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people, for his own glory, and the publick good; and, to is this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, or for the defence and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evil-doers". | II. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the o office of a magistrate, when called thereunto": in the mo maging whereof, as they ought especially to maintain piety, justice, and peace, according to the wholesome laws of eac &ommonwealths, so, for that end, they may lawfully, now

under the New Testament, wage war upon jo" and neces

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sary occasions". III. The : I. a Rom. xiii. 1. Let every soul c psal. ii. 10. Be wise now theréo be subject unto the higher powers, fore, 9 ° kings: be instructed, Yo

For there is no power but of God; judges of the earth. Ver, 11. So * the powers that be are ordained {iji ord with fear, and rejo with of God. ver. 2, whosoever there- trembling. Ver, 12. Kiss the $on, to fore resisteth the power, resisteth lest he be angry, and ye perish from the ordinance of God: and they that the way: when his wrath is kindled is resist of receive to themselves but a little? blessed are all thos jiao. v.'s. For rulers are that put their tro him, 1 Tim. not a terror to good works, but ii. 2. For to: and for all that to the evil. Wilt thou then not be are in authority; that we my afraid of the power? do that which lead, a quiet and peaceable life is good, and thou shalt have praise in all godliness and hono Psa of the same : ver, 4. For he is the lxxxii. 3. Defend the poor *. minister of God to thee for good- therless : do ja::ce to the affito j; thou do that which is evil, and needy. V* * Deliver the be afraid; for he beareth not the poor, and needy; rid them out 9 sword in vain: for he is the minister the hand of to wicked. 2 So of God, a revenger to execute wrath xxiii. 8. The God of Israel said, upon him that doeth evil. 1 Pet. ii. 13. the Rock of Israel spake to so, Submit yourselves to every ordinance that ruleth over men moo be jui, of man for the Lord's sake; whether ruling in the fear of God.” Pet. ii. 13. it be to the king, as supreme; V. 14. [Set in lette‘. *..] or unto governors, as unto them ..." Luke iii. 14. And the soldies that are sent by him for the punish- likewise demo of him, saying: ment of evil-doers, and for the praise And what sho! Yo do? And he said

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reign, and princes decree justice. tent with your wages. Rom.
ver, 16. By me princes rule, and [See letter “] Matth. viii. 9. For I
nobles, even all the judges of the am a man, under authority, havo";
earth. Rom. xiii. 1, 2, 4, [See in soldiers under o indi say to the

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III. The civil magistrate may not assume to himself the administration of the word and sacraments, or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heaven": yet he hath all

* ther, Come, and he cometh; and to
my servant, Do this, and he doeth
* Ver, 10. When Jesus heard it,
* marvelled, and said to them
that followed, Verily i say unto
you, I have not found so great
fith, no, not in Israel. Acts ... i.
* was a certain manin Cesarea
* Cornelius, a centurion of the
band called the italian band, Ver, 2.
Adevout man, and one that feared
Sol with all his house, which gave
much alms to the people, and pray-
* to God alway. Rev. xvii. 14.
** shall make war with the
*b, and the Lamb shall over.

*them: for he is Lord of lords,

. King of kings; and they that o* him are called, and chosen, te * , Ver. 16. And the . 9ths which thou sawest upon o beast, these shall hate the ... and shall make her desolate an oaked, and shall eat her flesh, > III o her with fire. * , , the ..? Chron. xxvi. 18. And . withstood Uzziah the king, eth said unto him, It appertainin". unto thee, Uzziah, to to t "cense unto the Lord, but at * Priests the sons of Aaron, .* Consecrated to burn infor tio go out of the sanctuary, shall ..", hast trespassed ; neither the . * for thine honour from xviii g God. . With Matth. to ho And if he shall neglect church: them, tell it unto the -- ; but if he neglect to hear

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| hority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and


the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man, and a publican. And Matth. xvi. 19. And I

will give unto thee the keys of

the kingdom of heaven : , and
whatsoever thou shalt bind on
earth, shall be bound in heaven:
and whatsoever thou shalt loose
on earth, shall be loosed in heaven.
1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath set
some in the church; first, apostles;
secondarily, prophets; thirdly, teach-
ers; after that miracles; then gifts
of healings, helps, governments,
diversities of tongues. Ver. 29.
Are all apostles? are all prophets?
are all teachers? are all workers
of miracles 2 Eph. iv. 11, And
he gave some apostles, and some
prophets, and some evangelists,
and some pastors and , teachers ;
ver. 12. For the perfecting of the
saints, for the work of the mini-
stry, for the edifying of the body
of Christ. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a
man so account of us as of the
ministers of Christ, and stewards
of the mysteries of God. Ver. 2.
Moreover, it is required in stew-
ards, that a man be found faithful.
Rom. x. 15. And how shall they
preach, except they be sent 3 as it
is written, How beautiful are the
feet of them that preach the gospel
of peace, and bring glad tidings
of good things Heb. v. 4. And
no man taketh this honour unto
himself, but he that is called of
God, as was Aaron. - f ISã.


discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordinances of God'duly settled, administered, and observed'. For the

f Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be thy nursing-fathers, and their queens thy, nursing-mothers; they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet, and thou shalt know that I am the Lord ; for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me. Psal. cxxii. 9. Because of the house of the Lord our God, I will seek thy good. Ezra vii. 23. Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be diligently done for the house of the God of heaven : for why should there be wrath against the realm of the king and his sons 2 ver, 25. And thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God that is in thine hand, set magistrates and judges, which may judge all the people that are beyond the river, all such as know the laws of thy God; and teach ye them that know them not. Ver. 26. And whosoever will not do the law of thy God, and the law of the king, let judgment be executed speedily upon him, whether it be unto death, or to banishment, or to confiscation of goods, or to imprisonment. Ver. 27. Blessed be the Lord God of our fathers, which hath put such a thing as this in the king's heart, to beautify the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem : Ver. 28. And hath extended mercy unto me before the king and his counsellors, and before all the king’s mighty princes; and I was strengthened, as the hand of the Lord my God was upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to go up with me. Lev. xxiv. 16. And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord,


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better effecting whereof, he hath power to call synods, to be present at them, and to provide that whatsoever is transacted in them be according to the mind of God". IV. It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates", to honourtheir persons, to pay them tribute and other dues", to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority for conscience sake. Infidelity, or difference in religion, doth not make void the magistrate's just and *gal authority, nor free the people from their due obe


ters; also the Levites shall be of.
ficers before you. . Deal courage-
ously, and the Lord shall be with
the good. [2 Chron. Chasters
xxix. and xxx..] Matth. ii. 4. And
when he had gathered all the chief
priests and scribes of the people
together, he demanded of them where
Christ should be born. Ver. 5. And
they said unto him, in Bethlehem
of Judea: for thus it is written by
the prophet.
IV. h 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort there-
fore, that, first of all, supplications,
prayers, intercessions, and giving of
thanks, be made for all men: Ver. 2.
For kings, and for all that are in
authority; that we may lead a quiet
and peaceable life in all godliness
and honesty.
i 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour all men.
Love the brotherhood. Fear God. .
Honour the king.
k Rom. xiii. 6. For, for this cause
pay you tribute also : for they are
God’s ministers, attending continual-
ly upon this very thing. Ver. 7.
Render therefore to all their dues;
tribute to whom tribute is due,
custom to whom custom, fear to
whom fear, honour to whom ho-
nour. -
1 Rom. xiii. 5. Wherefore ye
must needs be subject, not only
for wrath, but also for consciento
sake. Tit. iii. 1. Put them "
mind to be subject to prino,


dience to him"; from which ecclesiastical person*** exempted"; much less hath the Pope any power of Jol. diction over them in their dominions, or or *X of their people; and least of all to deprive them of their dominions

or lives, if he shall judget

hem to be hereticks, or upon

any other pretence whatsoever *.

ties and powers, to obey magi: strates, to be ready to every good work. m 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme; Ver., 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well. Ver. 16. As free, and not using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the servants of God. n Rom. xiii. 1. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God; the powers that be are ordained of God. 1 Kings ii. 35. And the king ut Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, in is room, over the host; and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar. Acts xxv. 9. But Festus, willing to do the Jews, a pleasure, answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged of these things before me * Ver. 10. Then said Paul, I stand at Cesar’s judgment-seat, where I ought to be judged ; to the Jews have I done no wrong; as thou very well knowest. Ver. 11. For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die : but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Cesar. 2 Pet. ii. 1. But there were false prophets also among the


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