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CHARLES I. Parl. 2. Act 5.

Acr anent the Ratification of the Covenant, and of the

Assembly's Supplication, Act of Council, and Act of Assembly concerning the Covenant.

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Ad EDINBURGH, June 11, 1640. "THE Estates of Parliament, presently convened by his

yar 18 Majesty's special authority, considering the supplication

sof of the General Assembly at Edinburgh, the 12th of Augustyperne 1639, to his Majesty's high Commissioner, and the Lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council; and the act of coun. cil of the 30th of August 1639, containing the answer of the said supplication; and the act of the said General Assembly, for the ordaining, by their ecclesiastical constitution, the subscription in the of the Confession of Faith and Covenant mentioned in their supplication: and withal

, having supplicated his Majesty to Goleme ratify and enjoin the same by his royal authority, under al civil pains, as tending to the glory of God, the preservation or other of religion, the King's Majesty's honour, and the perfect in the peace of this kirk and kingdom; do ratify and approve the Baid supplication, act of Council, and act of Assembly; and, conform thereto, ordain and command the said Confession and Covenant to be subscribed by all his Majesty's subjects, of what rank and quality soever, under all civil pains; and ordain the said supplication, act of Council, and act of the Assembly, with the whole Confession and Covenant itself

, to be insert and registrate in the acts and books of

parTiament; and also ordain the samen to be presented at the entry of every parliament, and, before they proceed to any other act, that the same be publickly read, and sworn by dennis the whole members of parliament claiming voice therein; otherwise the refusers to subscribe and swear the same shall have no place nor voice in parliament; And sicklike, ordain ah judges, magistrates, or other officers, of whatsoever place

, rank, or quality, and ministers at their entry, to swear and subscribe the samen Covenant, whereof the

tenor follows.

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Subscribed at first by the King's Majesty, and his Household,

in the year 1580; thereafter by persons of all ranks in the
year 1581, by ordinance of the Lords of secret council, and
acts of the General Assembly: subscribed again by all sorts
of persons in the year 1590, by a new ordinance of council,
at the desire of the General Assembly; with a general bond
for the maintaining of the true Christian religion, and the
King's person ; and, together with a resolution and promise,
for the causes after expressed, to maintain the true religiony
and the King's Majesty, according to the foresaid Confes-
sion and acts of Parliament, subscribed by Barons, Nobles,
Gentlemen, Burgesses, Ministers, and Commons, in the year
1638: approven by the General Assembly 1638 and 1639;
and subscribed again by persons of all ranks and qualities
in the year 1639, by an ordinance of council, upon the sup-
plication of the General Assembly, and act of the General
Assembly, ratified by an act of Parliament 1640; and sub-
scribed by King Charles II. at Spey, June 23. 1650, and

Scoon, January 1. 1651.
WE all and every one of us under-written, protest, That,

after long and due examination of our own consciences in matters of true and false religion, we are now throughly resolved in the truth by the word and Spirit of God: and therefore we believe with our hearts, confess with oyr mouths, subscribe with our hands, and constantly affirn, before God and the whole world, that this only is the true Christian faith and religion, pleasing God, and bringing salvation to man, which now is, by the mercy of God, reveal. ed to the world by the preaching of the blessed evangel; and is received, believed, and defended by many and sundry notable kirks and realms, but chiefly by the kirk of Scotland, the King's Majesty, and the three estates of this realm, * X2


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God's eternal truth, and only ground of our salvation; as
more particularly is expressed in the Confession of our Faith,
established and públickly confirmed by-sundry acts of Par-
liaments, and now of a long time hath been openly professed
by the King's Majesty, and whole body of this realm both
in burgh and land. To the which Confession and Form of

Religion we willingly agree in our conscience in all points,
as unto God's undoubted truth and verity, grounded only
- upon

his written word. And therefore we abhor and de-
test all contrary religion and doctrine ; but chiefly all kind

of Papistry in general and particular heads, even as they are now damned and confuted by the word of God and Kirk of Scotland. But, in special, we detest and refuse the Susurped authority of that Roman Antichrist upon the scripctures of God, upon the kirk, the civil magistrate, and consciences of men; all his tyrannous laws made


· rent things against our Christian liberty.; his erroneous doc-
trine against the sufficiency of the written word, the per-
fection of the law, the office of Christ, and his blessed
evangel; "his corrupted doctrine concerning original sin, our
natural inability and rebellion to God's law, our justifica.

tion by faith only, oựr imperfect sanctification and obedi-
ence to the law; the nature, number, and use of the holy
- sacraments; his five bastard sacraments, with all his rites,
ceremonies, and false doctrine, added to the ministration of
the true sacraments without the word of God; his cruel

judgment against infants departing without the sacrament;
his absolute necessity of baptism; his blasphemous opinion

of transubstantiation, or real presence of Christ's body in the
elements, and receiving of the same by the wicked, or bodies

of men; his dispensations with solemn oaths, perjuries, and
degrees of marriage forbidden in the word; his cruelty
against the innocent divorced; his devilish mass; his blas-
phemous priesthood; his profane sacrifice for sins of the
dead and the quick; his canonization of men; calling upon
-angels or saints departed, worshipping of imagery, relicks,
and crosses; dedicating of kirks, altars, days; vows to crea-
tures; his purgatory, prayers for the dead; praying or
speaking in a strange language, with his processions and
blasphemous litany, and multitude of advocates or media-


name of

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tors; his manifold orders, auricular confession; his desperate and uncertain repentance; his general and doubtsome faith; his satisfactions of men for their sins; his justifica.. tion by works, opus operatum, works of supererogation,, merits, pardons, peregrinations, and stations ; his holy water;. baptizing of bells, conjuring of spirits, crossing, sayning, anointing, conjuring, hallowing of God's good creatures, with the superstitious opinion joined therewith; his worldly monarchy, and wicked hierarchy; his three solemn vows, with all his shavellings of sundry sorts; his erroneous and bloody decrees made at Trent, with all the subseribers or approvers of that cruel and bloody band, conjured-against the kirk of God. And finally, we detest all. his vain allegories, rites,, signs, and traditions brought in the kirk, without or against the word of God, and doctrine of this true reformed kirk; to the which we join ourselves willingly, in doctrine, faith, religion, discipline, and use of the holy sacraments, as lively members of the same in Christ our head: promising and swearing, by the great name of the LORD our GOD, that we shall continue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this kirk* and shall defend the same, according to our vocation and power, all the days of our lives; under the pains contained in the law, and danger both of body and soul in the day of God's fearful judgment.

And seeing that many are stirred up by Satan, and that Roman Antichrist, to promise, swear, subscribe, and for a. time use the holy sacraments in the kirk deceitfully, against. their own conscience; minding hereby, first, under the external cloak of religion, to corrupt and subvert secretly God's true religion within the kirk; and afterward, when time may serve, to become open enemies and persecutors of the same, under vain hope of the Pope's dispensation, devised against the word of God, to his greater confusion, and their double condemnation in the day of the Lord Jesus : we therefore, willing to take away all suspicion of hypoX 3

crisy, The Confession which was subscribed at Halyrud-house, the 25th of l'ebruary 1587-8, by the King, Lennox, Huntly, the Chancellor, and about ninety-five other persons, hath here added, " agreeing to the word." Sir. John Maxwell of Pollock hath the original parchment.


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erisy, and of such double dealing with God and his kirk, protest, and call the Searcher of all hearts for witness, that our minds and hearts do fully agree with this our Confession, promise, oath, and subscription: so that we are not sky

, moved with any worldly respect, but are persuaded only in our conscience, through the knowledge and love of God's true religion imprinted in our hearts by the Holy Spirit

, as we shall answer to him in the day when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed.

And because we perceive, that the quietness and stability of our religion and kirk doth depend upon the safety and good behaviour of the King's Majesty, as upon a comfortable instrument of God's mercy granted to this country, for the maintaining of his kirk, and ministration of justice amongst us; we protest and promise with our hearts

, under the same oath, hand-writ, and pains, that we shall defend his person and authority with our goods, bodies, and lives, in the defence of Christ his evangel, liberties of our country, ministration of justice, and punishment of iniquity, against all enemies within this realm or without, as we desire our God to be a strong and merciful defender to us in the day of our death, and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ; to whom, with the Father, and the Holy Spirit, be all honour and glory eternally. Amen.

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LIKEAS many Acts of Parliament, not only in general do abrogate, annul, and rescind all laws, statutes, acts, constitutions, canons civil or municipal, with all other ordinances, and practique penalties whatsoever, made in prejudice of the true religion, and professors thereof; or of the true kirk, discipline, jurisdiction, and freedom thereof; or in favours of idolatry and superstition, or of the Papistical kirk: As Act 3. Act 31. Parl. 1. Act 23. Parl. 11. Act 114. Parl. 12. of King James VI. That Papistry and superstition may be utterly suppressed, according to the intention of the Acts of Parliament, repeated in the 5th Act, Parl

. 20. King James VI. And to that end they ordain all Papists and Priests to be punished with manifold civil and ecclesiastical pains, as adversaries to God's true religion, preached, and by law established, within this realm, Act 24.


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