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enjoy their privileges, as free men. He where, he was persuaded, that the results was anxious that the Negro population of of their disinterested labours were to be the West Indies should have the Gospel, classed amongst the most decided and which, while promoting their highest, splendid instances of success which had because their spiritual and eternal, inter been vouchsafed to Missionary effort in ests, must inevitably raise them to a modern times. He was particularly state of civil freedom ; and on look- struck with that boldness of Christian ing round in search of agency for piety with which the Wesleyan Society the attainment of this desirable end, engages in enterprise the most dangerhe was induced strongly to recommend ous and difficult. And the secret of their the Wesleyan Missionaries as every way courage and success was, that they deserving encouragement. Nor had his adopted scriptural principles, and applied confidence been misplaced. The course scriptural means, in confident reliance on which the W'esleyans had pursued, had the promises of the Gospel. They went placed them in a commanding position to the Heathen under the conviction that as persons from whose labours amongst they were depraved and fallen creatures, the emancipated Negroes this country whose case could only be reached by one may confidently anticipate no other than remedy, but that an effectual one, and the most beneficial results. Although they acted accordingly; and the success he had not lately attended the Meetings with which God has honoured their of the Society, he had not been inatten- working faith, demonstrates that they tive to its proceedings. He had derived have taken the right course to reclaim high gratification from its monthly and elevate the cruel and ferocious Notices and yearly Reports, which savage. He was a great reader of books were most valuable, instructive, and of voyages and travels; and while referencouraging. In the New Zealand ques. ring to the auspicious commencement of tion, he had taken a lively interest. He the Society's Mission in Feejee, he bad witnessed with deep feeling the inter- would advert to a fact connected with ruption which was given to Missionary the melancholy end of the celebrated labour there by the dissolute and lawless French circumnavigator, Perouse, in the conduct of our run-away seamen and vicinity of that group. The naturalist convicts. A certain Association, it was who accompanied him was a freethinker, true, had most kindly offered to take the who, on the night previous to the mascare and management of the whole island, sacré, maintained, in conversation at the and put an end to those disorders. supper-table, that natural, unsophisti. Those offers reminded him of the Squire cated man was always well-principled in the adventures of a well-known and good ; but, before the close of another Knight, who, in reply to the question day, he himself fell a victim to the savage as to whether he judged himself to be cruelty of those who were the subjects competent to take upon himself the of his eulogy. The Wesleyan Missioncivil and religious government of an aries did not go amongst those “ children island which had been named, said, “I of nature ” with such views. They did really feel that within myself which tells not venture amongst them because they me that I can govern any island, however believed them to be virtuous and good. big." Such was the case with the New. They knew that the inhabitants of Fee. Zealand Association. They had the jee 'were monsters in depravity and feeling that they conld manage all the cruelty, but they fearlessly landed on affairs of New-Zealand. The Commit their inhospitable shores, in the spirit of tee of the House of Lords, however, had Him who came to seek and to save that a different feeling upon the subject. which was lost, and in firm reliance upon They entered upon a full investigation the promise, « Lo, I am with you alway, of the state of Things in New Zealand, even unto the end of the world ;” and and the effects produced by Missionary most cheering and encouraging was the teaching; and their noble and memo. result. He should not have felt satisfied, rable verdict was, that no mercan- had he not given public expression of his tile plans or speculations should be confidence in the Wesleyan Society, allowed to set aside, or interfere with,
Believing that Jesus Christ died as an the system of Missionary operations atonement for the sins of the world, he which had produced such a wonder. honoured the Society which was exerting ful change in the character and pur. itself to make the efficacy of his blood suits of numbers of the once ferocious known to the ends of the earth. In the and cannibal population of those inter
on of those inter agitations which have taken place at esting islands. Looking at the success home, the Wesleyans, as a body, had of the Society in New-Zealand and else- maintained, thronghout, their consist
ency. They had been assailed by temptation, and had been exposed to reproach ; but they had neither been terrified nor seduced from their longcherished principles to move to the right hand or the left. They had nothing to lose by altering their position; they might gain ; but the interests of our common cause were dearer to them than any merely sectarian advantages, which might be gained by the overthrow of the established Church. Looking at the state of society in our country, they knew we had no Christianity to spare, and would not, therefore, have the efficiency of the Church diminished. Besides, they saw the folly of hoping to get up a nice little earth quake, which, beginning at Westminster Abbey its work of Church destruction, should proceed thence at once to St. Paul's Cathedral, and leave all the chapels between those two points untouched and uninjured. They had nobly, in the time of trial, maintained the principles which they had ever avowed from the time of their great Founder ; and their conduct at home, and their labours in the conversion of the Heathen, equally entitled them to his confidence and support. He then moved the following Resolution:
66 That this Meeting contemplates with especial gratitude and delight the tri. umphs of the Gospel, and the consequent prevention of exterminating wars, and the spread of the arts and blessings of civilized life in South Africa, New. Zealand, and the Friendly Islands; the opening prospects of the new Mission in Feejee ; and the auspicious commencement of the Mission among the degraded aborigines of Australia."
SIR JAMES EDWARD ALEXANDER, honourably known to the public as one of the most recent African travellers, rose to second the Resolution. He begged to say, that he had been engaged in war in Africa, although he regretted the necessity of having been so engaged; and it was chiefly owing to the influ. ence of the Wesleyan Missionaries that that war had been put a stop to He had observed in Africa the differ ence between the natives who had been under the influence of the Missionaries, and those who had continued in their state of native wildness. In the latter state, they were exceedingly vicious and depraved ; and in the former, very much improved, and progressing to improve, in every possible manner. Those under the influence of the Missionaries were cultivating the soil, and applying
themselves satisfactorily to industrious habits; and he had no doubt that, under the influence of the Wesleyan Method ists, the commerce, the cultivation, and the useful habits of large numbers of the South-African natives would daily increase.
The Rev. John MACLEAN, of Sheffield, said,When, in a moment of weakness, I consented to take part in the religious services of this Anniversary, I stipulated I certainly intended to stipulate--with my friend Dr. Alder, that I should be exempted from any obligation to take part in any of the proceedings of this day. I am sorry to say, that my esteemed friend has forgotten this stipulation; and that, although I have made repeated appeals to the compassion of all the Secretaries, yet I have been compelled to take a humble part-and humble it must be in the proceedings of this vast assembly. Sir Peter, I cannot refrain from expressing the unmingled delight with which I have regarded you as the Chairman of this Meeting, and with which I listened to your admirable address; and from the recollection of former years, connected with some anecdotes of an old Scotch Provost, with whom I happened to be acquainted, I have not been able but to regard your presence here with peculiar interest. Sir, I rejoice at it on account, also, of the noble stand, the truly catholic stand, which you have made for Protestant principles. Inci. dentally, you have defended Wesleyan Methodism; but essentially, and more than Wesleyan Methodism, you have defended Protestant principles. After this defence, I must consider this to be a most happy day, that has seen you come to such a Meeting as this, and to preside over such an assembly ; for I am sure, there are no meetings, in their influence and operations, more likely to be fatal to sectarian bigotry, which you, Sir Peter, bave so successfully opposed, than the assemblies held from year to year, in connexion with the various evangelical Societies that meet in this Hall. When we hear the Reports made of the proceed. ings of the different evangelical Societies in this country; and when we look at the operations of our own Society, as one among the “sacramental host of God's elect, all engaged in the great enterprise, and connected with the real apostolical succession ; we cannot but, with pleasing prospects, look forward to the verdure of the desert, and the luxuriant fruits of the plains that are now parching to be watered with our exertions. As the sight of fruits and verdure manifest the presence
of the sun, so the facts in the Missionary tarian peculiarities, to which my elo. Reports prove that the various Societies quent friend, Mr. Bunting, has so beauare connected with the real apostolical tifully referred, we are apt to regard succession. When John the Baptist sent each other as monsters : but as the sun his disciples to our Saviour, saying, “ Art of true catholicity arises, it dispels the thou he that should come, or look we for mists that intercept our view, and, as we another ?” the reply was, “Go, and tell come nearer and nearer, behold, we find John, that the blind receive their sight, ourselves to be brethren! I should be the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, very sorry indeed, if, in making these the dead are raised to life, and the poor remarks, which have occurred to me since have the Gospel preached to them." I came into this Hall, I should be misAnd when amiable men, but mistaken taken, in reference to my sentiments. I men, come forward to contend with those love the Church of England. I rejoice who are diffusing the Gospel among in her increasing beauty and glory as a pagan nations, and say, “Art thou he Church. I cannot but regard any obthat should come, or are we to go to scurity which envelopes her at present as some other ? ” we answer, the London a passing cloud, which is sure to be dis. Missionary Society answers, the Church pelled ; and that she will yet come forth, Missionary Society answers, (and, blessed “fair as the sun, clear as the moon, and be God, it is among the happiest evi. terrible as an army with banners." I dences that it is connected with the true know not whether, in such a strain as apostolical succession,) all the various this, I am justified in offering any fur. Societies answer, " The blind receive ther remarks ; but, in reference to the their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are appeal on the subject of finance, which cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are has been so forcibly made by the Report, raised up, and the poor have the Gospel and supported so well by subsequent preached to them." Sir, the influence of speakers, as a Minister from the country, such a Meeting as this upon those nar. I think it may not be improper for me to row, sectarian feelings which are, I trust, bear my personal testimony, in reference only temporarily revived in some quar to the keeping up of our funds. Referters, is sure to be destructive of them, ence has been made to the munificent It rejoices our hearts to see many gentle. contributions of the rich. Now, I can men and many Ministers of other deno. only say, that God has given us, in conminations present on such an occasion as nexion with the contributions of the rich, this. It rejoices my heart unspeakably; the hearts of the poor. I was much and I am reminded, when I look round struck, and deeply affected, by a circum. on the various gentlemen of other deno stance that came under my notice in the minations who have addressed us, of a course of a visit to a town in the neigh. story I heard a long time since in the bourhood of that in which I reside, renorth, about a countryman of mine, who specting the singular zeal of a poor went out one morning before the sun had widow. She had a very small independ. dissipated the mists from the tops of my ence, upon which to subsist, but which native mountains, amongst which he then afforded no surplus fund to enable her to was. There he saw, or thought he saw, demonstrate the extent of the liberality on the summit of a hill before him, and of her disposition. What did she do ? She descending towards himself, something determined to increase her means of conin the shape of a monster, something of a tribution to the Wesleyan Missionary very frightful aspect indeed. His Scotch Society by keeping a day-school. She heart, I suppose, was ready to quail at charged the small sum of a penny a week the sight. I am not sure whether he did for educating each scholar; and at the not consider that the better part of valour Meeting I attended, she contributed, was discretion, and that it would be as from that source, a most handsome sum, well for him to retire from the scene ; in the modest shape of a Missionary box. but, however, mustering up all his Scotch The resources of the Redeemer, then, or Highland courage, he waited till this you may be persuaded, are most ample, frightful monster approached nearer; and when he can lead a poor widow to exert by and by, as it approached, the fright. herself to assist the operations of your fulness of its form became less, until Society by such exertions as these. I (strange to tell!) he found the figure, was likewise deeply affected by a remark which had seemed to him to be a mon. in the Report, that some pagan Chiet ster, when surrounded by mist on the top had said, is What have we done, that of the mountains, to be his own brother. we should not have Christian MissionSo, Sir, when we see each other on the aries ? ” Let this remark sink deeply tops of the mountains of our various sec. into your hearts, into the hearts of all who love the Lord Jesus Christ; because gelical sentiments which I have had the what have all the Heathen done, from happiness to hear here to-day. I saw whom applications have been made for some there then, whom I see here to-day, Missionaries, that they should not have _Methodists, who were delighted with Christian Missionaries sent out to them ? what they saw and heard on that occaThe Lord Jesus has redeemed them ; the sion. If I asked them the reason of their Lord Jesus has a right to the homage of being present, I believe they would reply their hearts, a right to their worship, a pretty much in the same language as I right to their services; and we, his pro- should reply myself, if I were asked why fessed servants, ought to go to them, in I am here to-day,- Because the points obedience to his command, with his on which we are all agreed as Christians Gospel in our hands, and bring them are of such overwhelming importance, into subjugation to his laws.
so manifold and so great,-compared The Resolution was put, and carried with those upon which we differ, that we unanimously.
can most readily give each other the MR. ALDERMAN VENABLES said, right hand of fellowship, and do all we
I have very recently entered this great can for the purpose of exciting each other assembly, and I have been requested to to love and good works. I think it would propose a Resolution for your adoption. be almost as reasonable for an army, When I consider my own inadequacy, about to encounter a foe, upon whose under any circumstances, to do justice to success against that foe the liberty of a proposition made upon such a subject, their country depended,,it would as and to such an assembly as this, I might, well become the soldiers of that army to perhaps, complain of the responsibility quarrel with each other on account of the that has been thrown upon me; but with colour of their regimentals, or the shape the sympathy which I have in what is of their accoutrements, as for Christians going forward, and with my feelings as a to differ upon the way in which the GosChristian towards the Wesleyan Mission- pel shall be sent to other countries. Have ary Society, whose Anniversary we have we not the same great Captain ? Have this day met to celebrate, I own I cannot we not the same great object in view ? refuse to do what is in my power towards Why should we differ, then, as to the the great object in support of which you smaller points, which are scattered as are assembled. I have just left the con- chaff before the wind, when we come to fusion and turmoil of this great city; Christian argument and Christian feeling. and I cannot help being struck with the A solemn thought struck me, when I encontrast, on entering this Meeting, where tered this assembly. Though I have been all are occupied with one object, all here before, I was never so struck with hearts at least disposed to do their utmost the magnificent view which presented towards the furtherance of one grand itself before me on entering; and thought, object, the promulgation of the Gospel What would be the feelings of some of among the Heathen, and the making your predecessors,-of Wesley, of Fletknown of the name of Christ to those cher, of Coke, and others,—who have who are in pagan darkness, or lying un gone to their reward, if they could have der midnight superstition. If there be been present on this platform ? If it be any one subject that has an overwhelming given to them, as surely it is, to witness claim upon any Christian, I should think the fruit of their labours, and the great it is this. It is our duty, in proportion things that have been done by their sucto the means with which God has blessed cessors, and the prosperous state of the us, to do our utmost to make known to building of which they laid the founda. them who are without it, the glad tidings tion, I am sure that their souls must be of the Gospel, which the Apostle calls rejoiced. I have been requested to move our « common salvation ;” and it is con a Resolution which has reference to the soling for us to think, that, at a period state of your Missions in the West Inlike the present, when there are so many dies, and I will read it to you :unhappy instances of contention in the " That the Meeting offers its most church of Christ, all are pretty well devout thanksgivings to Almighty God, on agreed on this, and that there is a general account of the prosperous state of the feeling, among all classes of Christians, Missions in the West Indies, a portion in favour of Missionary efforts. It was of the Missionary field which this Society but a few days ago, that I attended, at has cultivated for more than half a cena another place, a Meeting held for the tury, at so great an expense of its own Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign funds, and of the health and life of its Parts, where I heard Archbishops and sealous and devoted Missionaries." Bishops give utterance to the same evan. I am sure I need offer no argument to this assembly, to induce them to give leyan Missionary from the island of this Resolution their warmest support. Hayti, said that the only consideration In reference to one part of your West that would justify his appearance on so Indian Missions, I find it stated in the important and vast an occasion as the Report, on authority, that here, compara present, was the important and honourable tively a few years ago, “ life and property relation which it had been his happiness were equally insecure, and the Sabbath, to sustain for about five years in con. instead of being observed as a day of nexion with this Society, in one of its hallowed delight and religious enjoyment, most interesting stations, to which the was prostituted to the purposes of traffic, Resolution he held in his hand more dis. or spent in idleness, gambling, and fight tinctly referred,- the island of Hayti,ing. Then they had no places of wor country abounding with the loveliest of ship, no Ministers of religion, and public nature's scenery, and in point of its physimorals were at the lowest ebb. Now cal and topographical features such as to they have Christian temples, pious Minis- entitle it to the appellation of the Queen ters, holy ordinances; and, although there of the Antilles. With one exception, it is much evil still to be deplored, yet such was the largest island in the Indian a great and decided improvement has Archipelago. Its political history was taken place in the public morals, as most interesting. About forty years proves that the Gospel has been preached ago, it was a joint colony of France and with power.” It is stated by a member Spain; in which slavery at that time, in of the Council of Tortola, that “it was some of its most horrid forms, abounded. owing to the teaching and influence of It had become, since then, a free nation, the Wesleyan Missionaries, that the its independence being now recognised labouring population of the island were by the great powers of Europe ; and, at prepared duly to appreciate, and properly present, it stood as free as Britain itself. to improve, the boon of unrestricted free. But while Hayti was, in this respect, all dom which had so recently been confere that the philanthropist could desire; yet, red upon them; and that the present in her moral and spiritual aspect, in all quiet of the country was mainly attri. that was connected with man's best butable to that effective agency." Now interests, Hayti was the very reverse of I ought to beg pardon, because I feel what the Christian could wish her to be. myself so unprepared, and so totally un- Morally and spiritually, darkness cover. able, to follow the eloquent gentlemen ed her land, and thick darkness the who have preceded me, that I think your minds of her people. It was very true, time would be better employed in listen that a certain system of religion obtained ing to others rather than to me; but I in that country,--a system which had can assure this Meeting, that I do sin obtained from the time of the Spaniards ; cerely sympathize with the exertions that but then that was the system of Popery ; have been made by the Wesleyan Mis and Popery, in its true and genuine chasionary Society ; that I greatly honour racter, unmitigated by the leavening in. the wisdom and the zeal that have cha- fluence of Protestantism. He held in racterized those who have had the ma- his hand, at that moment, a small Spanagement of its operations; and I think nish publication, published in the year their exertions are an example to the 1824, entitled, « The Small Prayerworld, which the world will do well to Book and Christian Doctrine." Amongst follow. I give, with my whole heart, other things, that book professed to teach the right hand of fellowship to those the children of Hayti the Ten Comholy men who are to be found among mandments. The first three of these Missionaries, and who deprive them related to what was called our duty to selves of all comfort, except that which God; and the seven last to our duty to our is to be obtained from knowing that they neighbour. They had inserted the third are engaged in the work of the Lord. in the place of our second; and conse. My most earnest wishes are for their suc quently our fourth became their third ; cess; and while we think of them, we but, throughout, there was not the ought to consider the vast obligations we slightest allusion made to image-worship, are under to them. Look at the power or to keeping holy the Sabbath-day. we have ; look at the facilities and advan. There was a commandment ordering the tages we have, compared with those of people to " sanctify the feast-days," but other countries; and then let us recollect not one word about keeping holy the that we are but upon the threshold of our Sabbath. The numerical deficiency, exertions, and that there is much yet, not however, was supplied in this way: only to be done, but to be undertaken namely, by cutting our tenth command