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THE state and health of Jamaica, tilt within this small time, hath heen very well known to most of the gentlemen here present, by its vigorous and flourishing condition, its wholesome laws duly executed, and a current trade well settled, encouraged, and maintained; it hath since that sallen into a languishing condition, and is now near expiring.

Our most gracious sovereign, in his princely care of, and kindness to, riis subjects, as the best of kings and Ikilsullest of physicians, hath at this, without any regard to himself, but solely to regain our former state of health and consirm it to us, called this general consultation.

, Every member, therefore, of this insirm body ought saithsully to complain of its indisposition, that the malady, though compounded ofever so many ills, may '>y him be thoroughly understood, and then experience teaches the application will be proper and the cure easy.

That we have a complex of diseases is most certain; our saces are floated, our stomachs are vicious aud sull of bilious humours, our hearts are as hollow as deceit itself.

The only care of late hath been for the preservation of head and heart, and a total neglect and slight of legs and arms; but the little singer must rither receive its due nourishments, or the body becomes decrepid and insirm. Jamaica, till of late, hath not been known to want any thing, but now, with a great deal of sorrow may it be thought of, and truly said, to -want all things, negroes, trade, and money; on these three hang all the {ood and ill of this island. By me kings reign and princes decree judgment.

As I came not here to act any thing maliciously, or in«prejudice of any jnan, so neither was I sent here to advance my particular estate or purchase to myself honour, by conniving at or consenting to any thing which in my conscience I judge not the true public interest of Jamaica.

JAy motion therefore, Mr. Speaker, shall be, that this house would iruly and impartially consider Jamaica's present affliction, and in a pro§ttf meUiod its Uue ictaedv ami f«dreis« And Ut all, the people fay amen.



Jamaica, ft

The examination of Richard Arnold, aged twenty-six years $r thereabouts.

npHIS cxaaiinant saith, that on or about the sixteenth day of June, anno domini 1G84, he went off this island on a voyage to the South Seas?, under the command of one captain Peter Harris, being invited to that undertaking by one John Matthews, an acquaintance of the said examinant, being the only man of all the company that went over with the said examinant, who had been there before; and that the said Arnold went off in a-floop, whereof one Daniel Smith was master, from Point Negril to Grand Caymanas, and from thence to the Musquito^s in another sloop, where he was taken by the said Harris on board his barque, and from thence transported to the Main near the Golden Island, where they landed and were mustered under the said Harris, to the number of ninety-fix white men and three Indians, and there sunk their vessels; and that, on their arrival there, they were told by the Indians, that king Golden-Cap was dead, which troubled them for some time, but were soon revived by the good hews that one Josepho, a great man amongst them, whospoke Spanish, and who had some considerable command and interest amongst the Indians, was willing to'be their guide through the country towards the Stockadoes, whither they were designed, being about thirty leagues distant from their banding place: whereupon they set forward under Josepho's conduct, having with him abou^ twenty Indians, and sent others before tb/m to prepare canoes for them, about twelve leagues above the said Stockadoes, and performed their march in four elays; and there embarked into the canoes provided ac aforesaid, and so came down that river, and landed within half a mile of the Stockadoes, having by the way, by the help of the said Josepho, got together about three hundred Indians; and early in the morning tell on the said place and took it, where they shared about a hundred shares, at twenty-four ounces of gold dull each share, leaving the other gros$ plunder to the Indians; that at this place they took a barque belonging to his most Catholic majesty of four pederaroes, and thirty men, well armed with small arms, with about a thousand pounds sterling in dust gold, the rest of her cargo being liquors and lumber: here also the said examinant saith, they took eight large canoes, on which they all embarked again, leaving the Indians at the Stockadoes; also with their barques airl canoes went down she river Andriel to the mouth of it, where they took another vessel laden with provisions and some wine, with which they proceeded on their voyage for the Cays to the southward of Panama, about two leagues thence called the King's Cays, where they took about ten sail of pearl barques, having nothing on board them but and plantains, £Cc. and with two of the best of the said barques, and the other barque of four pederaroes, being well sitted out of the other eight with all manner of necessary rigging, they proceeded to Cape Clare to the southward of Panama, to cruize for a ship, leaving the other eight barques on the more on the Cays; from whence, having spent some time to no purpose, they steered away again to the westward near the place where they sitted, where they were attacked with sive barques sitted out from Panama to take them, the admiral of which they laid on board, and fought board and board for an hour, but could not lash him sast, by reason they so well desended themselves with pikes; and the night coming on, whilst the rest of his fleet lay to windward and saw sair play. In this engagement they lost three men outright, and two more wounded, who died soon after; the Spanish admiral above forty men. From thence they stood away surther to the westward for the river called Niciao,- in hopes of getting a bigger vessel, being a place where the Spaniards built their ships; foksight ot which place they spied a an anchor, to which they made, and sent their canoes on board to know who and what she was, which proved to be captain Swan in a ship about a hundred and forty tons, sixteen guns, and twenty men, with whom they entered into an agreement for his ship at ten shares himself, his men two, and his boy half a share; the business of the said Swan before that time, as this examinant believes, being only for trade. On which agreement, they manned the said ship and turned the lesser barques adrift, retaining only that sirst taken, and so stood away to the southward, to join themselves with ©ne captain John Cooke, who the said Swan told them was come about in a Dutch ship of thirty-six guns, which he took with a small vessel of three guns on the coast of Gumica; and at the Ifle of Plate found the said ship commanded by one captain Davis, and manned with seventy-sive men, the said Cooke being dead; on board of which ship the said Davis had a

prisoner prisoner who undertook to carry them to a rich town called Guyaquilj; on which voyage they proceeded, and went up the river in their canoes, and landed about a.hundred and thirty about two leagues fhort of the said town; where, being landed and ready to march, on seeing many lights in the town, a dispute arose between Swan and Davis, who then commanded the whole party. Swan supposing the same to be lighted matches would not adventure to march sarther, concluding they were descried; whereupon they returned on board again, mucli disatissied with Swan's conduct, being well assured by their prisoner they might have made sive hundred pounds sterling a man in gold. From this place they* proceeded to another place called Payla,where they also landed about ninety men, and took, plundered, and burnt, it; where they were entertained with about a hundred and sixty men from Pura, a place they designed to take by surprize; so, sinding themselves descried, and that city in arms for their coming, they returned on ship-board again. On this bad success, it was generally concluded among them to stand away to the westward again for the Cays, and to lay there for the Spanish fleet then expected from Callas, the Barkadera of Lima, where they continued about sive months; during which time several parties came over land, as this examinant and his companions had done before them, and got to the said Cays in canoes, viz. one captain Francis with about four hundred French, captain Lequi with about sifty,both which came together over landfromGolden Island, as aforesaid; and, to welcome the said Francis, this examinant faith, they gave him a ship of four hundred tons, which they had taken whilst at the Cays, laden with flour, where allo they took about twelve barques with provisions, fowls, and other such like necessaries, bound forPanama, all which barques they turned adrift, having taken their necessaries. After the arrival of the two sirst parties, and disposal of the said great ship, there came three other parties over land by way of Golden, Island, viz. captain Francis sownly, captain Leigh, and captain Brandy, with about three hundred and sixty men amongst them, most English,, who in this voyage with their canoes took two ships with provisions; where: it was further agreed to carry on the design against the Spanish fleet, and: that Davis should be admiral, having an antiquated French commission, and carry the flag at the main-top-mast-head, and that Swan should bevice-admiral, who utterly resused to-wear French colours or sight under, any other colours than the king of England's, for that he had lost twa; men in sair trade with the Spaniards, and so wore the union flag at foretop-mast-head, king's jack, tfc* And that captain Francis should leconcU ©avis, who was to lay the admiral on board, captain Townly to second! captain Swan, who was to board the vice-admiral, and that captain Leonard in a sire-barque should also attend on Davis, if need were, to burn the Spanish admiral, and in that manner to engage the Spanish lleet. In the interim of which, the Spanish fleet standing sar off in the offing, passes unseen, and lands their money at Leveia, about ten leagues to westward of Panama, and there takes in considerable reinsorcement of men, Kc. and comes to sea, consisting of about eleven sail and two lire-ships; the admiral having sifty-four guns, vice-admiral forty-six, and rear-admijal thirty-six, and from thence to twenty-six and sixteen guns, coming Unexpected to the piivateers about the Cays from the westward, stood right in upon them, which caused them to weigh and stand off, to clear and get the wind of them if possible; upon which the Frenchman, who should have seconded Davis, veers away, and never offers to tack or come to their assistance, whereby that day was quite spent without any action. The next day, they being to leeward of the Spanish sleet, the admiral and his fleet bore down on Davis* who bore away to speak to Swan and Townly, to consult them what was best to be done; who, sinding the French had left them with their sire-ships, made a running sight of it, having turned some of their canoes adrift, and lost other some by the Spaniards shot: went surther to the westward, to a place called Quibo, to build new canoes, where, in three weeks, they built ten new ones; where it was concluded to go for Rio Leo and the city of Leon, which they took, plundered, and burnt, having missed of the wealth, having been descried • ere they entered the town, so shared no considerable matter; after whicli they resumed their former resolutions for Rio Leo, which they took likewise, plundered, and burnt; the last place affording nothing valuable to them, more than pitch and tar, being the product of those places, and that place samous for building great mips; there also the Spaniards set fire to two considerable ships on the stocks, one ready to launch, to pre* verlt them falling into enemies hands. At this place the ileet divided, being in or about the month of June, anno domini 1685, Swan and Townly directing their course sarther to westward for Aqua Pulco and California, to try their fortunes there, and from thence round the Phillipine Isles to the East-Indies, and so home, as they said; captain Davis and his sire-ships designing back again to the southward for Truxillo, a place sar to windward; after which this examinant never saw or heard of Swan and Townly. In their designed voyage for Truxillo, being in some want of provisions, Davis, with whom the examinant failed, touched at

D d certain

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