the more effectual carrying on the war in these parts, to order a considerable lupply of well disct>plined, approved, and experienced, soldiers, such as have been accullomed to hardship in Ireland or elsewhere, well accommodated with provisions, leather bottles, tents, 5fc.
Richard Holdipe, John Read, William Jordajt,
THESE preceding proposals were also given mr from the army, to preffnt to his highness, in order to the better settling of athi'ns, and preventing for the. future what had formerly been the prejudice of the army. Both these were delivered to me to present to his highness in England, but I mad • not any haste to go, intending to settle tilings sully there; but my flux encreahng so exceedingly, that, about three weeks alter, I sent lo general I'enn and captain Butler to let them know 1 now despaired of Lit, desiring them to come, that we might break open his highnelles hill and close commission, which was thus indorsed—Not to be opined but in case of the death, disability, or absence, of one or both us the generals—I had, lor about a fortnight before, left the command of the army to major gene \l Fortescue. and was now consined to my bed. They delayed iwo days, though I sent several messengers:—at last, 1 caused it to be opened before the officers, and, according to its contents, nominated mjor-g neral Fortescue, and resigned my command to him, signed his commnhon, and general Penn joined in it. Captain Butler came into my chamb r, j'iIt as I had resigned my command, and spake to the ofsicers to acknowledge the major-general as their commander in chief Butler,, sinJing the lvmptoms of death, he and Buller smiled upon each other («vhich I oolerved with some trouble of mind), but he resused to join with me to appoint a general in mv place, according a« the commission required.—'J he words of the commistion ran thus:—" We do impower you (nan ing V'r commhlioncrs), or an'l two or one of you, the reft bring dead «r absent, that, in cafe general Venables die, be disained, <» absent, then you, oi iiny tic > or nvire >l y>u, as afareswd, no choose and appoint some othet pe, lun. u. 'nim you judge mo/f fit to l'icceed in his place, tocany on the se, vice itleie." •& e. \ ice admiral Goodlon was appointed, by the commilhon, m g mi 1 I', nn s place, upon the fame grounds and occasion. Within two d vs att'-r, i ii 11 into a e;.l nture; and now I cannot r' l.-.te any thing to •. .y ,c • n knowhdge; but 1 hnd; bv circumstances as well as other relation, t . i cc !im; d in ti is di i • e>inn aoout one mnnili, and was then in thai conJiaou cumeti on uuurd, tlic phyhciaas ad\iling it; in I v, 1
that that no means they could use did prove effectual to help me, and my flux having stopped at sea whilst we came between Hispaniola and Jamaica, they hoped it might stay again; however it was-but an adventure, no hurt could follow to try^ for at land I could not live, and at sea perhaps I might recover; and, if not, it was not material whether worms or sish eat that poor and almost consumed remainder of me. Upon this, I was carried onboard July, 1655, and there kept nine or ten days, expecting I would certainly die. At last we put to sea, where others that , went pretty well on board died within a sew days, and I the sirst night slept soundly,, neither the jactitation of the sea nor the noise of the men disturbed me; so that within a week I recovered my senses again. But, before I take leave of Jamaica, I cannot but with trouble of spirit remember the sad condition of the army, being insected with diseases, swept away by forty, sifty, sixty, yea some weeks a hundred, by severs and fluxes, caused by their want of food or unwholesomcdiet; necestity causing them rather to chuse unsound or unhealthsul food than none at all, the seamen not delivering the bread and brandy, the chief preservations against fluxes in thole parts, delaying our supplies, though daily urged by us, sometime, pretending one thing then another; though this was spoken of before, yet being now more neglected than ever, I cannot but speak of it again, and desire the reader to look back into captain Howe's and Mr. Daniel's letters, writ from hence, and upon the occasion of the army's necessities.—Mr. Daniel, being our commissary, received the provisions from the seamen, and is therefore best able to speak of their demeanours; and what he writ he complained of to me before their faces, justifying the baseness and rottenness of the biscuits, and their denying to weigh them, but requiring acquittances from him and captain Bamford for what quantity they pleased to name, or elle resusing to deliver any at alb
The ofsicers and soldiers pressed to have their trunks on shore, but were not permitted to go on board for them, and some of them complained that the seamen had carried their necessaries back into England, when they returned with general Penn; wherefore major-general Fortcscue writ to me several times, when 1 had occasion to go to the commissioners; about business, they keeping on board and resusing to come to me to dispatch business ; so that how weakfoever or unsit for business or travel 1 were, yet I must go to them (that were in health) or all must sink ot iwim for any care they took. His letters follow: