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and vows', solemn fastings? and thanksgivings upon special occasions, which are, in their several times and seasons, to be used in an holy and religious manner 5.

VI. Neither prayer, nor any other part of religious worship, is, now under the gospel, either tied unto, or made more acceptable by, any place in which it is performed, or towards which it is directed: but God is to be worshipped every whered in spirit and in truth"; as




God, and his judgments and his with consent for a time, that ye statutes.

may give yourselves to fasting and y Isa. xix. 21. And the Lord shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyp

prayer; and come together again,

that Satan tempt you not for your tians shall know the Lord in that incontinency: day, and shall do sacrifi: 2 and obla

^ [Psal. cvii. throughout.] Esth.ix. 22, tion; yea, they shall vow a vow

As the days wherein the Jews rested "unto the Lord, and perform it.

from their enemies, and the month With Eccl. v. 4. When thou vow

which was turned unto them from unto God, defer not

sorrow to joy, and from mourning to pay it, for he hath no plea- into a good day: that they should sure in fools; pay that which thou make them days of feasting and joy, hast vowed. Ver. 5. Better is it

and of sending portions one to anothat thou shouldest not vow, than ther, and gifts to the poor. that thou shouldest vow and not

b Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we pay: 2 Joel ï. 12. Therefore also now,

receiving a kingdom which cannot

be moved, let us have grace, whereby saith the Lord, Turn ye even to

we may serve God acceptably, with me with all your heart, and with reverence and godly fear. fasting, and with weeping, and with

VI. C John iv. 2i. Jesus saith unto mourning. Esth. iv. 16."Go, gather her, Woman, believe me, the hour together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for

cometh, when ye shall neither in

this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, me, and neither eat nor drink three

worship the Father. days, night or day; I also and my

d Mal. i. 11. For from the rising maidens will fast likewise, and so will I go in unto the king, which

of the sun, even unto the going down is not according to the law; and

of the same, my name shall be great if I perish, I perish. Matth. ix. 15.0

among the Gentiles, and in every And Jesus said unto them, Can the

place incense shall be offered unto my children of the bride-chamber mourn

name, and a pure offering : for my as long as the bridegroom is. with

name shall be great among the heathem? but the days will come,

then, saith the Lord of hosts. 1 Tim.

ii. 8. I will therefore that men pray when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall

every where, lifting up holy handsg.

without wrath and doubting. they fast. 1 Cor. vii. 5. Defraud

e John iv. 23. But the hour comye not one the other, except it be

eth, and now is, when the true wor


honour unto the wife as unto the

in private families daily, and in secret each one by himself"; so more solemnly in the public assemblies, which are not carelessly or wilfully to be neglected or forsaken, when God, by his word or providence, calleth thereunto


shippers shall worship the Father in together of the grace of life; that spirit and in truch for the Fa

your prayers be not hindered. Acts ther seeketh such to worship him.

X. 2. A devout man, and one that Ver. 24. God is a Spirit; and they

feareth God with all his house, which that worship him must worship him

gave much alms to the people, and in spirit and in truth.

prayed to God alway. fiJer. x. 25. Pour out thy fury - 6 Matth. vi. 11. Give us this day upon the heathen that know thee

our daily bread. not, and upon the families that call h.Matth. vi. 6. But thou, when not on thy name : for they have thou prayest, enter into thy closet; eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and, when thou hast shut thy door, and consumed him, and have made

pray to thy Father which is in sehis habitation desolate. Deut. vi, 6. cret; and thy Father which seeth. And these words which I command

in secret shall reward thee openly. thee this day shall be in thine heart : Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with Ver. 7. And thou shalt teach them

all prayer and supplication in the diligently unto thy children; and Spirit, and watching thereunto with shalt talk of them when thou sittest all perseverance, and supplication for in thine house, and when thou all saints. walkest by the way, and when thou

i Isa. lvi. 6. Also the sons of the liest down, and when thou risest stranger, that join themselves to the up. Job i. 5. And it was so, when

Lord, to serve him, and to love the the days of their feasting were gone

name of the Lord, to be his servants, about, that Job sent ait sanctified

every one that keepeth the sabbath them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt-offerings, ac

from `polluting it, and taketh hold of

my covenant : Ver. 7. Even them cording to the number of them all : will I bring to my holy mountain, for Job said, It may be that my

and make them joyful in my house Sons have sinned, and cursed God of prayer : their burnt-offerings and in their hearts. Thus did Job con

, their sacrifices shall be accepted upon tinually. 2 Sam. vi. 18. And as

mine altar; for mine house shall be soon as David had made an end of called an house of prayer for all offering burnt-offerings, and peace people. Heb. x. 25. Not forsaking offerings , he blessed the people in

the assembling of ourselves together, the naine of the Lord of hosts.

as the manner of some is; but exe. Ver

. 20. Then David returned to horting one another and so much. bless his household. 1 Pet. iii. 7.

the-more, as ye see the day apa.. Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with proaching Prov. i. 20. Wisdom them according to knowledge, giving crieth without, she uttereth her weaker vessel, and as being heirs crieth in the chief place of concourse,

VII. As it is of the law of nature, that, in general

, a due proportion of time be set apart for the worship of God; so, in his word, by a positive, moral, and perpetual commandment, binding all men in all ages, he hath particularly appointed one day in seven for a sabbath, to be kept holy unto him*: which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week", which in scripture is called the Lord's Day", and is to


Ver, 3. And God

in the openings of the gates : in the bath-day, and hallowed it. Isa. Ivi

. 2. city she uttereth her words, saying, Blessed is the man that doeth this, Ver. 24. Because I have called, and and the son of man that layeth ye refused, I have stretched out my hold on it: that keepeth the sabbath hand, and no man regarded. Prov. from polluting it, and keepeth his viii. 34. Blessed is the nian that hand from doing any evil

. Ver. 4. heareth me, watching daily at my

For thus saith the Lord unto the gates, waiting at the posts of my eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and doors. Acts xiii. 42, And when choose the things that please me, the Jews were gone out of the syna and take hold of my covenant. gogue, the Gentiles besought that Ver. 6, 7. [See in letter i.] these words might be preached to

I Gen, ii. 2. And on the seventh them the next sabbath, Luke iv. 16.

day God ended his work which he And he came to Nazareth, where had made: and he rested on the he had been brought up: and, as

seventh day from all his work which his custom was, he went into the he had made. synagogue on the sabbath-day, and blessed thu seventh day, and sancti. stood up for to read. Acts ii. 42.

fied it: because that in it he had And they continued stedfastly in

rested from all his work which God the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, created and niade. and in breaking of bread, and in

Now concerning the collection for prayers.

the saints, as I have given order to VII. k Exod, XX. 8. Remember the churches of Galatia, even so do the sabbath-day, to keep it holy. ye. Ver. 2. Upon the first day of Ver. 10. But the seventh day is the

the week let every one of you lay by sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it

him in store, as God hath prospered thou shalt not do any work, thou, him, that there be no gatherings nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy when I come. Acts xx, 7. And upon man-servant, -r thy maid-servant, the first day of the week, when the nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. Ver. 1]. For

disciples came together to break in six days the Lord made heaven

bread, Paul preached unto them, and earth, the sea, and all that in

ready to depart on the morrow, them is, and rested the seventh day:

continued his speech until midnight. wherefore the Lord blessed the sabe

m Rev. i. 10, I was in the Spia sit on the Lord's day, and heard

1 Cor. xvi. l,



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whosoever doeth any work in the Ver. 18, Did not your fathers thus,

be continued to the end of the world, as the Christian

VIII. This sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord,

when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and duri ordering of their common affairs beforehand, do not

only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreations, but also are taken up the whole

time behind me a great voice, as of a sabbath-day, he shall surely be put trumpet.

to death. Ver. 16, Wherefore the Exed. xv. 8, 10. [See letter k.] children of Israel shall keep the With Matth. v. 17. Think not that sabbath, to observe the sabbath I am come to destroy the law or throughout their generations, for the prophets: I am not come to

a perpetual covenant. Ver. 17. It destroy, but to fulfil. Ver. 18. For

is a sign between me and the chilverily I say unto you, Till heaven dren of Israel for ever : for in six and earth pass, one jot or one tittle days the Lord made heaven and shall in no wise pass from the law, earth, and on the seventh day he till all be fulfilled.

rested, and was refreshed. Isa. lvii.13. VIII

. • Exod. xx. 8. [See letter k.] If thou turn away thy foot from the Exod. xvi. 23. And he said unto

sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on them, This is that which the Lord

my holy day, and call the sabbath hath said, To-morrow is the rest of a delight, the holy of the Lord, the holy sabbath unto the Lord: honourable, and shalt honour him, bake that which ye will bake to

not doing thine own ways, nor day, and seethe that ye will seethe ;

finding thine own pleasure, nor and that which remaineth over lay

speaking thine own words, Neh. up for you, to be kept until the xiii. 15. In those days saw I in morning. Ver. 25, And Moses said, Judah some treading wine-presses Eat that to-day; for to-day is a

on the sabbath, and bringing in sabbath unto the Lord; to-day ye sheaves

, and lading asses ; as also shall not find it in the field. Ver. 26.

wine, grapes, and figs, ' and all Six days ye shall gather it; but on

manner of burdens, which they the seventh day, which is the sabbath, brought into Jerusalem on the sab

Ver. 29. bath-day: and I testified against See

, for that the Lord hath given them in the day wherein they sold you the sabbath, therefore he giveth victuals. Ver. 16. There dwelt men you on the sixth day the bread of of Tyre also therein, which brought two days: abide ye every man in fish, and all manner of ware, and his place, let no man go out of his

sold on the sabbath unto the chilplace on the seventh day. Ver. 30.

dren of Judah, and in Jerusalem. $o the people rested on the seventh

Ver. 17. Then I contended with day. Exod. xxxi. 15. Six days niay

the nobles of Judah, and said unto work be done, but in the seventh

if them, What evil thing is this that the sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord :

ye do, and profane the sabbath-day?


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CHAP. XXII. Of lawful Oaths and Vows.
A LAWFUL oath is a part of religious worship?

wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing solemnly calleth God, to witness what he asserteth or promiseth; and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth b.

II. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence : therefore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear


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and did not our God bring all this

1. ^ Deut. x. 20. Thou shalt fear evil upon us, and upon this city ? the Lord thy God; him shalt thou: yet ye bring more wrath upon

serve, and to him shalt thou cleave,. Israel, by profaning the sabbath. and swear by his name. Ver. 19. And it came to pass, that,

b Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not when the gates of Jerusalem began take the name of the Lord thy to be dark before the sabbath, I

God in vain : for the Lord will not commanded that the gates should

hold him guiltless that taketh his be shut, and charged that they name in vain. Lev. xix. 12. And should not be opened till after the ye shall not swear by my name sabbath: and some of my servants

falsely, neither shalt thou profane -set I at the gates, that there should

the name of thy God: I am theno burden be brought in on the Lord. 2.Cor. i. 23. Moreover, I sabbath-day. Ver. 21. Then I tes call God for a record upon my soul, tified against them, and said unto

that to spare you I came not as yet thon, Why lodge ye about the

unto Corinth. 2 Chron, vi. 22. If a wall? If ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth

man sin against his neighbour, and an.

oath be laid upon him to make him came they no more on the sabbath. swear, and the oath cone before thine Ver. 22. And I commanded the

altar in this house : Ver. 23. Then Levites, that they should cleanse themselves, ard that they should judge thy servants, by requiting the

hear thou from heaven, and do, and. conie and keep the gates, . to sanctify wicked, by recompensing his way the sabbath-day. Remember me, o. niy God, concerning this also, and

upon his own head, and by justifying spare ne according to the greatness ing, to his righteousness,

the righteous, by giving him accordP Isa. lviii. 13. See in letter o.

11. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear Matth. xii. 1. to, the 13th Verse]

the Lord thy God, and serve him,.' and shalt swear by his name,

d d Exodo

of thy mercy:

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