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Parl, fl. King James VI. ; as common enemies to all. Christian government, Act 18, Parl. 16. King James VI.;; as rebellers and gainstanders of our sovereign Lord's authority, Act 47. Parl. 3. King James VI. ; and as idolaters, Act 104. Parl. 7. King James VI. But also in particular, by and attour the Confession of Faith, do abolish and condemn the Pope's authority and jurisdiction out of this land, and ordains the maintainers thereof to be punished, Act 2. Parl. 1. Act 51. Parl. 3. Act 106. Parl. 7. Act 114. ' Parl. 12. King James VI. do condemn the Pope's erromeous doctrine, or any other erroneous doctrine repugnant to any of the articles of the true and Christian religion, pubhckly preached, and by law established in this realm; and ordains the spreaders and makers of books or libels, or letters or writs of that nature to be punished, Act 46. Parl, 3. Act 106. Parl. 7. Act 24. Parl. 11. King James VI, do condemn all baptism conform to the Pope's kirk, . and the idolatry of the mass; and ordains all sayers, wilful : . hearers, and concealers of the mass, the maintainers and resettersofthe priests, Jesuits, trafficking Papists, tobepunish. ed without any exception or restriction, Act 5. Parl. I. Act 120. Parl. 12. Act 164. Parl. 13. Act 193, Parl. 14. Act 1. Parl. 19. Act 5. Parl. 20, King James VI. do con-demn all erroneous books and writs containing erroneous doctrine against the religion presently professed, or containing superstitious rites and ceremonies Papistical, whereby the people are greatly abused, and ordains the home-bringers. of them to be punished, Act 25, Parl, 11. King James VI. do condemn the monuments and dregs of bygone idolatry, as going to crosses, observing the festival days of saints, and such other-superstitious and Papistical rites, to the dishonour of God, contempt of true religion, and fostering of great error among the people; and ordains the users of them to be punished for the second fault, as idolaters, Act 104. Parl. 7. King James VI. Likeas many Acts of Parliament are conceived for maintenance of God's true and Christian religion, and the purity thereof, in doctrine and sacraments of the true church of . God, the liberty and freedom othereof, and her national, synodal assemblies, prologo. sessions, policy, dio all (.


| and jurisdiction thereof; as that purity of religion, and to

liberty of the church was used, professed, exercised, preach. Alth

- ed, and confessed, according to the reformation of religion lil in this realm: As for instance, the 99th Act, Parl. 7. Act

§§ 35 passi. At it o’lo o so. o. 3", l.

Ring James VI. ratified by the 4th Act of King Charles, lo | So that the 6th Act, Parl. 1, and 68th Act, Parl, 6, of log | o King James VI, in the year of God 1579, declare the so | ministers of the blessed evangel, whom God of his mercy his - had raised up, or hereafter should raise, agreeing with them lil

that then lived, in doctrine and administration of the sacra. Its

ments; and the people that professed Christ, as he was then loo

9ffered in the evangel, and doth communicate with the loo,

holy sacraments (as in the reformed kirks of this realm they
were presently administrate) according to the Confession of
Faith, to be the true and holy kirk of Christ Jesus within
this realm. And decerns and declares all and sundry, who
either gainsay the word of the evangel received and ap-
royed as the heads of the Confession of Faith, professed in
ło, in the year of God 1560, specified also in the
first Parliament of King James VI, and ratified in this pre-
sent Parliament, more particularly do express; or that re-
fuse the administration of the holy sacraments, as they were lo
then ministrated; to be no members of the said kirk with- lo
in this realm, and true religion presently professed, so long
as they keep themselves so divided from the society of
Christ's body. And the subsequent Act 69. Parl. 6 of
Ring James VI. declares, that there is no other face of
kirk, nor other face of religion, than was presently at that
time, by the favour of God, established within this realm:
“Which therefore is ever styled God's true religion,
“Christ's true religion, the true and Christian religion, and
“a perfect religion;” which, by manifold Acts of Parlia-
ment, all within this realm are bound to profess, to sub-
scribe the articles thereof, the Confession of Faith, to recant
all doctrine and errors repugnant to any of the said articles,
Act 4. and 9. Parl. I. Acts 45, 46, 47. Parl. 3. Act 71,
Parl. 6. Act 106. Parl. 7. Act 24. Parl. 11. Act 125.
Parl. 12. Act 194, and 197. Parl. 14. of King James VI,
And all magistrates, sheriffs, &c. on the one part, are or:


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dained to search, apprehend, and punish'all contraveners: For instance, Act 5. Parl. 1. Act 104. Parl. 7. Act 25. Parl. 11. King James VI, ; and that notwithstanding of the King's Majesty's licences on the contrary, which are discharged, and declared to be of no force, in so far as they tend in any wise to the prejudice and hinder of the execution of the Acts of Parliament against Papists and adversaries of true religion, Act 106. Tarl. 7. King James VI. On the other part, in the 47th Act, Parl. 3. King James VI. it is declared and ordained, Seeing the cause of God's. true religion and his Highness's authority are so joined, as the hurt of the one is common to both ; that none shalf be. , reputed as loyal and faithful subjects to our sovereign Lord, , or his authority, but be punishable as rebellers and gainstanders of the same, who shall not give their confession, and make their profession of the said true religion: and that they who, after defection, shall give the confession of their faith of new, they shall promise to continue therein in time coming, to maintain our sovereign Lord's authority, and at the uttermost of their power to fortify, assist, and maintain the true preachers and professors of Christ's religion, against whatsoever enemies and gainstanders of the Same; and namely, against all such, of whatsoever nation, estate, or degree they be of, that have joined and bound themselves, or have assisted, or assist, to set forward and execute the cruel decrees of the council of Trent, contrary to the true preachers and professors of the word of God’; which is repeated, word by word, in the articles of pacifi. cation at Perth, the 23d of February 1572, approved by Parliament the last of April 1573, ratified in Parliament 1587, and related Act 123. Parl. 12. of King James VI.; with this addition, “ Thät they are bound to resist all “treasonable uproars and hostilities raised against the true “religion, the King's Majesty, and the true professors.” . ...Likeas, all lieges are bound to maintain the King's Majesty's royal person and authority, the authority of Pārliaments, without the which neither any laws or lawfulj dicatories can be established, Act 130, and 131. Parl's. King James VI. and the subjects' liberties, who ought only | to live, and be governed by the King's laws, the common X.5 T : * * * * laws

word, the

laws of this realm allemarly, Act 48. Parl. 3. King James I, o' Act 79. Parl. 6. King James IV, ; repeated in the Act 131, on Parl. 8. King James VI.; which if they be innovated and *(iii. rejudged, “the commission ament the union of the two lo ingdoms of Scotland and England, which is the sole att * tic of #. 17th Parl of King James Ví, declares, such to lo fusion would ensue as this realm could be no more a site loot monarchy: because, by the fundamental laws, andent lo's privileges, offices, and liberties of this kingdom, not only *m. the princely authority of his Majesty's royal descent hath lo been these many ages maintained, but also the people: ; : security of their lands, livings, rights, offices, liberties, and Wilso dignities preserved. And therefore, for the preservation of looks, the said true religion, laws, and liberties of this king on, lo it is statute by the 8th Act, Parl. 1, repeated in the 99th loom Act, Parl. 7, ratified in the 23d Act, Parl. 11, and 111th lot Act, Parl. 12. of King James VI. and 4th Act, Parl. 1, oilo King Charles I. “That all Kings and Princes at their lo coronation, and reception of their princely authority, shallow. make their faithful promise by their solemn oath, in the lots presence of the eternal God, that, enduring the whole time lo of their lives, they shall serve the same eternal God, to the los. uttermost of their power, according as he hath required in lo his most holy "... contained in the Old and New Tesla l'ois ment; and according to the same word, shall maintain log the true o of Christ Jesus, the preaching of his holy lo ue and right ministration of the sacraments now received and preached within this realm, (according to the Confession of Faith immediately preceding) and shall abolish and gainstand all false resigion, contrary to lo the same; and shall rule the people committed to their W charge, according to the will and command of God reveald in his foresaid word, and according to the laudable laws and constitutions received in this realm, mowise repugnaut to the said will of the eternal God; and shall procure, to the uttermost of their power, to the kirk of God, and who Čhristian people, true and perfect peace in all time coming; and that they shall be careful to root out of their empire all hereticks and enemies to the true worship of God, who 'ohall be convicted by the true kirk of God of the fores!

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crimes.” Which was also observed by his Majesty, at his

coronation in Edinburgh 1633, as may be seen in the order of the coronation. In obedience to the commandment of God, conform to

the practice of the godly in former times, and according to

the laudable example of our worthy and religious progenitors, and of many yet living amongst us, which was war-- . ranted also by act of council, commanding a general band to be made and subscribed by his Majesty's subjects of all

ranks; for two causes: one was, For defending the true religion, as it was then reformed, and is expressed in the

Confession of Faith above written, and a former large Confession established by sundry acts of lawful General Assemblies and of Parliaments, unto which it hath relation, set down in publick Catechisms; and which hath been for many years, with a blessing from Heaven, preached and professed in this kirk and kingdom, as God's undoubted truth, grounded only upon his written word. The other cause was, For maintaining the King's Majesty, his person and estate; the true worship of God and the King's authority being so straitly joined, as that they had the same friends and common enemies, and did stand and fall together. And finally, being convinced in our minds, and Confessing with our mouths, that the present and succeeding generations in this land are bound to keep the foresaid national oath and subscription inviolable.

We Noblemen, Barons, Gentlemen, Burgesses, Mini

sters, and Commons under-subscribing, considering divers.

times before, and especially at this time, the danger of the . true reformed religion, of the King's honour, and of the publick peace of the kingdom, by the manifold innovations. and evils, generally contained, and particularly mentioned . in our late supplications, complaints, and protestations; . do hereby profess, and before God, his angels, and the world, solemnly declare, That with our whole heart we ee, and resolve all the days of our life constantly to here unto. and to defend the foresaid true religion, and {sorbearing the practice of all novations already introduced in the matters of the Y.: of God, or approbation of X

the corruptions of the publick government of the kirk, or 6 civil

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