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even as a nurse cherisheth her chil. K God.
things to shame you, but as my be.
1. The ho
over us in place of authority, whether in family', church', afíormance or commonwealth.
Q. 125. Why are superiors stiled Father and Mother?
A. Superiors are stiled Father and Mother, both to teach uprin them in all duties towards their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations"; and to work inferiors to a greater willingness and cheerfulness in performing their duties gobed to their superiors, as to their parents :
Q. 126. IVhat is the general scope of the fifth commandment?
2 Kings v. 13. And his servants and admonition of the Lord. 2 Cor
. Es came near, and spake unto him, and xii. 14.–For the children ought not said, My father, if the prophet had tid thee do some great thing, would
to lay up for the parents, but the
parents for the children. 1 Thess. God." est thou not have done it ? how ii. 7. But we were gentle among you, much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean?
dren. Ver. 8. So, being affectionf 2 Kings ii. 12. And Elisha saw ately desirous of you, we were it, and he cried, My father, my willing to have imparted unta you, father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.—2 Kings xiii. 14.
not the gospel of God only, but also
our own souls, because ye were dear Now Elisha was fallen sick, of his
Ver. 11. As ye know how sickness whereof he died : and Joash
we exhorted, and comforted, and the king of Israel came down unto
charged every one of you, as a father him, and wept over his face, and
doch his children. Numb. xi. 11. said, O my father, my father, the
And Moses said unto the Lord, chariot of Israel, and the horsemen
Wherefore hast thou afflicted thy i apie thereof! Gal. iv. 19. My little
servant ? and wherefore have I not children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed
found favour in thy sight, that thou
layest the burden of all this people 8 Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be
upon me? Ver. 12. Have I conceived thy nursing-fathers, and their queens
all this people? have I begotten
them, that thou shouldest say unto thy nursing-mothers : they shall bow down to thee with their face
me, Carry them in thy bosom (as a toward the earth, and lick up the
nursing-father beareth the sucking dust of thy feet, and thou shalt know
child) unto the land which thou that I am the Lord: for they shall
swarest unto their fathers ? not be ashamed that wait for me.
il Cor. iv, 14. I write not these 125. b Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath:
loved sons I warn you. Ver. 15. For but bring them up in the nurture
though ye have ten thousand instruc-
performance of those duties which we mutually owe in our several relations, as inferiors, superiors, or equals *.
Q. 127. What is the honour that inferiors owe to their superiors ?
A. The honour which inferiors owe to their superiors is, all due reverence in heart', word.", mn, and behaviour"; prayer
and thanksgivingforthemo; imitationoftheirvirtues and graces P; willing obedience to their lawful commands and counsels 9;
fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have for Adonijah; and the king rose up begotten you through the gospel. to meet her, and bowed himself un. Ver. 16. Wherefore I beseech
you, to her, and sat down on his throne, be ye fullowers of me.
2 Kings and caused a seat to be set for the v. 13. (See letters]
king's mother; and she sat on his 126.
Eph. v. 21. Submitting right hand. yourselves one to another in the 01 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefear of God. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour fore, that, first of all, supplications, all men. Love the brotherhood. prayers, intercessions, and giving of Fear God.
Honour the king. thanks, be made for all men : Ver. 2. Rom, xii. 10. Be kindly affectioned
For kings, and for all that are in one to another with brotherly love; authority; that we may lead a quiet in honour preferring one another.
and peaceable life in all godliness 127. I Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth and honesty. his father, and a servant his master ;
P Heb. xiii. 7. Remember them if then l be a father, where is mine
which have the rule over you, who honour? and if I be a master, where
have spoken unto you the word of my fear? caith the Lord of hosts God: whose faith follow, considering unto you, O priests, that despise my
the end of their conversation. Phil. name: and ye say, Wherein have iii. 17. Brethren, be followers toge. we despised thy name? Lev. xix. 3.
ther of me, and mark them which Ye shall fear every man his mother
walk so, as ye have us for an ensample. and his father, and keep my sabbaths:
. Eph. vi. 1. Children, obey your I am the Lord
parents in the Lord; for this is . Prov. xxxi. 28. Her children right. Ver. 2. Honour thy father arise up, and call her blessed ; her
and mother, (which is the first comhusband also, and he praiseth her,
mandment with promise.) Ver. 5. A Pet. iii. 6. Even as Sara obeyed Servants, be ebedient to them that Abraham, calling him lord: whose
are your masters according to the daughters ye are as long as ye do flesh, with fear and trembling, in wel, and are not afraid with any singleness of your heart, as unto
Christ : Ver. 6. Not with eye-serLev. xix. 32. Thou shalt rise up
vice, as men-pleasers, but as the . before the hoary head, and honour
servants of Christ, doing the will the face of the old man, and fear thy
of God from the heart;
Ver. 7. God: I am the Lord. ü. 19. Bathsheba therefore went un.
1 Kings With good-will doing service, as
to the Lord, and not to king Solomon, to speak unto him
1 Pet. ii. 13. Subnit yourselves
Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken unto thy die, because ye have not kept your
due submission to their corrections"; fidelity to', defence', and maintenance of their persons and authority, according
to to every ordinarce o! man for the father that begat thee, and despise Lord's sake: whether it be to the
not thy mother when she old. king, as supreme; Ver. 14. Or unto Exod. xviii. 19. Hearken now unto governors, as urto them that are
my voice, I will give thee counsel, sent by him for the purishment of and God shall lie with thee. Ver. 24. evil-doers, and for the praise of
S. Moses hearkened to the voice of them that do well. Rom. xii. l.
his father-in-law, and did all that he Het every soul be subject uito the had said. higher powers. For there is no Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, power but of God: the powers
have had fathers of our Aesh which that be ordained of God.
corrected us, and we gave them Ver. 2. Whosoever therefo:e re
reverence: shall we not much rather sisteth the power, resis:eth the ordinance of God: aid they that resist spirits, and live? 1 Pet. ii
. 18. Ser
be in subjection unto the Father of shall receive to themselves damnation. Ver. 3. For rulers are not a terror
vants, be subject to your masters
with all fear, not only to the good to good works, but to the evil.
and gentle, but also to the froward. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the
Ver. 19. For this is thank-worthy, if power ? do that which is good, and
a man for conscience toward God' Thou shalt have praise of the same :
endure grief, suffering wrongfully. Ver. 4. For he is the minister of
Ver. 20. For what glory is it
, if God to thee for good. But if thou
when ye be buffeted for your faults do that which is evil, be afraid; for
ye shall take it patiently but if he beareth not the sword in vain : when
do well, and suffer for it, ye for he is the minister of God, a
take it patiently; this is acceptable revenger to execute wrath upon
with God. him that doeth evil. Ver. 5. Where
s Tit. ü. 19. Exhort servants to be fore ye must needs be subject, not
obedient unto their own masters, and only for wrath, but also for con
to please them well in all things; not science' sake. Heb. xiii . 17. Obey answering again
. Ver. !0. Not puro them that have the nile over you, and submit yourselves: for they
loining, but she wing all good fidelity; watch for your souls, as they that
that they may adorn the doctrine of
God our Saviour in ail things. must give accoumt; that they may do it with joy, atd. not with grief;
ti Sam, xxvi, 15. And David said for that is inprofitable for you.
to Abner, Art not thou a valiant Prov. iv. 3. For I was my father's
man? and who is like to thee in Is
rael? wherefore then hast thou not son, tender and only beloved in the sight of my mother. Ver. 4. He
kept thy lord the king? for there taught me also, and said unto me,
came one of the people in to destroy Let thine heart retain my words:
the king thy lord. Ver. 16. This keep my commandments, and live,
As the Lord liveth, ye are worthy to
thing is not good that thou hast done.
to their several ranks, and the nature of their places"; bearing with their infirmities, and covering them in love", that so they may be an honour to them and to their government",
Q. 128. TVhat are the sins of inferiors against their superiors?
A. The sins of inferiors against their superiors are, ali neglect of the duties required toward them"; envying
master, the Lord's anointed. 2 Sam. there will I nourish' thee, (for yet
there are five years of famine, lese Thou shalt not go forth: for if we
thou, and thy househoid, and all flee away, they will not care for us;
that thou hast, cove to poverty: neither if half of us die, will they
Gen. xlvii. 12. A::d Joseph nourished care for us: but now thou art worth
his father, and his brethren, and all ten thousand of us; therefore now it
his father's household, with bread, , is better that thou succour us out of according to their families. the city. Esther vi. 2. And it was
W 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be sub- found written, that Mordecai had jeci iü your musicro
yil !l fear, told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of
not only to the good and gentle, hat the king's chamberlains, the keepers
also to the froward. Prov. xxiii. 22. of the door, who sought to lay hand
Hearken unto thy father that begat on the king Ahasuerus.
thee, and despise not thy mother " Mat. xxii. 21. They say unto
when she is old. Gen, ix. 23. And him, Cesar's. Then saith he unto
Shem and Japheth took a garmerit, them, Render therefore unto Cesar
and laid it upon both their shoulders, the things which are Cesar's; and
and went backward, and covered: unto God the things that are God's.
the nakedness of their father; and Rom. xiii. 6. For, for this cause pay
their faces were buickward, and you tribute also; for they are Gou's
they saw not their father's nakedministers, attending continually upon this very thing. Ver. 7. Render * Psal. cxxvi. 3. 1.2, children are therefore to all their dues : tribute
an heritage of the Lord; and the to whom tribute is due, custom to
fruit of the womb is lis reward. whom custom, fear to whom fear, Ver. 4. As arrows are in the hund honour to whom honour.
1 Tin. of a mighty m.n; so are children of v. 17. Let the elders that rule. well
the youth. Ver. 5. Huppy is the be counted worthy of double liono:r,
man that hath his quiver full of them: especially they who labour in the
they shall not be ashanted, but they word and doctrine. Ver. 18. For
shall speak with the enemies in the the scripture saith, Thou shalt not
gate. Prov. XX*!. 23. Her hus and muzzle the ox that treadeth out the
is known in the gates, when he sit. corn: and, The labourer is worthy
tet? among the elders of the land. of his reward. Gal. vi. 6. Let him
128, Y Mat. xv, 4. For God comthat is taught in the word communi mauded, saying, lionour thy father cate unto him that teacheth in ail
and mother; and, He that curseth good things. Gen. xlv. 11. And
father or mother, let him die the
at?, contempt of“, and rebellion against, their persong and places in their lawful counsels, commands, and corrections'; cursing, mockings, and all such refractory and scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to them and their government".
Q. 129. What
death. Ver. 5. But ye say, Whoso. save us? And they despised him, and ever shall say to his father or his mo. brought him no presents: but he ther, it is a gift, by whatsoever thou
held his peace. mightest be profited by me; Ver. 6. ei Sam. ii. 25.-NotwithstandAnd honour not his father or his mo. ing they (viz. the sons of Eli) ther, he shall be free. Thus have hearkened not unto the voice of ye made the commandment of God their father, because the Lord would of none effect by your tradition.
slay them. Numb. xi. 28. And Joshua the f Deut. xxi. 18. If a man have a son of Nun, the servant of Moses, stubborn and rebellious son, which one of his young men, answered and will not obey the voice of his father
, said, My lord Moses, forbid them. or the voice of his mother, and that, Ver. 29. And Moses said unto him,
when they have chastened him, will Enviest thou for my sake? Would
not hearken unto them; Ver. 19. God that all the Lord's people were
Then shall his father and his mother prophets, and that the Lord would lay hold on him, and bring hini out put his Spirit upon them.
unto the elders of his city, and unto al Sam. viii. 7. And the Lord
the gate of his place: Ver. 20. And said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the
they shall say unto the elders of his voice of the people in all that they
city, This our son is stubborn and say unto thee: for they have not sebellious, he will not obey our rejected thee, but they have rejected
voice; he is a glutton and a drunk. me, that I should not reign over
Ver. 21. And all the men of them. Isa. iii. 5. And the people shall be oppressed, every one by
his city shall stone him with stones,
that he die: so shalt thou put evil another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself shall hear, and fear.
away from among you; and all Israel proudly against the ancient, and the 8 Prov. XXX. 11. There is a gene. base against the honourable.
ration that curseth their father, and b2 Sam. xv. from Verse 1. to 12.
doth not bless their mother. Ver. 17. And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots, and
The eye that mocketh at his father, horses, 65.
and despiseth to obey his mother, the C Exod. xxi. 15. And he that smit.
ravens of the valley shall pick it out, eth his father or his mo her shall
and the young eagles shall eat it.
h Prov. xix. 26. He that wasteth surely be put to death. di Sam. x. 27. But the children
his father, and chaseth away his mo; of Belial said, How shall this man
ther, is a son that causeth shane, and bringeth reproach.
129. i coli