« PreviousContinue »
That it be ordered what boats shall take the soldiers in, according as lot and command shall require.
By Myself And The Field Officers Of The Army, On Boards The Swiftsure, April 10, 1655,
THAT, in case the surge of the sea go high, and the fort and trench be desended, the army land to the leeward behind the second point.
That, after the army islanded, a regiment be ordered to the east of the city, provided general Penn engage to supply them with all necessaries1. The regiment h colonel Buller's by lot.
Instructions To The Several Colonels About Landing Ih Pursuance Of The Foregoing Votes.
1st. THAT the regiments which land sirst at the River 1 line, (if we land there, and that the ditch at the landing be desended and within shot,) , then they are to advance against the enemy, and to pass the same; but if it be out of <hot and not desended, then to stand still till all belauded; but if at the more westerly, then to draw up and stand till all be landed.
2d. In case we sind no opposition then none to march away, but all in seniority as their due.
3d. The signal a piece of white cloth or paper upon the left arm.
4th. That the word be religion. «
5th. In case the enemy oppose, each man is at landing to advance to relieve where there is most necessity.
These things, thus ordered, Mr. Winflow came and told me that general
ral Perm bad sent Cox forth; and that he seeirgavest* I b^arirg away from the rest of the fleet, asked who he was an 1 what he went r/.iout. lie was answered it was Cox, and that the general had lent him. I pon which I went to general Penn and asked for captain Cox (who with one Mr. Bounty had been taken in at St. Christopher's as guides, both of them being lately come from Hispaniola, where Cox had served many years a gunner in the castle of St. Domingo): General Penn told me he had sent him forth to gain intelligence. I aiked surther, if he would return to be our guide when we landed? he answered he would, for he had orders so to do. I replied it was well if he did. I then began to put the regiments that were to land with myself in readiness for landing, delivered out my foremmtioned instructions to the several colonels; and the next day, when 1 took leave of general Penn and Mr. Winstow, they gave me orders to prohibit plundering, which I told them I would do by publishing the order accordingly, i then asked for Cox, whom the seamen they say saw a few hours before returning to us: general Penn told me he was before me on board the vice-admiral whither I was then going. I asked for Fearnes and Bounty, that one of them might stay with the fleet when Cox- lest them to march with us by land, he said they must stay with him to bring the fleet (which anv shallop might have done) to an anchor: I replied one of them was suisicient; for that we might want two: but he would not part with cither of them. When I came aboard the vice-admiral I was discoursing with some oificers about what we were to do, and presently enquired of the vice-admiral .whether we were yet sallen into the River Hinc: he replied he knew not. I then asked for Cox, he said he was not on board nor returned back that he knew of, since the general lent him; and that lie had no guide but one Sabada, a Dutchman, nor any guide . nor order for landing at Mine River. I told him it was the place' we designed to land at, and that we would attempt that place besore we went to the leeward point. He said he durst not venture the fleet without a pilot in a strange and dangerous place. I desired him to send forFearnee or Bounty, or return with the fleet to general Penn; he said he could not, the wind was against us, and that we must go to the leeward point. I then protested my dissatissaction at these passages, and so by force was carried to the west point, which occasioned a long and tedious march, forty miles or thereabouts, in a woody country we knew not, and without any guide save Heaven, the land burnt up with a ilrought, so that our horses and men, the sun being in our saces, sell down for thirst; but if any had the least liquor poured into him he recovered, otherwise died immediately;
mediately; our very seet scorched through our shoes with the sand and gravel, there being no grass save in savanna's, and the heats in the torrid 2one at the highest, the nights cold and much dews, which with eating oranges for thirst, wanting water, made our men after their former bad and short diet more apt to the rluK; and in this condition we marched four days to come to the place we Ihould and might have landed at the sirst day, and have prevented all this trouble, ficknels, and the enemy's summoning in 'the whole country to oppose us; and, to add to our misery, many of our men (who thought to have' three days provisions) were by some seamen put on shore, by whole sault I know not, with only one day's victuals, so that we were ready to sink down with extreme saintness. At this place we made a signal, and desired to pass over the river. By the votes of the council of war before mentioned, colonel Bailer was to land to the east of the city; I gave him order also not to attempt agiinst it, the haven being betwixt him and the city, till the army appeared on the other side; lest, if he were repulsed in so dangerous an attempt, it might heighten the enemy's resolves. But, in case he could not.land to the east, then to observe the commissioners orders till he joined with the army. No place being found to land him to the east of the city, he was landed at Hine River the day we came to it, with order not to stir from thence till we came to him; but he disobeyed that order, and marched away witli Cox, our only land guide, who returned to general Penn in our absence; which caused us to march ten or twelve miles about, not knowing the .lord; to sast two days longer, which almost destroyed our weak and sainting men, and brought along with it so many inconveniences as blasted all our resolves; he susfering his men to straggle, it caused the enemy to lay an ambuih for him, as himself consessed, into which he sell, and necessity forcing our retreat it encouraged the enemy; all which is evidenced, though death hath prevented me of many witnesses, yet the ensuing letter, which was sent me from a colonel in the army, dated from Jamaica, the 14th of March, 16*65, and declares both our resolves as to running the fleet into the haven and Buller's words and actions as is now mentioned:
WHEREAS I hear they accuse you for chusing to land at point Nizaise, 1 knew it was not your choice, and all men will believe it when they consider what little command you had of the fleet; and 1 remember well you were
so so far from wishing well to a long march that you desired lo have landed at the very city itself; but it was alsirmed at the debate that there was a chain laying across the mouth of the harbour, to hinder passage, which was afsirmed bv so eminent a person that none of the pilots would contradict it, whilst they were in the cabin, though I can depose that afterwards one of them, who had not long since been there, did afsirm to me there neither was, nor did he believe there could be, any such thing.
'What the sufferings of the army were in your march I cannot know, otherw ise than by relation and by the experience of my own and colonel Bullcr's men in a much shorter wav, w hich was but from Mine River to the two new plantations, which could not be above six miles, and yet brought our men to that extremity for want of water that I never heard the like complaint as was the next morning amongst them; a condition we sell into through the forwardness of colonel Buller to march lrom Hine River, •where we landed, and \vi re appointed to expect the army, or that message you were to fend to the rear-admiral for provisions, he himself confessing both in his letter to general Fi nn and Mr. Wir.llow on board, ;ind likewise to the ofsicers of that party, that he had no orders to march.. I likewise • knew that a party was sent forth by him next morning, commanded by hi? major Blond, and guided by Cox, to discover .the fort of St. Ilierouimo, au J .to get some intelligence of your march with the rest of the army. He there stayed so long at the meeting of she ways, which was about hair a mile from the fort, as colonel Buller wondered at it. I thereupon offered to march with a small party, to know what was the occasion of their stay; and, as I remember Bland told me they were ordered there to remain to -expect the army to come up, which he was consident would not be long, as the news was true which was brought to his colonel upon the march the day before, by a soldier who stayed behind at Mine Bay; which was, he •saw a man come to the river side with two colours upon a pike. I asked him how sar the fort w as from where he and his party ilayed: he said it was hard by, and that a little within the woods I might plainly see it; Which I desires to ds, and took Coxe the guide with me; who led me by a small path about mulket-fhot through the wood to a piece of sallen ground, which lay uext adjoining to the fort, and about a quarter of a mile distant from it. Having seen the fort and having Bland-s answer, I jeturned with it to colonel Buller, the party still remaining there till the .army's coming up; but as it seems to me that free and often looking on lUciatt had caused those men to be discovered, and thence brought that
ambuscade forth, In whose hands vour honour had Hk? to have fallen; fer I have heard colonel Buller say he did believe that ambush was laid for his men and not for the army.
: This letter Was writ to me from colonel Richard TToldipe, in answer to one os mine when 1 petitioned arid expected to be called to give an account of all my transactions.
This Following Certificate Was Writ By Mr. Henry Cary, Secretary To His Highnesses Commissioners.
I, underwritten, testify that being present in the great cabin on board the Parago, I heard general Venables a/k of vice-admiral Goods on whether they were yet fallen in with the River Hine for words to that pur pofe J that they might try to land tliere; whereupon the vice-admiral replied, that the?/ had over/hot it as they thought; whereat the geneial wondering, and faying that it was resolved to land there if they could, he further added that he had no orders to stop there. This discourse happened on the 13th of April, 1655, which I am ready to confirm by oath, if need require.
I mentioned before the commissioners order to me, which as soon as we landed, according as they required, I published that order against all plundering, and that whatsoever was gotten .should be brought into a 'publick stock, and acquainted the ofsicers with the commissioners order, which followcth:
By the commissioners appointed by his llightless for ordering and managing the affairs in America, ice, taking into our serious consideration upon our near approach to the city of Domingo, a place that we have resolved to make t.'ie firji attempt upon, in order to the present expedition in the Wejl-1 tidies, conceive it a just and meet thing that some more than ordinary encouragement be given to the army, and the rather because if God lliall phase to put it iiito o>ir bands, we may not admit of plunder, jor that his highness intends M plant a colony of English there ; and therefore do declare if the said efty of