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deal of blood that has been shed in and about England, there has been the vastest expences of treasure that ever were heajrd of in that nation: Scotland almost ruined by rebellions and distractions, arising from difference of opinions: the deplorable condition of Ireland I need not tell you of: New England at great expences in the late expedition, and in great danger from their ill neighbours: New York not long since under great oppression by the usurpation of the government: in Maryland and Virginia, rising and differences between the governors and the people, to the great disquiet of both, and the uneasiness of the government at home: and what have not the. inhabitants of St. Christophers and the other inlands suffered? Many of these are now wandering and seeking lor new places of abode, whilst you sit under your own vines, and reap the fruits of your labour, without any considerable disturbance. Do you do what shall be requisite on your part, and nothing shall be wanting on mine that can contribute to it.

Gentlemen, I am commanded by the king to offer and recommend to your consideration the making an act, whereby the creditors of persons becoming bankrupts in England, and having estates in this island, may be relieved, and the debts satissied out of the same; and, likewise, that, for the better management of public affairs of this island, a law be passed for raising of three hundred pounds per annum for the solicitation of the same in England. The last is essentially necessary, that the public affairs may suffer very much by the want of it; therefore, for your own sakes, I will hope for your concurrence in it, in the same manner as it has been formerly allowed of.

Gentlemen, some grievances that you have lain under have been removed since my coming among you ; if any yet remain, you shall sind me as ready, as sar as in my power lies, to consent to such laws as you shall propose for the redressing them, as you can be to ask it; for I know the king intends you all the kindness you can reasonably desire, and therefore I hope you will, and must command that you carry yourselves toward him in your debates, as well as upon all other occasions, with all the duty and respect that is owing to a prince, whose piety, wisdom, and valour, has redeemed our religion and our liberties, by breaking the measures of them who designed the ruin of both.

These, gentlemen, in my judgment, are the ways for you to become a happy people, and whenever you are so, I (hall think myself a happy governor among you.

G g 2 A SPEECH A SPEECH OF THE EARL OF INCHIQUIN

TO THE

ASSEMBLY OF JAMAICA* AT THEIR^ DISSOLUTION.

Gentlemen,

•"PIIE chief ends of my calling you together were, that you might take due measures for your own preservation in this troublesome time of war, and the indemnifying of the inhabitants of this island, who have suffered by the invasions of the enemy, which you are bound to do by your own laws; and to lay before you the exigency of the government, in hopes you would have taken it so sar into your consideration as to have enabled me to do something for your protection, and towards the discharging of near eight thousand pounds debt, incurred upon that account, most of it before my coming to the island, and some since: You have indeed passed a bill for raising four thousand seven hundred and eighty odd pounds, towards the maintaining of a sloop, and repairing the losses of the sufferers; but, as it were in the same breath, you vote and pass a bill in a. matter the king had taken into his consideration, which I take to be a great disrespect to him; that it entirely takes away-his revenue, there not being any mention made, that I can hear of, in seven or eight weeks time that you have sat, lor what was granted to the crown by the one and twenty years bill, or of any equivalent for it; only I understand, by a message I sometime since received from you, that you had once read and passed a bill for raising a duty of forty shillings pa- head on negroes exported, and something upon wine imported. The sirst is absolutely repugnant to the commands I have received from the king, and, should it pass, would^ in my judgment, be highly prejudicial to the kingdom of England and this island, it being the greatest blow that can be given to trade, which is the lise of this place, and I am bound to encourage and protect, and will do it. And now you fend me a meslage to desire the expediting of two bills, the one tending to the destruction of the government, the other to the affronting of me, neither of which, in my opinion, require so much haste as that for the relieving of the poor sufferers, and the preventing others from falling under the fame calamities; 'but that "till, it sePTn?, yot) think sit to lay aside till you see what* 1 will do with 1 the others, though yesterday I sent you a message to press the expediting of it, which you vouchsafed to answer only with another message. This 'is inch away of proceeding, that I cannot, in hehalt* of the king, of the government, iill traders, and the generality of the planters, (who I have a very good opinion of), but highly resent. } ou may stand in need of that justice and chanty, which you have, by these measures, withheld from your poor neighbours; but that God, which is a God of justice as well as mercy, will avenge the cause of the poor on them and theirs V ho have been the opprellbrs of them.

When I came to this island, I found a flame kindled among you, which I took some pains to quench, and had in a great measure done it; but, since your meeting, I sind iome turbulent spirits have added new suel; therefore, to prevent the increase of a fire that may be satal to the island, though you have a speaker and several others among you I highly esteem, and am persuaded of their being very well afsected to the government; since I cannot say so much of the major part of you, I think it necessary, in the king's and queen's names, to dissolve you, and you are hereby accordingly dissolved. '4 *

But now I have further to say to you, gentlemen, that, since you did not think it sitting to make a congratulatory address to so gracious a king as you have, it is not sit for me to receive one from you j therefore., there's ^your address again.

.And it was thrown at them with some contempt,

July 30, \69\> ^: }

AN AN ADDRESS OF THE

PRESIDENT AND COUNCIL OF JAMAICA, TO THEKING AND QUEEN.

To their most excellent and most sacred majesties king William and queen - Mary, by the grace of God, of England, Scotland, Prance, and Ire. land, king and queen, of Jamaica^ in America, lord and lady, defenders »f the faith, &c.

THE HUMBLE ADDRESS OF YOUR MAJESTY'S PRESIDENT, AND THE REST ,OF YOUR MAJESTY'S COUNCIL, OF JAMAICA AFORESAID.

Mojl dread foveieigns,

SINCE, by the death of your majesty's late governor, and want ol a commander-in-chief of your majesty's island aforesaid, and the especial trust and considence your majesties have been pleased to repose in us, the government thereof is now devolved on us, your majesties most humble, loyal, and obedient, subjects;'we,therefore, in the deepest contemplation of your majesties most transcendant goodness towards all your majesties subjects, and the many great and marvellous things your majesties • have not only attempted, but brought to pass for us, and more especially ef your majestic* princely care and particular providence of this place, most humbly beseech your majesties, instead of what we owe, but can never perform, graciously to accept of what we can and are willing and ready to do, which is the laying down our lives and fortunes at your sacied majesties seet, in desence of your majesties royal persons, prerogative, government, and succession, as by law established, as the best means to make your majesties great and ourselves happy.

Most gracious sovereigns,

We have great reason to sear, that we unhappily labour under your majesties most gracious displeasure, through the endeavours of the last 'assembly, as they represented the communion of the island, to repeal and annul the laws made in the late despotic reign and government; but most hutnblv hope, and heartily implore your majesties, that no mistaken methods or unsuccesssul measures nvvy eclipse and darken the royal beams of your majesties most gracious favours, which have hitherto lhone so illustriously riously in this our western hemisphere; and, since it appears to the world to be your majesties royal opinion in your majesties most princely declaration, at your majesties most happy arrival, that it is most certain and evident to all men, that the public peace and happiness of any state or kingdom cannot be preserved where the laws, liberties, and customs, established by the lawsul authority in it, are openly transgrelled and annulled; more especially where the alteration of religion is endeavoured, and a religion which is contrary to law is endeavoured to be introduced; and that it cannot be pretended that any kings ever reckoned it a crime for their subjects to come in all submission and respect, and in due number, not exceeding the limits of the law, and represent to them the reasons that made it impossible for them'to obey their orders; and that your majesties, in surther consirmation thereof, in the sirst year in your august reign, hnvq been graciously pleased to pass it into a law, that it is the right of the subject to petition the king; and elections of members of parliament ought to be free, and excessive bail ought not tabe required, nor excessive sines imposed, nor cruel punishments inflicted; and that jurors ought to be duly impanelled and returned; we, in all humility, most humbly presume ourselves within the bounds of your majesties royal grace, savour, and protection, and in the most humblewise, ,}n behalt os ourselves and the rest of your majesties subjects belonging tp this your majesties istand, with all manner of submission, duty, and respect, most humbly beg leave to lay before your majesties how much and wherein our laws, liberties, and customs, have been transgressed and annulled, and a religion contrary to law endeavoured to be introduced amongst us, and why we cannot with due cheersulness submit to their laws; and most humbly beseech your majesties, whom it hath pleased God to make the glorious instrument of our deliverance from popery and arbitrary power, that your majesties .will be graciously pleased to savour us with an hearing before your majesties in council against the unsree elections and proceedings of that allembly, in that your majesties will in no otherwise persect our deliverance, so sar advanced by your majesties, by annulling those laws, than the real truth of the violation of the freedom of our elections and the often transgressing and annulling our laws, liberties, and customs, and the introduction of religion, which was contrary to law was endeavoured on us, shall be sully proved and made appear before your most gracious majesties in council.

And, according to our duty and interest, we mall always pray for your majesties long and prosperous reign <}ver us. . . April 28, J 692.

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