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ficient witness; and my lord protector as much derided by tfiem, for em« ploying such a man as lie was in so honourable employment. Pray, sir, if there shall be any blemishes cast upon me or the army, move the council that they will not credit any rumdurs, but leave their own thought* free till they have heard all parties, and judge upon clear proofs and grounds ot reason. That the old adage, viz. audi alterem partem may be my share is all I wish. I have enclosed sent you a copy of a part of a letter to Mr. Secretary Thurloe. Besides my weakness, and the scattering of the regiments into several plantations of the country, and the departure of the commissioners and fleet which should transport from place to place, and want of provisions, renders me incapable ot doing more service to my friends.

Sir, I am your very humble servant,

June li.

Richard Venables.

THESE things dispatched, general Penn prepared to return, and notwithstanding all entreaties, and his own promise to stay with us till a new fleet came, which was urged, would not be diverted ; but before he took leave he sent to me, in June 1655, to sign a post commission, dated December the 8th, 1654, for Mr. Poole his nephew, to take charge of the prize*, and at the same time a warrant for his discharge from that place, which contained an acquittance also; both which 1 resused to sign, and by letter gave him my reasons, desiring that there might be an auditor settled for that and all other accounts that did concern the state, but was resused ; but my signing the warrant and acquittance earnestly pressed, which I as constantly denied. 1 he discharge was not inserted, but the sum of his pay left to me to insert.



Jamaica, ss.

WHEREAS, we lately issued out a warrant to Mr. William Poole, prize ©sneer, leguiring of him to deliver unto Mr. Samuel Crave, succeeding ceedina; him in the said employment, a persect account os all such prizes and prize goods as he the taid William Poole hath been hitherto intrusted withal; and that we sind, by the receipt of the said Samuel Crave, that he hath sully and intirely performed what was required of him by the said order, we do therefore hereby declare, that we sully and completely discharge him the said William Poole of the said employment of prize officer, and in consideration of his pains taken therein, and saithsul account.

THERE were also letters writ by some of general Penn's ofsicers to some ©f my friends, to entreat them to persuade me to sign the warrant at least, but all prevailed not with me; therefore I writ him the following letter:

Your's found me in a most weak condition, my flux as violent as ever; no rest the last night nor this day, which makes me make use of another's pen. Concerning the auditor, it is the place not the person 1 desire to fettle, and without which the state will be a great loser; and yourself gave directions here to draw an order for the same, though since Mr. Cary has assured me you denied to sign the order. But as to Mr. Poole, truly I do owe the gentleman all just respect, and shall pay it, but cannot in this particular; and therefore must remind you of former postages at Harbadoes. We intended to settle a prize oiiice, and, upon your mentioning Mr. Poole, his honesty, and ability, we ofsered to commission him; you answered you had done that already. We answered, without our hands he was not our ofsicer, and we must join others with him. rl he commission was pressed by us to be accepted; invoices, bills of lading, Kc. called for; none could be got; till at last a copy of some examinations, and a copy of invoices brought in, which was delivered by Mr. Cary, and immediately by Mr. Poole borrowed back, and could never be got again, though often demanded; and yourself answered you saw it delivered in fwhen it was not to be found) which we acknowledged, but wondered, until Mr. Cary told the reason before mentioned. Our warrants to him to deliver any thing we declined, and yourself did answer you would order him to issue forth what we desired. We never had a clu ck upon him, ne ver saw the original invoices or his accounts, which caused Mr. Winflow and myself to resolve to meddle no more in it, only to receive what was tendered to carry on ihe expedition; so that how I can vary from that resolution I see not, being as ignorant of what he hat <lone as the meanest ofsicer that serves under me j and though I do not in

U 2 "tcu<J tend hereby to 'blemish the gentleman's integrity, I desire not to be so understood, but prosess I cannot sec how J can justify myself should I discharge him (as the paper tendered me doth) from all things; and yet know nothing nor see any charge against him, lave what himself (a thing unusual) bringeth in.

The letter to his highness I have altered, to satisfy captain Butler; left out the beginning, and made the latter part what was sirst agreed upon; for as it now is altered it speaks a plain advice from me for your return, which you know I never declined to give. Concerning the ordering the fleet that stays, I have reason to be presting, being so much interested with the whole army in it, and having a vote in all things that tend to advantage the present design, yet like to know nothing till you arc gone what our condition will be, and if my expectations be against what you order, it is not possible to rectify the lame. I desire it again, that so we may see if any thing be amended in it. Sir, your civilities more and more engage, and my power to acknowledge (I dare not say requite) lessens. I pray dissurnish not yourself for him whose weakness docs not a little stagger the hopes of a speedy voyage, though I know God can raise from the dust. Your trouble and want of Mr. Lawcs I am 'sensible of, being myself under (I am certain) as great difsiculties. My service to the vice-admiral and rear-admiral, with the rest of your officers, and captain Poole. I beseech you, sir, think not prejudicially of me, that I cannot comply with your desires. I shall in any thing in my power manisest myself

Sir, your very real servant,

June 18, 1655.

Richard Venables.

HERE followeth acertisicate of Mr. Henry Cary, secretary to his highredes commissioners; who, being present at all debates, knew all tranlaclions; and was more concerned than ordinary about this buiinels of prize goods. He sell lick in Jamaica, and in the presence of several drew the following relation, and, had not wcaknels prevented, had enlarged it toall other occurrences, according to a letter lie had writ to the right honourable the lady R viscountess Ranelagh; who sinding the letter

did much clear my innocence, Ihewed the same to Mr. Secretary Thurloe, who desired it from her honour to shew it to his highness, but would never return it back again; by which means I am deprived of a most singular evidence as to my vindication, though that honourable lady is ready to testify what I assert. But necessity hath consined me to what followeth:

Mr. Henry Cary, secretary to the commissioners, is readv to depose tipon oath, being the cxpresiions of a dying man, that having been an eye-witness to all the proceedings of the right honourable general Richard Venablcs, through the whole course of this American expedition, he judges in his conscience, and in the presence of God, that the said right honourable general Richard Venables is not in the least liable to those malicious censorious reports, which his enemies labour to asperle him withal; which, that it may more sully appear, he thinks good to collect briefly every one ol them as they came to his knowledge:

'first.—For what may be objected at Barbadoes, that he neglected the prize goods, for that the state might judge itself highly cheated. He testisies that he was often present when both the said general Richard Venables and Mr. Edward Window did earnestly press the right honourable general 'William Penn to return them in an exact account of all the. prize goods and prize ships that were at any time seized on, but he for a long time resused to comply with their requests, but at length presented them with a copv, keeping the original to himself; which very copy was desired of me by the secretary Mr. William Poole, constituted commissioner of the prize ofsice by general Penn alone, without the consent of the other commissioners, and without a check to controul his proceedings, in case there should be any miscarriages, under pretence of copying out the said papers, promising saithsully to return them again immediately; but, notwithstanding, he retained them so long that they were sain to be left with the commissioners ofthe prize office erected at Barbadoes; there being no time left for the copyingthem out, we- being upon the point of departure. That lie may make an end of all that relates to the same business at once, he is ready surther to depose, that the right honourable general Penn, intending to depart lor England, sent a commission to be signed by the right honourable general Venables, impowering the said William Poole to act as commistioner to the prize ofiice, bearing date from the time general Penn had employed him in the said trust, which was refused by general Venablcs for three reasons:—First, That he had no check all along whilst he discharged the same:—Secondly, Because k there there was contained in the fame a total and entire discharge, both of th$

employment of the said William Poole, as also of his accounts; which having not been examined by any 'auditor was thought very unreasonable :— I hirdly, By reason general Venables and commissioner W inflow, having heretofore ofsered to general Penn to sign a commission to the s.iid William Poole, he slighted this profser, notwithstanding the resusal of g' neral Venables to sign the said commission, for the reasons aforesaid, general Penn gets commissioner Butler to join with himself in signing it; .And this is the whole truth and nothing but the truth as I hope to lc<5 'the sice of God.

The next objection of miscarriage in general Venables is usually the finding at Hispaniola, so sar off from St. Domingo; in answer to which the lame deponent, with the same seriousness and protestations as in thfl former deposition, testisies, that the landing so sar oil was extremely contrary to the intention and resolution of the said general Venables.

General Penn during these transactions writ tome the following letter, but though money was preslcd for, yet no auditor would be established that Mr. Poole's and others accounts might be viewed, wherefore I refused; but commissioner Butler, as I was informed, signed all without scruple.


I have hitherto delayed a narrative of some engagements betwixt general Penn and myself, which was thus:

At sirst, when I came abroad, I began to consider that, without mutual agreement betwixt us, all would be destroyed; and thereupon lold him, it this design did miscarry, none would bear the blame but he and myself, and therefore added that, seeing our own reputations, the honour of our nation, and (which is more thai! all other considerations) the glory of God, whose gospel we went to propagate, did lie at stake, I desired that there might be that joint affectionate aililtance of each to other in all things as might enable ourselves to discharge our trust, and discourage any that might endeavour to sow division betwixt us, which would ruin us. He accepted the motion., and engaged solemnly to aid each other; but he performed not, as he promised, in giving my men no vic-, tuals, < r so short in proportion, also in denying to lend me arms for those thai wuiited, having lpare aims aboard, and no ulc to* Uiem j hi fending

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