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civil places and power of kirkmén, till they be tried and allowed in free Assemblies and in Parliaments) to labour, by all means lawful, to recover the purity and liberty of the Gospel, as it was established and professed before the foresaid novations. And because, after due examination, we plainly perceive, and undoubtedly believe, that the innovations and evils contained in our supplications, complaints, and protestations, have no warrant of the word of God, are contrary to the articles of the foresaid Confession, to the intention and meaning of the blessed reformers of religion in this land, to the above-written Acts of Parliament; and do sensibly tend to the re-establishing of the Popish religion and tyranny, and to the subversion and ruin of the true reformed religion, and of our liberties, laws, and estates; we also declare, That the foresaid Confessions are to be interpreted, and ought to be understood of the foresaid novations and evils, no less than if every one of them had been expressed in the foresaid Confessions; and that we are obliged to detest and abhor them, amongst other particular heads of Papistry abjured therein. And therefore, from the knowledge and conscience of our duty to God, to our King and country, without any worldly respect or inducement, so far as human infirmity will suffer, wishing a further measure of the grace of God for this effect; we promise and swear, by the GREAT NAME OF THE LORD OUR GOD, to continue in the profession and obedience of the foresaid religion; and that we shall defend the same, and resist all these contrary errors and corruptions, according to our vocation, and to the uttermost of that power that God hath put in our hands, all the days of our life.

And in like manner, with the same heart, we declare before God and men, That we have no intention nor desire to attempt any thing that may turn to the dishonour of God, or to the diminution of the King's greatness and authority; but, on the contrary, we promise and swear,

That we shall, to the uttermost of our power, with our means and lives, stand to the defence of our dread Sovereign the King's Majesty, his person and authority, in the defence and preservation of the foresaid true religion,


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de liberties, and laws of the kingdom ;, as also to the mutual

defence and assistance every one of us of another, in the
same cause of maintaining the true religion, and his
Majesty'sauthority, with our best counsel, our bodies, means, ,
and whole power, against all sorts of persons whatsoever;
so that whatsoever shall be done to the least of us for that
cause, shall be taken as done to us all in general, and to
every one of us in particular. And that we shall neither
directly nor indirectly suffer ourselves to be divided or
withdrawn, by whatsoever suggestion, combination, allure-
ment, or terror, from this blessed and loyal conjunction ;
nor shall cast in any let or impediment that may stay or

any such résolution as by common consent shall be found to conduce for so good ends.; but, on the contrary, shall by all lawful means labour to further and promote the same: and if any such dangerous and divisive motion

be made to us by word or writ, wé; and every one of us, Tips shall either suppress it, or, if need be, shall incontinent

make the same known, that it may be timeously obviated. Neither do we fear the foul aspersions of rebellion, combination, or what else our adversaries, from their craft and malice, would put upon us ;. seeing what we do is so well warranted, and ariseth from an unfeigned desire to maintain the true worship of God, the majesty of our King, and the peace of the kingdom, for the common happiness of ourselves and our posterity.

And because we cannot look for a blessing from God upon our proceedings, except with our profession and subscription, we join such a life and conversation as beseemeth Christians who have renewed their covenant with God; we therefore faithfully promise for ourselves, our followers, and all others under us, both in publick, and in our particular families, and personal carriage, to endeavour to keep ourselves within the bounds of Christian liberty, and to be good examples to others of all godliness, soberness, and righteousness, and of every duty we owe to God and man.

And, that this our union and conjunction may be observed without violation, we call the LIVING GOD, THE SEARCHER OF OUR HEARTS, to witness, who


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knoweth this to be our sincere desire and unfeigned resolution, as we shall answer to JESUS CHRIST in the great day, and under the pain of God's everlasting wrath, and of infamy and loss of all honour and respeet in this world :: most humbly, beseeching the LORD to strengthen us by his HOLY SPIRIT for this end, and to bless our desires and proceedings with a happy success; that religion and righteousness may flourish in the land, to the glory of GOD, the honour of our King, and peace and comfort of us all. In witness whereof, we have subscribed with our

RE hands all the premises. THE HE article of this Covenant, which was: at the first

subscription referred to the determination of the General Assembly, being now determined; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the government of the kirk by bishops, and the civil places and power of 'kirkmen, THE upon the reasons and grounds contained in the Acts of the General Assembly, declared to be unlawful within this kirk, we subscribe according to the determination aforeni said.

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Acts of within e on to 、




An Act of the General Assembly 1643, and an Act of Parliament 1644,

ratifying and approving the said LEAGUE and COVENANT..


JER. 1. 5. Come, and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that

shall not be forgotten. Prov. xxv. 5. Take away the wicked from before the king, and his throne shall

be established in righteousnes CHRON. xv. 15. And all Judah rejoiced at the oath ; for they had:sworn

with ail their heart. GAL. iii. 15.---Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed by

an oath, no dan disannulleth or aideth thereto..

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