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V. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ unto everlasting glory', out of his mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving him thereuntok; and all to the praise of his glorious grace!.

VI. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, foreordained all the means thereunto m. Wherefore they who


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V. į Eph. i. 4. According as 1 Eph. i. 6. To the praise of he hath chosen us in him before the glory of his grace,

wherein the foundation of the world, that he hath made us accepted in the we shaald be holy, and without Beloved. Ver. 12. That we should blame before him in love: Ver. 9. be to the praise of his glory, whe Having made known unto us the first trusted in Christ. mystery of his will, according to VI. m 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect accordhis good pleasure, which he hath ing to the foreknowledge of God purposed in himself: Ver. 11. In the Father, through sanctification whom also we have obtained an in. of the Spirit unto obedience, and heritance, being predestinated ac sprinkling of the blood of Jesus cording to the purpose of him who Christ. Eph. i. 4. According as workech all things after the counsel he hath chosen us. in him before of his own will. Rom. viii. 30. the foundation of the world, that Moreover, whom he did predestinate, we should be holy, and without them he also called ; and whom he blame before him in love : Ver. 5. called, then, he also justified; and Having predestinated us unto the whom he justified, them he also adoption of children by Jesus Christ glorified. 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath to himself,, according to the good saved us, and called us with an pleasure of his will. Eph. ii. 10. holy calling, not according to our For we are. his workmanship, creatworks, but according to his own ed in Christ Jesus unto good works; purpose and grace, which was given which God hath before ordained that us in Christ Jesus before the world we should walk in thein. 2 Thess. began. 1 Thess. v. 9. For God ii. 13. Bụt we are bound to give hath not appointed us to wrath;

thanks alway to God for you, brem but to obtain salvation by our

thren, beloved of the Lord, because Lord Jesus Christ.

God hath from the beginning chos k.Rom. ix. 11, 13, 16. (See letter

sen you to salvation, through sanca iinmediately foregoing.] Eph. i. 4, 9. tification of the Spirit, and belief of See letter i immediately foregoing] the truth,

ni Thess.


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from the beginning chosen you to
salvation, through sanctification of with us; but they went out, that
- unto salvation, ready to be revealed time Jesus answered and said, I
pray not for the world, but for hast hid these things from the

are elected being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ"; on. are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit

working in due season; are justified, adopted, sanctified", 1 and kept by his power through faith unto salvation P.

Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually call

ed, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect Eld. only!

VII. The rest of mankind, God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel' of his own will, whereby he extendeth or withholdeth mercy as he pleaseth, for the

glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by, thi and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath for their sin, to at the praise of his glorious justice".

1 Thess. v. 9. For God hath them which thou hast given me,
not appointed us to wrath, but to

for they are thine. Rom. viii. 28.
obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus

And we know that all things work Christ, Ver. 10. Who died for us, together for good to them that love taat whether we wake or sleep, we

God, to them who are the called should live together with him." Tit. according to his purpose, &c. [to the orde

ü. 14. Who gave himself for us, that Ciod he might redeem us from all ini

end of the Chapter.] John vi. 64. But

there are some of you that believe quity, and purify unto himself a

not. For Jesus knew from the be. peculiar people, zealous of good ginning who they were that belieworks.

ved not, and who should betray him. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom

Ver. 65. And he said, Therefore he did predestinate, them he also call said I unto you, That no man can ed; and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified,

come unto me except it were given unto him of my Father. John x. 26.

But ye believe not, because ye are Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ

not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

John viii. 47. He that is of God, 10 himself, according to the good heareth God's words : ye therefore pleasure of his will. 2 Thess. ii. 13,

hear them not, because ye are not of But we are bound to give thanks al- God.

i John ii. 19. They went out Way to God for you, brethren, be- from us, but they were not of us: loved of the Lord, because God hath

for if they had been of us, they

would no doubt have continued P 1 Pet

. i. 5. Who are kept by they were not all of us. the power of God through faith

VII, Matth. xi. 25. At that 9 John xvii. I. I pray for them :

thank thee, O Father, Lord of !

heaven and earth, because thou


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them he also glorified. Eph. i. 5.



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in the last time.


VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care”,

that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election ? So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God", and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation, to all that sincerely obey the Gospel".


wise and prudent, and hast revealed Lord God, and our Lord Jesus them unto bahes. Ver. 26. Even Christ. 1 Pet. ü. 8. And a stone of So, Father, for so it seemed good in stumbling, and a rock of offence, thy sight. Rom. ix. 17. For the even to them which stumble at the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even word, being disobedient, whereunto for this same purpose have I raised also they were appointed. thee up, that I might shew my VIII.'s Rom. ix. 20. Nay but, O power in thee, and that my name man, who art thou that repliest might be declared throughout all the against God? shall the thing formearth. Ver. 18. Therefore hath he ed say to him that formed it, Why mercy on whom he will have mercy, hast thou made me thus ? Rom. and whom he will he hardeneth. xi. 33. O the depth of the riches Ver. 21. Hath not the potter power both of the wisdom and knowledge over the clay, of the same lump to of God! how unsearchable are his make one vessel unto honour, and judgments, and his ways past findanother unto dishonour? Ver. 22. ing out! Deut. xxix. 29. The secret What if God, willing to shew his things belong unto the Lord our wrath, and to make his power God: but those things which are known, endured with much long- revealed belong unto us and to suffering the vessels of wrath fitted our children for ever, that we may to destruction? 2 Tim. 19. Never do all the words of this law. theless the foundation of God stand ť 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the eth sure, having this seal, The Lord rather, brethren, give all diligence knoweth them that are his. And,

to make your calling and election let every one that nameth the name

for if ye do these things, of Christ depart from iniquity. V. 20. ye shall never fall. But in a great house there are not

u Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the only vessels of gold and of silver, but glory of his grace, wherein he hath also of wood and of earth; and some

made us accepted in the Beloved. to honour, and some to dishonour. Rom. xi. 33. (See letter Simmediately Jude, verse 4. For there are certain foregoing.) men crept in unawares, who were

Rom. xi. 5. Even so then at before of old ordained to this con

this present tine also there is a demnation, ungodly men, turning

reninant according to the electhe grace of our God into lasci

Ver, 6. And if by viousness, and denying the only grace, then is it no more of works :



tion of grace.


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out excuse.

God hath made me, and the breath
of the Almighty hath given me life.

CHAP. IV. of Creation.
JT pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost", for the

manifestation of the glory of his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness", in the beginning, to create, or make of no- v thing

, the world, and all things therein, whether visible or invisible

, in the space of six days, and all very good. II. After God had made all other creatures, he citeated

mian, otherwise


no more grace,

of the world are clearly seen, being But if it be of works, then it is no

understood by the things that are more grace : otherwise work is no made, even his eternal power and more work. Ver. 20. Well; because Godhead; so that they are with. of unbelief they were broken off,

Jer. x. 12. He hath and thou standest by faith. Be not

made the earth by his power, he high-minded, but fear. 2 Pet. i. 10. hath established the world by his

See letter immediately foregoing.] wisdom, and hath stretched out the Rom. viü. 33. Who shall lay any heavens by his discretion.

Psal. thing to the charge of God's élect? civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold are It is God that justifieth. Luke x. 20. thy works! in wisdom hast thou Notwithstanding in this rejoice not

made them all; the earth is full of that the spirits are subject unto

thy riches. Psal. xxxüi. 5. He loveth you: but rather rejoice, because righteousness and judgment :

the your names are written in heaven. earth is full of the goodness of the I. a Heb. i. 2. Hath in these last

Lord. Ver. 6. By the word of the days spoken unto us by his Son,

Lord were the heavens inade, and whom he hath appointed heir of all

all the host of them by the breath things, by whom also he made the

of his mouth. worlds. John i. 2. The same was

[The whole first Chapter of Gen.] in the beginning with God. Ver. 3.

Heb. xi. 3. Through faith we unwere made by him ; and derstand that the worlds were framwithout him was not any thing

ed by the word of God, so that

Gen, i. 2. things which are
And the earth was without form

made of things which do appear. and void; and darkness was upon

Col. i. 16. For by him were all the face of the deep: and the Spirit things created that are in heaven, of God moved upon the face of the

and that are in earth, visible and whers Job xxvi. 13. By his Spirit invisible, whether they be thrones, he hath garnished the heavens ; his hand hath formed the crooked ser

or dominions, or principalities, or

powers; all things were created by pent. Job xxxiii . 4. The Spirit of him, and for him.

God, that made the world, and all b Rom. i. 20. For the invisible

things therein, 'seeing that he is things of him from the creation

Lord of heaven and earth, dwell


All things

made that was made.




Acts xvii. 24.

eth not in temples made with hands.

II. d Gen.

man, male and female, with reasonable and immortal souls, endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after his own image', having the law of God written in their hearts , and power to fulfil it"; and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto changei Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil *; which


II. d Gen. i. 27. So God created tiles, which have not the law, do by man in his own image; in the nature the things contained in the image of God created he him: male law, these having not the law, are a and female created he them.

law unto themselves: Ver. 15. Which e Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God shew the work of the law written in formed man of the dust of the their hearts, their conscience also ground, and breathed into his nostrils bearing witness, and their thoughts the breath of life, and man became the mean while accusing or else ex. a living soul.

With Eccl. xii. 7. cusing one another. Then shall the dust return to the h Eccl. vü. 29. Lo, this only have earth as it was; and the spirit shall I found, that God hath nade man return unto God who gave it. And upright; but they have sought out Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto

many inventions. him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day i Gen. iii. 6. And when the woshalt thou be with me in paradise.

man saw that the tree was good for And Mat. x. 28. And fear not them food, and that it was pleasant to the which kill the body, but are not able

eyes, and a tree to be desired to to kill the soul: but rather fear him make one wise ; she took of the fruit which is able to destroy both soul and thereof, and did eat, and gave also body in hell.

unto her husband with her, and he f Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let

did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. [See letter h us make man in our image, after immediately foregoing.] our likeness ; and let them have k Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of dominion over the fish of the sea,

the knowledge of good and evil, thou and over the fowl of the air, and shalt not eat of it; for in the day over the cattle, and over all the

that thou eatest thereof thou shalt earth, and

every creeping surely die. Gen. iii. 8. And they thing that creepeth upon the earth. heard the voice of the Lord God Col. iii. 10. And have put on the

walking in the garden in the cool of new man, which is renewed in

the day: and Adam and his wife hid knowledge; after the image of him themselves from the presence of the that created him. Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the new man,

Lord God amongst the trees of the

which garden. Ver. 9. And the Lord after God is created in righteousness

God called unto Adam, and said uri. and true holiness.

to him, Where art thou? Ver. 10. & Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gen

And he said, I heard thy voice in the



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