Page images
PDF
EPUB

3. Other Names and Titles applied, or alleged to be applied, to Christ,

not indicating the Divinity of his Nature.
Judg. xiii. 22. Isa. ix. 6. — Secret, or Wonderful. In the former fassage,

applied not to Christ, but to an angel; in the latter, if referring to our Lord,

applied not to bis essence, but to his offices - Pages 143-6, 191-2.
Isa. ix. 6. — Counsellor, one who asks advice from God; or the revealer of God's

will 191-2.
Isa. ix. 6. - Ererlasting Father, a wrong translation. The original rendered by

the best critics, “ the father of the future age;" and interpreted, “the author

of eternal life” – 195.
Isa. xi. 10. Rom. xv. 12. Rev. v. 5; xxii. 16.- A root of Jesse, or of David ;

a branch from the root of Jesse, &c.; a descendant - 196, 429, 575, 581.
Matt. i. 16, et al. The Christ, Messiah, or anointed one ; a title of office, not of

nature. Jesus appointed by the Father to be the Messiah — 231, 557.
Matt. iii. 17, et al. Son of God, synonymous with Messiah, the king of Israel,

but sometimes applied to Jesus as meaning an innocent person, a hero, &c.—
243, 244, 252, 263, 265, 274, 275, 285, 291, 318, 319, 350, 357, 384-5, 401,

414, 557.
Matt. viii. 20; xvi. 13. John v. 27, et al. -Son of man, either with or without

the Greek article, applied by Jesus to himself, to indicate either his office as the

Messialı, or his nature as a human being — 251, 264, 336.
Matt. viii. 2; xp. 22–25; xxi. 3 ; xxii. 45 (comp. Ps.cx. 1). Luke i. 42; 4.8.

John xi. 25—27. Acts ix.5. 1 Cor. viii. 6, et al. The expression, Lord or my
Lord, sometimes taken in the sense of “Sir,” being a compellation of honour
addressed even to strangers ; sometimes in the signification of “ Teacher" or
“Master;" and at other times as the Messiah, appointed by God; not indi-
cating Jesus to be Jehovah, or the Sovereign of universal nature -250, 263-4,

269, 270-1 and 173, 292, 296-7, 300-1, 359, 399, 408-9, 439.
Matt. xii. 8. — Lord of the Sabbath, applied to man in general — 259-60.
Acts x. 36. — Lord of all, spoken of our Lord as the Messiah, constituted by

God a spiritual sovereign ; or of Christianity, because equally adapted to be the

rule of Jew and Gentile --401-2.
Rom. x. 12, 13. — The same Lord over all, applied to God the Father — 428.
1 Cor. ii. 8. - The Lord of glory; not the glorious Jehovab, but the author of the

glory to be imparted to his disciples — 434.
James ii. 1. — The same expression improperly rendered ; different in the original

- 546-7.
Heb. i. 2. - Heir of all things — Lord of all, so constituted by God the Father -

521.
Loke i. 49.- The wisdom of God, interpreted not of Christ, but of God - 300.
1 Cor. i. 24. Christ, that is Christianity, the power of God, and the wisdom of

God; or, by Christ, God manifests his power and wisdom - 432-3.
John i. 1, 14. — The word; the reason, wisdom, or power of God, manifested in

the works of creation, and afterwards in Jesus Christ. The word of Jah, as
used by the Chaldee paraphrasts, not a person different from Jehovah, but God

himself-303.13.
Heb. iv. 12. - The word of God; not Christ, but God himself, or the language

of the Almighty in Scripture 537.

1 John i. 1. The word of life, the gospel — 553.
Rev. xix, 12, 13. — The word of God, meaning the Messiah - 580.
John i. 18; v. 18. Rom. viii. 32. 2 Cor. iv. 4. Col. i. 15. Heb. i. 3, et al. - The

only-begotten Son; God's own Son; the image of the invisible God; the bright-
ness of his glory, and the express image of his person ; descriptive, not of Christ's
divine essence, but of his character and offices 313-5, 331, 423, 150-1,

487-9, 523-5.
John viii. 25. — From the beginning. An egregious mistake to render the original,

“the Beginning," as a nominative case, and as asserting the eternal Divinity of

Christ - 316.
John viji. 58. — I am; not a title, nor indicating eternal existence 349.
Acts iii. 13, 27, 30. The Child or Servunt of God, expressive, not of physical

but of moral properties God's love to Christ, and Christ's obedience to the

Father — 392, 394.
i Tim. i. 1. Tit. i. 3, 4; iii. 4, 6. Jude 25, et al. - The term Saviour applied

to God and Christ ; to the former as the original contriver of our redemption; to

the latter as the messenger and agent of the Father — 508, 518, 520, 571.
1 Tim. ii, 5. — Christ, the Mediator, not as God, but as man. Even in the alleged

character of God-man, the Mediator inserior to the invisible, etemal Deity —

61, 509-10.
Col. i. 5. Rev. iii. 14. — The first-born of the whole creation ; the beginning of the

creation of God; not expressive of Christ's eternal generation, or of his being
the originator of the universe, but of his being the first or chief in the new crea-

tion — the beginning or Head of the church - 489, 577.
Heb. i. 6 and Ps. Ixxxix. 27. The first-born, applied both to Christ and David

in a regal sense, pamely as sovereigns appointed by God 528, 171.2.
I Tiin, vi. 14, 15, 16. The blessed and only Potentate, &c.; interpreted of God

the Father 516-7.
Rev. i. 5; xvii. 14; xix. 16. Prince of the kings of the earth; King of kings,

and Lord of lords. These titles applied to Christ as a being who had received
regal power since bis exaltation; a great king and a great lord; God's vice-

gerent – 573, 579.
Rev. i. 8, 10, 17; ii. 8; xxi. 6; xxii. 13; comp. Isa. xli. 4, et al. -

The Alpha
and Omega, &c. whether as applied to God or to Christ, not involving the notion
of eternal existence — 574-6, 581, comp. 199, 200,

4. Christ not Self-existent or Eternal.
Self-existence an attribute of the Deity — 56, 57.
The Father alone self-existent or unoriginated — 58, 59, 60.
The co-eternity of the Son of God with the Father not expressly and literally

mentioned in Scripture - 51.
Christ, considered even as God of God -- the begotten of the Father before all

worlds, a derived, created, subordinate being — 27, 35, 58-60, 315.
Exod. ii. 14. - I am that I am, not spoken by Christ. The original rendered so

as not to imply self-existence 129, comp. 126-8.
Prov. viii. 22, 23. — I was set up from everlasting, &c. Not Christ, but divine

wisdom personified —178-9.
Isa. ix. 6.-Cbrist improperly termed by our translators, the ererlasting Father.

More correctly rendered, " the Father of the everlasting age'- Ini.

John i. 1. - In the beginning; a phrase which proves nothing as respects the

eternal nature of Christ - 302.
John vi. 64.- Jesus knew from the beginning of his ministry – 342.
John viii. 58. – I am. The reference to Exod. iii. 14 very doubtful. The origi-

nal by some critics rendered “ I was," namely, in the divine decree, or to denote

simple pre-existence — 349.
1 Cor. x. 9. – Neither let us tempt Christ, &c. No proof of Christ's eternity –

440-1.
Heb. ix. 14. — Through the eternal spirit, improperly adduced to prove the eternal

existence of our Lord. Allusion made to his immortal and glorified state

540-1.
1 John i. 1, 2. That which was from the beginning. The gospel of Christ was

decreed from the beginning of the world ; but the phrase more usually interpreted

of the beginning of Christ's ministry. Eternal life, similarly explained — 553.
1 John ii. 13. — Him that is from the beginning. God, the Ancient of days, the
Sender of Christ; or Jesus, from the commencement of bis ministry 554.

5. Christ not Eternally Begotten.
The eternal generation of Christ cannot be proved from Scripture — 54, 55.
The doctrine itself, besides being antiscriptural, is absurd and self-contradictory —

27, 58, 291, 314-5.
Ps. ii. 7. Acts xiii. 33. Heb. i. 5; v. 5. Thou art my Son, this day hare I

begotten thee. Improperly interpreted of Christ's eternal generation 159-61,

404, 527, 538.
Ps. xlv. l. My heart is inditing a good matter, or word. Imprudent application

to the eternal generation and Deity of the Logos 165.
Ps. Ixxxix. 27. — My first-born; the chief and most eminent - 171-2.
Ps. cx. 3. – A portion of this misrendered, Before the morning-star I have begot-

ten thee, and blunderingly interpreted of Christ's eternal generation — 174.
Prov. xxx. 4.– What is his son's name? No allusion here to the second person

of the Holy Trinity — 181-2.
Isa. liii. 8. Acts viii. 33. – Who shall declare his generation? his life; the men

of his age ; the lastingness of his kingdom, &c. – 202-3, 399.
Dan. iii. 25. — Like the Son of God; a most improper translation - 211.
Mic. v. 2.

His goings-forth from everlasting. Absurd to refer these words to
the eternal generation of our Lord — 218-9.
Luke i. 35. Matt. i. 18, 20. — Son of God, Christ so called because miraculously

conceived, not because he was eternally begotten. The Christopedia, containing
the account of this conception, does not prove the Deity of Christ, but is opposed

to the doctrine 291, 232-3.
Joho i. 14, 18, et al. (comp. Gen. xxii. 2 and Prov. iv. 3). — The only-begotten

Son, applied to Jesus, either in regard to his miraculous conception, or to the

great love manifested by God towards him 313-5, comp. 118 and 177.
John vii. 27 ; ix. 29. No man knowelh whence he is, and similar expressions,

have no reference to divine generation 342, 350.
John viii. 42; xvi. 27. I proceedeth forth, and I came out from God; plirases

referring merely to divine commission — 347, 374.
Col. i. 15. The first-born of every creature; not used by the apostle of Christ's

having been begotten by the Fatlıer before all time--489.

6. Christ not Incomprehensible and Immutable.
Judg. xiii. 18. - My name is secret or wonderful; the language, not of Christ,

but of an angel – 145-6.
Isa. ix. 6. Wonderful. The prophet treats, not of Christ's essence, but of his

excellencies -191.
Matt. ix. 27 and Rev. xix. 12, 13, No one knoweth the Son; no one knew his

name. Spoken in relation, not to the essence of our Lord, but to his offices and

dignity as the Messiah 258-9, 580.
Heb. i. 10, 11, 12. Thou remainest, &c. Accommodated to Christ, but more

properly applied to the Father — 532-3.
Heb. xiii. 8. – Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, &c. Interpreted of bis doctrine,

promises, or assistance to the church 544-5.

7. Christ not Omnipresent.
Matt. xviii. 20; xxviii. 20. There am I in the midst of them; I am with you

always to the end of the world. Promises primarily and literally made to the
apostles, and in reference to the Jewish age, but may be accommodated to all

times — 266-7, 282-4.
John iii. 13. Who is in heaven ; variously interpreted, but without implying

omnipresence — 325-7.
Eph. i. 23; iv. 10. - That filleth all in all, &c. all the members of his church
with gifts and graces

- 464, 470.
Col. iii. 11.- Christ in all. The Christian religion concerneth all men

502.

8. Christ not absolutely Omniscient or Wise.
Cbrist knew the inmost recesses of the human heart, from having received this

power from the Father 285, 341, 577.
The popular belief, in the time of Christ, that prophets were endowed with this

faculty; and this belief founded on fact – 298, 321, 363, 375.
Matt. ix. 27. The Son knoweth the Father, the decrees and counsel of God

relating to salvation, because the Father bad imparted this knowledge — 257-8.
Mark xiii. 32. That day and hour the Son knoweth not. The difficulties insu-

perable on the Trinitarian hypotheses. The “ orthodox " warring amongst

themselves as to the import of the words - 286-8.
John ii. 24, 25. - He knew all; knew what was in man. Expressions which do

not prove the absolute knowledge of Jesus 320-1.
John x. 14, 15. As the Father knoweth me, eren so know I the Father. The

punctuation erroneous; and the phrase to know here, as in other places, signifies
to love, &c.

351.
John xvi. 30; xxi, 17. - Thou knowest all things; an expression used in common
life, but applied to Jesus as a divine messenger

374-5, 385.
Acts i. 24. Thou, Lord, knowest the hearts of all men. The application doubtful.

The words perhaps commonly referred, not to Clirist, but to the Father -- 388.
Col. ii. 2, 3. - In whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

Interpreted variously, but not of the omniscience of Christ – 498-9.
Heb. iv. 12, 13. The word of God, not Christ, but God himself, or the language

of God in Scripture, a discerner of the thoughts - 537.
Rev. ii, 23. Christ, hy communicated power, searchcth the reins, &c. -- 577.

9. Christ not absolutely Supreme.
God the Father absolutely supreme; in scholastic terms, “the Principle and Four-

tain of the Deity." Christ, as Mediator, or even when considered as God, or
as God-man, subordinate and inferior to the Father - 28,58–62, 268, 336, 337,

347, 369-71, 437, 438, 441, 441, 542.
John iii. 31. — He is above all. Superior to the prophets — 329.
Acts ix. 36. — Lord of all; Christ, or his doctrine, having authority over both

Jews and Gentiles - 401-2.
kom. ix. 5. Who is over all, God blessed for ever. Christ not here called the

Supreme God – 425.
Rev. xvii. 14, Lord of lords, and King of kings. God's vicegerent 579.

79.

10. Christ did not possess Underived and Independent Power.
Matt. xxviii. 18. John v. 19. — All the power which Christ possessed, derived

from the Father 276, 332.
Jolin üi. 34. God giveth not the spirit by measure unto him. God pre-eminently

endowed Jesus 329.
Jolin v. 17— 20. — My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. Our Lord the imi.

tator of his Father 331-3.
2 Pet. i. 2, 3. - His divine power. Interpreted of God the Father -551.

(1) CREATION AND GOVERNMENT.
Geu. i. 1. - In the beginning. To explain the Hebrew word as meaning Christ,

exceedingly frivolous -
Ps. xxxiii. 6. — By the word of Jehorah, that is, by God's command — 163-4.
John i. 3, 10. — The interpretations favour the notion, that all things were made

by an impersonal Logos. If, however, Christ be meant in the passage, it was

God who effected the creation by or through his Son - 309-10.
1 Cor. viii. 6. - By whom are all things in the new creation. The “all things"

are of the Father, and by the Son — 439.
Eph. iii. 9. God created all things in the new creation by Jesus Christ. But

the words “ by Jesus Christ,” spurious — 466-7.
Col. i. 16. — By him were all things created, &c.; by him all things consist.

Expounded of the church, or new creation — 490-5.
Heb. i. 2.- Through whom he made the worlds. God made them by the instru-

mentality of his Son; or, made them for, on account of, the Messiah; or, by
Christ, God constituted the ages, - the Christian age, the plural by way of

eminence 522.
Heb. i. 3. — Upholding all things by the word of his (the Father's) power ; or by
power conferred on him by the Father-

525.
Heb. i. 10. – Thou, Lord, hast laid the foundation of the earth, &c. Properly

applied to God the Father; or to Christ as the builder of the spiritual Jeru-
salem

-532-3.
Heb. iii. 4. He that built all things is God. Reference made, not to the crea-

tion of the world, but to the constitution of the church. The architect God

operating by Jesus Christ - 535-6.
Rev. iii. 14.- The beginning of the creation of God, the new creation — 577.
Suppose our Lord had been the Creator of the universe, the act itself would not

prove the absolute Divinity of his nature, or that his power was underived-311.

« PreviousContinue »