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cil of War, which was held the 23d it was resolv'd, A. C, to suspend, for some Days longer, the opening of ,yQ(j. the Trenches, until they had receiv'd all their Ar- ^ysj tillery, and other Necessaries for carrying (in the Siege with Vigour. Sir Stafford F/tirbcrn, at the seme time, with a Squadron of 9 large F.ngtijh Ships of War, 4 Bomb-Ketches, and 2 Fireships, blocked up" the Harbour, being to batter the Town by Sea. The Night between the 25th and 16th the Enemy having erected, without the Town, a Battery of y pieces of Cannon towards the Sea-fide, to hinder the Barks fromLanding, the advane'd Guard repair'd thither, and having nassd up the y Pieces retire! by break of Day. In the mean time, the Besiegers having Intelligence, that the Seamen and Burghers, would assist the French Garrison in defending the Place, Monsieur the Velt-Mareschal, sent them Word, that he would ruin the Town, and burn all the Ships, in case they should help the Enemy, which Message had the desired Efk-ct. Moreover, the four Burghomasters came to the Camp the 28th, to beg that their Town and Ships might be spared, the Bomb-ketches having already thrown in some Bombs. But, as they made no Offer of surrendring, they were obliged to return without a favourable Answer. The night following, being that between the 28th and 29th, the Trenches were open'd within Musket-2^' Tre*?j shot of the Place, by Lieutenant-General fff/>|une 1*8' having under him Major General Laudrr, and Bri--^, s gadier Anwmti, with two Colonels, and 2000 Soldiers or Pioneers, supported by four Battalions, <vt%. Two Englijh and Two Dutch: And tho' the Enemy made great Fire from the Town, yet the Works were carried on with great Success, and without any greater loss than about 60 men kilfd or wounded: The 29th the Trenches were rcliev'd by Lieutenant General: Oxeiisttern, Major General Murray, and the Duke of Arzylc Brigadier, with a Colonel, four Battalions, and 1800 Pioneers. The 30th General Spar, with Major General Collier, and Brigadier fatten, with a Colonel, four Battalions, and 1500 Pioneers reliev'd the Trenches: And those three Lieutenant Generals, In their Turn, commanded in the Trenches till the Place was siirrendred. The 1st, of July the Batteries were finish'd, and the Besiegers

A. C. began to plant Cannon thereon, The qd Sir Stafford \ 706. Fairborn came ashore to confer with Moulieur cCAu-. \^y\j verquerque, and it was resolv'd that the next Day the Bomb-Vessels should draw near the Place to bombard the Town, The lame day, (the 3d of July) the Trenches on the left were carried on within 150 Paces of the Glacis of the Place; and the Line of Communication being finish'd, the Attacks were purT filed with so great Vigour, that the Besiegers covered themselves from the Cannon of the Town; insomuch, that the 4 Batteries that had been erected, vi%, one of 8 pieces of Cannon, one of 18 Mortars, one of 38 pieces, and one of 7, being all ready, they began to batter the Place by break of Day, with soch uninterrupted Fury, that Fire broke out in ihveral Places before 8 a Clock; and the Town being so terribly battered,.both by Sea and by Land, great part of the Cannon of the Besieged were dismounted before Night, and the Place almost entirely ruin'd. The 4th was spent in firing vigorously against, and bombarding the Town, and the Night between the 4th and ^th an Assault was made upon the Counterscarp. The Attack was begun by so English Grenadiers commanded by a Lieutenant, and supported by a Dutch Battalion, and was carry'd on . with all imaginable Vigour and Resolution. The Allies having beaten the Enemy from their Works, made a Lodgment upon the Counterscarp. That morning the Besieged Sallied out widi 900 Men in order to dislodge the Besiegers, and endeavour the Regaining of that Post ; but the Battalions that were in the Trenches, advancing to their Aisistance, and some Shots being fired on both fides, the Enemy retired without being able to effect their design. This Skirmish, however, cost the Besiegers 50 Men killed and wounded. In the mean time, great Diligence was used in perfecting two Batteries on the Glacis, one of ix Pieces of Cannon, and the other of Eight.

At last, on the 6th of July, the Besieged not being able to hold out any longer against the force of 46 heavy Pieces of Cannon, 18 Mortars, and some hundreds of small Mortars, called Coelxnrn Mortars, beat a Parley at 9 in the morning; and die Capitulation being concluded and signed at n at Night, they sorrendred OJlend to the Allies, who the next A. C. Morning, took Poflellion of it in the Name of King i joC Charles HI. This Town was Invested by the Spaniards V^-y\^ during the Government of the Arch-Duke Albert of Austria the yth of oijuly 1601, and sustain'd, at that time, a Siege of three Yean, or, as some Historians relate, 3 Years, 7, Months, 3 Weeks, 3 Days, and ? Hours, during which the Besiegers lost Seventy six thousand, Nine hundred and Sixty one Persons, W{. 7 Field-Mareschals, 15 Colonels, 19 Majors, 16? Captains, 1166 Lieutenants, 311 Ensigns, 1911 Serjeants, 9166" Corporals, 610 Under Corporals, 54366 private Soldiers, 6011 Seamen, and 1196 Women and Children. But now the fame Place, tho' defended by a numerous Garrison, commanded by twq Generals, the one a Frencfman, the other a Spaniards and provided with abundance of Artillery and Ammunition, surrendred to the Invincible Allies, after it had been battered only 3 Days and some Hours.

According to the Capitulation, the Garrison march'd out on the 8th of July, without any Marks of Honour, and only with their Swords and Baggage, having been obliged to promise not to bear Arms against King Charles III. or his Allies, for the six Months following. It consisted of two Spanish Battalions; four Troops of Dragoons of the fame Nation, and four French Regiments; but the former, most of them, entred into the Service of the Allies. No mention was made in the Capitulation of the Shipping in the Harbour, in which were found two Men of War, one of 80, the other of <o Guns, and about 4? small Vessels. This Conquest did not cost tlie Confederates above £00 Men, killed or wounded.

Monsieur d' Auvcrqucrque having caus'd the Approaches before Ostend to be levell'd, and left a good Garrison in that Town under the Command of Lieutenant General Spar, and in Plajfendael, march'd on the nth of July, with the Troops under his Command, to join the Duke of Marlborougb, whom e we left encamp'd at Arfilc. His Grace broke up M"'"" from thence the 18th of June, and march'd to K^Js'-'^st'L Uer, where he encamp'd to cover the Siege of OJlend. Dlty 0? The iid his Grace receiv'd Advice from Brigadier MarlboMercdirbt who commanded the Troops employed rough. "'" _ in

A.C. 1706.

Dendermonde refuses again to


in the Blockade of Dendermonde, That the Enemy having sent a Detaclunent from Mons, of 3000 Horse and xooo Foot, with intent to surprize him, he had retir'd from Lchheelg to Bnejlroo; which was so advantagious a Post, that the Enemy did not think fit to attack hin\ tho' so much superior in number. He had only five Men kuTd out of 5-0 he had Left in a Redoubt to cover his Retreat ; and the Captain who commanded "em, with 7 of his Men, were taken Prisoners. The Enemy put about 400 Foot, and 100 Dragoons into the Town; and upon the appearing of Brigadier CW«£<»w with 6 Squadrons, who came from Oudcnarde about an hour too late to secure the Bridge of Aloft, they return'd with great Precipitation to Maw/, having in this Expedition loft near 700 Men by Desertion. The 18th, his Grace receiv'd a Letter from Brigadier G»rf«#rtw, with an Account, that the Bombs having set the Town of Detukrmonde on Fire in several Places, he had the 2.7th at night, by the Advice of the Marquis Ae I'crra^ena, written a Le tter to the Governor, Monsieur DelvaU, to acquaint him, That the Garrison was to expect no other Conditions than to remain Prisoners of War, if they persisted any longer to defend the Place: VVhereupon the Governor desired a Cessation of Arms for 24 Hours, to assemble and consult with his Officers. The 19th, the Cessation being expired, he sent this Answer to the Marquis de Henn^ena, That having calTd a Council of War, they came to a Resolution, That feeing the Town hud a strong Gam's*)!, tivd was otherwise provided for a good Defence, it was their Duty to MA oat to the last : Whereupon, Order; were sent for the close Blocking up of that Place, till there should be a proper Season for Attacking it in Form. The Troops of Prussia and Hanover came that Day to Aloli, and Orders were sent them, to encamp there till further Orders. The id of July at Night, the Lord E(aby, Ambassador Extraordinary from Her Majesty of Cheat-Britain to the King of Prussia, came 6pm Weft I to the Camp at Hpujfelad; to wait upon the Duke of Marlbarongh. The 4th in the Morning, his Grace went to Monsieur i''Auvtrquerque% Camp before Oftend\ and as he passed, thro' was saluted widi.aitripplc

Dischargers Jus Cannon ofthat Place* Ilis Grace

Dia'4 dWid with Monsieur d'duvcrquerque; went after- A. Q, wards to the Trenches, and vicwd the Batteries: 1706'. and upon his appearing on the Strand, was saluted bv the Squadron comnianded by Sir Stafford Fairfax* His Grace paft'd through Bruges, in his Return, where he was again saluted with a tripple Discharge of the Artillery.' The Clergy met him at iome distance out of the Town, as the Magistrates of that City and Franc did at the Gates: They all made their Excuses, that they did not know of his Grace's coming the Day before till he was at their Gates; and presented-to him the Keys of the City, assuring him of their Zeal and Loyalty to their-Lawful Sovereign King Charles III. and acknowledging^ the fame nme,thcir great Obligations to his Grace, as the happy Instrument of their Deliverance From the Tyranny of France. His Grace retum'd to the Army about ,6 in the Evening. My Lord Duke, before his going to Osicnd, had order'd the Prince otllolftcin-Be^k., Lieutcnant-General,to march with 8; Battalions and take Possession of Courtraj\ where he arrived accordingly the $th. ■ The Detachr ment under the Command of Major-General Berensdnrf, which lay near Oudenarde, was order'd, at the fame time, to rake the Camp of Hnrlcbccl^ near Courtray, His Grace intending to march thither with the Army. The Troops or Prussia and Hanover were the lame day. order'd to march to Ninove. The 6th, the Duke of MariUrough, with the Army under his Command, march'd from Rguffclacr, and encamp'd with the Right at Courtray, and the Left at Harlebecb^ the River Lys being in the Rear. His Grace; having Notice, That the Prince Royal of Prussia, intended to see the Army, sent away Collonel Durct, Adjutant-General, the 8th in the Morning, to Clevetf to compliment his Royal Highneft, and to conduct him to the Camp. The ioth Collonel LaT Ass Regiment march'd from the Camp towards O• fiend, there to embark, together with Brigadier-General Faningdon's, and Brigadier-General Macartney's Regiments, in order to loin the Troops in England that were: to go upon the Descent. The trththe Army marched from Harlcbeck. and came to HeUhin, near which Place four Bridges were, by his Grace's Directions, laid over the Sehelde. In the Evening,


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