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The Republican.

No. 18, Vol. 3.) LONDON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 25,1820. [PRICB 6D.


That real trinity in unity—those prosecutors, judges, and jurors, which call themselves a House of Lords, a High Court of Parliament, and hereditary judges and legislators, have resolved by a large majority to proceed with the Divorce Bill against the Queen. Various attempts have been made by individual members of that House, to put a stop to the further progress of the Bill before the examination of witnesses had commenced, but all in vain. They are determined to support and pander to the will of him, whence all their imaginary honours flow. Their ribands, and pensions, and sinecures are not to be obtained by listening to any other dictates than those of the monarch, and whether he be a prude or a profligate, a lawful magistrate or an imbecile despot, it matters nothing to them, they are the creatures of his breath and him they must and will support.

There is nothing new in the evidence brought forward to support the charges against the Queen: it by no means comes up to the tale of slander which has been long and previously propagated throughout the country, and most diligently throughout the metropolis. Such evidence would not be listened to by an honest and incorrupt judge and twelve honest jurymen. Beyond attachment and familiarity in the Queen towards her servant, Bergami, there is nothing proved, and the then situation of the Princess of Wales in a foreign country, would fully justify her making a confidant of some individual, on whose fidelity she might rely, and to whom she might open her mind, without a fear of its being promulgated to her injury. The dangerous influence of monarchy might justly make her prefer a foreigner to a native of these isles. It should be recollected that an inhabitant of the continent, or

Vol III. No. 18.

Priated and Published by J. CARLITE, 55, Fiect Street.

rather a native, would not be viewed as a foreigner by the Queon, as he might be by a native of Great Britain or Ireland. She herself is but a foreigner naturalized, and as her naturalization in this country has brought upon her five and twenty years of misery, she at least, could respect nothing in the country, but that portion of the people who have lifted their voice in her behalf as an injured and persecuted woman. The Queen has by no means been the cause of her own suffering and persecution, it has been brought upon her by a brutal and worthless husband : she has been enticed from that circle which was most dear to her, for the basest of purposes, to enable a man who had involved himself in debt and disgrace by his profligate career, to impose upon the people of England a pretence to reformation by taking a wife and abandoning his former course of life, merely to get his debts paid, that he might be enabled to commence a fresh carousal of profligacy and dissoluteness. It is now placed beyond doubt, that this was the only motive that induced the present king to marry, for he no sooner found a parliament of easy virtue to pay his debts and give him a greater income, than he returned to his former vicious course with a vigour proportionate to his replenished and increased means.

There is one thing which the Queen is indebted, both to herself and to the nation at large, namely, to write the memoirs of her wedded life, and narrate every particular that has transpired between her and her husband, and between her and other branches of the Royal Family, or any of their adherents. This is due to the nation that has so decidedly taken her part, and it is fitting that it should know, and be well acquainted with, the real characters of those who are so splendidly supported amidst the general want of its inhabitants. In the publication of her memoirs, the Queen would take the most effectual mode of recrimination, and she has given us a brief sketch of what it would be, in her dignitied and truly noble letter to the King Her persecutor sticks at nothing whereby he might the better deprive her of her legal rights and title. It is evident that the whole of his conduct towards her is that of individual caprice, the motive is that of self gratification, for he cannot endure the sight and copartnership of the woman he has so brutally used.

The vices of monarchy are beginning to dispaly themselves in the most striking colours, never was circumstance so important to the cause of republicanism as the present attempt to crush an injured Queen. A mere statement of facts is now

become the only duty of the advocate of republicanism, his cause even needs no argument to make proselytes; all he has to say is, look about you, and see what is going on.

The Queen has now set all factions against her: Whig and Tory complain of her conduct, she has expressed her opinion of both, and avowed her determination to assist in reforming the present system. Her answers to the several addresses which have been sent her have been truly important. They are adapted to the real state of the country, and must warm the hearts of the advocates of reform, and add thousands, perhaps millions, to their number. If the Queen be the author of the answers given to the several addresses that have been presented to her, and the letter addressed to the King in her name, she must be a woman of first rate literary talent, and such as few women can equal. All the late answers, or all save those to the addresses from Preston and Nottingham, have been simple, elegant, and most forcibly striking. They are the pure dictates of a feeling, generous, and brave heart: and whether they be in reality the sole composition of the Queen, or of her friends, they display an ability that has never entered a British cabinet. The following is the Queen's most important letter to the King:

SIR,—After the unparalleled and unprovoked persecution which, dure ing a series of years, has been carried on against me under the name, and authority of your Majesty—and which persecution, instead of being inolJified by time, time has rendered only more and more malignant and unrelenting-it is not without a great sacrifice of private feeling that I now, even in the way of remon strapce, bring myself to address this letter to your Majesty. But, bearing in mind that royally rests on the basis of public good; that to this paramount consideration all others ought to submit; and aware of the consequences that may result from the present unconstitutional, illegal, and hitherto unheard of proceedings;~with a wiad thus impressed, I cannot refrain from laying my grievous wrongs once more before your Majesty, in the hope that the justice which your Majesty may, by evil minded counsellors, be still disposed to refuse to the claims of a dutiful, faithful, and injured wife, you inay be induced to yield to considerations connected with the honour and dignity of your crown, the stability of your throne, the tranquility of your dominions, the happiness and safety of your just an.1 lawful peo. ple, whose generous hearis revoit at oppression and cruelly, and especially when perpetrated by a perversion and a mockery of the laws.

A sense of what is due to my character and sex, forbids me lo refer minutcly to the real causes of our domestic separation, or to the numerous unmerited insults offered me previously to that period; but, leaving lo your Majesty to reconcile with the marriage vow the act of driving, hy such ficans, a wife from beneath your roof, with an infant in her arms, your Majesty will permit me to remind you, that that act was elle tirely jour own; that the separation, su far from being sought forly me, was a sentence pronounced upon me, without any cause assigned, other

than that of your own inclinations, which, as your Majesty was pleased to allege, were not under your control.

Not to have felt, with regard to myself, chagrio at this decision of your Majesty, would have argued great insensibility to the obligations of decorum ; not to bave dropped a tear in the face of that beloved child, wbose future sorrows were then but too easy to foresee, would have marked me as unworthy of the name of mother s but, pot to have submitted to it without repining would have indicated a conscious. Dess of demerit, or a want of those feelings which belong to affronted, and insulled feniale honour.

The “ tranquil and comfortable society” tendered to me by your Majesty, formed, in my mind, but a poor compensation for the grief occasioned by considering the wound given to public murals in the fatal example produced by the indulgence of your Majesty's inclinations : more especially when I contemplated the disappointmeot of the nation, who had so munificently provided for our union, who bad fondly cherisbed such pleasing hopes of bappiness arising from that union, and who had bailed it with such affectionate and rapturous joy.

But, alas! even tranquillity and comfort were too much for me to enjor. From the very threshold of your Majesty's mansion the mother of your child was pursued by spies, conspirators and traitors, employed, cucou. raged, and rewarded to lay spares for the feet, and to plot against the reputation and lise, of her whoin your Majesty had so recently and 90 solemly vowed to honour, to love, and to cherish.

lo withdrawing from the embraces of my parents, in giving my hand to the son of George the Third and the heir-apparent to the British throbe, nothing less than a voice from Heaven would have made me Sear jujustice or wrong of any kind. What, then, was my astonishment at finding that treasons against me had been carried on and inatured, perjuries against me had been methodized and embodied, a secret tribunal had been held, a trial of my actious had taken place, and a decision had been made upon those actions, without my having been informed of the nature of the charge, or of the names of the witnesses ! aud what words can express the feelings excited by the fact, that this proceeding was founded on a request nade, and on evidence furnished, bg order of the father of my child, and my natural as well as legal guardiaa apd protector?

Notwithstanding, however, the unprecedented conduct of that tribunal, conduct wbich has since undergone, even in Parliament, severe and unanswered aniinadversions, and which has been also censured in minutes of Privy Council - 10twithstao ng the secrecy of the proceedings of this tribunal- otwithstanding the strong temptation to the giving of false evidence agailist me before il notwithstanding that there was no opportunily afforded me of rebutting that evidence-potwithstanding all these circumstances, so decidedly favourable to my enemies--even this secret tribunal acquitted me of all crime, and thereby pronounced my principal accusers to have been guilty of the grossest perjury. But it was now (after tbe trial was over) discovered, that the pature of the tri. bunal was such, as to render false sweariog before it not legally criminal! And thus, at the suggestion and request of your Majesty, had been created, to take cogoizance of and try my conduct, a tribuoal competent 10 administer oaths, competeni to examine witnesses on oalb, cora petent to try, competent to acquit or condemn, and compeleot, moreover, tu screw those who had sworn falsely agaiost nue from suffering

the pains and penalties which the law awards to wilful and corrupt per: jurg. Great as my indignation paturally must have been at this shaideful cvasion of law and justice, that iudigaation was lost in pity for him who could lower his princely plumes to the dust by giving his counteaance and favour to the most couspicuous of those abandoned and noto. rious perjurers.

Still there was one whose upright mind nothing could' warp, in whose breast injustice never found a place, whose hand was always ready to raise the unfortunate, and to rescue the oppressed. While that good and gracious father aod sovereign remained in the exercise of his royal func. tions, his unoffending daughter-in-law had nothing to fear. As long as the protecting hand of your late ever beloved and ever-lamented faiher was held over me, I was safe. But the inelancholy evcut which deprived the nation of the active exertions of its virtuous Ķing, bereft we of friend and protector, and of all hope of future tranquillity and safety. To calumniate your innocent wife was now the shortest road to royal favour; and to betray her was to lay the sure foundation of bound less riches and titles of honour. Before claims like these, taleut, virtue, long services, your own personal friendships, your royal engagements, promises, and pledges, written as well as verbal, melled into air. Your cabinet was founded on this basis. You took to your councils nen, of whose persons, as well as whose principles, you had invariably expressed' ihe strongest dislike. The interest of the nation, and even your own feelings, in all other respects, were sacrificed to the gratification of your desire to aggravate my sufferiugs, aud ensure my humilią. tion. You took to your councils and your bosom men whom you hated, whose abandonment of, and whose readiness to sacrifice me were their only merits, and whose power has been exercised in a manner, and bas been attended with conscquences, worthy of its origin. From this unprincipled and unnatural union lave sprung the manifold evils which this nation has now to endure, and which present a mass of misery, and of degradation, accompanied wilh acts of tyranny and cruelty, rather than have seen which inflicted on bis industrious, faithful, and brare peo. ple, your royal father would have perished at the head of ihat people.

When to calumniate, revile, and betray me, became the sure path to honour and riches, it would bave been strange indeed, if calumniators, revilers, and traitors, had not abounded. Your Court became mucha less a scene of polished maoners and refined intercourse than of low intrigue and scurrility. Spies, Bacchanalian tale-bearers, and foul con. spirators, swarmed in those places which had before been the resort of sobriety, virtue, and honour. To enumerate all the various privations aod inortifications which I had to endare--all the insults that were wantooly heaped upon me, from the day of your elevatiou to the Regency, to that of ing departure for the Continent, would be to describe every species of personal offence that can be offered to, and every pain short of bodily violence that can be ioflicted on, ang human being. Bereft of parent, brother, and father-in-law, and my husband for my deadliest foe; seeing those who have promised we support bought by rewards to be ainongst my, enenzies ; restrained from accusing my foon in the face of the world, out of regard for the character of the father of iny child, and from a desire to prevent her happiness from being disturbed; shurined from motives of selfishness by those who were my natural associates; living in obscurity, while I ought to have been the ceutre of all that was splendid ; thus bumbled, I had one consolatipa

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