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away our guide, refusing to run the fleet into the haven, landing against vote and desire so sar olf the town, and suffering the seamen to traduce me; about which I writ to him. Whether he could have acted more destructive to the design than what he did, let all rational men judge. But being ready to return for England, he writ to me to remind me of our engagement; without which letter I could not have proved our engagement, or his breach of saith, nor cleared myself in general particulars, especially in trusting .to his word and promise; which made me not so cautious to prevent his designs upon me; for who could have thought that a man prosessing religion, and employed about the advancement of the gospel of Christ, durst have acted so much for its enemies. He had formerly, without the least provocation from me, (save my resusal to sign Mr. Poolc's acquittance and commission, and a letter to his highness which contained my consent to his return) sent me a letter, with a strange close, which followeth:


SEVERAL commanders of the fleet having, at the request of the late major-general and other land ofsicers, istiied out divers parcels of cloaths, laid on board by the state for the use of seamen, for present supplying the necessities of several, and many os the soldiers in cold weather at coming out of England, I therefore desire you will be pleased to appoint some person or persons to receive the account thereof, and take some course that satissaction be given to the said commanders; for, otherwise, thev will assuredly be made at home to pay for the same out of their own purses, which will he very hard requital for their readiness to comply with the said officers in that exigency. Hoping you will consider thereof, and let them have no occasion to complain.

I rest, sir,

-Swistsure, June 8, 1655. William Plenn.


I 90PE we (hall both bear in mind the mutual promise made solemnly

between between u?, as in the presence of God, of love, and affection, to be considered inviolable between us; and^ how that if any sower of sedition should erldeavour to dissolve so sacred a tic, to discover such person* and projects either to other. I, for my part, have and do sirmly adhere to the same, and I hope you are like minded. If you have any commands to lay upon me, now homeward bound, you mail sind them with all faithsulness elfected, and that I shall in all things study to be

Sir, your true friend and servant,

William Penn. .

But, having no return from me (to his of the 8th June, 1655,) unsuitable to our engagement of love, he sent me for his sarewel another letter about some business, the close of which speaks as above. I purposely omit the matter of business, the letter being very long, and my anlvver declares what the matters were. My letter followcth:

To General Penn.

I Received your's this instant, being scarce able to hold a pen, and weaker than ever. The merchants debt on the committee of the navy I desire may be discharged. There are prize ships enough to reimburse them, but lor any thing I can see, if we exhaust the land treasury, the army may starve before supplies come; and if the money be above our sum it is considerable; and our commissioners at Barbadoes went beyond their commissions and instructions, to charge money on us who arc so low; and if you please to draw an order to satisfy them in England, I do hereby engage to join with you in it. For hides we have sew, except such a? are old or wet, and they resuse to take them at the same rates as other merchants give. The reason I signed not the bills of sale of prize ships was this, I know your order is susficient without my hand, and I must sign with an implicit saith, knowing neither their worth or appraisement, and ignorant of all the rates prescribed in the particular; and some of those I desired might not be sold, but left to carry on the service. Sir, if you would be pleased to send any to receive the cattle, you should be sitted hence; or if the ropes sent hence to lead such were returned, we mould serve you to our power; but neither being done, though both desired, we were incapacitated to do it. The abuse olfered your men I have given orders to have it examined, and, being found, punished. I desire your help in it. Sir, my strength is spent, yet one word I cannot omit, I have a little more of a gentleman in me than to break my promise or engagement os peace and love, having never been of a contentious spirit, and will be found as true of my word a* any person in the world shall be unla him, who is,

Sir, your real friend and servant,

Richard Venables.


SINCE the closing of my letter there came a seaman, who, as captain Bingham and others aver, said he was sent to, overtake the packet to which tliis is an answer, and that it was a salse and mistaken thing; which expression questioning him about, he consessed he was sent to stay it, and doth not much deny that other, which had railed some thought in my mind, not being able to conceive the reason.

But, notwithstanding all my resusals to join in the sale of ships, or discharging of debts, with landmen's money only, when there were prizes sufsicient to defray all, yet he and captain Butler sold some vessels that were very good sailers, good vessels, and very sit for the service of those parts; and some of them to oisicers in the fleet, who laded them and font them to Virginia, whither himself also fraught the Katherirje (which by his highnesses order, with all her ordnance, sails, and tackling,was given him, being a vessel of about sive hundred tons, and thirty pieces of ordnance). And here I should question whether the freight; of these fliips was had, for betwixt England and Barbadocs we touched at. <io place, and (though I enquired diligently) I could never learn that hc4 nor the ofsicers that freighted tbose ships, bought one ton of sugar at Barbadocs, or anv other commodities, at Hifpanidla not a hide; and at Jamaica all the hides we could get were iold to buy sack and brandy for the army; so that I am at a stand to sind out where they could possibly be «;ot, and therefore leave every one to their own' conjecture.

H But,

But, before the fleet departed for England, I urged for brandy; it wai answered there was none for us. I was told in England there was above a hundred, I think two hundred, tons of brandy aboard the fleet for sea and landmen; we took, as I was assured from general Penn and his coufrn Poole, above thirty tons more at Barbadoes; but 1 do not kno\V the army ever had ten tons whilst I was in the Indies.

Whilst the commissioners and myself were transacting these mattery some in the army were not idle in taking the advantage of my distemper, which encreasees dailv; so that colonel Buller called a council of war of his own ofsicers, to debate what was sit for the army to do, and no body (least they should add to my distemper) would tell me oi these disorders, whichWere not at the sirst incurable; but captain Butler, a commmissioncr, salling in with them upon this account, Mr. Window insormed general Penn and me how he got drunk at Barbadoes, and ran shouting through the town; whereupon we sent him, with some other ofsicers, as commissioner to St. Christopher's, to dispatch business there, lest his stay at Barbadoes 'should disgrace us: but there, in a treaty with the French, lie was so overcome with drink that he sell from his horse, and vomited before the French and most of the English gentlemen, that the French jeered at his highnesses commissioners/ 'lhese things he practising at Jamaica, I told him of it, and desired him to reform; but he, bein^ disgusted thercat,ailbcialed himself with all discontented persons, and made it his business to rail upon and revile me, as Mr, WeiuworUi's Idler,, which followcth, will testily:


May it phase your honour,

YOURS of the sixteenth instant T received, and*, after Interlocution with lieutenant Newton, was well insormed of the sudden departure of this convenienev, which, out of a tender respect, I have to the vindication of your honour, and that duty which I owe to Christian prosession, £ desire to make use of it. These, therelore, m.iy insorm.all whom it m iy concern, that on Thursday, before we cam'? with the Mariton Moore slum Jamaica, I went on shore with captain Builer, who was commissioner for the fleet, and saw such miscarriages by him as 1 n ver saw before, ai:d which were not besitting a grntl man ; which I suppose was through excess of think, and that several oi his near icUnuc w ie extremely tremely discontented with the aforesaid, and tl :!ic with

'them were mutually fomenting expressions of discontent. I wish my person or testimony may in point of equity serve you. In the mean while these lines are attested by,

Sir, your honour's humble servant,

Portsmouth, October 20, 1655. John Wentworth.

THIS carriage of his towards me gave such encouragement to some oisicers, such as knew themselves guilty of misdemeanours, that, if I had lived, they must think to sufser; but sinding it the only way to their own security, to lay all upon me, who was not likely to live to excuse myself, to have proceeded on for the time to come. Colonel Bullcr, being the principal leading man, and all his ofsicers with him, came to desire me to take notice of a vote of a council of war; when I, being gone to the fleet to the commiliioners, who would not come to me, captain Butler residing there constantly, as though all his business and employment had been only for the navy and not for the army. I told you before how I had ordered the officers to set conllantly to order the quartering of the army, and to put them into plantations, whilst I went to the fleet; but Bullcr in mv' absence, forced the commissioners to fall about what he and his ofsicers had before consulted about, so that at my return nothing was done. But Busier came to me, to desire a council might be called, to consult about sending into England, now the fleet was ready to depart. I replied, I had writ already, and represented our condition. lie desired me however to consult the ofsicers. He had prepared all to his own mind, and I knew nothing of all this. Some of his asibeiates seconded him, I consented, and when they were met, I, not being able to stay with them, told them 1 must leave the matter and them together, being not able to stay. I being gone, Busier propounded that an agent might be sent to England; for though I had writ, yet letters were but dead things, without one to solicit, hoping he had provided himself should be the man. One of the ofsicers said, a person without interest and unacquainted with afsairs, was as dead as letters, and that none was so interested in the afsairs of the armv as the general (who was disabled with sickness), and was a person of more interest at court than any man they could send. Replies* .past in the consultation. They pailed the following vote?, which they presented to me for my aflent:

II 2 At

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