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Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the sabbath more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors 3 4. The charge of keeping the sabbath is more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors, because they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be observed by all those that are under their charge; and because they are prone oft-times

to hinder them by employments of their own". Q. 119. What are the sins forbidden in the fourth com

mandment 3

A. The sins forbidden in the fourth commandment are, all Omissions of the duties required", all careless, negligent, and

unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them";

for to-day is a sabbath unto the Lord:
to-day ye shall not find it in the
field, Ver, 26. Six days ye shall ga-
ther it; but on the seventh day,
which is the sabbath, in it there shali
be none. Ver, 29. See, for that the
Lord hath given you the sabbath,
therefore he giveth you on the sixth
day the bread of two days: abide ye
every man in his place, let no man go
olt of his place on the seventh day.
Neh. xiii. 19. [See letter b.]
118. f Exod. xx. 10. But the
oventh day is the sabbath of the
Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not
do any work, thou, northy son, nor

thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor

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all

dah, and all the inhabitants of Jeru-
salem, that enter in by these gates.
Ver. 21, 22. [See above in b.] Exod.
xxiii. 12. Six days thou shalt do thy
work, and on the seventh day thou
shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass
may rest, and the son of thy hand-
maid and the stranger may be re-
freshed.
119. & Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests
have violated my law, and have pro-
faned mine holy things: they have
put no difference between the holy
and profane, neither have they shew-
ed difference between the unclean
and the clean, and have hid their
eyes from my sabbaths, and I am
profaned among them.
h Acts xx. 7. And upon the first
day of the week, when the disciples
came together to break bread, Paul
preached unto them, ready to depart
on the morrow, and continued his
speech until midnight. Ver. 9. And
there sat in a window a certain young
man named Eutychus, being fallen
into a deep sleep ; and as Paul was
long preaching, he sunk down with
sleep, and fels down from the third
loft, and was taken up dead. Ezek.
xxxiii. 30. Also, thou son of man, the
children

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all profaning the day, by idleness, and doing that which is
in itself sinful “; and by all needless works, words, al
thoughts, about our worldly employments and recreations".
Q. 120. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth COIll-
mandment, the more to enforce {{? - -
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment."

more to enforce it, are taken

from the equity of it. God

allowing us six days of seven for our o' affairs, and reserving but one for himself, in these words, Six days shall tly labour, and do all thy work 1: from God's challengin; al o propriety in that day, The j ñay is the salath's" 'Lord thy God"; from the example of Gol, who in so days made hären and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, ""

£hildren of thy people still are talking against thee by the walls, and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another, every one to his bro: ther, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is the word that cometh forth from the Lord. Ver. 31. And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hearthy words, but they will not do them; for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness. Ver. 32. And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument: for they hear thy words, but they do them not. Amos viii. 5. Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the

shekel great, and falsifying the ba

lances by deceit * Mal. i. 13. Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is its and ye have snuffed at it, saith the Lord of hosts; and ye brought that which was torm, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering should I ac

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rested the serenth day: and from that blessing which God put upon that day, not only in sanctifying it to be a day

for his service, but in ordaining it to be a means of bless

ing to us in our sanctifying it; Wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it". Q, 121. Why is the word Remember set in the beginning of the fourth commandment 2 A. The word Remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandment", partly, because of the great benefit of remembering it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it *, and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments", and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and re

"Exod. xx. 11.

121.9 Exod. xx, 8.

* Exod. xvi. 23. And he said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, To-morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord: bake that which ye will bake to-day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over, lay up or you to be kept until the morning. ouke xxiii. 54. And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath ow on. Ver. 56. And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath-day, *cording to the commandment. Compared with Mark ov. 42. And DOW when the even was come, beCause it was the preparation, that is, * day before the sabbath. Neh. * 19, And it came to pass, that, when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath, I com*ded that the gates should be *', and charged that they hould *be opened till after the sabbath. § *me of my servants set I at

* £otes, that there should no

demption, which contain a short abridgment of religion";

and

burden be brought in on the sabbath-day. * Psal. xcii. [title, 4 Asalm or song for the sabbath-day.] Compared with. Ver. 13. Those that be planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in the courts of our God. And Ver. 14. They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing. Ezek. xx. 12. Moreover also, I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that satictify them. Ver. 19. I am the Lord your God; walk in my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them. Vet. 26. And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the Lord your God. * Gen. ii. 2. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Ver. 3. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested Fo - alli"

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and partly, because we are Very ready to forget it', for j \;

that theré is less light of nature for it", and yet it restrain- low

eth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful; lllks that it cometh but once in Seyo days, and many worldly on

businesses come between, an

d too often take off our minds Hot from thinking of it, eithér to prepare for it, or to sanctify |

its and that Satan with his instruments much labour to \|| ||

blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in | i all irreligion and impiety”.

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made, we will rejoice and be glad .

in it. Com/ared with Acts iv. 10. pe is knows unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from à...i.d, even by him doth this no stand here before you whole. Ver, 11. This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is becon, the head of the corner. Rev. i. so, I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet: ...l. oxii. 26. Her priests have violated my law, and howe profaned mile hely things: they have put to ofference between the holy and profaloe, neither have they shewed àifference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their “Y” from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them. trol. ix. 14. And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and countandedst then precepts, sto tures, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant. u Exod. xxxiv. 21. Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day

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Take heed to yourselves,

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Q, 122. What is the sum of the six commandments which

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A. The sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves Y, and to do to others what we would have them to do to

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Q, 123. Which is the fifth commandment 2 A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the

Lord thy God giveth thee ".

Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother in the fifth

commandinent 2

A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant, not only natural parents", but all superiors in age" and gifts"; and especially such as, by God's ordinance, are

no burden on the sabbath-day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem. Wer, 22. Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath-day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the sabbath-day, as i Commanded your fathers, Ver. 23. But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear nor receive struction. Neh. xiii. from forge lo, to 23. In those days sow I in Judih some treading wine-presses on the sabbath-day.—See in itier b.] 132. Mat. xxii. 39. And the se* is like unto it, Thou shalt love tly Reighbour as thyself. * Mt. vii. 12. Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that * hould do to you, do ye even * to them : for this is the iaw and the prophets. 128. “Exod. xx. 12. * * Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken othy father that bega; thee, and o not thy mother when she is Ver, 25. Thy father and thy

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mother shall be glad; and she that bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1. Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. Ver. 2. Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandment with promise.) ° 1 Tim. v. 1. Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father, and the younger men as brethren: Ver, 2. The elder women as mothers, the younger as sisters, with all purity. d Gen. iv. 20. And Adah bare Jabai : he was the father of such as dwell in terts, and of such as have cattle. Ver. 21. And his brother's name was Jubal : he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ. also bare Tubal-cain, an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron.— Gen. xiv. 8. So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God; and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. N 2 * 2 Kings

Ver. 22. And Zillah, she

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