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long march we were several times in want of water, to the great prejudice of the army.
Question 3d.—But why did you draw off again the sirst time from St Domingo?
Answer—We were necessitated to it for want of water and provisions; for I do think, had we stayed till next day and .not have taken the town, • we should have lost more than half the army; lor, drawing off that night, the army being so weak with want and weariness, we could hardly draw off, and many doubtless were not able to draw off, but were lost.
Question 4th-.—But how came you to be so routed again the last time, when you went towards St. Domingo.
An swer—Doubtless there was a great sault in Jackson, who commanded the forlorn; for that they were so easily routed: for this you are to know, that if a forlorn be routed in such a place as that was, where but four could march abreast, and that those that are routed turn in upon the body, that must of necessity breed a great consusion; and this was our case; and most of those men were cither no soldiers, or old beaten run-' aways in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and so by their running, or endeavouring lo to do, routed those who would have stood if they could; 'many of which were slain and trod down in that throng, and doubtless it fell upon the worst regiment of all those that went out of England, for that they had the most of those new raised forces at Barbadoes, many of which were good for little; and indeed this 1 must 'say, that of those we carried out of England we found there was but sew old soldiers; for I am of that judgment that we had not above one thousand old soldiers in our army.
Question 5th.—Why did you draw off again and not inarch into St. Domingo?
Answer—We were not able to do it, our army being then so weak and no water to be had, and we nothing rto carry it with us, were forced to diaw off in the most private way that could be, lest we should there lose all.
Qttejlion 6th.—Why did you not march up again? Answer—1 he general calling a council of officers to advise with, they did unanimously refuse, as judging the army not in capacity so to do*
and and the rather for that we were that time about three or sour days in which we had no provisions at all from the Ihips; in which time horses, afies, and dogs, were good food to our poor (oldiers, and in which time men sell down apace.
Question 7th.—But why did general Venables suffer that, being one of the commissioners?
Answer.—He could do no more than he could do, it being in the hands of general Penn; and this I remember, that, a little before majorgeneral Haynes was slain, 1 asked him why the regiment of seamen took place of our regiment, colonel Carter being established in England, who 1 had heard besore took offence at it. His answer was, that he defired me to speak no more of it, lor that they were forced to comply with them what they could, to get that which was their own, from which 1 gather, that the sault was in general Penn and not in general Venables. —Thus being again necessitated to go on board to get to some other place, God so ordering it by the hand of his providence, as to bring us to Jamaica, where we landed with a small portion os victuals for two or three days; having been kept on board at half allowance to no allowance; for in seventeen days we had but three biskets a man, and those the worst I ever saw before or since to my best remembrance; in which time during the treaty with the Spaniards, and their flying away from us, all other things were hard to come by, for that the Spaniards at their flight drove away their cattle.
Question 8th.—But why were not the soldiers suffered to go abroad t» *get what they could?
Answer.—For that they were commanded, upon pain of death, not to
• go forth but by order, and that for these reasons:—1st. Because the Spa
• niards had promised within so many days to come in and bring what they had.—2d. For that after their flight they did kill divers ol our men that did straggle abroad, so that it was thought better to send out in parties,
•and a commissioned officer or more to command the party.—3d. Because that those that did straggle did do much spoil in gathering fruits not half grown, which doubtless was a great cause of want.
Question 9th.—Was any punished according to the rigour of that or* der with death?
A?ijwaRo, but some were made prisoners, and .those who were
f '-- . eminently eminently guilty, and some had rid the wooden horse, and two who were notorious swearers were whipt and burnt through the to is^ue, for that and other misdemeanors; which was done in the time ot' general Venables' sickness a little before our coming away.
Question 10th.—But why should any be punished for going abroad to get reliefs
Answer.—Their going abroad was not only hurtsul to the army, in spoiling cassava and fruits, but also in making the cattle wild; for they were not so wild but might with ease be drawn into pens with men on horieback; but our men mooting at the cattle wounded many, and killing but few, made the cattle wild, and to run surther from us, and much harder to come by; for I heard captain Jones's lieutenant say, in two days being sent to fetch in cattle, he had seen about fourscore wounded cattle in the woods, some having their guts trailing after them; so that sew were to be seen before we came away in those places, where there were thousands to be seen before, which being sulfered must needs bring scarcity.
Question 11th.—But why did yourgeneral come home?
Answer.—That one main reason was, he was generally thought the fittest man to come home, for he was best able to give an account of the affairs of the army to his highness. Further, he had not his health, and the doctors said he would die if he did not soon go on shipboard; allo lie came with the consent and, as I conceive, at the desire of the major part of the sield ofsicers.
Question 12th.—But how did general Venablcs carry himself in hip |>lace?
Answer.—He did in my judgment carry himself like a godly, valiant, discreet, general, exposing himself to the greatest danger, and sharing With us in our wants; and one that did in his place endeavour the suppressing of sin and the promotion of godliness, and one that I conceive Would have done it more had he sit instruments for his help in that kind Which 1 conceive was much wanting.
Here also followeth some abstract of a letter from Mr. John Daniel, $s our affairs* to hi* brother culuuel William Daniel, governor of
St. St. Johnston's in Scotland; from whence I received the particulars following:
Jamaica, June 13, 1(555,
'WEDNESDAY and Thursday we hovered off Hispaniola in councils, and concluded the certain possession thereof without blows, (sharing the lioning loving skin) with such allurances as I believe much displeased our gracious God, that hitherto had brought us sase: and by commissioner Window (always irrefutable) affirmative death was ordered for any soldier to plunder or diminish ihe least; which, being proclaimed at the landing, proved satal to the army. One regiment of seamen joined with us. Dur best councils advised to run into the town and harbour of St. Domingo suddenly, before knowledge of our approach, and that had certainly carried our business. The seamen no sooner hearing the proclamation against plunder, laid down their arms, and so most os the army by that example, though much sweetness was used by the general; butno cordial could mitigate that poison: Yet, seeming cheersul, they marched that day, Sunday, and Monday, through rough woods, some savannas, and rich valleys. A plentisul island but very scarcely watered, which with the heat and hard marching parched all with drought. Monday the seventeenth of April colonel Buller's regiment, with sive hundred of colonel Holdipe's, landed in a bay sase, near a fort were sir Francis Drake landed, about ten miles from the town of St. Domingo; and approaching' that fort, the enemy quitted the same, leaving two great guns dismounted, and the walls they endeavoured to dismantle as the time would give them leave, which made colonel Buller pursue his march towards the town, through the narrow passes of the woods, and by a guide was misled to some plantations vacant and waterless near a strong fort, within three miles of the town. No sooner was colonel Buller marched from Drake's landing place, call, or view, but the general with the main army, after thirty miles tedious and weary march, came hungry, thirsty, and tired^ and, being insormed by a message from the rear-admiral who rode there to secure that fort or landing-place and watering, that colonel Buller was marched to the town, and the tide being come into the passes cf the river (forded by colonel Buller) which the army could not then sind iordable. The general immediately marchedfalong the river lo a sugar work, lodging that night upon a savanna without water, seven
F 2 miles ( )
fnitcs from colonel BuTler; and the next day,the eighteenth, we marched, and met with colonel Buller near the strong tort in the town road, where the enemy had ambuscades, and lined the woods; sell into our forlorn, killed adjutant-general Walters and captain Jennings, commander of the reformades, captain Cates of the sea regiment, captain Cox of the sirelocks, the general's secretary Mr. I emple, and the commissioners sub-secretary Mr. Murford, who all with the general expe6ted no such salutes; yet, by God's providence and mercy, his excellency was miraculously preserved. The army then enraged, beat the enemy, took their ground, and recovered all the bodies, and had not extremity of thirst, hunger, weakness, and night, resisted, would have that night entered the town; but, necessity has no law, all impatiently cried water, and some fainted, which regr* tsully caused a retreat at ten o'clock at night, and no known water, nearer than Drake's landing-place. With a strong rear-guard to preserve the saint and sick men, we came Wednesday to the said river and fort, to our shipping, and refreshed our weary limbs and sainting spirits in consultations until Tuesday the twenty-silib. os April. The sea general all this while hovering before the town sive leagues off the fort (where Mr. Window being) no consultations, could come to action without his and general Penn's stamp; which made our noble and unwearied general to have so m iny dangerous p illages in little fcrigantines to windward, for their consenting advice, which, every time differing, caused so much delay, embarrassed our soldiers, encouraged our «ncmy, and gave time for all possible resistance to encreate their numbers, effect their councils, and espy our weakness. We having no intelligence or knowledge of the country, our chief guide, captain Cox, slain, feeding on the worst'of salt beef, unwatered, with all the mouldy broken dirty sweepings of the ship's bilket, which the salie stewards could give us, allowing us no brandy or comfortable liquor, caused such immoderate desire of water, which that river (coming from a copper mine) afforded rather to encrease than quench thirst; and the rain nightly pouring with fogs and dews along the river, so soaked our bodies with fluxes, none escaping that violence, that our refreshment provi-d a weakening instead of a support. However, another march was resolved,a small morlar-piece borrowed at Barbadoes, with ten shells, and two small drakes, and some blunderbusses, got ashore, a very -little proportion of brandy allowed tocheerourmen,of which agood spoon might have held one'v ihare, then highly fluxing; no harness nor horses to draw, but all dra-.vn by •feme soldiers, mattocks aud spades earned by-others, wuicu with their