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ing related to tlie council, we were not permitted to stay for arms, much less, which I earnestly pressed, to exercise the men and try what they were; but the officers and myself were threatened to be imprisoned is they stayed in the cily till next day; whereby some were constrained to leave their necessaries behind them, which they could never procure to be brought to them; all being denied carriages, which are allowed all other officers in the three nations. I then moved, that we might have a general muster, that I might see the ofsicers and soldiers together, the better to judge of their sitness and abilities; and was promised it mould be at Portsmouth; but, before I could come thither, some were shipped and sent away, and all were reproached for not fhipping saster than wind, and tide, and boats, would serve us; and, when I earnestly moved to have our store ships with us, 1 was promised they should meet us at Portsmouth, and there I was told they would be with us before we left Barbadoes. In all my desires and proposals I was constantly answered with scoff or bad language by some; as, moving for targets, the country being woody (the want of which we found to our grief) we had a jest told us, and then a denial. Instead of ministers to the six regiments I prclsed for, being the design was alledged to be for the propagation of the gospel, a number of black coats were ofsered; 1 complaining of prophane persons put upon me, it was answered, if they ofsended to cashier them, contrary to the old adage turpius cjiciiui; SCc. All these things might have discouraged me from going, had not my affections to the service os my country transported me beyond my reason, and all the persuasions of my friends. J, leaving a considerable employment at home, as well as estate, so that necessity did not force me upon the service. I was promised ten months provisions for ten thousand men; but, instead of having it put on board with me, it was sent to London to the store ships, for want of room, and yet the ofsicers of the navy took in commodities to trade withall at Barbadoes. When we came to Barbadoes, being the twenty-ninth of Jarm-*. ary, we sell next day to pursue our business and instructions, but found things so contrary to expectation and promise, that myself writ the following letter to the protector:

May it please your highness,

THE good hand of God going along withjus, at sea preserving us from tempests and diseases, not twenty that I can hear, of dying in all the fleet, the difsiculties and wants we have met with in this place are sully

repreiled .repressed by the commissioners, that I should but trouble your highness with mentioning of them. It may be your highness thinks we have spent too much time, and so do I; but when our wants are recounted, and the difficulties or rather impossibilities to supply ourselves here considered, it will appear to such as know this island we have not been slow; neither will it be imputed as a sault to us, I hope, considering our stores and other necestaries are all behind, which plead the more for us, and manisests our obedience to your higliness's commands; yet nothing can discourage, save what does wholly disable us to prosecute the same, which 1 hope will appear by our subsequent actings. Our supplies and recruits, I am consident, need not be pressed upon your highness, they being so necessary, and the work so serviceable to your highness, that I mail give you no other diversion, (ave conclude myself, &e.


AFTER a moss mercisul and good hand of God towards us at sea, the twenty-ninth last we came to anchor at Carlisle Bay. The next day we landed and sell about our work,but presently of our own selves, and by friends privately, were assured (which since we sind true) that all the inhabitants were against our design, as destructive to them, and that they would not readily and cordially assist us. All the promises made to us in England of men, provisions, and arms, we sind to be but promises, and do not know that we have raised one thousand sive hundred men, and not arms for three hundred of them. Mr. Neal's lifteen hundred arms are dwindled to one hundred and ninety. We did not doubt but my lord and his council had proceeded and grounded their resolves upon greater certainties than we yet dilcern, by any one particular, of all that was taken as most certain, the considence of which did cause us, with great assurance, to rest satissied with what was promised us we should sind here; only the country has raised us sixty horse in a troop. We cannot expect to be relieved from hence with provisions, they buying all their own; and, had we not found some sent here by the victuallers of the navy, I know not how we should have subsisted when gone hence. We have seized some Dutch vessels which we found here, which resuse to give us any invoice or bill of lading, they having almost fold all their goods, and landed them before we came; and the inhabitants will not discover to

Bii whom whom they were sold; only since we came, a Dutchman came in with, two hundred and forty-four negroes, which we have fold for about live thousand one hundred and sixty-two pounds; and another veiiH, with some asles, sold ior about two thousand two hundred pounds, and twentythree not yet fold, which will much exceed all other seizures; but whatever is not to be gotten here must be sent from England, qr we must perish. We desired our men's arms might be changed, being extremely bad, and two sifths not to be made serviceable here. Of three thousand men designed, we brought but two thousand sive hundred, and of thole not one thousand six hundred well armed, so that our stores not coming as promised, we are making half pikes here to arm the rest of thole we raise, for we have not hopes at any rate to procure one thousand six hundred sire arms. If bread and meat be not constantly lent us from England, we must want, it; for cassava after it is planted (and we cannot plant it till June at soonest) will not be sit to eat lor one year. It is agreed upon, by all those persons that know America* that English powder will not keep above nine months, and at that time we must receive constant supplies. French and Spanish powder will keep many years, therefore I earnestly desire salt petre and all other materials, with men to m ike powder, may be sent to us; for the ingredients will keep uncompounded very well. We have met with all the obstruction that men in this place can cast in our way, and, now we have time to draw our men together, we sind not half of them armed, nay, in some regiments, not above two hundred arms, the most unsit arms and unsit men generally given us, and here we are forced to make half pikes to arm them, which hath lost us so much time and will hazard our ruin. Had we been armed in England, doubtless we had been at work before this. I have just now received an account from general Penn of what arms the ships can accommodate Us with, which, as you may see by the enclosed particular, will not amount to, in stiot, above sifteen shot a man, a most inconsiderable proportion to have hunted tories with in Ireland, where we might have supplies every day, much more to attempt one of the greatest princes in the world, within his most beloved country, where supplies cannot be had above twice a year, and this island upon trial will not sit us with so much; a sad matter that we must attempt so high with little or nothing, or return; to do which some of us could more chearsully hear the news ol death than be guilty of. I have given the best account I am able. The commissioners will be more large, I believe, to his highness. Pray let not the

old old proverb be verisied, in us, out of sight out of mind; if so, you wifl quickly hear we are not in this world, EurbadoeS, February

The substance also os this letter, with some particular instructions, was written to Mr. William Rowe and Martin Nowell, who were agents for me and the army at London.

The sirst business we fell upon at Barbadoes was the seizing of all Dutch veflcls, according to his highness instructions. General P« nn put his own nephew, one Mr. Poole, to take- the invoices and bills of lading. Mr. Window and myself urged that he should not act but by commission from us, and that we would put a check upon him; he told us, he had power of himself to commission him, resided ours, and would not admit of a check, nor luster to see original invoices; only one I saw, which was conveyed away immediately, ; iv; the number of elephant's teeth in it, which I remembered exactly, one hundred and ninety-one, were, in the copy of it, made but one hundred and siity. 1 urged the salsehood of the copy, | and desired the original; at last they brought in a hundred and eighty-one, and urged that the otherlen were my mistake, but I had taken the number into my memorial, and could not mistake it; however this one act (if the rest of the invoices, as I have ground to believe, were curtailed accordingly) will shew the seamen's proceedings. Mr. W inflow and myielf considered how to remedy this but sinding the seamen our enemies, and at le ast lo scorn us and adhere to their general, and colonel Searle to comply with him* we were constrained to be patient by force, and commit the thingto private remembrance, when time served to vindicate ourselves, and Mr. Window laid he would certity secretary Ihurloe of it; which I believe hedid.

At A Council Of War Held At The Indian Bridge Town In Barbadoes, March 18, 1654, To Consider The Wants Ow


General Venables,
Major General Heiiies, Colonel Morris,

Colonel ForteJ'cue, Colonel Carter,

Colonel Ruller, Colonel Doyley*


• THAT it be proposed to general Penn and his officers, that as the land foiecs do promise never to desert the fleet, general Penn and his orsi

ce» cers do mutually engage with the land forces not to leave them until their supplies corns', which, if they should miscarry, then to transport them back again to England.

That it be proposed to the commissioners, that large proportions of shipping be provided to transport the army, lest, by peitering the ships, insectious diseases should consume the forces, and lo endanger if not overthrow the design. -v ~"v

That soldier's wives, who oifer to can y their own provisions, may be transported, to take care of the lick and w ounded men.

That old linen be provided for the chirurgeons.

That we do not march hence under at least twenty ton of ball.

That we have ten ton of match before we march hence.

That, before we part hence, we have from the fleet two thousand sirearms, six hundred pikes, besides pistols, carbines, and two hundred halt pike?, and that they be presently sent on shore.

We desired at the same time copies of the invoices. After long delay, one was delivered, and immediately by Pool borrowed from Mr. Cary, and would never be redelivered till the day we left Barbadoes, were forced to leave it with the commissioners for prize ostice there. But of this more hereafter, with Cary his testimony concerning the same.

Our stores not coming, I sent to general Penn to know what arms, shot, and match, he could spare, (for general Desbrow had assured me and the ofsicers in England that what was in the fleet was and should be for the carrying on the iervicc and at the commissioners disposal, and that there was enough to serve both us and the fleet, for some good time). He returned me an account of sifteen shot a man was all he could s pare of his ball, and a sew tons of match; but, though he had many hundred pikes in the fleet to (pare, and lances to kill cows, which were tor our use as well as the fleets, yet we could not get one pike or lance, only some sew half and quarter pikes; wherefore I was necessitated to set all hands to work to make half pikes (the timber of that country not being sit for long ones,)


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