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PERSONAL

proprietor assumptor bailee contractor master or principals husband

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REPRESENTATIVE the crown represents the nation or sovereignty ambassador

crown
wife

husband
principal

master
trustee

cestui-que-trust guardian

ward committee

lunatic executor

deceased testator administrator

intestate felon

» agent
» servant

» curator

The discussion of the contents of this Table belongs almost entirely to a work

on English Private Law (Chapter · Persons').

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THE OBJECTS OF

ENGLISH PUBLIC MUNICIPAL LAW

are the

DUTIES and RIGHTS
imposed and conferred to ensure to the State
and to its individual members

HAPPINESS

that is
PEACE and PLENTY (Present and Future)
which duties and rights

respect

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INSTITUTES OF ENGLISH LAW.

CHAPTER I.

ORIGIN OF LAW.

Ideas, their source and means of communication - Man a social

being-Happiness—Causes which regulate human conduct- Various kinds of Law-Good and evil—The two schools of Moral TheologyTwo schools of the index to the unwritten Divine will ;—the theory of a Moral sense, and that of Utility-Theories as to the origin of Law -Jurisprudence-Positive Morality-Objects metaphorically termed Laws—The Science of Legislation-Ethics—Justice and Injustice.

6

The meanest and most obvious things,' says Locke, that come in our way, have dark sides, that the quickest sight cannot penetrate into. The clearest and most enlarged understandings of thinking men, find themselves puzzled, and at a loss, in every particle of matter. We shall the less wonder to find it so, when we consider the causes of our ignorance, which, I suppose, will be found to be these three: First, want of ideas; secondly, want of a discoverable connexion between the ideas we have; thirdly, want of tracing and examining our ideas.' 'Let us suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper,

, void of all characters, without any ideas; how comes it

| Human Understanding, Book iv., ch. 3, ș 22.

B

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