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doth not make them in any wise partakers of the substance of his Godhead, or to be equal with Christ in any respect : either of which to affirm is impious and blasphemous. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessions 5.

CHAP. XXVII. Of the Sacraments. SACRAMENTS are holy signs and seals

of the covenant of grace ", immediately instituted by God', to repre

sent

III. f Col. i. 18. And he is the tre of thy kingdom: Ver. 9. Thou. head of the body, the church; who hast loved righteousness, and hated is the beginning, the first-born from iniquity; therefore God, even thy the dead; that in all things he might God, hath anointed thee with the oil have the pre-eminence. Ver. 19. of gladness above thy fellows. For it pleased the Father that in & Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not : him should all fulness dwell. 1 Cor. steal. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that viii. 6. But to us there is but one stole, steal no more: but rather let God, the Father, of whom are all him labour, working with his hands.. things, and we in him; and one the thing which is good, that he Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are may have to give to him that need. all things, and we by him. Isa.

eth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remained, xlii. 8. I am the Lord, that is niy was it not thine own? and after it : name; and my glory will I not give was sold, was it not in thine own to another, neither my praise to power? why hast thou conceived graven images. 1 Tim. vi. 15. this thing in thine heart? thou hast. Which in his times he shall shew, not lied unto men, but unto God. who is the blessed and only Potentate,

1. a Rom. iv. ll. And he received the King of kings, and Lord of the sign of circumcision, a seal of the lords; Ver. 16. Who only hath righteousness of the faith which he immortality, dwelling in the light had, yet being uncircumcised; that which no man can approach unto; he might be the father of all them whom no man bath seen, nor can that believe, though they be not cirsee: to whom be honour and power cumcised; that righteousness inight everlasting. Amen. Psal. xlv. 7. he imputed unto them also. Gen.. Thou lavest righteousness, and hatest xyii. 7. And I will establish my.covewickedness: therefore God, thy God, nant between me and thee, and thy hath anointed thee with the oil of glad.. seed after thee, in their generations, pess above thy fellows. With Heb. for an everlasting covenant; to be a i. 8. But unto the Son he saith, Thy God unto thee, and to thy seed after throne, O God, is for ever and ever ; thee. Ver. 10. (See below in letter f.); . 3: sceptre of righteousness is the scep.. b Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye. therea

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fore,

II.

sent Christ and his benefits, and to confirm our interest in himo; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church and the rest of the world'; and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word

II. There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other.

III. The

come

us.

fore, and teach all nations, baptiz- with thee, and will keep the passing them in the name of the Father, over to the Lord, let all his males and of the Son, and of the Holy be circumcised, and then let him Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have

near and keep it; and he received of the Lord that which also shall be as one that is born in the I delivered unto you, That the Lord land: for no uncircumcised person Jesus, the same night in which he shall eat thereof. Gen. xxxiv. 14. was betrayed, took bread.

And they said unto them, We ¢ i Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless cannot do this thing, to give our ing which we bless, is it not the sister to one that is uncircumcise communion of the blood of Christ? ed; for that were a reproach unto the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same man

so many of us as were baptized ner also he took the cup, when he into Jesus Christ, were baptized had supped, saying, This cup is the into his death? Ver. 4. Therefore new testament in my blood: this do we are buried with him by bapye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem tism into death: that like as Christ brance of me. Ver. 26. For as often

was raised up from the dead by as ye eat this bread, and drink this

the glory of the Father, even so we cup, ye do shew the Lord's death also should walk in newness of life, * Gal. iii. 27. For as

1 Cor. x. 16. (See in letter] Ver. 21. many

of
you
as have been baptized

Ye cannot drink the cup of the into Christ, have put on Christ. Lord, and the cup of devils ; ye Gal. iii. 17. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed

cannot be partakers of the Lord's before of God in Christ, the law,

table, and of the table of devils.

II. f Gen. xvii. 10. This is my cowhich was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it

venant, which ye shall keep between should make the promise of none

me and you, and thy seed after thee;

Every man-child among you shall be effect.

circumcised. Mat. xxvi. 27. And he d. Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that

took the

cup,

and Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God,

gave it to them, saying, Drink

of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood confirm the promises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. 48.

of the new testament, which is shed And when a stranger shall sojourn Tic. iii. 5. Not by works of righa

for many, for the remission of sins.

till he come.

gave thanks, and

ye

all

to

teousness

III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them ; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer its, but upon the work of the Spirit ", and the word of institution ; which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers i

IV. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord; neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word, lawfully ordained k.

V. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, för substance, the same with those of the New!.

CHAP.

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teousness which we have done, but free ; and have been all made to
according to his mercy he saved us, drink into one Spirit.
by the washing of regeneration, and i Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. (See in leto
renewing of the Holy Ghost. ter f.] Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in leto

III. 8 Rom. ii. 28. For he is not ter b.] Ver. 20. Teaching them to
a Jew, which is one outwardly; observe all things whatsoever I have
neither is that circumcision, which commanded you; and, lo, I am with
is outward in the flesh: Ver. 29. you alway, even unto the end of the
But he is a Jew, which is one in world. Amen,
wardly; and circumcision is that of IV. k Mat. xxviii, 19. Go ye there-
the heart, in the spirit, and not in fore, and teach all nations, baptizing
the letter, whose praise is not of

them in the nanie of the Father,
men, but of God. 1 Pet. iii. 21. and of the Son, and of the Holy
The like figure whereunto, even Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye
baptism, doth, also now save us, (not come together therefore into one
the putting away, of the filth of the place, this is not to eat the Lord's
flesh, but the answer of a good con supper. Ver. 23. For I have receive
science towards God,) by the resur-

ed of the Lord that which also I
rection of Jesus Christ.

delivered unto you, That the Lord
b Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize Jesus, the same night in which he
you with water unto repentance ; was betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor.
but he that cometh after me is . iv. 1. Let a man so account of us as
mightier than I, whose shoes I am of the ministers of Christ, and stew-
not worthy to bear: he shall bap ards of the mysteries of God. Heb.
tize you with the Holy Ghost, and 7. 4. And no man taketh this honour
with fire. I Cor. xii, 13. For by unto himself, but he that is called of
one Spirit are we all baptized in God, as was Aaron,
to one body, whether we be Jews V. 11 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, bre-
ør Gentiles, whether we be bond or thren, I would not that ye should be

ignorant,

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CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptism.

is of dained by Jesus Christ", not only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church”, but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace, of his ingrafting into Christ", of regeneration', of remission of sins", and of his giving up unto God through Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life 8; which sacrament is, by Christ's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world ..

II. The

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ignorant, how that all our fathers who hath raised him from the dead. were under the cloud, and all passed

d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you through the 'sea; Ver. 2. And were as have been baptized into Christ, all baptized unto Moses in the cloud, have put on Christ. Rom. vi. 5. and in the sea; Ver. 3. And did all For if we have been planted together eat the same spiritual meat; Ver. 4. in the likeness of his death, we shall « And did all drink the same spiritual be also in the likeness of his resurrecdrink: (for they drank of that spiri

tion. tual Rock that followed them; and

e Tit. fi. 5. Not by works of that Rock was Christ.) 1. * Mat . xxviii 19. (See letter k of but according to his mercy he saved

righteousness which we have done, the foregoing Chapter.]

us, by the washing of regeneration, bi Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit and renewing of the Holy

Ghost. are we all baptized into one body,

f Mark i. 4. John did baptize in whether we be Jews or Gentiles, the wilderness, and preach the bapwhether we be bond or free; and

tism of repentance for the remision have been all made to drink into one of sins. Spirit.

8 Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that c Rom. iv. 11. And he received

so many of us as were baptized into the sign of circumcision, a seal of the

Jesus Christ, were baptized into. righteousness of the faith which he his death? Ver., 4. Therefore we had yet being uncircumcised; that he

are buried with him by baptisma: might be the father of all them that

into death: that like as Christ was believe, though they be not circum- raised up from the dead by the cised; that righteousness might be glory of the Father, even so we imputed unto them also. With Col. also should walk in newness of: äi. 11. In whom also ye are circum.. life. cised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the foregoing Chapter.] Ver. 20. Teacher

b Mat. xxviii. 19. [See in letter k. body of the sins of the flesh by the ing them to observe all things what Buried with him in baptism, where and, 10, I am with you always

6oever I have comnianded you ; in also ye are risen with him, through the faith of the operation of God, Amen..

even unto the end of the world..

IL i Math

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II. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel, lawfully called thereunto'.

III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person k.

IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience 'unto Christ', but also the infants of one or both believing parents are to be baptized m.

V. Although

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II. i Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize every creature. Ver. 16. He that
you with water unto repentance;

believeth and is baptized shall be
but he that cometh after me is saved; but he that believeth not
mightier than I, whose shoes I am shall be damned Acts yiü. 37. And
not worthy to bear; he shall baptize Philip said, If thou believest with all
you with the Holy Ghost, and with thine heart, thou mayest. And
fire. John i. 33. Awd I knew him he answered and said, I believe that
not: but he that sent me to baptize Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
with water, the same said upto me, Ver, 38. And he commanded the
Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit chariot to stand still: and they went
descending, and remaining on him, down both into the water, both
the same is he which baptizeth with Philip and the eunuch; and he bapa
the Holy Ghost. Mat. xxviii. 19. tized him.
(See in letter k foregoing Chapter.]

m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish
Ver. 20. [See in letter h.]

my covenant between me and thee, III. k Heb. ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22.

and thy seed after thee, in their ge Acts ii 41. Then they that gladly nerations, for an everlasting covenant, received his word were baptized :

to be a God unto thee, and to thy and the same day there were added seed after thee. Ver. 9. And God unto thear about three thousand said unto Abraham, Thou shalt souls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took keep my covenant therefore, thou, them the same hour of the night, and and thy seed after thee, in their gewashed their stripes; and was bap nerations. With Gal. iij. 9. So then tized, he and all his, straightway. they which be of faith, are blessed Mark vii. 4. And when they come

with faithful Abraharn. Ver. 14. from the market, except they wash That the blessing of Abraham might they eat not. And many other come on the Gentiles through Jesus things there be which they have re Christ;

that we might receive the ceived to hold, as the washing of promise of the Spirit through faith. cups and pots, brazen vessels, and of And Col ii. 11. lo whom also ge tables.

are circumcised with the circumcim IV. 1 Mark xvi. 15. And he said sion made without hands, in putunto them, Go ge into all the

ting off the body of the sins of world, and preach the gospel sa che desha by the circumcision of

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