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WEE, being sully satissied that our island of Jamaica, being a pleasant and most sertile soylc, and scituate most commodiously ior trade and commerce, is likely, through God's blessing, to bee a greate benehtt and advantage to this, and other our kingdomes and dominions, have thought sitt, for encouraging of our subjects, as well such as are already upon the said island, as all others that fhall transport themselves thither, and reside and plant there, to declare and publish, and wee do hereby de» clare and publish, that thirtie acres of improveable lands shall be granted and allotted to every such person, male or semale, being twelve years old, or upwards, who now resides or within two years next ensuing shall reside upon the said island, and that the same shall bee assigned and sett out by the governor and councell, within six weeks next after notice il|all be given, in writing, subscribed by such planter or planters, or some of them, in behalse of the rest, to the governor, or such officer as hee shall appoint in that behalse, signifying their resolutions to plant there, and when they intend to bee on the place; and, in case they doe not goe thither, within six months, then next ensuing, the said allotment /hall be <void, and free to be assigned, to any other planter; and that every person and persons, to whom such assignment shall bee made, shall hold and enjoy the said lands, foe to be assigned, and all houses, edisices, buildings* and inclosures, thereupon to be built or made, to them and to their heirs lbr ever, by and under s uch tenures, as is usual in other plantalionssubjeet to us. Neverthelesse, they arc to be obliged to serve in armes, upon any iniurreeeon, mutiny, or forraine invasion, aud that the said assignments and ah lotments shalbee made and conlirmed, under the publique scale of the said

island island, with power to create any mannor or mannors, and with such convenient and suitable priviledgcs and imunities as the grantee shall reasonably desire and require; and a draught ot such assignment shall bee prepared by our learned councell in the lawe, and delivered to the governor to that purpose; and that all'sishings and pischaries, and all copper, lead, tinn, irons, coales, and all other mines (except gold and silver) within such respective allottments, shall bee enjoyed by the grantees thereof, reserving onely a twentieth part of the product of the said mines to our vse; and wee doe further publish and declare, that all children of any of our naturall borne subjects of England, to bee borne in Jamaica, shall, from their respective births, bee reputed to bee, and shall bee, free denizens of England,' and shall have the same priviledgcs, to all intents and purposes, as our free borne subjects of England, and that all free persons shall have the Hbertie, without interruption, to transport themselves, and their samylies, and any their goods (except onley coyne and bullion), from any our dominions and territories,, to the said island of Jamaica; and wee doe strictly charge and command all planters, soldiers, and others, upon the.said island, to yield obedience to the lawsull commands of our right trusty and well-beloved Thomas lord Windsor, now our governor of our said island, and to every other governor thereof, lor the tyme being, under paine of our displeasure, and such penalties ag may be inflicted thereupon. Given at our courte at Whitehall, the fourfitenth day of December.

'p. ipem. Regent.



♦TPHE alteration cf the form of government in this your majesty's island -** of Jamaica unto tliat of your kingdom of Ireland, which your majesty, the best and greatest of kings, hath graciousty commanded us to submit to and own, we your majesty's truly loyal and dutisul subjects, hitherto have and yet do, by a willing readiness, and ready willingness, declare our entire obedience and hearty consormity thereunto, because your majesty commands. And although your majesty's great perspicuity and truly royal prudence is best able to determine what government is sittest for your subjects in this istand, yet with all due submission, in all •humility, we beg leave to represent to your majesty the great inconveniencics attending the present form in transmitting our laws home. The vast distance of place will of necessity cause a great expence of time between the sirst framing of our laws here and transmitting and returning of them hither again; so that, before they can be passed into laws by the consent of the assembly here, there will probably as great cause arise to alter as there was at sirst to make them. And, with due submission, we judge it even impossible to adapt laws to the present constitution, so as not to admit of often and great alterations; for, according to our experience hitherto, we have found urgent occasions to alter and amend the laws that more immediately concern us here, at the least every two .years, and we cannot foresee but we shall be under the same necessity still; so ^that if your majesty graciously please to take it into your princely consideration, and either restore to us the former power and way or method of making laws, or at least remit that part of the present method of making laws, which Only concern us here, as they may pass without transmitting the same, we hope, by our persect submiision and entire obedience to all your laws here, your majesty will be a glorious prince and your subjects here an happy people. And whereas the gentlemen of the assembly, in their address to your majesty, read herein council the 15th of November, 1679, do declare, as to the bill of revenue, wherein your majesty's name was left out, that there are several members of their assembly now sitting who were members when that bill passed three times in form in the assembly, and, • upon the best recollection of theic memories, they are

£ fully. 'fully persuaded and do believe that the bill was again sent down with that amendment from the governor and council according as the act passed.-^'We, the gentlemen of your majesty's council here present at the passing of the bill, do most humbly, witir all submission^ aver and declare, that we were so sar from consenting that the said bill should pass without your majesty's name in it, that we do not remember that it was ever debated or mentioned in council, surther, to the best of our respective knowledges, than that it was read three times, and passed the commons board with your majesty's name in it: and are the rather induced to this our considence because we sind the original act was erased by the then speaker's own hand; moreover, the several amendments of the said bill, that were made in council, were all taken notice of in the minutesof our council book, and no mention made of this. The gentlemen of the ailembly do produce nothing out of their journals to justify their reflection on us, therefore it is to be presumed they cannot; and we do therefore humbly and unanimously declare, we never did at any .time, either jointly or severally, make any complaint to the assembly, or any of them, of the power given by your majesty unto his excellency our present governor to suspend any of your majesty's council; therefore, as we have hitherto yielded all due obedi* ence and submission to your majesty's foyal will and pleasure concerning us, so we hope we shall still approve ourselves such, and, as in duty bound, ever pray for your majesty's long lise, and that you may prosper* ously and triumphantly reign over us*

This was unanimously agreed to in council by the respective ?nembers {hereof who were present at the pajsmg the bill of revenue. Colonel' Thomas Ballard, colonel John Cope, colonel Robert Byndlofe, colonel Thomas Freeman, colonel William Joy, colonel Thomas Fuller, John Whilst . esquires-, and consented to by the whole cou?icily. excepting lieutenant* Hoiohci Samuel Long,

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IN 16(51 colonel Delahoide had a commission to govern, and, having disbanded the army, to erect a civil government, and to act by advice of a council consisting of about twelve chosen by the country, ia the nature of their representatives; which government lasted about eight *orten months.

My lord Windsor succeeding, in 1662, he carried over a proclamation to give thirty acres to all settlers, and a promise to them and their children of denization and freedom as natives of England. He likewise was impowered to call assemblies, and to make laws not repugnant to those of England, to which the government was assimilated. His council was of liis own election.

Sir Charles Lyttleton succeeded my lord Windsor, who stayed about twenty months; he governs as his deputy, called the sirst assembly that made a body of laws and an act for raising of money, which was disposed of to the public use of the island, and received by a collector of their own, and never accounted for here. He had, as my lord Windsor, a council of about twelve chosen by himself, and governed about twelve months.

He left the council, and sir Thomas Lynch as president, to govern until sir Thomas Modyford, in May, 1664, came with commission and instructions to erect a judicature and call assemblies to make laws that wære to be -of force two years, and no longer, unless the king approve*}

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