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(«ecasions,criminaTcourtsof theoyerandterminerareby the governors-erected where they have been pleased. Some of them upon extraordinary design, to hang a man, do sit judges themselves. For the military power, it has -usually been in the hands of the governors, assisted by a lieutenant-generaL At present, sir Henry Morgan, who is likewise by patent lieutenant-general, and a major-general at present, vacant by the death of major-general Banister. The office of the last, besides the command that the title implies, hath been in some sort commissary-general of the musters, which jsa place absolutely necessary, and of great ule for the strict observingthat the proportions of whiles be kept up according to the law, in which consists a great part of the sucurity of our lives; but of this much will sall under your Jordship's consideration, when you shall think of the African company's .interest in that island, and the way to prevent interloping, which, whilst suffered, will insallibly produce clamour and trouble to the governor; for, if it be his c.are only to suppress them, then he will lose the good will of his people if he be zealous in it, and if he be not he has undoubtedly lost the friendship of the company, and consequently of his royal highness, which will make him more uneasy at court. But this well adjusted, authorized, and put under the inspection of a maj >r-gcneral, will prevent all mistakes and clamours against the governor, and be sive time's the prosit to him, than joining in interloping (as some governors have done) can be, I shall not enlarge upon this without your lordship's surther commands, but proceed to acquaint your lordship, that the number of men in arms there, being all whites above sixteen years of age that are one month resident in the place, amount to above sive thousand, under colonels, 8Cc. much in the nature of a militia, but upon ©ccasion a little more subject to martial laws; and besides those at the Point, do in their turns keep guard at the fort there, and also serve instead of constables and watches to keep the streets quiet at night. The officers in pay are only a governor of the fort, and one or two more. This, besides exercise, is all the duty of the soldiers, except that a squadron of the governor's own troops, commanded at present by one captain Hender Molesworth, one of the council, does mount every Sunday to wait on the governor's coach to church, if at St. Jago. The colonels are generally of ^rihe council, but all at the disposal os the governor, as indeed are all other 'places both military and civil, except the two general officers, the twelve "councillors, and patentee places. The next thing I shall observe to yo.ur 'lordship is the revenue, which arises principally by the customs or im* positions upon wines, brandies, beer, ale, and all other unposted coni

P 2 mudiueff modities, imposed by act of assembly from two years to two years, for longer they will not trust the governors to omit the necessity of calling of them; lest such laws as are sent home for ratisication, which are for theif interests and sasety, mould become void for want of such meetings; and'so, for the suture, they might be forced to live under such only as the king's royal pleasure should appoint them. This revenue is not much, but sussicient at present to pay the governor two thousand pounds per annum, a lieutenant-governor six hundred pounds per annum,, besides their establishments in England; the chief-justice has likewise a hundred and twenty pounds per annum out of it, with some salaries to the governor of the fort and other officers of the fort, customs, SCc. hesides a .little surplusage for fortisications and other incidents, ib that indeed it is or ought to be, by the establishment upon it, at least three thousand sive hundred pounds per annum. There are also his majesty's rents for the lands granted, which, were all paid that were due, would amount to near two thousand pounds per annum', this might however be remedied by a necessary law and an escheat. This' quit-rents have been hitherto a perquisite of the governments; for, by reason, that his majesty, by hjs original charter of settlement of that island, was pleased to free it from answering any prosits to the crOwn for a certain number of years, seven or eight whereof are unexpired, no account is demanded hither from thence, and they have been wife enough not to let the country call them to an account for the rents of the land, which they, as stewards to his majesty, have a right to receive. Something surther is worth your considering upon this subject, which I shall at your lordship's request communicate my thoughts of. My lord, this is all I can properly call revenue, though there are other prosits that accrue to the governors divers ways, as by the seal of admiralty, forseitures, SCc. But,- not to make my account longer than the matter requires, I shall in short declare that which I believe, that government is uprightly at present worth, not mentioning the casual prosits such a place may bring in, between • ' sive and six thousand pounds per annum, which I reckon by these branches:—One thousand six hundred pounds from England, per annum % two thousand lrom the country's establishment, the quit-rents; one thousand and the prosits arising from the seal by naturalization, SCc. about a thousand two hundred, or a thousand three hundred, pounds per annum. This is truly near the matter, though some will undervalue it, and reckon it much less; others again are as extravagant in their computations, calling it ten or twelve thousand pounds per annum. I must consess I believe lieve a governor of your lord/hip's qualities and qualifications would soon sind it increased by the country's kindness, nor would any man, I humbly conceive, in this nation sind so easy as your lordship would do, whose name, by honest sir Henry Morgan's means, is as generally mentioned with honour and good wishes in their healths as if they had found the good elfects of your lordship's government there already; and, next his majesty's and his royal highnesses, no health sooften drank, especially at his and his brother's in law colonel Byndloss's tables, and these are the two men indeed who have thetrue and most prevalent interest in thecountrv; sir Henry from his eminent and samed exploits in those parts, together with his generous and undesigning way of conversing with them, colonel Byndloss by the same generosity and frankness of conversation, mixt with one of the most able understandings that J. ever yet met with; and, were my judgments considerable to your lordship, I should not stick to own I think, considering every thing, sew clearer thinkers are to be found in the world, though having a plentisul fortune, which he has acquired there by his industry, he does not bend himself to flattery and other little arts, but plainly and above-board ofsers counsel, which, if accepted, no man more zealous by labour to make his advice succeed; but, if not, then his standing but by, and retiring without one word of discontent, being more jolly than envious in his temper, yet is that sufficient to influence things to go uneasy with any man that has use of those people, as my lord Vaughan to his great loss in the assembly he called, for closing with sir Thomas Modyford and neglecting sir Henry Morgan and his brother Byndloss, all things went heavy that concerned him there, and forced him upon little violences, which have aggravated matters against him. This I have the more enlarged upon, knowing some persons here may give a contrary character of the men, it being their interests to do . so. When I reflect, my lord, how tedious 1 have been, I am ashamed, vet I hope your lordship will excuse it, since it proceeds from a disinterested zeal to your service, though I must consess there is no man's m the world, except the king's commands and business, should be so embraced by me; for, like every body else that has had the honour of knowing your lordship, I am one of your true admirers, and shall upon -all occasions endeavour to express myself, my lord,

Your lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

TheT^HE EARL OF CARLISLE'S SPEECH

TO THE

ASSEMBLY OF JAMAICA.

THE HEADS OF THE SPEECH.

THAT he would not say the body of laws which he had now brought were altogether the same which were sent home the last time, the council of plantations having bad but one day ol meeting after they came; neither could he answer for the exactly true writing of them, because the great seal was affixed to them but two days before he came away, and so had no time to c6mpare them.

Those he said that were present, when his commission was published, might observe some alteration in the model of the laws, the stile and title being changed to the king and assembly, which we had no reason to be displeased at, it being a greater honour than any plantation ever yet had.

That the laws which were to be made for the.future were to be made like as they are made in Ireland.

That we were under great obligations to his majesty for hisparticular care and extraordinary charges in maintaining this island, and therefore he hoped it would oblige us to such suitable returns as his majesty might be pleased with.

That the king looked on this island as his darling plantation, and ha« •taken more pains to make this island happy than any other of his colonies.

That among other acts he should send us to-morrow, the first would Hbetheactof the revenue, and that there was a necessity, of making some

dispatch of it, because of arrears due to the ofsicers and torts lately built, -for whidh people were yet unpaid; for the building whereof we stood

obliged to fir Henry Morgan for bj§ care and pains,

TTiat'lnVmaje'sty was displeased with us for passing some acts in Former -assemblies, without using his name, and that never yet any such thing was done in any of his plantations or dominions. That, in the acts of militia last made, there was a clause left out saving the governor's power, but he hoped none would be willing to derogate from the power his majesty gave his governors in his commissions, and that he Tioped if scruples did arise amongst us we would repair to him before we passed any vote, that he might satisfy us. . .s

That he much coveted tilings anight be so managed that.the king might be sully satissied with us; that the restraint that both he and we lie under in the new laws he brought over cannot be altered, for that he had no power to do it, but should be glad if he had.

That he always had been accounted a man of property, and was in nothing more affected than to do good to this place, and came with an intent so to do, and therefore would not by his power lead us into inconveniences or our posterity*

* REFOR**

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