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before mine eyes; cease to do evil; And thus are the secrets of his heart at the Ver. 17. Learn to dowell; seek judg- made manifest; and so, falling down, Sighly people. And the Lord added to the through patience and comfort of the

church daily such as should be saved. scriptures, might have hope. 2 Tim.

Q. 88. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption ?

0.90 A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ

euy beco communicateth to us the benefits of redemption, are his ordinances, especially the word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation ".

Q. 89. How is the word made effectual to salvation ?

A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness

4. TE and comfort, through faith, unto salvation ".

Q. 90. How what vehement desire, yea, what tinctly, and gave the sense, and caused zeal, yea, what revenge! in all things them to understand the reading. ye have approved yourselves to be 1 Cor. xiv. 24.. But if all prophesy, clear in this matter. Isa. i. 16.

and there come in one that believeth Wash you, make you clean; put not, or one unlearned, he is convinced away the evil of your doings from

of all, he is judged of all. Ver. 25. ment, relieve the oppressed, judge

on his face, he will worship God, and
the fatherless, plead for the widow.
88. m Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye

report that God is in you of a truth.
Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes,

and therefore, and teach all nations, bap

to turn them from darkness to light, there tizing them in the name of the Fa

and from the power of Satan unto ther,

and of the Son, and of the Holy God, that they may receive forgive Ghost: Ver. 20. Teaching them to

ness of sims, and inheritance among observe all things whatsoever I have

them which are sanctified by faith commanded you: and, lo, I am with

that is in me. you alway, even unto the end of the tutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing world. Amen. Acts ii. 42. And

the heart: the commandment of the they continued stedfastly in the

Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes, apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and

Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

commend you to God, and to the Ver. 46. And they, continuing daily word of his grace, which is able to with one accord in the temple, and

build you up, and to give you an inbreaking bread from house to house, heritance

among did eat their meat with gladness and

sanctified. Rom. xv. 4. For whatsosingleness of heart, Ver. 47. Praising God, and having favour with all the

were written for our learning; that we,

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Psal. xix. 8. The sta

all them which are

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ever things were written aforetime,

89. N Nehem. viii. 8. So they read in the book in the law of God dis

iii. 15. And that from a child
thou hast known the holy scrip


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Q. 90. How is the word to be read and Vicard, that it may become effectual to salvation ?

4. That the word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend thereunto with diligence', preparation and prayer 9; receive it with faith and love", lay it up in our hearts', and practise it in our lives.

Q. 91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?

A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer


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tures, which are able to make thee 90. " Prov. viii. 34. Blessed is the
wise unto salvation, through faith man that heareth me, watching daily
which is in Christ Jesus. Ver. 16. at my gates, waiting at the posts of
All scripture is given by inspiration
of God, and is profitable for doctrine, P i Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore, laying
for reproof, for correction, for in aside all malice, and all guile, and
struction in righteousness; Ver. 17.

hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil. That the man of God may be perfect,

speakings, Ver. 2. As new-born throughly furnished unto all good babes, desire the sincere milk of the works. Rom. X. 13. For whosoever word, that ye may grow thereby. shall call upon the name of the Lord 4 Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine shall be saved.

Ver. 14. How then eyes, that I may behold wondrous shall they call on him in whom they

things out of thy law. have not believed ? and how shall r Heb. iv, 2. For unto us was the they believe in him of whom they

gospel preached as well as unto them: have not heard ? and how shall they

but the word preached did not profit hear without a preacher ? Ver. 15.

them, not being mixed with faith in And how shall they preach except

them that heard it. 2 Thess. ii. 10. they be sent ? as it is written, How And with all deceivableness of unrigh beautiful are the feet of them that

teousness in then that perish; because preach the gospel of peace, and

they received not the love of the bring glad tidings of good things !

truth, that they might be saved. Ver. 18. But they have not all obey

s Psal. cxix. 11. Thy word have I For Esaias saith, hid in mine heart, that I might not Lord, who hath believed our report?

sin against thee. Ver. 17. So then faith cometh by

t Luke viii, 15. But that on the hearing, and hearing by the word

good ground are they, which, in an of Cod. Rom. i. 16. For I am not

honest and good heart, having heard. ashamed of the gospel of Christ :

the word, keep it, and bring forth for it is the power of God unto

fruit with patience. James i. 25. But salvation, to every one that believ whoso looketh into the perfect law eth, to the Jew first, and also to

of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not

a forgetful hearer, 'T


ed the gospel.

the Greek.

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been all made to drink into one Spirit. them, saying, Drink ye all of it:

them ; but only by the blessing of Christ', and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them ".

Q. 92. What is a sacrament?

4. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied ades to believers *.

Q. 93. Which are the sacraments of the New Testament ?
A The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptism",

09 and the Lord's Supper?.

Q. 94. What is baptism? A.Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washingwithwater in the name of the Father and of the Son,and of the Holy Ghost *,

doth but a doer of the work, this man

unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. shall be blessed in his deed.

Ver. 10. This is my covenant, which 91. u 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure ye shall keep between me and you, whereunto, even baptism, doth also and thy seed after thee; Every mannow save us, (not the putting away

child among you shall vé circumcised. of the filth of the flesh, but the an Exod. xii. throughout. 1 Cor. xi, 23. swer of a good conscience towards

For I have received of the Lord that God,) by the resurrection of Jesus which also I delivered onto you, That Christ. Mat. iii. 11. I indeed bap

the Lord Jesus, the same night in tize you with water unto repentance;

which he was betrayed, took bread, but he that cometh after me is

Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this mightier than I, whose shoes I am

bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew not worthy to bear; he shali baptize the Lord's death till he come. you with the Holy Ghost, and with

93. Y Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. fire. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have planted, fore, and teach all nations, baptizApollos watered; but God gave the ing them in the name of the Fa: increase. Ver, 7. So then, neither is

ther, and of the Son, and of the Holy he that planteth any thing, neither

Ghost. he that watereth; but God that

-2 Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were giveth the increase.

eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed 1 Cor. xii. 13. Fur by cne Spirit it, and bruke it, and gave it to the are we all baptized into one body, disciples

, and said, Take, eat; this is whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have

сир, , 92. * Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant ; to be a God ter"]

b Romi

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niy body. Ver. 27. And he took the

gave thanks, and gave it to Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many, for the remission of sins.

94. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letos

doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's b.

Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered ? A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to himo; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized d.

Q. 96. What is the Lord's supper ?

A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is shewed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace.

Q. 97. What

6 Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are are afar off, even as many as the buried with him by baptism into Lord our God shall call. Gen. death: that, like as Christ was raised xvii. 10. [See in letter *.] Compared up from the dead by the glory of with Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye the Father, even so we also should are circumcised with the circumwalk in newness of life. Gal. iii. 27. cision made without hands, in putPor az many of you as have been ting off the body of the sins of the baptized into Christ, have put on flesh by the circumcision of Christ: Christ.

Ver. 12. Buried with him in bap. 95. Acts viii. 36. And as they tism; wherein also ye are risen with went on their way, they came unto him, through the faith of the opera. a certain water and the eunuch tion of God, who hath raised him said, See, here is water ; what doth from the dead. I Cor. vii, 14. For hinder me to be baptized ? Ver. 37. the unbelieving husband is sanctified And Philip said, if thou believest by the wife, and the unbelieving with all thine heart, thou mayest.

wife is sanctified by the husband ; And he answered and said, I believe else were your children unclean, but that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. now are they holy. Acts . 38, Then Peter said unto 96. e 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have re. them, Repent, and be baptized ceived of the Lord that which also I every one of you in the name of delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus Christ, for the remission of Jesus, the same night in which he sins, and ye shall receive the gift of was betrayed, took bread: Ver. 24, the Holy Ghost.

And, when he had given thanks, he d Acts ii. 38. [See before.] Ver. 39.

brake it, and said, Take, eat; this For the promise is unto you, and is my body, which is broken for to your children; and to all that you : this do in remembrance of

T 2



• Q. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper?

A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance", love', and new obediencek; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves

Q. 98. What is prayer ?

A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God”, for things agreeable to his will", in the name of Christo

; with confession of our sins P, and thankful acknowledg. ment of his mercies?,

Q. 99. What Ver. 25. After the same man communion of the blood of Christ? ner also he took the cup, when he the bread which we break, is it not had supped, saying, This cup is the the communion of the body of Christ? new testament in my blood : this do Ver. 17. For we being inany are one ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem bread, and one body: for we are brance of me. Ver. 26. For as all partakers of that one bread. often as ye eat this bread, and drink ki Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore this cup, ye do shew the Lord's the old leaven, that ye may be a death till he come. 1 Cor. x, 16. new lump, as ye are unleavened. The cup

of blessing which we bless, For even Christ our passover is is it not the communion of the blood sacrificed for us : Ver. 8. Therefore of Christ ? the bread which we let us keep the feast, not with old break, is it not the communion of leaven, neither with the leaven of the body of Christ ?


nd wickedness; but with 97. fi Cor. xi. 28. But let a man the unleavened bread of sincerity examine himself, and so let him eat and truth. of that bread, and drink of that cup. 11 Cor. xi. 28, 29. (See in letter f.] Ver. 29. For he that eateth and 98, m Psal. Ixii. 8. Trust in him at drinketh unworthily, eateth and all times; ye people, pour out your drinketh damnation to himself, not heart before him: God is a refuge discerning the Lord's body.

Selah. &2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine your 11 John v. 14. And this is the selves, whether ye be in the faith; confidence that we have in him, that prove your own selves: know ye not if we ask any thing according to his your own selves, how that Jesus will, he heareth us. Christ is in you, except ye


° John xvi. 23. And in that day bates?

ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, h i Cor. xi. 31. For if we would verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever judge ourselves, we should not be ye shall ask the Father in my name,

he will give it you. il Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged ing which we bless, is it not the

unto thee, and mine


for us.


my sin

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